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And let it be remembered, the perfect all the solemnities of a dying bed, but man of the Old Testament is essentially also of meetness to be a partaker of the and substantially the Christian of the inheritance of the saints in light. ThereNew Testament. The perfection by fore mark the perfect man in himself, which the servants of God have in all as a man, a Christian man; observe his ages been distinguished is intensely religious intelligence, his spirituality of spiritual and evangelical. It is real mind, and his consistency of life. In although it is comparative, and as every walk of life this man is a pattern, genuine—though neither so absolute an edifying example of what renovated nor so glorious—as that to which the human nature may become, and of what sons of God will be advanced in heaven. he should do. Surely the voice of rea“Beloved, now are we the sons of God son as well as of revelation, especially to (this is our present perfection), and it their less consistent brethren, is “ Be ye doth not yet appear what we shall be; followers of them.” Again, mark him but we know that when He shall appear in the several relations which he holds we shall be like Him, for we shall see to those around him. He is not isolated; Him as He is.” Still it is the perfection he does not, nor does he desire, to stand of a fallen creature living in an evil alone. He is not one of those most in. world, in a probationary and preparatory consistent people who, while professing state, in which he is from first to last to love everybody, will co-operate with encompassed with infirmity and deeply and join themselves to none. The upoccupied with the conflict involved in right man not only recognizes his relafighting the good fight of faith. But tion to the great fraternity of mankind, he has been enlightened from above, the vast family of the universal parent, renewed in righteousness and true holi- but identifies himself with some religious ness, as well as outwardly and practically denomination, which, for causes which reformed.
appear to him good and sufficient, he Moreover, the second member of the
conscientiously prefers. He stands in text, the interpreter of the first, sug- fellowship with a particular church. Our gests that Christian perfection is identi- departed brother belonged to the church cal with or comprises uprightness of assembling in Wheelock Heath chapel purpose, a desire and intention to do
from its formation. Mr. Pedley was from right as in the sight of God; upright- deep and strong conviction, and upon ness of principle, or purity of motive, for high principle, both a Nonconformist he who is perfect is actuated sincerely and a Baptist, because he felt that his by a principle of faith working by love; Bible and his conscience required him and uprightness of conduct. It is walk- so to be. Nor was he backward when ing uprightly. The perfect and upright occasion required to defend what he man is found in every one of whom all believed to be the truth on these and this can be predicated. Such were Enoch, similar topics. But while our revered and Noah, and Job, and David, and friend was ever ready to maintain the Daniel, and Paul; and without the cause of truth, he was uniformly courslightest presumption we may say, such teous toward those who differed from was your lamented friend and pastor. him in opinion and practice. The perHe regarded God's command to Abra- fect man is careful to walk in love toham as addressed to himself: “ Walk wards his master and his brethren alike. before me and be thou perfect,” and Permit me to remind you here, that in earnestly sought to follow it.
the case before us to-day we have to
consider the moral and religious course, II.-The aspects under which the not of a merely private person, but of a character in question may be contem- public character, a minister of the gosplated. In its origin and source it is pel, a minister of long standing. Mr. not indebted to fallen human nature, Pedley was the pastor of this church for nor to education and discipline, but to forty years. The chief characteristics grace, the enlightening, regenerating, of his ministry were simplicity, fervour, justifying grace of God which has made and tenderness. It was no uncommon him a new creature. He is God's work
thing for the melting eloquence of tears manship, created anew in Christ Jesus. to come in aid and enforcement of his In his course through life this character earnest words. It may be observed that is being formed and developed, matured Mr. Pedley's efforts to do good were not and perfected, under the training of the confined to this place nor to this parprovidence and grace of God, up to the ticular locality. During several years point not merely of fitness for all the of middle life he visited statedly or purposes of life and godliness, and for occasionally more distant places, and laboured hard both in preaching and in in himself (a peace to which in his unconsupport of total abstinence, of which for verted state he was a stranger), because many years he was not only the earnest guilt and condemnation, the main causes advocate but a prominent and consistent of our disquietude, have been removed, example. It may be remarked, moreover, and his will is subdued and brought into that as Mr. Pedley laboured assiduously harmony with the will of his heavenly and extensively, so he laboured long. Father, which is a continual and unfail. His labours were commensurate with ing source of peace. The upright man his active life. He was only twice at realizes peace in his end, because he has chapel after he ceased to preach; and peace with God as a reconciled and paron the last occasion of his appearance doned sinner through our Lord Jesus there he was carried in after the public Christ. It can scarcely be needful to service was concluded, that he might say of such a man that he dies in peace unite once more in the celebration of the with his fellow-creatures. Hence he is Lord's Supper. Our deceased brother free from outward as well as inward endeavoured to walk within his house disturbance in the closing hours of life. with a perfect heart, as the psalmist These representations are strictly applideclared it his purpose to do. As a
