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EDUCATION IN ORISSA.
By the courtesy of T. E. Raveushaw, Esq., Commissioner of Cuttack, we have been favoured with his report for 1870–71,
“ Education in the Orissa division." We have been anxious for sometime past to place some facts in reference to the state of education in the province, and this document gives us all the information we desired. As education must have a very important bearing on our work, a summary of the facts wbich lie before us, may be interesting to the readers of the Observer.
While our missionaries have ever attached primary importance to the preach. ing of the gospel, they have felt that edu. cation could not be peglected. Bampton and Peggs, almost immediately on their arrival, established a number of vernacular schools, and their early efforts in this department are full of interest; and it may be seen from our missionary records how “godly women,” as well as men, have laboured with untiring zeal to instruct the youthful mind. The first English school in the province was commenced by our Mission; and though after a time, from lack of funds and other causes, it had to be closed, yet it did good service. The second English school, which has been carried on for some years in one of the wings of the College, under the superintendence of our brother, Dr. Buckley, though it does not appear so prominent as the government institutions, has sent out a respectable number of men who are now in government employ. Governmental education, though it has nothing of the christian element in it, has done much to overthrow the grosser forms of idolatry. As soon as ever Hindou lads obtain a knowledge of geography, their faith in the genuineness of the Hindoo shastres is gone. A map of the world at once dispels the strangeillusion that the earth is a great plain, with a cir. cumference of four billions of miles, that the revolution of day and night is caused by the sun passing round the great moun. tain Joomero; that there are seven seas, viz., the sea of salt water, the sea of fresh water, the sea of milk, the sea of curds, the sea of clarified butter, the sea of sugar cane juice, and the sea of spirituous liquors; that Ceylon is an island of gold, and that its inhabitants are demons. A knowledge of geography proves equally fatal to the wild legends of Ram and Krushnoo, and all the incarnations of Hindooism; and a little acquaintance with astronomy for ever upsets the strange idea that eclipses are caused by the periodical visits of a strange demon who, out of spite, attempts to swal. low the sun and moon; and that the earth rests upon the head of a serpent.
Education has already effected so great a change that it will be necessary for mis. sionaries to adapt themselves to the altered circumstances of the people. If a series of lectures on popular subjects were to be given in Cuttack, either by ourselves or pative brethren, there would be po fear of our obtaining an appreciative Hindoo audi. ence. Brother Buckley, sometime ago, gave a lecture in English, at the request of the • Cuttack Society," (which is largely com. posed of educated natives) on “the Earl of Moira," one of our Governor-Generals. Wo were much pleased to learn, from our pative brother Shem Sahu, that he had de. livered, to the Hindoo Mutual Improve. ment Society at Khoordab, a lecture on “ Civilization,” and that the chairman on the occasion was the chief native official of the district. Efforts like these cannot fail to bring us into closer contact with the upper classes in native society, and will open the way for enforcing the claims of christianity.
The report to which we refer states that there are now, in the Orissa division, 131 schools, of which thirty-three are government schools, seventy-three aided schools, seven aided orphanages, and eighteen un. aided schools. It will be well to state that these figures do not include several schools in the Tributary Mehals, nor the schools in that part of the Oriya country which bas been transferred to the central provinces, nor to the Ganjam Zillah. There
thousands of heathen vernacular schools in the division, but as these never come under government inspection, no re. port whatever is given of them. There is no return of the Freewill Baptist Mission schools at Balasore, Jellasore, and Santi. pore, and the Roman Catholic school at Balasore; with these exceptions the report is correct. There has been au increase during the year of 893 pupils, and the total number is now 5799.
The schools in Cuttack which are specially referred to in the report, are as follows:
I. The Government High School, which contains 200 pupils, of which twenty-two are in the College department, 169 in the school department, and nine in the law class. In the law class six students have completed their course of lectures for the pleadership examination, one in the college class passed the first arts examination, and eight out of nine candidates in the high school passed the entrance examina. tion; the school maintains its high character, and is likely to prove an immense boon to the province.
