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that he wrote sufficiently long after the What those materials were we shall destruction of Jerusalem (A.D. 70) to hereafter have to consider. have learned by experience that these But there is another remarkable pecuevents were not, as the early Christians liarity of this gospel-its apologetical or had very generally expected, contem- defensive character. It was addressed poraneous or immediately successive. by the writer to his friend Theophilus This supposition of a later date, say (of whom nothing further is known) to A.D. 75 or 80, does not militate against assure him of the “ trustworthiness" or the authorship of Luke. If, which is in “ reliableness" of what he had been itself most probable, he was but a young taught. The faith of Theophilus had, man when he first joined the Apostle then, been assailed, and possibly shaken, Paul at Troas (A.D. 53), he would be only by some zealots, who declared that his from fifty to sixty at the latest date I opinions were not “safe," as zealots in have given: the age at which his facul. the present day sometimes do. The ties would be ripest for such a work.* history of the primitive church, and
Luke had an advantage over the two Luke's connexion with Paul, leave us in former evangelists in the greater culture no doubt that these zealots were of the and more literary habits
implied by his party which said, “Except ye be circumcalling as a physician, though we need cised after the manner of Moses, ye not ascribe to him the amount of educa- cannot be saved.” (Acts xv. 1.) This tion which our medical men of the highest was the one great controversy of the class receive. But this advantage was apostolic age, which agitated the infant counterbalanced by his remoteness from church throughout its extent. The gospersonal connexion with the Saviour, pel of Luke, then, in connexion with and with the scenes and times of His the Acts of the Apostles, is a vindication ministry. Matthew was one of the of what is now sometimes called Pauline twelve original apostles, and therefore Christianity. an eye-witness of much of what he re- The two books must, in reference to lates. Mark was a resident at Jerusalem, this matter, be considered together; and in frequent intercourse, soon after for they are evidently parts of one the day of Pentecost, with the apostles, whole, the Acts being the sequel of the especially Peter and other personal fol- Gospel.* But in considering them, we lowers of Christ. But we have no rea- must bear in mind what were the great son to believe that Luke was ever in the features of Pauline Christianity, as conHoly Land till he went up with Paul trasted with those of the Judaizing to Jerusalem, thirty years after the zealots. To the latter, Christianity was crucifixion, when the number of eye- simply a new form of Judaism, exalted witnesses would have been thinned by and purified and expanded indeed, but dispersion and death; nor do we know still essentially Judaism; with the law that he ever saw any of the original of Moses for its code, and the Mosaic apostles except James. It was, probably, ritual for its service. In Paul's view, the consciousness of this disadvantage the Law was a temporary dispensation, that made him careful to state, as he has which had done its work, and was now done in his preface (chap. i. 1–4), that, to pass away. Its ordinances might be if not an eye-witness himself, the
lawfully used by those to whom, from materials of his narrative were derived early association or other causes, they fram eye-witnesses, and that he had were edifying; and so Paul himself used carefully examined them throughout.I them on occasion; but they were no * There is another reason against thinking
longer of binding obligation. The Law that the narrative in the Acts of the Apostles
had been men's “schoolmaster to bring is brought down to the time of writing, viz., that them to Christ,” but they were now no in that case the writer would probably have
longer under the Law. “Christ Jesus had used (in ch. xxviii. 30) the present tense, "has been dwelling," "receives," instead of the past
come into the world to save sinners :" tenses "dwelt,' received."
all needed His salvation, for all, Jews + It is probable enough that Mark, before his and Gentiles alike, had sinned; and all conversion, may have seen and heard Christ. I
might have His salvation on the one have long thought that he was the “young man, having a linen cloth cast round his naked body."
simple condition of faith in Him. (Mark xiv. 51, 52), roused, probably, from his
J. C. MEANS. bed by the passing tumult, who followed the captors of our Lord, and narrowly escaped appre
* The opening words of the Acts show this, for hension by them. I can only account for the notice of an incident so trivial and unconnected,
they simply give a summary of the narrative of
the gospel, and continue it. They closely resemby its being a cherished personal reminiscence.
ble the opening of the suocessive books (after It is recorded only by Mark.
the first) of Xenophon's Anabasis. One might $. “Having accurately traced,” not “having almost think that Luke had that well-known had perfect understanding,” as in the Authorized book in his mind, and, consciously or unconVersion.
sciously, imitated it.
