« НазадПродовжити »
cxecrable Emperor and priest of the sun, with some title of divinity, and dedicated a temple to him. *
P. 137, after line 19, add:-In 18!1 an act was passed " for erecting five distinct rectories and parishes within the rectory and parish of Simonburn, and for separating the same from the rectory and parish of Simonburn; and for providing parish churches, churchyards, and parsonage houses for the same; and for restraining the commissioners and governors of the Royal Hospital for seamen at Greenwich, from presenting to the rectory of Simonburn, or the said new rectories, any other persons than chaplains in the Royal Navy.”+ In consequence of the above act, this parish has been divided into the several parishes of Simonburn; Wark; Bellingham ; Thornegburn; Falstone; and Greystead. A Chapel of Ease to Simonburn, and a parsonage house, have been built at Humshaugh ; new churches and parsonages at Wark, Thornegburn, and Greystead; and a new parsonage at Falstone.
P. 139, line 24, dele formerly the residence of a famous border chieftain, and add:- it was wholly built by his Grace the late Duke of Northumberland. It stands on the brink of a steep, smooth, green bank, formerly called Humphrey's Knough, and situated between the North Tyne and the Keelder, where they unite. Its form is quadrangular, and it is castellated in the front, which has a prospect far down the North Tyne, and towards the mountain called Bewshaugh. Pearl Fell, fantastically crowned with four rude pillars of stone (set up by Shepherds, and called Pikes) towers up behind it; and fine old woods of birch, alder, hawthorn, &c. give it a majestic appearance. Large plantations of larch, oak, fir, and a great variety of other kinds of forest trees, have lately been made in its neighbourhood. A bridge has also been built here, over the Keelder, within these few years. Some yards to the north of the castle, four rings, and two round pieces of bronze, clumsily soldered together with a whitish metal, were discovered, by the earth being washed from about them by the water of an open drain.
Kennel Park is a tract of ground of a roundish form, about three miles in diameter, and divided into two parts by the North Tyne. The part of it situated on the south side of the river is the property of Sir
John Swinburne: that on the north belongs to his Grace the Duke of Northumberland, and Col, Reed. The lives of its ancient fences can be seen from almost every part of it. We have met with no account of its ancient possessors. In several parts of it, mounds of earth have been thrown across the dells, for the purpose, as tradition informs us, of damming back the streamlets, and forming ponds, in which the deer might save themselves when pursued by dogs. Within it, at the head of Sunny rigg, is a circular ditch, inclosing an area of about five yards in diameter, with seats on its outside cut out of the earth. It is called Arthur's Round Table. In former times the district of North Tindale abounded with red deer; and numerous horns of that animal are often found bere, especially on the banks of the Keelder, after floods.
P. 139. 1.31. after forests add :- In the district between Tynehead and Bellingham there are several circular entrenchments, on the banks of the North Tyne, which we suppose to be the remains of fortified villages of the ancient Britons. They go by the name of camps: and were, probably, sometimes used as such, during the border wars. The first of these camps that we noticed is on a place which is covered with wood, and called Bell's Hunkin: it is on the south side of the Tyme, about a mile above Keelder Castle, forms an area of about 60 yards in diameter, anıl is detended by a vast vallum of roughi, unheu o stones. There are several square and circular lines within it, which, apparently, are the foundations of buildings. The next of these camps is about a mile further down the river, in Hitch. hili Wood: it is very similar to that on Beli's Hunkin, excepting that much of the stone of its vallum has been taken away. The third is on Lorey knough's, about a mile from the last, is about foriy yards in diameer, ond bas a valluin of earth, which at present is rather faint. The fourth is on Harpney-rigg on Lewis-burn, very perfect, thirty yards in diameter, and covered with wood. Still lower down, on Weilkuugh moor, is a fiíth, also very perfect, and about thirty yards over. All these remains are abouti 300 yards from the river; on the north side of which each of them has a corresponding camp. There is one on Ryan's Hill, opposite to that on Bell's Hunkin, sixty yards across; its mound is of earth, and very faint. Another iş opposite 10 Hitch-hill, on Cump Rigg, and is fifty yards over : its ralluin is of stones; but the greater part of it removed. Many small
hand-mill stones were found in it, and spear heads, and other pieces of iron, much corroded. The next in succession, on the north side, is over against Lowey Knough's camp, on Hol's Knough, fifty yards in diameter, its vallum being of earth, and still very discernible. That termed Baredales is fifty yards in diameter, its vallum is of earth, and still very apparent; but it is a little below its corresponding camp on Harpney-rigg. And the lowest one of this series, that we noticed, is on Hawk's Knough, in Kennel Park, opposite that on Wellhaugh, fifty yards in diameter, its vallum of earth, but much defaced.
There is, also, a circular camp, formed of earth and stones, on the southern margin of the North Tyne, in a birch wood not far from Eals; and one on Knopping-Holm-hill, opposite to Tarset Castle, the lines of which are faint. Bellingham was, probably, the site of a Roman station. It commands a view of the passes into Scotland, both by the North Tyne and the Rede. We have observed no traces of Roman antiquities on the North Tyne above it. Immediately below it there is a square camp, on Garret Hut ; another on Reedswood bank ; and a third near Nook mill; all of which have deep ditches. The two last are upon Dodd-heaps, on Hareshaw common.