II. The Cuttack Normal School contains 165 pupils. The course of studies pur. sued in this school is eminently practic
cal, and comprises mathematics, history, natural philosophy, use of globes, and physical geography. One chief purpose of tbis school is to train teachers. At the last examination fisty-four students appeared, of whom forty-three passed, twentyfour in the first division, and nineteen in the second. The Commissioner reports very favourably of this school, and states that “it is the most satisfactory and most encouraging educational institution in Orissa, and that it bids. fair to work great and permanent results in providing effi. ciept means of educating the mass of the population."
III. The Anglo Urdoo school contains 139 pupils. This school supplies a want felt among some classes to give their chil. dren rudimentary Urdoo education, combined with Oriya and English, the educa. tion is good, and the school is popular. It is under the special patronage and support of the “Cuttack Society."
IV. Aided Church of England schools for boys and girls-pupils thirty-three.
The report states that this school does not prosper.
The Commissioner says, “Unless it show signs of improvement, it may become expedient to withdraw govern. ment aid. This school receives fair money support from residents in the station, but something more than money is required, viz., a real, active, earnest interest in the school."
V. The Roman Catholic school-number of pupils eighty-one. The report speaks favourably of this school, and recommends a grant in aid being given to it.
VI. Baptist Mission Schools1. Aided Anglo Vernacular School, pupils ... 66 2.
Male Orphanage 226 3. (1) Aidëd Female Orphanage .. 4. (2.)
158 6. Unaideä Vernacular School, Christianpore 26 6.
Lacey Sae 27 7.
Peyton Sae... 8.
Girls' School, Chaga 27 10.
Oraka Tangura, Chaga 10 11.
929 The report of the Commissioner refers chiefly to the male and female orphanages, and we give his report entire :
“The Baptist Mission schools, and the male and female orphanages at Cuttack, are admirably conducted, and are making satisfactory progress. I have given special attention, and paid several visits to these institutions, most particularly to the orphans. They are happy, healthy, and industrious. The boys, many of them, have become good useful workmen and servants,
and have been put out in life. Some have taken to cultivation, and have been estab. lished in tbe Mission farm. Inquiries have been and are in progress for obtain. ing more land in a suitable situation; but the difficulties in getting land are immense. The female orphanages are models of order, industry, and good management; the girls, many of whom have made remarkable progress, are healthy and happy. It is impos. sible to speak too highly of the devoted and efficient supervision given to these orphan children by Messrs. Buckley, Bailey, and Brooks, and by Mrs. Buckley and Miss Guigoard."
The schools and famine orphanages at Piplee are favourably spoken of; but the Commissioner expresses his regret that he has not bad an opportunity during the year of visiting them. The Mission schools of our American bretbren at Balasore, Jela. sore, and Santipore, have been favourably inspected, and receive special commenda. tion. Space would fail to pass in review other schools, Anglo and vernacular, in other parts of the division. The report, which is carefully prepared and very minute in its details, marks an era of progress, and shows how general is the desire for education. The language of the people is dow recognized as the principal medium of instruction. The Lieut.-Governor of Ben. gal, in accordance with the recommendation of the Commissioner, is disposed to aid the writers and compilers of good Oriya books in carrying their works through the press, and it is probable that an Inspector of schools will be appointed especially for Orissa. The Report con. cludes with the very practical suggestion “that in the education of the higher classes, toere shall be less of poetry and History of Greece, and more acquaintance with mechanics, physical geography, the chemistry of common every day life, book and account keeping, acquaintance with zemindaree business and accounts, agriculture and gardening, and last, not Jeast, practical mensuration and survey. ing. And that there shall be a workshop with tools and appliances, a gymnasium, and a model farm, attached to every bigher class school.”