No. IX.-Love at a Tea Meeting. The annual tea meeting of the Sunday formalities are left outside. The dumb school was the most stirring event of the are made to speak. All around there is year at Bethesda Tabernacle. For a free and rapid interchange of pleasant several weeks its approach produced a if not of stimulating thought. Very visible flutter of excitement amongst the likely much is said that is thoughtless young, and disturbed the uniformly stag- and unwise. But that is not altogether nant emotions of the old. But when the peculiar to a tabernacle tea meeting. I auspicious day actually dawned there fancy I have heard brainless speeches at was as much enthusiasm and earnestness church meetings, and seen torrents of thrown into that tea meeting as if the unwisdom flowing from conferences of destinies of the three millions and a half learned divines, “ humble "
of of Londoners depended on its issues. science, mitred ecclesiastics, and memEverything was to be fine in quality and bers of the imperial legislature. Folly large in quantity, the cake as well as the has not much respect for persons or places, committee, the tea not less than the and seems to make itself at home as speakers. The company was usually readily in a palace as in a cottage, considerable. The dun and dreary amongst the aged as the young, with schoolroom underneath the Tabernacle, stately and dignified debaters, as well which in its natural state suggested
as with “
gossips” at a tea meeting. catacombs, and had a flavour of subterra- The monopoly of wisdom is with no class nean vaults, was for this festive occasion or place. And fortunately we are, as transformed into a paradise of flowers. the preacher would say, “so constituted” Flowers, of paper, festooned the ceiling that we can enjoy talk, and even extract and hid away the gas pipes. Flowers, from it a certain kind of profit; though of paper, wreathed the pillars and put were that talk to accost us next mornout of sight a decaying bookcase. Flow- ing at the breakfast table in all the maers, also of paper, cut into pretty de- jesty of printer's ink, we should be petri. vices and mottoes by the skilled fingers fied with astonishment. of the fair, graced with their presence Perhaps, too, another common loadand preached with a feeble eloquence stone was somewhere in that tea meeting, from the walls. Flowers, nature's own, unseen but powerfully attracting susfull of fragrance and beauty, bought or ceptible minds. Indeed, had it not been, hired at a not distant nursery, shone out Igreatly question whether Fred Williamamongst the piled up plates of cake and son, who had conquered the dire offspring bread and butter; and flowers yet more of poverty, bravely battled with envy real and immeasurably more precious and prejudice at Baldstone's, would were just breaking through the bud- have mastered his natural shyness and sheaths of modesty and hope, in all the reserve so as to have felt perfectly at freshness and bloom of youth. The home, seated amongst strangers at visitor utterly forgot the cemetery in the table where Maggie Mostyn was the profusion of tasteful decorations that pouring out tea. In fact, Mrs. Crowdcovered it, and the exuberant life stream- jer, who prided herself on her quickness ing through it.
