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far as I know; is, as you say,“ downright laughingly said he was happy to confess bone idle, “amiable enough, but very it. Old Simeon Goodman thought Miss selfish, and has nothing that a girl could Mostyn looked more lovely than ever, really love and revere! Would he make and yet felt that the beauty of face and a good husband ? How is it likely ?” form was not equal to the beauty of her

Perhaps not, but don't you think chaste and pure spirit. Mrs. Crowdjer you're too hard upon the son of your stretched across the high-backed pews father's friend?"

to whisper to Miss Glaskin, “Didn't I “ Not so hard as he is on himself, tell you what it 'd come to at that 'eer father.”

tea-meeting. Such young things! Don't “But he might improve under your tell me I can't put two and two together. training. I owe a good deal to your I knew all about it.” mother.”

Two groups of children were there No training will make a willow into from the Ragged School; Fred and Magan oak.”

gie having agreed to make the children “ Still, wealth and position and com- of their classes happy by giving them a fort are not to be despised. They are feast; and another group of the poor, worth something in life, and are as much aged, and infirm attended, and each went gifts of God as intellect and goodness. into the vestry afterwards to receive

“I don't despise them father; I should from Mr. Mostyn, as Maggie's gift, like them, and hope I may get them if a warm winter garment, some tea, and it would be good for me to have them; cake. but I seek first, as I'm sure you wish me, And now in this year of grace where that which is first, character, goodness." are all our friends ? Claude Vernon has

“You mean to say, then, Maggie, your broken his vow. He is not a bachelor. mind is made up that you'd rather share Mrs. Vernon lives in "style,” and the the life of a poor man, who has all his world thinks she is happy. Perhaps she way to make, a man weighted with heavy is. If having every material want satisdomestic burdens, a man from a low and fied is happiness, then her cup is full. disreputable neighbourhood, the child of Charles Bradley is one of the most usea drunken father and

ful members of the church at Ropewood, “I do, if you consent; and if that poor Lancashire, and is deeply interested in man is noble and loving, courageous the welfare and sympathetic with the and righteous, true and unselfish, has a struggles of young men. large kind heart, and is like Christ Jesus ; About three miles from St. Paul's, in a and, further, if my own heart loves him! northerly direction, is a good-sized facWill it not be better to rise higher and tory, on whose front appears, in eighteen higher with him from his lowly simple inch capitals, “ Mostyn and Williamson, life than to fall from the giddy heights Builders." of worldliness with another?”

George and Fred are in partnership. “ Brave child! You're right. Your Mr. Mostyn has generously given them eyes are open. God bless you, and make what he calls “a bare start," and they you and Fred as happy as your mother have made the most of it. They both and I have been."

work at their trade, and do not merely And she flung her arms about his neck overlook” it; and by personal attenand kissed him.

tion and justice and thoroughness they Another line of the love problem was have already got “a good connection.” worked out.

George is unmarried and has rooms to

himself in his sister's house. Maggie No. XV.:

has not for a moment repented her Conclusion.

choice, but thanks God that she has re

claimed Fred's father, got him to be Next year but one Fred and Maggie a total abstainer, and that he is now were married. It was a simple wedding, timekeeper at the factory. Mr. and but it created no small stir at the Be- Mrs. Mostyn rejoice in their children, thesda Tabernacle. Maggie had many

Maggie was right,” as they friends who were anxious not only to look into her happy face, hear the story enjoy the usual excitement of a marriage of her bliss, and play with their merry ceremony, but also to express their ad.

romping grandchild, who is “just like miration and love of her character. his uncle," and is destined to go through

George was in high glee when Mr. the world bearing the triple memorial Kingsford told him “it was all his fault; name of George Mostyn Williamson. he had made all this mischief,” and

JOHN CLIFFORD.