Iron mines have been wrought in this district in ancient times, as appears by heaps of the Scoria of that metal, still to be seen by the road side, in a plantation a little to the north of Mounces, and on the hills to the east of Hawkbope. Coal is abundant here. That at Plashets is the property of his Grace the Duke of Northumberland. It is of excellent quality, and is contained in a bed nearly six feet thick. Another bed appears in an estate belonging to Greenwich Hospital, at Greenheugh; and the estates of Sir J. E. Swinburne, Bart. at Shilburne, and of Dixon Brown, Esq. at Hawkhope, contain coal in great plenty.
There is a large table at Keelder Castle, maile out of a pine tree, which the river Keelder, in a flood, exposed on its banks in Black. cleugh. The tree was of a great size, remarkably sound and perfect; and, on the under side, its bark remained, and was three inches thick. About fifteen years since, the shepherds set fire to the beath on a hill a little to the south of a place called Yarrow. The weather was very dry, and the fire communicated to an extensive peat-moss, in the dry parts of which it made great ravages, and exposed the re. mains of an ancient forest of pine, part of which had evidently been 2 S 2
burnt down, and the rest overturned by a west wind. The people of the neighbourhood go to this place, called the Fir-tree-moss, for wood for ladders, &c. and make the torches of it, which they use in taking salmon with fish-spears in the night, as this sort of wood is remarkably inflammable.
A very curious Saxon inscription was discovered in 1810, by the Jate Rev. James Wood, minister of the Scotch chapel at Falstone, in a farm called Hawkhope-hill, which belongs to Thomas Ridley, Esq. of Park-end. Near the spot where the discovery was made, “ Ruins" are marked in Armstrong's Map of Northumberland. Mr. Wood gave the inscription, with an account of its discovery, to the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Antiquarian Society, who bare published an engraving of it, in the first volume of their Transactions. It is much obliterated, and no explanation of it has hitherto been published. The stone which bears it, appears to have been a part of the capital of some Saxon column, or some such ornament
Mr. Wood, in his account of this inscription, observes : that “within the bounds of this chapelry of Falstone, and its immediate vicinity, there are some houses consisting of very thick walls, with stone vaults below, which have evidently been erected for the purpose of defending the possessors of them, and their cattle, against the depredations of the neighbouring Moss-troopers. Here, too, are some remains of ancient castles; but we have no authentic account concerning them, and tradition is not to be depended upon. Wonderful stories, indeed, are told of them. Tarset hall, for instance, on the north side of the Tyne, and Dalley Castle, on the south, may be about a mile dis. tant; and there is, they say, between the two a subterraneous road cut out, even below the bed of the river. Less than balf a century ago, vulgar superstition, it is reported, has been so quick sighted as to disçern horses and chariots driving between these two old castles at midnight."'*
P. 157 after the 9th line add:-On the middle of Fallowfeld Fell, there is a long ridge of sandstone rocks, one of which, called “ The Written Cragg, bears this inscription: PETRA FLAVI CARANTINI-The Cragg of Flavus Carantinus.t
P. 181, line 31, for « were," read are; and line 32, for “ shrubberies," read plantations of fir.
P. 188, after line 17, insert:- WOODHORN is the name of a parish, the church of which is a vicarage dedicated to St. Mary, and in the advowson of the Bishop of Durbam. Its rectory was appropriated to the priory of Tinmouth. Formerly it had under it the chapels of Widdrington and Horton, which were separated from it in 1768. Neubiggengg; Wodehorn, with Linmuwe and Hirst, its members i Haliwell, Lynton, Ellington, with Creswell and Haycien, its members; were in the time of Edward the First, parcels of the barony of Hugh de Baliol. Newbiggen has a small harbour and granaries, from which grain is shipped, in vessels of about 60 tons burden; and ships can ride in the bay here in seven or eight fathoms of water. Its chapel is dedicated to St. Bartholomew, and annexed to Woodhorn: in former times it has had three aisles, only the middle one of which remains at present: and this contains the effigy of a “Knight Templar." The village is much resorted to as a bathing place;, but is chiefly in. habited by fishermen. In January, 1808, the crews of five boats, consisting of nineteen men, belonging to this place, and to Blythe and Hartley, perished at sea, by a sudden tempest from the North-East. The sum of 1701l, was voluntarily subscribed, chiefly in Newcastle and its neighbourhood, for the relief of their widows, orphans, and dependants, consisting of 90 persons.
P. 201, for “ third,” read second.
P. 207, after line 5, add :-Budle is a small village standing above a fine sandy bay, on the north side of the mouth of Warn-burn, which is a safe harbour for ships of about 80 tons. The shores of Budle bay produce abundance of cockles. Here are large granaries, and mills, called Warn-Mills, from their being situated on the river Warn, which, probably, had its name from the circumstance of having water mills upon it in the Saxon ages; the word Quern in Swedish, and Quern in English, signifying a mill. By the Testa de Nevil we are informed that the two villages Bodle and Spinlestan, with the mill of Warnet, were given to Eustace, the son of John, by King Henry the First; and that his successor, Eustace de Vesey, held them in the reign of Edward the First. A part of Budle belonged to the three daughters of Sir George Bonies, of Streatlan Castle, in the county of Durham, in 14 Char. I. In 1663, it was the property of Lady Forster and Mr.
2 S 3
circomraices prediving ser mais