of sight in all matters pertaining to loveWhat was it that surrounded with making, was quite sure that Fred and such matchless charms that annual Miss Margaret made another case, supmeeting ? The flavour of the tea, the porting her general and oft-repeated richness of the cake, the gushing fervour assertion that “ the young people go to and racy anecdote of the speakers; the tea meetings only because they either excitement of work, or a deep and real are in love or want to be.” interest in the spiritual welfare of the “Isn't it shameful,” said Mrs. Crowdschool? Without any manner of doubt jer, to Miss Glaskin and Mr. Simeon each had its influence and invested that Goodman, who were seated opposite to occasion with special fascinations. But her, “ Isn't it shameful that this sort of it must be confessed that one of the thing should go on at chapels. I never chief attractions was the plentiful sup- saw anything of it at church. There's ply of “gossip” it afforded to all comers, nothing but love-making. I wonder our and which people of all classes and con- minister does not stop it." ditions and ages seek, but which some • Stop it, indeed,” said Miss Glaskin, very elect persons vainly and falsely with a laugh, “ You might as well try to affect to despise. Cheered by the refresh- stop the Thames at Gravesend.” ing cup of tea, words flow apace. Ordi. Yes, I know; but something might nary barriers are broken down. Cold be done. A parcel of young people going on in this way in a place of wor- “Yes," said Mrs. Crowdjer, “but it ship; it's abominable," and she waxed should not be done in a mincing way. righteously indignant at the thought of They should be told their duty, and the irreverence done to the sacred edifice. warned of the evil consequences. Do
And had she not a right? She was mar- you think I should have married so early ried to a churchman at sweet seventeen : if anybody had spoken to me about it? he died early, and she generously gave though to be sure poor Indle, my first her affections to a dissenter at twenty- husband, was a lone young man in Lonthree. Death had robbed her of him : don, and did need somebody to take care but the world, i.e. the chapel, was not
of him.” empty; it yielded a kind husband, and Passing by this piece of self-defence as though he, too, had fallen a victim to the though he had not heard it, Mr. Good. arrow of the fatal archer, yet she was man chimed in, “Quite so. Good, senthen ready to dower three more husbands sible counsel is what young Christians one after another with her mature affec- especially need, and that is what they do tions, if only she could get the opportu- not always get. I have read 'Manuals' nity. Surely experience should speak; and guide books' for young Christians, and it did with a feeling of indignation. that have explained church government,
“ Well, what would you do, Mrs. the office of a deacon, the doctrine of the Crowdjer ?" said Simeon Goodman. Trinity, and the ordinance of the Lord's “Love is a somewhat peculiar plant. It Supper, but have not contained a line of thrives in any soil. I think you found real human counsel about that which it grow pretty well at church; and it has infinitely more concerns their happiness not fared much amiss with you at chapel. and usefulness and the welfare of the Love is like wheat, it will grow in all wide world than any clear ideas of church latitudes."
order, and perfect knowledge as to the “Oh, Mr. Goodman, Mr. Goodman, I'm office of a deacon. And even where any surprised at you, I should not have thing has been offered in the way of adthought you could have defended such vice, it has been put in so cold and 'goings on. Haven't you seen enough heartless a way, so lacking in sympathy, of the misery and wretchedness of early in appreciation of the real difficulty, that marriages ? I wish 'poor Crowdjer' was no young people would be likely to get here, I know he would support me;" any good from it.” and with this affectionate reference to “And I find that many fathers and “poor Crowdjer the tears started to her mothers,"answered Miss Glaskin,“never eyes and she gave a long drawn sigh. say a word on this matter to their grown
“I was not defending or blaming early up children until it is too late, and the marriages. I merely asked what you affections are fixed, and 'understandings' would do. You wonder the minister are made; and then they speak in such does not stop it. But that is quite out complete forgetfulness of their own love of the question. The thing can't be experiences that they only create a wide done. It won't be stopped by all the and impassable gulf between themselves ministers, bishops, and priests in the and their wayward offspring.” world. As Miss Glaskin says, it will go “Now Miss Glaskin, I should like to
All you can do is to direct its course. ask you, if you do not object, what sort Torrents, lightning and love must move; of advice you find the best. I know you if you will do anything at all you must frequently have to deal with this question, provide channels and conductors, along for most of the young girls come to you." the lines of which they 'may go.'
“Oh, I don't mind. In my simple way “ Would it not,” said Miss Glaskin, I always try to impress upon their minds, who was a shrewd woman of some fifty what I, being an old maid,' very well summers, greatly beloved and revered can do, that the main thing in life is not for her goodness and worth, and the getting married. Some of them smiled spiritual adviser to scores of young dam- last Sunday in class when I said that, sels who felt as much reliance on her but I continued, I don't say this, meanwords as though they were infallible, ing that you are never to think about it, “would it not be wise, now and then to but because I want you to take care, and direct the attention of the young people to not thoughtlessly drift into courtship the subject in a discreet and human way, with any one who may chance to show neither treating it with lightness and you a passing attention. Don't take the frivolity as though it were a mere matter first love that comes as though you must of pleasure and impulse and of no im- have that or die. No: it is good for portance; nor speaking of it as though some men and for some women to be alone. it were to be expected the thoughts of the Many a noble and useful life has been young should never be turned to it.”