From the figures given above it will be seen how very large a proportion of pupils is to be found in Mission schools, if we add the number at Piplee, considerably more than one-fifth of the wbole. With the exceptions of a small Hindoo girls school in Cuttac containing fourteen scholars, female education is still as it has been from the beginning of the work of the Mission,
TARPORLEY MISSION SERVICES. The appual services were held by the Tar. porley Auxiliary on the 22nd and 23rd Oct. On the Sabbath two deeply interesting ser. mons were preached by the Rev. I. Preston, of Halifax, to full congregations; and on the following evening the public meeting was held, under the presidency of David Roberts, Esq., of Chester. The cause of missions was very ably advocated by the Revs. I. Preston, T. Ryder, of Nottingham, and the Revs. J. Rippon and B. Salt, local ministers of other denominations. The meeting was a very good one, and we were able to raise £57 58. 4d. for our bigbly honoured Mission in Orissa. We trust that our efforts and the amount raised will assure our worthy band of missionaries of our continued interest in them and their work.
I would not choose my work; The field is Thine, my Father and my Guide! Send Thou me forth; oh, send me where Thou wilt,
So Thou be glorified.
I need Thy strength, O Lord!
The love that follows still.
And if Thou wilt not send, Then take my will and bend it to Thine own, Till, in the peace no restless thought can break,
I wait with Thee alone.
It is not hard to wait-
My Father's choice is best.
I said, “It is not hard;" And yet-and yet-Father, forgive Thy child, And through my soul's deep tumult let me hear
Thy whisper low and mild.
The darkness is not light, The "chastening is not joy;" this is Thy word, O Saviour, one with us in tears and pain,
Our Brother and our Lord.
Yet choose Thou still for me
And lay it at Thy feet;
Or the slow, silent hours,
Accept Thy perfect will.
"LORD, WHAT WILT THOU HAVE ME
For all Thy love to me!
The harvest fields are white-
And bind them in with tears.
FOREIGN LETTERS RECEIVED.
PIPLEE-T. Bailey, Dec. 16.
W. Hill, Jan. 12, 22.
January 18th, to February 18th, 1872.
Subscriptions and Donations in aid of the General Baptist Missionary Society will be thankfully received by T. Hill, Esq., Baker Street, Nottingham, Treasurer; by the Rev. J. C PIKE, the Secretary, and the Rev. H. WILKINSON, the Travelling Agent, Leicester, from whom also Missionary Boxes, Collecting Books, and Cards may be obtained.
GENERAL BAPTIST MAGAZINE,
CHRIST'S RESURRECTION: A MEDITATION FOR EASTER.
BY REV. ROBERT SILBY. "And that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures.”
-1 Cor. xv. 4. “ CHRIST crucified” “Jesus and first is Psalm xvi. 9, 10. That the the resurrection"—these formed the writer, in a moment of ecstacy, forestaple of apostolic preaching. Owing saw the “sufferings of Christ, and to the prominence given to the fact the glory which should follow," is of Christ's crucifixion, perhaps too certain ; for turning to the great little stress has been laid upon the resurrection sermon, preached on the equally important fact of Christ's day of Pentecost, Peter quotes the resurrection. 6 Christ and His very words, and proceeds to apply cross is all my theme,” is the boast them thus—“Men and brethren, let of modern evangelicism. Attentive me freely speak unto you of the reading of the sermons, speeches, patriarch David, that he is both. and writings of the apostles, will go
dead and buried, and his sepulchre far to show that, in their judgment, is with us unto this day. Therefore the resurrection formed the bulwark being a prophet, and knowing that of Christianity. Opponents recog- God had sworn with an oath to him, nize this, and have exhausted their that of the fruit of his loins, accordstores of ingenuity in the endeavour ing to the flesh, he would raise up to throw discredit upon the gospel Christ to sit on his throne; He seenarratives, to account for their ori- ing this before spake of the resurgin and the credence they have ob- rection of Christ, that His soul was tained.