and say

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No. XI.--The Gospel of John. THE difference as to doctrine is the where he is on common ground, contains difference, not of opposition, but of de- much that is not in the other gospels, velopment. John does not go against and this difference too must be ascribed the others, but he goes beyond them. to a difference of seope and purpose, not The others set the Saviour before us, as of time. the apostle Peter described Him on the But those who tell us that the gospel day of Pentecost; “Jesus of Nazareth, a is the production of a later age, affirm man from God, shown to you (to be so) that there are not only historical differby miracles and wonders and signs which ences but actual contradictions. * Even God wrought by Him.” This was the these, if relating to minor points, would first stage of believing recognition. not disprove either the authorship or the But as the believer steadfastly contem- general credibility of the narrative. Inplated the Saviour, he recognized a di- deed such discrepancies rather tend to vine glory shining through the human confirm than to disprove these ; seeing nature, and realized what John has set that a forger would be anxious to avoid before us, that “the word became flesh all collisions with previously known reand dwelt among us, full of grace and cords of good repute, while they might truth.” We notice a like development easily occur through the slight casual in the writings of Paul (2 Cor. iv. 6; inadvertence of an author conscio of v. 19; Col. ii. 9).

good information and honest purpose. We have another exemplification of “In the fourth gospel,” it is said, “his this doctrinal development in the promi- ministry is almost exclusively confined nence given to faith in Christ as the inner to Judea proper;" while in the other principle of the Christian life. Faith gospels,“ his ministry was chiefly limited was, of course, required from the very to Galilee;" “it was not till the end of first : it was by faith that the hearer of His ministry that He entered the capital the Saviour became his disciple: but to as the spiritual Messiah ;" "only once dwell upon it as the abiding source of in the course of His life did he come into spiritual life, as the condition of that the metropolis openly, and the event renewing of the heart by the spirit of issued in martyrdom.' It is a sufficient God, by which a man's whole being was answer to this that the fourth evangelist, transformed, was teaching alike spring- by such expressions as “ Jesus went up ing foom a ripe experience and addressed to Jerusalem;" “when He was in Jerusato it: and in this teaching we again no- lem at the passover;" " Jesus and His distice the similarity of John and Paul.* ciples came into the land of Judea ;" Therefore this feature, like the preceding “He left Judea and departed again one, is no indication of a post-apostolic into Galilee;" He “walked in Galilee; origin.

for He would not walk in Jewry (JuThe difference as to historical fact dea), because the Jews sought to kill proceeds mainly from the doctrinal dif- Him;" and such statements as that He was ference just noticed, and not, in my known as “coming out of Galilee," and judgment, from John having related the that His disciples were Galileans, shows history of an earlier part of our Lord's that he was as well aware as the others history, as Eusebius and Jerome sup- that Judea was not the usual scene of posed. At any rate their supposition our Lord's ministry, but that Galilee can hardly apply to more than the first was. It is evident that he regarded the five chapters, for with the sixth we come, transactions at Jerusalem, however fully in the narrative of feeding the five thou- recorded by him, as taking place during sand, on common ground with the synop- our Lord's visits to Jerusalem, of which tic gospels. The comparatively few in- he cannot be shown to have recorded cidents which John has recorded are more than six, beside the last fatal visit chiefly introductory to the discourses which is fully given in all the gospels. which he has given, and which are chosen Of these six, the first, third, fourth, and for their suitableness to his purpose. fifth were at the Jewish festivals; and His account of our Lord's crucifixion, and the sixth was on occasion of the sickness of the week preceding it, which occupies and death of Lazarus ; in the second nearly the latter half of his gospel, and alone is there any indication, and that Compare John i. 12, 13; iii. 5, 15, 16, 36; vi. 29,

* See Dr. Davidson's Introduction to the Study 40; viii. 24: X. 26; xi. 25, 26; xii, 46; xiv. 11, 12; of the New Testament, Vol. ii. pp. 357, &c. xx. 30, 31 ; and Rom. iii. 25, 28, 30; Gal. ii. 20, † John ii. 13 and v.1; ii. 23; iii. 22; iv. 3; vii. 1, v.6; vi. 15.

