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agreed to by their minister, but in some degree negotiated at their own instance. The disgrace of this event, most fatal as it is to the character of the French government, but not very flattering to our national pride, rests, it is true, mainly with the King of the French and with M. Guizot, not with Lord Aber. deen ; but had such an event occurred to Lord Palmerston, no epithets would have been too vituperative to have been applied to his conduct. We shall not imitate this injustice. Let the disgrace rest on the foreign statesmen who are really responsible. We not only hope, but we believe, that for this event the Foreign Secretary is in no respect to blame ; we have, however, some curiosity to know in what language the complaints and protests of the British Minister have been expressed.
We feel some difficulty in referring to the inexplicable policy of Lord Ellenborough in the East, and yet it cannot be entirely overlooked. In an Empire like ours in British India, which depends so peculiarly upon opinion, and upon a conviction of our moral superiority, a degrading retreat seems to have been meditated, which has only been averted or postponed in consequence of opportune orders from home, or some other happy contingency, which has saved England from unexampled ignominy. Well, indeed, was Lord Palmerston justified in saying that he could not conceive a fouler dishonour, or any thing that would have dyed the cheek of every Englishman with a deeper blush, or that would have struck a more fatal blow at our Indian power,
than a flight from Affghanistan in the circumstances in which • Lord Ellenborough's order was issued.' But if this measure was disgraceful on political grounds, where shall we find words to condemn it, if English soldiers, English subjects, and English women, wives and daughters of our countrymen, were proposed to have been deserted, and left in the hands of barbarians ? Our diplomatic minister had been treacherously murdered; the sacred compacts of treaty had been violated ; our brave troops had been betrayed and cut to pieces; the heroic Lady Sale and her fellowsufferers left in captivity; and yet no effort seems to have been made to avenge their wrongs, or to set them free. Scarcely less disgraceful will it be, if the safety of these unhappy persons has been made matter of low and unworthy compromise. At no former period of our history, in our most disastrous campaigns, has any event occurred which seems to us comparable to the ignominy of Lord Ellenborough's proposed retreat.
Whilst this article has been in the press, accounts have been received of the close of our diplomatic controversy with the United States, by the signature of Lord Ashburton's treaty. Considering peace between England and the United States to be impor
tant, not only to the wellbeing and happiness of both countries, but essential to the cause of liberty and good government throughout the world, we should not feel disposed to enquire curiously whether too much may not have been granted, or too little obtained, as the price of 'so immeasurable a benefit. Still, if the rights of British subjects, born under British allegiance, and holding their property under British grants, have been abandoned, and if new causes of dispute respecting navigation have been substituted for those which we hope are now terminated, many explanations will be required before Lord Ashburton's treaty can be admitted to be a just claim on the public for gratitude and respect. That his explanations may be satisfactory, we hope, and indeed expect; and if they are so shown, no party difference will prevent us from rendering our most sincere acknowledgments to Lord Aberdeen and his colleagues, as well as to Lord Ashburton, for having happily effected a pacification between two states of common origin, between whom no serious differences can ever arise, without consequences the most fatal to both.
We have now taken a retrospect of the measures of the last session; omitting, however, the subject of Law Reform, including Lord Brougham's Cessio Bonorum Bill—one of the most benevolent results of his unwearied exertions in that great cause
--for after discussion, in a separate article. We have shown, if our arguments are correct, that the corn-law of Sir R. Peel is founded upon a false principle, and that since its enactment it has worked badly for the Producer and the Consumer. We have shown that in his Tariff he has not carried out his own principles with courage and with effect. We have proved, that while the country is subjected to all the pressure and inquisitorial vexation of an Income-Tax, the Financial difficulties of the times have not been adequately met, nor has any certain surplus of revenue been secured. We have shown, that in place of domestic tranquillity, we have had to deplore riot and insurrection; and that this has been traceable, in a considerable degree, to the exciting and exaggerated doctrines of a section of the Tories, when in opposition. We have shown that all the leading badges and symbols of party, which produced success at the late election, have been thrown aside, as being now no longer necessary. We have shown that, in as far as the measures of the Government are right, they are the very measures of their Opponents ; adopted and defended with a disregard of all consistency, and in violation of all the engagements of party connexion. Yet in the adoption of these principles, we have our reward, and our justification.
Sir Robert Peel may cast his party aside at his pleasure, and VOL. LXXVI. NO, CLIII.
which by what it hallis tarifi is alich, on prisennot a
they must submit; for, difficult as they find it to live with him, without him they cannot live. But Sir Robert Peel cannot arrest the great commercial movement to which, on principle, he has now given his authority. His tariff is all-important by what it promises, if not by what it has effected. It may be described in the lines which an accomplished French poet bas applied to Spring
Il plait plus aux humains Par les plaisirs qu'il promêt, que par ceux qu'il procure.' His measures must and will be followed up-bis principles mast and will be applied further : and if, in so doing, he condemns every measure adopted by his party during the last ten years ; if he thus pays an unwilling, but most respectful homage to the conduct of his opponents; if he incurs the bitter hostility of his earliest friends ; if he leaves himself without one single newspaper to defend his administration generally; if the keen blade of Sir Richard Vyvyan is bared against him in Cornwall; if he is called upon to plead Guilty or Not Guilty' at Plymouth; if in Leicestershire a cry is raised to dethrone him, in order that Lord Stanley may reign in his stead ; if he makes it a punishment to any of his political supporters to meet their constituents at public meetings, there to defend the votes they have given; if a Conservative dinner would now be a grievous martyrdom, and a General Election would be all but fatal-he should be reconciled to these mortifications by the thought, that in acting on the impulses produced by the propositions of Mr Baring, he is averting from his country dangers the most imminent, and is promoting the best interests of his fellow-subjects, and of mankind,
Number CLIV. will be published in January.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Published during July, August, and September, 1842.
