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prehended six hundreds, is described in Cheshire ; and part of Rutlandshire is described in the counties of Northampton and Lin

coln. The description is generally thus :-How many hides, or carucates,

the land is gelded or taxed at? whose it was in the time of King Edward (the Confessor?) who the present owner, and the sub-tenants? what, and how much, arable land, meadow, pasture, and wood there is? how much in demesne, how much in tenancy, and what nuin. ber of ploughs it will keep? what mills and tishings? how many freeinen, sockmen, co-liberti, cotarii, bordarii, radmanni, radchenistres, villans, maid-servants, and bondinen there are? in some counties, what young cattle, sheep, working-horses, &c. are upon the land? and how many hogs the wood will support? sometimes, what churches there are, and how many priests or parsons? what custoinary rents, prestations, and services, are to be paid and rendered out of the lands? what has been added to the manor, what withheld from it, and by whoin? what land is waste? what the whole was let for in the time of King Edward, and what the net rent; whether it was too dear rented, or might be improved? But all entries in this book are not alike, they being more or less exact and particular in some counties than others, according to the care, diligence, and industry of the commissioners, and scribes.--(In

troduction to Domesday Book illustrated.) Domesday Book illustrated; containing an Account of thet ancient

Record; as also of the Tenants in Capite or Serjeanty therein mentioned; and a Translation of the difficult Passages, with occasional Notes; an Explanation of the Terins, Abbreviations, and Names of Foreign Abbies; and an alphabetical Table of the Tenants in Capite or Serjeanty in the several Counties contained in that Siirvey. By ROBERT KELHAM, of Lincoln's Inn, Author of the Nor

man Dictionary. Octuro. Lonil. 1788. Formulare Anglicanum; or, A Collection of ancient Charters and

Instrurnents of divul's Kinds, taken from the Originals, placed under several Heads, and deduced in a Series according in the Order of Time) from the Norman Conquest to the End of the Reign of King Henry VII. (ByThomas Madox, Esq. folio.

Lond. 1702. Sir Robert Cotton's Abridgment of the Records, (Rolls of Parlia

ment) in the Tower of London, from the Reign of K. Edward II. unto K. Richard III. of all Parliaments holden in each King's Reign, &c. published by W. Prynne. Folio. Lond. 1657 or

1679, the last being only a reprinted Title page. Calendars of the ancient Charters, &c. and of the Welch and Scotish

Rolls, now remaining in the Tower of London; as also Calendars of all the Treaties of Peace, &c. entered into by the Kings of Eng. land with those of Scotland; and of sundry Letters and public liistruments relating to that Kingdom, now in the Chapter House at Westminster: Together with Catalogues of the Records brought to Berwick from the Royal Treasury at Edinburgh, and of those which were removed to different Parts of Scotland by Order of King Edward I. &c. To which are added Memorapda concerning the Af.

falas fairs of Ireland, extracted from the Tower Records. To the whole is prefixed an Introduction, giving some Account of the State of the Public Records, from the Conquest to the present Time, (By Sir Jos. AYLOFFE.) Quarto. Lond. 1772. An Index to the Records, with Directions to the several Places where

they are to be found ; with a List of the Latin Sir-names and Names of Places, as they are written in the old Records, explained by the moderu Names; with a Chronological Table of the Kings Reigas

and Parliainents, &c. by STRACHEY. Octato. 1739. Index to Records called the Originalia and Memoranda, on the Lord

Treasurer's Remembrancer's Side of the Exchequer; extracted from the Records and from the MSS. of Mr. Tayleure, Mr. Madox, and Mr. Chapman, formerly Officers in that Office, con. taining all the Grants of Abbey Lands and other Property, granted by the Crown, from the Beginning of the Reign of Henry VIII. to the End of Queen Anne: also Inrollments of Charters, Grants, and Patents to several Religious Houses; and to Cries, Boroughs, Towns, Companies, Colleges, and other Public Institutions, from the earliest Period, &c. By EDWARD JONES, Inner Temple. la

Two Volumes. Folio. Lond. 1793-95. Reports froin the Select Committee appointed to enquire into the

State of the Public Records of the Kingdom ; uiib el Analysis of the principal Matters in the various Records, Rolls, instruments, &c. preserved in the several Public Repositories. Folio. Lond.

1800. Cominissions and Abstract of Annual Reports of the Commissioners

on the Public Records of the Kingdom; with a Statement of the Measures executeri, or now in Progress under the Authority thereof.

Folio. Lund, 1806. Calendarium Rotulorum Patentium in Turri Londinensi. Folio.

