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MADE EASY
SHOP METHODS — EQUIPMENT — PROCESSES

A COMPLETE TREATISE
EXPLAINING APPROVED METHODS OF REPAIRING ALL PARTS
OF ALL TYPES OF GASOLINE AUTOMOBILES. SHOWS ALL LATEST
DEVELOPMENTS BASED ON A WIDE,ACTUAL REPAIR EXPERIENCE

Includes
Electric Starting and Lighting System Instructions; Oxy-
Acetylene Welding; Tire Repairing; Engine and

Ignition Timing; Overhauling, etc.

INVALUABLE TO MOTORISTS, STUDENTS, MECHANICS AND REPAIR MEN
EVERY PHASE OF THE SUBJECT IS TREATED IN A

PRACTICAL, NON-TECHNICAL MANNER

VICTOR W. PAGÉ, M. E.

Member Society of Automobile Engineers
Author of "The Modern Gasoline Automobile," "Automobile Questions and Answers,"

"The Ford Model T Car, etc.

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Copyrighted 1917 and 1916, by
THE NORMAN W. HENLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY

All Rights Reserved

THIRD IMPRESSION

NOTE.-All illustrations in this book have
been specially made by the publishers, and their
use without permission is strictly prohibited.

Printed in the U. S. A.

PRESS OF
BRAUNWORTH & Co.
POJK MANUFACTURERS

BROOKLYN, N. Y.

PREFACE

The rapid growth of the automobile industry has resulted in a
marked increase in the number of automobile repair shops and, as
the sale of cars augments yearly, the demand for mechanics skilled
in the art of caring for, adjusting and repairing automobiles will
continue to grow in proportion. Then again, many cars are pur-
chased by people in moderate circumstances or others remote from
repair shops who desire to make their own adjustments and minor
repairs. Many excellent mechanics in other lines have felt that the
automobile business offered opportunities, but were unable to avail
themselves of them because of lack of knowledge of motor car
construction.

The writer obtained much practical knowledge of automobile
mechanism first hand as a repairman in the earlier days of the
automobile industry and often felt the lack of definite, scientific
instructions for doing various classes of work in a practical manner.
When one considers that the modern automobile is a complex assem-
bly of many different groups, it is not difficult to understand why
an excellent machinist, for instance, may be unable to repair a
starting and lighting system because of lack of electrical knowledge,
or why the electrician, to whom this work is not difficult, may be
unable to refit bearings or time a motor valve system. The practical
all-around automobile repairman must not only understand machine
work and metal-working tools of all kinds, but must also possess
some of the knowledge of the electrician, plumber, wood-worker,
rubber-worker, tinsmith and blacksmith.

It is the purpose of the writer to outline the essentials of auto-
mobile repairing in a way that will be understood by all with
ordinary mechanical ability. Much of the material will prove of
equal value to the chauffeur, owner and general mechanic. The
writer has been collecting notes and sketches for this treatise for
over eleven years and has had an exceptional opportunity to sup-

plement the practical knowledge obtained as a repairman by a
careful observation of the experiences of others.

With the object of outlining the entire subject, the various items
of equipment, tools and special appliances to facilitate repair work
are covered fully and a concise review of the various mechanical
processes, such as autogenous welding, brazing, soldering, etc., is
given as well. Many Tables and Formulæ are included pertaining
to things the repairman should know or have available for ready
reference. Special attention has been given to the electrical system
because it is on this point that many repairmen and motorists
desire enlightenment. It is assumed that the reader is familiar to
a certain extent with automobile construction in general. If infor.
mation is wanted on points of design, etc., the reader is referred
to “The Modern Gasoline Automobile," a previous work of the
writer.

As many establishments are being started from time to time to
care for the increasing number of motor vehicles sold, some sugges-
tions for planning and equipping various sized shops should be
timely and of value to those intending to start such an enterprise.
There are many conditions to be considered, and no hard or fast
rule can be made to cover all contingencies. The equipment needed
to do work in a most satisfactory manner will vary with the size of
the shop and character of cars repaired. The writer will confine
this discussion to useful suggestions that can be applied specifically
to the machine or other shop that specializes in repair work.

Most of those outlined have no facilities for doing a garage or
storage business, but the plans may be modified and applied to shops
operated in connection with a garage or agency for cars as well.
While the equipment proposed is most comprehensive in the case of
the larger establishment and sufficient to build all parts of a motor
car if necessary, the facilities may be increased or reduced as the
capacity of the shop requires. In planning a new shop or enlarging
a business, some of these suggestions may be of value, and it is well
to note that proposals made for tools or equipment and floor plans
described are based on actual experience of successful shops.

THE AUTHOR.
February, 1918.

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