41, 52; i. 44; xxi. 2.

are

not clear, of a design of making Judea of his ascended Master. If the shadow the scene of his permanent ministry it of approaching judgment had clouded and the persecution which he met with the mind of Paul, * much more would the then and afterwards determined him deeper shadow of judgment fulfilled af. thenceforth to pursue his work chiefly in fect the mind of the aged John. Galilee I It is true that these visits are It remains to notice the difference benot mentioned in the Synoptic gospels; tween the synoptic gospels and that of but omission is not denial, especially John in regard to the style of our Lord's omission in records which do not give, teaching. I think most thoughtful readand do not profess to give, a complete and ers must recognize and feel this differexhaustive account of our Lord's minis- ence even in our authorised version. try. It was, doubtless, only on the last Perhaps one of the most obvious feaand fatal visits that He went up openly as tures of the last gospel is the absence of the Messiah, because it was only near those parables, of which the synoptic the close of His ministry that he publicly gospels have so many and of such beauty. assumed that character, His claim to To a certain degree this may be accountwhich had been previously communicated ed for by the difference of doctrine, and only to a few, while the multitude mur- by the different character of the audience mured at the uncertainty in which they

to which the discourses in John were were left.

addressed. Parables were vehicles of Another marked diversity, we instruction suitable to the Galilean peatold, is to be noted: “The Jews of the santry and others like minded, who fol. Synoptists are represented in lively and lowed Jesus with the hope of benefit, diversified colours agreeably to nature. and with a certain readiness to believe :

In the fourth gospel the Jews they might be dull, low-minded, indifhave one uniform character. There the ferent; but they were not captious, not hierarchy, termed the chief priests and hostile, like those to whom the discourses Pharisees, are all in all.” This descrip- in the fourth gospel were mainly adtion of the contrast is, I apprehend, dressed. Yet in some of our Lord's dismuch exaggerated; and so far as the courses in the synoptic gospels, we have contrast itself really exists, it may be no parables properly so called; in the fully accounted for. John has a much Sermon on the Mount, for instance, in smaller number of incidents, and there- the discourse on sending out the twelve, fore much less variety both of incident and in the severe rebuke of the Scribes and character, because his purpose re- and Pharisees in the gospel of Matthew;t quired less. And is it to be wondered but we have instead, the metaphor and at, that he has spoken of the Jews gene- the simile as in John. rally as unbelievers ? When the ma

But the difference is mainly, I appreterials embodied in the synoptic gospels hend, to be ascribed to other causes. were written, there was a large Christian First, to the comparatively late date of church at Jerusalem, and probably many the fourth gospel, and to the fact of its others in Palestine. But when John being produced without the aid of docuwrote, Palestine was desolate, the Jews ments, and in a different tongue from had been crushed by the judgment of that in which our Lord's discourses were God which their rejection of Christ had delivered; and then to the fact that the brought upon them, the provincial truths embodied in those discourses had churches had apparently been swept been so completely, in the apostle's riaway, and the remnant of that at Jeru. pened experience, appropriated by him, salem driven into an obscure exile at that in their reproduction they inevitably Pella, in the country beyond the Jordan. took much of their outward form and To the mind of the evangelist, all other colour from his own mind, to which they national characteristics were darkened had long become assimilated. by the shadow of that unbelief which In estimating the comparative latehad involved his nation in ruin, and ness of the date of the fourth gospel, we driven him to end his days far from his must reckon, not from the time of the birth place and from the sepulchre of his publication of the synoptic gospels, but fathers; and above all, farfrom the haunts from the earlier, probably much earlier, made sacred by the presence and glory time when the documents were written

from which they appear to have been + The first (at the passover) is related in ii. 13–

compiled. The influence, too, of the ciriii. 21 ; the second in iii. 22—iv. 3; the third (at cumstance that the gospel of John was a feast of the Jews) in v. 1–47; the fourth (at the product of unaided memory, would the feast of tabernacles) in vii. 10, &c.; the fifth (at the feast of the dedication) in x. 22-40; and the sixth in xi. 1–54.

* See Romans ix, X. vii. 1. $ x. 24.