1 ABDY.— The Water-Cure; Cases of Disease cured by Cold Wa
ter. By E. S. Abdy, M.A. 8vo. pp. 209, sewed, 4s. 6d. 2 ADDISON.— The Temple Church at London : its History and
Antiquities. By C. G. Addison, Esq. of the Inner Temple ; Author of « The History of the Knights Templars." Square crown 8vo. In the Press. This work will contain a full account of the restoration of the Temple Churcb-the chief ecclesiastical edifice of the Knights Templars in Great Britain, and the most beautiful and perfect memorial of the order now in existence ; together with a full description of the tessalated pavement—the painted ceiling—the marble columns-the stained windows-the sacrarium-the almeries, or sacramental niches—the penitential cell—the ancient chapel of St Anne-the monumental
remains, &c. 3 ALFRED DUDLEY; or, the Australian Settlers. 2d edition,
square, pp. 196, and many illustrations, cloth, 3s. 6d. 4 ALLEN.- Battles of the British Navy, from A.D. 1000 to 1840.
By Joseph Allen, Esq. 2 vols. 12mo. pp. 1112, cloth, 21s. 4* ALLEN'S (Cardinal) Admonition to the Nobility and People,
A.D. 1588. Reprinted in 12mo. pp. 60, cloth, 6s. 5 ANDERSON.--The Popular Scottish Biography; being Lives of
Eminent Natives of Scotland. 12mo. pp. 795, cloth, 10s. 6 ANDERSON.—Guide to the Highlands and Islands of Scotland,
including Orkney and Zetland; descriptive of their Scenery, Statistics, Antiquities, and Natural History: with numerous Historical and Traditional Notices, Map, Tables of Distances, Notices of Inns, and other information for the use of Tourists. By George Anderson and Peter Anderson of Inverness. New edition, 12mo. (Edinburgh), with map and index, pp. 744,
cloth, 10s. 6d. 7 ANNALS of CHYMISTRY and Practical Pharmacy. No. 1, 8vo,
8d. (To be continued Weekly.)— The aim of this work will be to afford to the English Chemist a Weekly summary of the Discoveries of Continental Chemists, practically condensed, so that whilst thoroughly explanatory to the philosopher, it will be prac
tically useful to the Chemist and Druggist. 8 APEL.—Practical Introduction to the Study of the German Lan
guage. By Heinrich Apel. 12mo. pp. 340, cloth, 5s. 6d. 9 ARCHBOLD.- The New Poor-Law'Amendment Act, and the orant Boies and Orriers of he Poor-Law Commissioners: with a Practical Introduction. Votes, and Forms. Bv John F. Arch
bold, Esq., Barrister-at-Law. mo. pp. 190. boards, 5s. 6d. 10 ARUNDLE.-The Gailery of Antiquities : seiected from the
British Museum. By F. frundale, Architect; and J. Bonomi,
numerous figures i many coloured, boards, 21s. ATKINSON. -The Recent Operations of the British Forces in
Afghanistan : consisting of views of the most heantifal Scenery through which the Army passed, with Figures illustrative of memorable Events which occurrent iuring the Campaign. and descriptive of the Manners and Costumes of the Natives. Drawn on Stone by Louis Haghe, Esq. from the original and highlyfinished drawings executed on the spot by James Atkinson, Esen Superintending Surgeon of the Army of the Indus. 26 Plates, roval folio, u. s. balf-bound; coloured and mounted as the
original trawings, LOL. Los. 12 ATKINSON,- The Expedition into Afghanistan: Notes and
Sketches descriptive of the Country. By J. Atkinson, Es..
13 BARNES.- The Elements of Linear Perspective, and the Pro
jection of Shadows: adapted to the use of Mathematical and Drawing Classes and Private Students. With 61 Diagrams on Wood. By W. Barnes, of St John's College, Cambridge. 12mo.
pp. 57, cloth, 23. 60. 1+ BARTLETT-The Scenery and Antiquities of Ireland, Ilus
trated from Drawings by W. H. Bartlett; the literary portioa of the work by N. P. Willis, and J. Stirling Covne, Esqrs. 2 vols. 4to. pp. 356, with Portrait, Map, and 1:20 other Hilustra
tions, cloth lettered, gilt edges, 31. 3s. 15 BATHURST-The Elements of Arithmetic; expressly designed
for the use of Schools. By C. Bathurst, M.A,, of St John's College, Cambridge; Second Master of Sir J. Williamson's
Free School, Rochester. I mo. (Rochester), pp. 1+2. cloth, 3s. Key; containing the Solutions of the Questions under each Role.
12mo. (Rochester), pp. 42. cloth, 23. 6. 16 BEATTIE-The History of the Church of Scotland during the
Wealth. By the Rev. James Beattie. Foolscap 8vo. (Edinburgh), pp. 372, cloth, ts. 17 BEDFORD-Correspondence of Joen, Fou
correspondence of John, Fourth Duke of Bedford, daction by Lord Jobn Russell Sro, witb Port
Originals at Woburn Abbey: with an Intro18 BELL-Chambers's Educational Coarse: 1
bn Russell. 850, with Portrait. In the Press. Mathematics.
& Educational Course: Treatise on Practical
2 vols. 1-2mo. pp. 730, cloth. 8s.
2 Fols. 12mo. P!
Synagogue and the Church; being an attempt