not left in hell, neither His flesh did Let us consider the Predictions see corruption.”. (Acts ii. 29–31.) and Proofs of the Resurrection of The apostle Paul also made a similar Christ.
use of the passage when preaching
at Antioch. Isaiah liii. 10, 11, is PREDICTIONS. Many of the Psalms the other passage. The whole chapand Prophecies are couched in lan
ter vividly depicts the character and guage which would be profane if used sufferings of our Lord. After deof any mere man. They contain pas- scribing His death and burial, the sages which must have remained prophet, in the language of triumlocked in mystery had not the key phant gladness, exclaims, “Yet it to their interpretation been put into pleased the Lord to bruise Him; our hands by Christ and His disci- He hath put Him to grief; when ples. We cite two passages. The thou shalt make His soul an offer
VOL. LXXIV.-NEW SERIES, No. 28.
ing for sin, He shall see His seed, spake of the temple of His body.” He shall prolong His days, and the (ii
. 13—22.). On another occasion, pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in after Christ had been reproving the His hand. He shall see of the travail scribes and pharisees, some came of His soul, and shall be satisfied.” asking of Him a sign, “but He Yes! after the wounding and oppres- answered and said unto them, sion, the prison and judgment, the An evil and adulterous generation cross and grave, “He shall prolong seeketh after a sign; and there shall His days;" i.e., have life restored, no sign be given to it, but the sign and during that resuscitated life of the prophet Jonas : For as Jonas “see His seed;" "see the pleasure was three days and three nights in of the Lord prosper in His hand ;” the whale's belly: so shall the Son
see of the travail of His soul and of man be three days and three be satisfied.”
nights in the heart of the earth.” Passing onward to the New Tes- (Matt. xii. 39, 40.). Again we find tament scriptures, we bespeak for Him speaking very plainly and withthem the same regard as is generally out figure.
« From that time forth accorded to ancient writings. Let began Jesus to shew unto His disthe statements they contain be ciples, how that He must go unto sifted, compared one with another, Jerusalem, and suffer many things strengthened or weakened by an of the elders and chief priests and appeal to contemporary history; scribes, and be killed, and be raised attach no importance to their claims again the third day." (Matt. xvi. to inspiration ; let their alleged 21.) And toward the end of His conflicting statements be re-ex- ministry the frequent topic of conamined ; let every particle of evi- versation, so distressful to His disdence of an opposite character, and ciples, was His passion and resurevery scrap of adverse criticism be rection : even the precise day for produced ; let the most searching the eve was fixed on, and a meettests be applied, and if we mistake ing in Galilee arranged for. True not the unanimous verdict of the the disciples were bewildered-felt only jury qualified to judge will that a mystery hung about their still be, that they are the authentic Master's words which they would writings of the men and periods to fain unravel. Yet such was the fact. which they profess to belong. And Christ made no concealment of it: in them there is no other event in it became well known that He had Christ's history so amply corrobo- declared that He would rise from rated as His resurrection. We pre- the dead. Now it was not some sent a part of their testimony in maudlin dreamer, or some wild enconfirmation of our statement. In thusiast, who thus spoke; but the the early part of John's Gospel we gravest, wisest, most self-possessed, read of Christ driving from the of teachers : one to whom things temple courts the cattle salesmen future appeared more certain than and money changers. The Jews things past do to ordinary men : demanded by what authority he one who could read the thoughts of acted, and asked for a sign. Jesus others so that wiliest disguises were said, “ Destroy this temple, and in seen through, and one who spoke of three days I will raise it up.” Natur- His own destiny as being within His ally they thought he meant the tem- own power. What He predicted with ple which had been forty-six years respect to His death actually tranin building. The disciples thought spired. This is a presumption in 80 too; but after His resurrection favour of the truth of what He they perceived a deeper meaning in predicted with regard to His resurHis words, and John says, " He rection.