1802. Taxatio Ecclesiastica Anglia et Wallia, auctoritate P. Nicholai IV.

circa A.D. 1291. folio. 1802. Calendarium Roculorun, Chartarum et Inquisitionum ad quod Dam

num. Temp. Reg. Joann. ad Hen. VI. Folio. 1803. Rotulorum Originalium in Curis Scaccarii Abbreviatio temporibus

Reguin Henrici III. Edwardi I. II. II. Two Volumes. Folio.

1805, 1810. Calendarium Inquisitionum post Mortem sive Escætarum, temp.

Hen. III. Ed. J. Ed. II. et Ed. III. Two Volumes. Folio.

1806, 1808. Testa de Nevill; sive Liber Feodorum in Curiâ Scaccarii, temp.

Hen. Ill. et Ed. I. folio. 1807. Nonarum Inquisitiones in Curia Scaccarii, temp. Regis Edw. III.

Folio. 1807. Valor Ecclesiasticus tempore Henrici VIII. auctoritate regia institutus. Two Volumes. Folio. 1810-1814.


Placitorum in Dono. Capitulari Westmonasteriensi aaservatorum

Abbreviatio temporibus Regum Richardi I., Jobannis, Henrici

III., Edwardi I. et II. Folio. 1810.
Inquisitionum ad Capellani Domini Regis retornatorum, quæ in

publicis Archiviis Scotiæ ailluc servantur, Abbreviatio. Three

Voluines. Folio. 1811, 1816.
Rotuli Huydredoruin temp. Henrici III. et Edwardi I. in Turri

Londinensi, et in Curia receptæ Scaccarii, Westm. asservati.

Tom. I. Folio. 1812.
Rotuli Scotiæ in Turri Londinensi et in Domo Capitulari Westmo.
nasteriensi asservati, temporibus Regum Angliæ Edwardi 1.

Edwardi II., Edwardi III.' Vol. I. Folio. 1814.
Reports of the Commissioners on the State and Condition of the

Words, Forests. and Land Revenue of the Crown). Two Vo

lumes. Folio. 1787 – 1809. Abstracts of the Answers and Returns made pursuant to an Act for

taking an Account of the Population of England, Wales, and Scotland in 1801 and 1811. Three Volumes. Folio. Lond.

1802, 1812. Copies of Memorials or Statements of Charitable Donations delivered

in to the several Offices of the Clerks of the Peace of the several Counties or Ridings, or Cities or Towns being Counties of themselves, in England and Wales, in pursuance of an Act of the 521 of George II, intituled “ An Act for the registering and securing Charitable Donations." Folio. 1815.


Many bold and curious opinions on the history and antiquities of this

era, are contained in the first book of the History of Manchester,
by the Rev. John WHITAKER.
De Anglorum Gentis origine disceptatio ; Authore ROBERTO SHE-

RINGHAMO. Oçtavo. Cant. 1670.
Belgium Brittanicum in quo illius Limites, Fluvii, Urbes, Viæ Mili-

tares, Populus, Lingua, Dii, Monumenta, aliaque per inulla clarius
& uberius exponuntur. Auctore Guil. MUSGRAVE, M, D. Præfixa
est Dissertatio, De Brittannia quondam pene Insula. In Fous

Voluines. Octaco. Iscæ Dunmoniorum. 1719 20.
Introduction to the History of Great Britain and Ireland ; on the

Origin of the Ancient Britons, Scotch, Irish, and Anglo-Saxons,
including their Character, Manners, and Customs. By James
MACPHERSON. Quarto. Lond. 1773.


• Several works containing allusions to the history, manners, and customs of the Britons, arenoticed in the subsequent chronological classes, 10 which they bear a more immediate resereuce ; inore particularly under the class of Roman Geography of Britain.


The Genuine History of the Britons Asserted against Mr. Mac

pherson. By the Rev. Mr. WAITAKER, Author of the History of Manchester. The Second Edition, corrected. Octato. Lond.

1773. The Britisb History, translated into English from the Latin of

Jeffery of Monmouth, with a large Preface concerning the Authority of the History. By AARON THOMPSON, late of Queen's

College, Oxon. Octavo. Lond. 1718. Johannis Rossi Britannica, sive de Regibus veteris Britanniæ usque ad

exitium Gentis, & Saxorum imperium, Historia versibus expressa.

Duodecimo. Franc. 1607. Sketch of the Early History of the Cymry, or Ancient Britons,

from the year 700, before Christ, to A. D. 500. By the Rev. P. ROBERTS, A. M. Author of an Harmony of the Epistles, &c.