lived without marriage. Besides that, I
always try to show them that a woman's lot is made for her by the love she accepts ; that her happiness and worth, her character and usefulness, depend upon that one step, and therefore it is one of the most solemn and important ever taken, and ought never to be lightly entered upon. Much and careful thought is required. And then the third thing I show them is that in deciding whether to accept or reject a love, the chief thing is to fix the attention on character, habits, tastes, disposition and spirit; that real Christian worth is more full of promise than anything else, and that if it be absent nothing else will make amends for it.”
“And don't you say anything about age,” said Mrs. Crowdjer, in breathless haste, “That's the thing they ought to be talked to about first of all."
“Oh age! why as to that some young people are more fit to think about courtship and marriage at eighteen than others at fifty. You can't lay down any hard rule and make all young persons bend to it, irrespective of their training, their force of character, and their position in life. The great thing is to get them to see the serious and important character of the act, and to treat love with a spirit of profound reverence as one of the most sacred of all experiences."
“But see how much wretchedness people have been plunged into through early marriages.”
“Yes, I have seen that; and I have also seen, in my long life, many late marriages that have been full of misery. Fitness in age is not all that is wanted. Some old people are very stupid.”
“ That they are,” said old Simeon Goodman, with a laugh, "and to try and settle the question of a marriage by counting ages is as good a plan as measuring the wisdom of senate by counting noses. You are, it seems to me, quite right, Miss Glaskin, in saying that the chief work of a counsellor is to open the eyes of the young to the characterand consequences of courtship, to make them aware that their choice, though brief, is endless, and should therefore be wise, that it affects their spiritual life in its force and purity often where it may not much influence their temporal condition. I have seen many cases of young Christians who have lost all their interest in spiritual things, who have gone back to the beggarly elements of the world, and become backsliders' wholly through their unwise marriages. * Billy Dawson, as he is called, the famous Wesleyan preacher, said in his sermon on Jacob's Ladder,' I have seen many a lad get up
two or three rungs of the ladder; up the rung of repentance and of faith and of prayer, and then the lass has come and she's pulled him down again. I have seen many a lassie climb the ladder till the lad has come, and then she's never got any higher.”
During the whole of this hour's chat, which was suddenlyinterrupted bytheunwelcome announcement that the public meeting was about to commence, Fred Williamson and Margaret Mostyn, who had been the occasion of Mrs. Crowdjer's first remark on love-making, were, while talking on other and much less interesting themes, silently debating in their own minds some of the very questions that had been so fully canvassed at the adjoining table. Not a word had passed between the young couple indicating any ground for Mrs. Crowdjer's suspicions. I will not say that certain glances and other symbols belonging to the mysterious language of the affections had not been exchanged; but this is certain that neither of them could fix to those symbols any interpretation which was perfectly free from doubt. Fred had passionately loved Margaret for more than three months; but then he had as passionately despaired of ever making her aware of it, and receiving any response to it. Was she not, in her chaste beauty, nobleness of character, pureness of spirit and self-forgetting beneficence infinitely beyond his reach ? He a poor youth! He dare not encourage the thought. She never thinks of me; never can do except as some poor gutter-boy who has fallen into erring ways, and whom she in her large pity would hasten to befriend. He felt ashamed of himself for thinking it; and yet his hungerfor her affection forced the thought amongst the dwellers of his mind, and somehow or other drew all the attention to itself as completely as though there was not another. He could not forget her. Margaret reminded him of his one great and hitherto incomparable love,-of his mother, in her calm dignity, sweet tenderness, beautiful simplicity, and in her keenness of mind and judgment. Her face in its loveliness seemed as that of an angel and had a benignity in its repose, that carried more sweetness and grace than any smile. Since the death of his mother he had seen nothing bright or joyous on earth till he looked at her through love's eyes. Still his life and training were so far below hers that the return of his love was out of the question. But the question would not go out of him. Did he not owe everything to her, even his spiritual life? Had she not helped and inspired him ?