cable to the end of our deceased brother. husband, Mr. Pedley was affectionate He had through life been a man of peace, and considerate; as a parent, kind and and he was privileged to depart in peace. indulgent, yet discreet; as a master, Death for him had no terrors; he regenerous as well as just; as a friend, garded it rather as a friend whose comboth faithful and constant; and as a ing was to be desired than as an enemy subject and a citizen, loyal and patriotic. whose approaches were to be dreaded. Those who have known our venerated Our friend's utterances respecting his friend during a lengthened period will state and prospects in death were not have observed his steady progress in all numerous or ostentatious, but they were these characteristics of the perfect man full and decisive. Such an one in his through the succeeding years of his reli- end is worthy to be looked at steadily gious course. He is now added to the and earnestly—so steadily and earnestly number of those whose faith it behoves that he and his privileges may be undersurvivors to follow, considering the end stood and appreciated. Inquirers after of their conversation, Jesus Christ, the the path of life should not only read and same yesterday, to-day, and for ever. study their Bible, but study intelligently
But it is also incumbent upon us to and prayerfully, and with a desire to mark the perfect man in his end as well imitate him who so lives and dies as to as in his course. The text is direct and exemplify the Bible; so shall they beemphatic in calling attention to the be- come truly wise unto salvation. liever's end. We are asked to mark the perfect man and to behold the upright, In conclusion we will name some of the on this ground and for this reason, chiefly practical ends for which it behoves us to that his end is peace. Our text, in so fix our steady and inquiring attention directing attention to the peaceful end upon the perfect man. This should be of the perfect man, presents a seasonable done, primarily, that we may become reminder of an obvious and impressive, correctly and competently acquainted yet easily forgotten, fact that the end of with one of the most noble of the works the best, the most useful, and valued of the Creator-a good man, the new men must come. It may come early, or creature in Christ Jesus, whom God it may come late; it may come suddenly, hath created after His own image—that or it may come gradually; but come it we may glorify God in him. The second will. However, this is our consolation, purpose to be served by beholding the that come whensoever it may, it is peace- upright man is that praise for all his ful, and therefore beautiful and pleasant characteristic excellencies may be dito look upon, and edifying to contem- rected to God, in whom are all our plate. That end may not be painless; springs, and who has wrought all our on the contrary, it may be severely pain- works in us. Lastly, we should mark ful; but even then there will be a scene the perfect man in life and in death, for of peace, for the peace of God which our edification and profit, that by the passeth all understanding will keep his divine blessing we may be changed into heart and mind by Christ Jesus. We the same image; made like him, and can lay no claim to raptures; it is and so live like him, suffer like him, and at should be sufficient for us that we are length die like him; and then, being assured it shall be peace. In his end absent from the body, we shall be prethis highly favoured individual bas peace sent with the Lord. R. KENNEY.
As some readers of this Magazine may the judgment passed upon the need of a wish to keep by them for ready reference most careful administration of alcoholic a copy of the recent medical declaration liquids. The propriety of the declaraconcerning alcohol, it is presented below: tion, and of its issue under present cir
“ As it is believed that the incon. cumstances, has been very ably defended siderate prescription of large quantities by several of the signatories, especially of alcoholic liquids by medical men for by Dr. Samuel Wilks, of Guy's Hospital, their patients has given rise, in many
and Dr. Forbes Winslow. The prevainstances, to the formation of intem- lence of intemperance in respectable perate habits, the undersigned, while circles, and its connection with a real, unable to abandon the use of alcohol in or at least credited, medical sanction of the treatment of certain cases of disease, alcoholic liquors, has been strongly comare yet of opinion that no medical prac- mented upon by the Saturday Review, and titioner should prescribe it without a even by the Lancet. The fact was too sense of grave responsibility. They be- notorious to be denied, and too serious lieve that alcohol, in whatever form, to be regarded in silence; and whatever should be prescribed with as much care some supersensitive medical practitioners as any powerful drug, and that the di- may feel and express, the public gene
rections for its use should be so framed 'rally are grateful to the declarationists as not to be interpreted as a sanction for for the warning they have raised against excess, or necessarily for the continuance an insidious and most dangerous social of its use when the occasion is past. They custom. The language of the document are also of opinion that many people im- is singularly cautious, and not a few of mensely exaggerate the value of alcohol the signers must have appended their as an article of diet; and since no class names with a secret wish that their of men see so much of its ill effects, and weaker brethren would have allowed the possess such power to restrain its abuse, terms to be both more stringent and as members of their own profession, they comprehensive. It contains, indeed, the hold that every medical practitioner is minimum of the truth concerning the use bound to exert his utmost influence to of alcohol in health and disease; and in inculcate habits of great moderation in reference to the consumption of intoxi. the use of alcoholic liquids. Being also cating liquors as beverages is far less firmly convinced that the great amount emphatic than the declaration of 1846, of drinking of alcoholic liquors among which was signed by the leading men of the working classes of this country is one the profession, and was thus expressed: of the greatest evils of the day, destroy- “We are of opinion :- 1st. That a very ing, more than anything else, the health, large portion of human misery, including happiness, and welfare of those classes, poverty, disease, and crime, is induced and neutralizing to a large extent the by the use of alcoholic or fermented great industrial prosperity which Provi- liquors as beverages. dence has placed within the reach of this “2nd. That the most perfect health nation, the undersigned would gladly is compatible with total abstinence from support any wise legislation which would all such intoxicating beverages, whether tend to restrict, within proper limits, the in the form of ardent spirits or as wine, use of alcoholic beverages, and gradually beer, ale, porter, cider, &c., &c. introduce habits of temperance.”