Octuto. Lond. 1803. Celtic Researches, on the Origin, Traditions, and Language of the

Ancient Britons; with some Introductory Sketches, on Primitive Society. By EDWARD DAVIES, Curate of Olveston, Glouces

shire. Royal Octavo. Lond. 1804. Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, in Antiquities, concerning the mot Noble and Renowned English Nation. By the Study and Travail of RICHARD VERSTEGAN. Plates. Quarto. Antwerp,

Printed by Robert Bruney, 1605. Antiqua Restaurata; a Concise Historical Account of the Ancient

Druids, shewing their Civil and Religious Governments, Ceremonies, Groves, Derivations, and Elymologies, categorically deduced: with Biographical Sketches. Also the remains of Druidical Antiquity, in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and

France. By JACOB Des Moulins. Octavo. Lond. 1794. Antiquities Historical and Monumental, of the County of Cornwall,

consisting of several Essays on the First Inhabitants, Druid... Superstition, Customs, and Remains of the most remote Antiquity in Britain, and the British Isles, exemplified and proved by Monuments now extant in Cornwall and the Scilly Islands, with a Vocabulary of the Cornu-British Language. By WILLIAM BorLase, L. L. D. F. R. S. Rector of Ludgvan. Plates. Folio. Lond. 1769. A Complete View of the Manners, Customs, Arms, Habits, &c.

of the Inhabitants of England, from the arrival of the Saxons to the present Time: with a Short Account of the Britons, during the Government of the Romans. By Joseph STRUTT. In Three

Volumes. Quarto. Lond. 1775.6. The Chronicle of England: or a History of the Ancient Britons

and Saxons: from the arrival of Julius Cæsar to the Norman Conquest. By JOSEPH STRUTT. In Two Volumes. Quarto. Lond.

1777-8. The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England from the earliest period to the present time, in wbich are represented most of the popular Diversions. By JOSEPH STRUTT. Quarto. 1801.

A Compleat

A Compleat View of the Dress and Habits of the People of England,

from the establishment of the Saxons in Britain to the present Time. To which is prefixed an Introduction, containing a General Description of the Ancient Habits in Use among Mankind, from the earliest period of time to the conclusion of the Seventh Century. By Joseph STRUTT. In Two Voluines. Quarto. Lond. 1796-99.

Before the discovery of the Itinerary of Richard of Cirencester, in

the middle of the 18th century, the only works which had descended to us respecting the Roman stations and the Roman roads within this island, were the Geography of Ptolemy; the Itinerary of Antoninus; the Imperial Notitia ; the Anonymous Chorography;

and the Tabula Peutingeriana. The Notitia is a list of the several inilitary and civil oflicers and

magistrates, in the Eastern and Western Empires, lower than the reigns of Arcadius and Honorius; written, probably, towards the end of the younger Theodosius's reign, or about 445, when the bulk of the Roman forces was stationed on the Kentish coast, against the Saxon invaders, and on the Northern barrier, per lincam valli. It seems to have been transcribed from the Latercula, or Registers of State.” See Gough, British Topography, Vol. I. P. 8. The Chorography of Britain, by the anonymous geographer of

Ravenna, is a work of less utility than the preceding, and has been termed “a mere confused catalogue of hard names" ; but a con. jecture of Dr. Mason may be thought to reduce it to some kind of consistency. He supposes “ that the names have been taken from some map, which Ravennas began at the south-west corner, proceeding east and across the kingdom ; still in the main advancing northwardly; by which means some are twice over, and, no doubt, many oinitted." The author of this work, and the time at which it was composed, are equally involved in doubt. See Horsley, Brit. Rom. P. 489, and Reynolds, Introduction to Iter Britanniarum,

P. 131. The Tabula Peutingeriana is " a parchment roll, above twenty:

two feet long, and one brvad, on which were traced the stages, or mansions, for the Roman army throughout the empire; and bears great resemblance to our surveys of roads by Ogilby. It is an Itinerary, or Routier, in a form for carriage, exbibiting, as well as such a size would permit, the roads, and distances of the principal places. Some judicious critics date it in the reign of Theoriosius the Great ; and suppose Antonine's Itinerary was copied from such a table.” See Gough's British Topography, Vol. I. P. 6, where is given a statement of the different editions through which the above table has passed.


Antonini Iter Britanniarum Commentariis illustratum Thomæ Gale,

S.T. P. nuper Decani Ebor. Opus posthumum. Revisit, auxit, edidit R. G(ale). Accessit Anonymi Ravennatis Britannia Cho


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