And how much nobler, purer he would be if she would only give some sign that she loved him, and did not merely pity him. Her love would make all great tasks easier, and all struggles lighter. He would be a real man, and do anything if he had only that. Ah if! But it can never be! I'm too young. Only just eighteen. Five years must elapse. Still if—but I must repress this sort of thing.
Quick as thought, these various and
conflicting fancies passed through Fred's mind at that tea meeting. It was with some difficulty he kept himself from being bewildered. Indeed he gave two or three strange replies to enquiries addressed to him, and I fear the speaking, eloquent enough, that evening was “like water spilt upon the ground,” so far as Fred Williamson was concerned.
OUR COLLEGE—THE ROBERT PEGG SCHOLARSHIPS. By the lamented decease of Mrs. R. Pegg, possess an unusually efficient staff of minisof Derby, a liberal supporter of our col.
Their work is well and zealously lege has passed away, but “the name will done.” If in any measure such testi. remain with us for a perpetual memorial,” mony is deserved now, it ought to be more and the influence of the beneficence that so in years to come. With fuller provision bequeathed the generous sum of £2000 for for efficient training we must have more the founding of two Scholarships in con- perfect results. The age needs a wellnection with the college will be felt for equipped ministry; a ministry of intense ages in the perfected training and ripened devotion, sublime loftiness of character, culture of the ministers of our denomina. and penetrating spiritual power; a ministion. These Scholarships, the President try in which all the men are not of one informs us, are two in number, and are type, but cast in various moulds and fit for available for young men who have studied every diversity of Christian labour. for the ministry in Chilwell College. They need men of strong, simple, Saxon force, are intended to give such young men the who can lay hold of the untrained mind opportunity of continuing their studies in and bear it into the presence of Christ; University College, London, or some other and not less men of cultivated literary college approved by the committee, for two power, who can wield the pen as a sword years after their studies at Chilwell shall for Christ, and war a good warfare in the have been completed. The holders of the high places of the field. Our college has Scholarships must be nominated by a board the materials for training both. A man is of five examiners, consisting of the tutors not kept at Latin and Greek when he is and of such other persons as the committee as unfit for such as an oyster for propelling shall appoint. Candidates must pass the a ship: but because he cannot construe matriculation examination of the London Virgil and decline mensa, he is not pro. University, and also an examination in the nounced incapable of preaching in good elements of Hebrew, in the Greek of the English the message of God's love. But New Testament, in Church History, and one who has the ability may, if he will, the Christian Evidences; the latter exami- have Six years' education, under the most nation to be arranged by the tutors of favourable conditions, for a work second to Chilwell College for the time being, and none in importance, and for which, if we announced twelve months previously to its may judge from our own experience, he taking place. Those candidates are to be will never feel himself even approximately preferred who pass the highest in the fit. Are there not men in the college ready University examination; or if equal in that, to seize the additional benefit of two years then those who pass the highest in the at University College ? Are there none in theological examination. A more important our churches panting to consecrate themevent in the history of our college has not selves to Christ, who will say, “ Here am been chronicled.
I, send me," and forth with forsake all and The Freeman has done us the honour to devote themselves to a six years' course of say that“No denomination is more healthy training? Young men, the King needs you : or more prosperous than the General Bap- will you not serve him ?
J. C. tists. In proportion to their numbers they
CLEAR VISION OF CHRIST.-David Ritten. the vision of the soul a little fibre of selhouse, an astronomer of Pennsylvania, dis- fishness will hide from our view the covered that such was the immense distance “Bright and Morning Star," even though of the stars that a silk thread stretched across He be the Sun of Righteousness laden with the glass of his telescope would entirely cover healing in His wings. We must seek to a star. Yet every star is a sun, and our have the lens of the spirit clean and pure suu is 886,000 miles in diameter. So over if we would see Jesus clearly and fully.