Reference to Abstract Objects in Discourse
Springer Science & Business Media, 6 груд. 2012 р. - 455 стор.
Reference to Abstract Objects in Discourse presents a novel framework and analysis of the ways we refer to abstract objects in natural language discourse. The book begins with a typology of abstract objects and related entities like eventualities. After an introduction to `bottom up, compositional' discourse representation theory (DRT) and to previous work on abstract objects in DRT (notably work on the semantics of the attitudes), the book turns to a semantic analysis of eventuality and abstract object denoting nominals in English. The book then substantially revises and extends the dynamic semantic framework of DRT to develop an analysis of anaphoric reference to abstract objects and eventualities that exploits discourse structure and the discourse relations that obtain between elements of the structure. A dynamic, semantically based theory of discourse structure (SDRT) is proposed, along with many illustrative examples. Two further chapters then provide the analysis of anaphoric reference to propositions VP ellipsis. The abstract entity anaphoric antecedents are elements of the discourse structures that SDRT develops. The final chapter discusses some logical and philosophical difficulties for a semantic analysis of reference to abstract objects.
For semanticists, philosophers of language, computer scientists interested in natural language applications and discourse, philosophical logicians, graduate students in linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science and artificial intelligence.
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A CRASH COURSE IN
Formalization of DRS Construction and DRS Interpretation
ATTITUDES AND ATTITUDE DESCRIPTIONS
VP Ellipsis in DR Theory
The Problem of Discourse Structure and Anaphora
Principles of Discourse Segmentation and SDRS Constituent
Revision of Constituents after Updating
APPLYING THE THEORY OF DISCOURSE STRUCTURE
Some Examples of Proposition Anaphora
Interpreting Attitude Ascriptions
Attitudes Propositions and Representations
Syntactic and Semantic Assumptions and Basic Principles
Ofing Gerund Phrases and Bare Nominals
Infinitivals and Projective Propositions
PROBLEMS FOR THE SEMANTICS OF NOMINALS
The Problem of Event Negation Solved
Availability Anaphora and Constituent Revision
Event and Plural Anaphora Revisited
Conclusions About Abstract Anaphora
Examples of Overt Concept Anaphora
Concluding Thoughts on Abstract Entity Anaphora
MODEL THEORY FOR ABSTRACTENTITIES
Problems of SelfReference
Two Arguments for a Representational Theory of Abstract Entities
Metaphysical Representationalism and Metaphysical Reduction
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abstract entity anaphora abstract objects ACC-ing agent analysis anaphoric reference antecedent argument place Asher attachment belief chapter characterizing clause cognitive complement complex concept anaphora concept discourse referent constituent revision constraint context Contrast relation defined definition delineated DRS denote derived nominals discourse particles discourse referent introduced discourse relations discourse structure DR-theoretic structures DRS construction procedure ellipsis embedding functions embedding tree event discourse referent event-type examples fact factive Fred gerund phrases identified individual infinitivals instance intentional frame interpretation IP gerunds lexically logical Mary matrix condition maximal MEE tree model theory natural language metaphysics negation node noun phrases null determiner open constituent Parallel and Contrast partial DRS plural possible predicative DRS predicative DRSs principles projective propositions pronoun proper embedding quantifier representationalism scope SDRS SDRSs semantic semantic translation sentence sentential nominals subDRS subDRSs theory topic translation tree isomorphism truth conditions updating VPellipsis well-foundedness yields