“3rd. That persons accustomed to such This declaration is understood to be a drinks may with perfect safety disconmodification of one drawn up by Dr. E. tinue them entirely, either at once, or Parkes, the eminent professor of Hy- gradually after a short time. giene in the Government College at “ 4th. That total and universal absti. Chatham. Having received the signa- nence from alcoholic liquors, and intoxitures of the presidents of the Royal cating beverages of all sorts, would Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons, greatly contribute to the health, the the names of above two hundred other
prosperity, the morality, and the happidistinguished members of the medical ness of the human race.' profession were quickly appended. When This declaration was signed by uppublished, a warm controversy arose, wards of two thousand medical men, carried on for the most part in the daily including Sir James Clark, Sir Benjamin press; but it was noticeable that the Brodie, Dr. Prout, Sir John Forbes, Dr. objections taken were almost exclusively Carpenter, &c. directed against the supposed attack Long, indeed, previous to this certifimade in the first instance upon the cate of 1846-as far back as 1839_Dr. faculty, and not against the accuracy of Julius Jeffreys had drawn up a statement
on the same subject, in which the com- tion as that which associates strong drink mon opinion of the value of alcoholic with vigour and long life. A correct liquors was declared to be entirely erro- understanding of the action of alcoholneous; and this statement was signed that it contributes nothing to physical by about eighty of the foremost London stamina, but by exciting functional acphysicians of that time.
tivity beyond its natural scale, leaves, of During the recent discussions, Dr. necessity, the system weaker than before Samuel Wilks has passed a very severe -would prove a death-blow to this but well-merited condemnation upon the superstition; one equally as irrational medical treatment of the late Dr. Todd, of as, and far more injurious than, the King's College Hospital, whose authority
belief in witchcraft and the evil eye. did much to bring the “stimulating” That alcohol can be useful in health is practice into fashion. He was particu- perceived to be impossible, when its larly strong in maintaining the virtue of actual operation is understood; and its alcohol in fever cases, but Dr. Wilks utility in disease will be apprehended as affirms, “He was utterly mistaken in more than questionable, except when the this view, as all experience has subse- least of two evils has to be selected. The quently shown; and as to the necessity experience of Mr. Higginbottom, F.R.S., of stimulants in fever, I will merely state of Nottingham, who for more than thirty that in my own wards in Guy's Hospital years never prescribed it, even mediciI treat fever, as a rule, without stimu- nally, and yet held the highest place in lants, and with the best results.” The the medical ranks of that popular midrest of the widespread confidence in alco- land town, is calculated to suggest the holic liquor as a means of sustaining opinion that the later medical declarastrength, or of restoring it in disease, is tion might have been more decided in its simply an illustration of the ignorance, dissuasion from alcohol, without going too frequently seen, in regard to the laws a hair's breadth beyond the teaching of of health. No superstition ever so spell- science and the interests of the people. bound and seduced the vulgar imagina
RELIGIOUS EQUALITY. I.-AT THE GRAVE.—Once more (Feb. more, not even in Scotland or Ireland. 14) there has been a discussion in the But in Wales, where seven-eighths of House of Commons on the Burials Bill ; the population are Dissenters, and in once more the stock objections to reli- England, where the Bishops rule, Disgious equality in the churchyard have senters are denied the solace they might been stated, and this time with a vehe- derive from services performed by their mence that seems a reaction from the own ministers, and must either allow impulse of the Manchester Conference their dead to be buried in silence or suband the threatening attitude of the dis- mit to the intrusion of a minister of a establishment party in the country; and sect to which they do not belong. once more a large majority has passed II.-IN NATIONAL EDUCATION.-- This the second reading of the Bill. Still, subject is now getting into the right we fear, so just and fair a measure is groove. The Manchester Conference has hardly likely to pass yet.