+ Ch. V.-vii.; X; xxiii,

with us.

be increased, if we regard it, as there is Testament, are the more remarkable, reason to think we should regard it, as when viewed in combination with the dictated to an amanuensis, not written by failure of our evangelist to give our Lord's the evangelist's own hand. Speech is a characteristic manner to his discourses. more spontaneous and less formal mode There is a strange contrast here. In the of utterance than writing, and there- evangelist himself, it is accounted for, as fore represents more closely the mind already shown, by the very thorough. of the speaker. This supposition ness with which he had absorbed his of dictation would account also for the Master's thoughts, and incorporated ease and apparent unconsciousness with them with his own inner life; so that which the evangelist passes from report- they were reproduced, not in their ing the discourses of his Master to the original form, but in that which they expression of his own thoughts or feel. had taken in his mind. But with what ings on the subjects to which they relate. his eye had seen, the case was different; This transition is a special feature of the the deep impression of the outward form, fourth gospel; and the apparent uncon.

which alone the eye sees, remained unsciousness of it is shown by the frequent effaced, and was by the old man clearly difficulty of fixing the precise point at remembered and vividly and faithfully which it takes place.

given. The experience of my older read. I have now endeavoured to show that ers will confirm the assertion that the those features of the gospel on which words, the outward form of what we hear, the objections rest, were the natural con- fade away, though we may retain the sequences of the purpose, age, and cir- substance of their meaning; but that cumstances of the writer. To me, the the form of what we have seen remains gospel seems to have a character alto

* In the case of the evangelist, gether at variance with that of a forgery. then, the contrast is accounted for. But There is a deep earnestness of tone about in the case of a forger it is not accounted it which could hardly have been given

for: he that is so vivid in his representato it by one writing with the conscious- tion, and so accordant with others in one ness of literary fraud. Look at the case, would have been so in the other; vividness of the narrative portions. How or conversely, he that had failed in one true to life they are. Take, for instance, case would never have succeeded in the the examination by the Pharisees of the other. man whose eyes Jesus had opened; ob- The doubts which in recent years have serve the quiet sarcasm of his answers,* been expressed as to the date and authorand the vexation of his examiners. Or ship of this gospel, and indeed of the look at the simple tenderness and pathos others, will, by the attention which they of the account of the raising of Lazarus, t excite and the inquiries which they and of the scene at the cross. Then stimulate, ultimately establish the old again notice the accordance of this gos- belief on a surer foundation than before: gel with the synoptic gospels in regard and this sacred record will recover, where to the character of the persons intro- it has not retained, its hold on the Chrisduced: for instance, how completely tian's heart. It is of all the gospels that alike in Luke and in Johng are the sisters in which we come nearest to Christ, and of Bethany, the practical, energetic behold Him in his divinest aspects; and Martha, and the quiet, pensive Mary. we feel that no one but the disciple who The impetuosity too of Peter is faith. lay in His bosom could have set Him befully given ;|| and in the evangelist him. fore us in such a light. We watch him self there is the same readiness to yield reverently as he walks by the banks of the lead to the more energetic Peter, Jordan. We listen to Him as, resting and the same outburst of feeling at the by Jacob's well, He talks with the woman remembrance of those who had wronged of Samaria ;I or as, at the pool of Behis Master, which we have in the other thesda, He bids the life-long cripple“ rise, gospels and in the Acts of the Apostles. I take up his bed and walk." We watch

This lifelikeness in the narrative, and with reverent wonder the gushing tear accordance in the representation of char- which speaks his tender sympathy with acter with the other books of the New the grief that was so soon to be changed

into unhoped for joy. We stand with Why herein is a marvellous thing, that ye the evangelist beside the cross, while the know not from whence He is, and yet He hath dying Saviour entrusts to his care His opened mine eyes.” Ch. ix. 30. tch. xi. I ch. xix. 16-30.

* “Segnius irritant animos demisea per aures § ch. xi. 20-39, compared with Luke x. 38—42. Quam quae sunt oculis subjecta fidelibus. || ch. xiii. 1-10; xx. 1-10; xxi. 7, 8.