expressed Nonconformist opinion with a cious opponents will do their best to talk thoroughness, unanimity, clearness, and against time in the Commons, and defeat enthusiasm that leaves nothing to desire. it that way; and should it get beyond Its plan is as wise as it is necessary. the House of Representatives, we still Even the most timid amongst us now have-such is the admirable arrange- see urgent necessity for moving heaven ment of our institutions for securing the and earth, and that without any loss of slowest rate of progress—the House of time, to prevent the education of the Lords to block the way. What a miser- country from getting into the hands of able comment it is upon our religious the clergy. Nor is this all. Those who life, that sectarianism should pursue us were afraid to trust their Free Church into our graves. Why should not a principles in this matter of education, minister other than one of the Church and by their fears supported Mr. Foster of England officiate at interments in our in passing his deceptive bill, are now parochial churchyards ? The right of prepared to admit that the principles are burial is not an ecclesiastical but a civil not only right but worthy of universal right, and in every other part of Europe application, and that the State has not is not subject to ecclesiastical encroach- a whit more right to dictate the religion ment; not even in France or Rome-nay of the child than it has that of the adult;
and that the connection between school teaching, dogmatic religion, and the State, is only a worse form of the old connection between Church and State. The principles of absolute justice, universal fairness, and of complete religious equality, are vindicated and reaffirmed. The 25th clause of the Education Act is based on injustice, and we cannot let it stand. This is with us a question of conscience, and not of sectarianism; and whatever be the consequences, we must be true to the kindred points of conscience and principle.
III.-IN NATIONAL PROPERTY.—The Liberator for Feb. intimates that Mr. Miall will, instead of repeating the motion of last year, move for the appointment of a Royal Commission to inquire
into the origin, amount, and application of any property and revenues in the bands of the Church of England, and expressly with the view to obtain the information required for the purposes of disestablishment and disendowment. This will bring to the front an aspect of the disestablishment question that more than any other needs discussion, and will probably do as much to enlighten the nation at large on the subject of church property as the former debate did on that of the immense strength of the case in favour of disestablishment and disendowment. We hope ere long to find room for a fuller treatment of this last branch of the subject of religious equality.
STARTING IN LIFE. By John Clifford, M.A.,
LL.B. Stock. Wise counsels, clearly expressed, vividly illustrated, and powerfully enforced, compose this little volume. Few books, we imagine, are more fitted to be useful to the class for whom it is designed, in aiding them to lay the foundation of a madly Christian cbaracter. We trust the reception it meets with will encourage the esteemed author to favour us with a more ambitious production. A volume of sermons from him on some of the leading doctrines of the gospel would be highly acceptable and useful to many.
has been encouraged and assisted in his work by the foremost oriental scholars of the present day. · He has based it upon the works of the ablest foreign lexicographers, such as Gesenius and Furst, and has introduced improvements on these predecessors from Dietrich and others. The work has been printed at Leipsic, on good paper, and in the most perfect type. It is well bound, with the edges cut, very portable, and lies open at any page to which the student may turn. Such a help, in our younger days, would have delighted us beyond measure, and we commend it especially to our junior ministers as an addition to their facilities for the study of what the Targums would call “ the holy tongue."*
MARION's Path. By Mary Meeke. Marl
borough, This is the story of the reformation of an “only and spoiled” child. Marion is a proud, wayward, ill-tempered and selfish girl; but being placed under kind and genial influences, is led to a better life. The force and reward of tender and wise treatment, combined with good example, are set forth in this fiction with considerable skill. The characters are well painted, and the interest is sustained to the end. The book is very attractive both externally and internally. It will be a pleasing and useful gift to girls.
PAMPHLETS, ETC. Picture Magazine. Vol. xxxiii., 1871. (Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. Leicester : Winks.) This Magazine for children still continues its useful work. The illustrations are numerous, the information in. teresting and attractive. Long words are divided into syllables.
The Abominations of our National In. temperance, by J. Burns, D.D., is a sermon on Ezek. ix. 4. It is earnest and able, and teetotal throughout.
* The above Lexicon is already introduced into our College. The publishing price is 12s., but the President can procure it in small lots at a reduction of 25 per cent. For many years past he has supplied the Students with Hebrew Bibles gratuitously, through the liberality of the Bible Society. If any generous friend would enable him to do the same with the Hebrew Lexicon and its companion volume, The Student's Hebrew Grammar, price 78. 6d., he would deserve general thanks.
THE STUDENT'S HEBREW LEXICON, by Dr. Davies, of Regent's Park College, is a compendious and complete guide to a knowledge of the original languages, Hebrew and Chaldee, in which the Old Tes. tament was written, The learned author