Horace. 1 ch. xiii. 23, 26 ; xx. 4-8, compared with Acts

+ ch. i. 35, &c. I ch. iv. 5-42. iii. iv., viii., 14—25. (See above § 48.)

S ch. v. 1-9.

ch. xi. 35.

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bereaved and heart-broken mother. * It is from this gospel we learn " that God is a spirit, and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth,”+ and that “as the Saviour has loved us, we should also love another.”I It is from this that we get the assurance on which the departing spirit so confidently rests: “Let not your heart be troubled :

* ch. xix. 25–27. + ch. iv. 24. I ch, xiii. 34.

ye believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father's house are many mansions : if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.”

J. C. MEANS.

8 ch. xiv. 1-3.

IN MEMORIAM-REV. W. SALTER.

BY REV. DR. INGHAM.

Rev. Wu, SALTER was born at Crediton, in Devonshire, on the 20th February, 1820. He had a pious mother, who was a member of the Church of England till some time after the conversion of her son, when she became a Wesleyan. A considerable revival among the Wesleyans taking place when Mr. S. was about 16 years old, he was induced to attend; and he became at that time a recipient of divine grace. Shortly afterwards he was instrumental in the conversion of his sister, When about 21 years of age he went from Crediton to London to receive training for the work of a town missionary, and to be inaugurated therein. In a year or two he went, with the approval of the central committee, as a town missionary to Sudbury, in Suffolk. Towards the close of 1816, with the approval of the above committee, he removed to Halifax, where for 13 years as a town missionary he consistently and devotedly laboured, securing esteem and confidence not only among the officials of the committee, but the inhabitants of the town, and especially the Christians with whom, by membership, he came into more frequent contact; this confidence, esteem, and affection, widening and increasing with the continuance of his residence.

In the latter part of 1817, having become convinced that Christian baptism is be. lievers'immersion, he was baptized and be. came a member of the General Baptist church, Halifax. Being not confined to Halifax every Lord's-day by missionary labour, he repeatedly preached in Halifax and in the surrounding villages. In the latter part of 1859, he received an invitation to become pastor of the Baptist Church at Lineholme, which he accepted. He entered on pastoral duties in the beginning of 1860. At the expi. ration of five years he accepted a call to the pastorate at Coalville, in Leicestershire. After seven years he accepted an invitation of ihe Midland Home Mission Committee, and of the Baptist Church worshipping in Ebenezer Chapel, Nether.

ton, to take the charge of this church in the suburbs of Dudley. At each of these places he laboured with fidelity, assiduity, and self-sacrificing zeal, and not without gratifying success. Some have preceded, and others are following him, to the better land, who, “in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at His coming,” will be his joy and crown of rejoicing. By those who have been pastors of the church to which while town missionary he belonged, by many in the Halifax church, and in those over which he subsequently presided, as well as by pastors of neighbouring churches be. tween whom and himself sweet and profitable intercourse had been enjoyed, the news of his death was felt to declare the departure and loss of “ a brother beloved."

He had been at Netherton only about nine months at the time of his decease, but he had visited almost every house, giving scriptural advice and leaving a Christian tract; the church had increased, the congregations had greatly augmented, many were attending the meetings for prayer, some were candidates for baptism, and a considerable number were earnestly enquiring their way to heaven, The presence and power of the Divine Spirit were being signally felt, and by our departed brother were gratefully acknowledged. Yet from the beginning of his fortnight's ill. ness, which commenced after visiting a family in which there was small-pox, he spoke of his work on earth as done, and of his departure as at hand, although it is believed not expected to take place quite

He expressed his willingness to go to his heavenly home, and his confi. dence that the Lord would take care of his dearly beloved wife and daughter. A very short time before his death he assured the sorrowing ones about him that he knew in whom he had believed, and that he was not afraid to die. He had repeatedly ex. pressed his conviction that he was going home, and he reminded his friends that God could be glorified by death as well as by life. After the beginning of his illness

So soon.

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