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ters of men. This opinion they much above common men, founded, likewise, upon the without contradicting scripture, text of the Septuagint, which and the most certain histories in some copies stand thus, and traditions of all people. Gen, vi, 2, The angels of Moses, Deut. iii, 11, speaks God saw that the daughters of of Og, the king of Baashan's men were beautiful and fair, bed, which was 9 cubits long, and all which they chose. But and four wide, that is fifteen Moses in this place means feet four inches and an half nothing else, but that the men long. Goliah, was six cubits of Seth's family, which was and a span in height, that is to the family of the righteous, and say, ten [feet seven inches; 1 the sons of God, were corrupt. Sam. xvii, 4. These giants ed by their affections to the were still common in Joshua's women of Cain's race, who are and David's times, when the here described under the name life of men was already so of the daughters of men. Thus much shortened, and as may St. Chrysostom, Theodoret, be presumed, the size and St. Cyril of Alexandria, St. strength of human bodies very Austin and many more, have much diminished. Calmet's explained it.

Dict. As to the existence of Gi. The ancient writers, who ants, several writers, ancient make mention of giants, are and modern, have imagined, Herodotus, Diodorus Siculus, that the giants 'spoken of in Pliny, Homer, Virgil, Ovid, scripture, were indeed men of Plutarch, &c. Mr. Whiston an extraordinary stature, but in his Original Records, has a not so much above what was supplement concerning the old common as some have fancied, giants, where, according to the who describe them as three or apocryphal book of Enoch he fuur times larger, than men divides the giants into three are at present. They were, kinds and in this division thinks say they, men famous for the himself countenanced by the violences, which they commit- words of Moses, Gen. vi, 2, ted, and for their crimes rather &c. the first and lowest kind than their strength, or the of which are in stature from 4. greatness of their stature. But cubits to 15, the second are it cannot be denied, that form- called Nephilim, from 15 to erlythere were men of a stature, forty, and the phird or great

giants 40 cubits at least and ANER, a Levitical city on many times above.

the west of Jordan in the half ANAMIM, whether this be tribe of Manasseh. the name of an individual or a ANGE, a mountain men. nation or tribe of men has been tioned in the Latin text of Judoubted. But as this and many dith ii, 21. The text, says this other words of the same species, mountain lies to the left of Ci. have plural terminations in licia; it is the highest in these Hebrew, it may be presumed parts. Strabo says, it is always they signify a people, or nation. covered with snow, and that The Anamim were descend from its summit the Euxine ants of Mizraim, a son of and sea of Cilicia are both vis. Ham, who settled in Egypt. ible. Lat. 26, N.

ANTARADA, a city of ANATHOTH, a city of Syria, lying on the continent, Palestine belonging to the tribe opposite to the island Aradus, of Benjamin, Josh. xxi, 18. or Arada. Though this town About three miles distant from is not mentioned in scripture; Jerusalem, according to Euse. yet mention is made of Arada, bius and St. Jerome; or twenty or Arva, or the Arvadites. furlongs according to Josephus. Antarada is now called Tortosa, This was the birth place of the and is noted for its fine harbor. prophet Jeremiah. It was given ANTHEDON, see AGRIP. to the Levites of Koath's fami- PIAS. ly, for their habitation, and to ANTIOCH, according to be a city of refugė. After the Mr. Wells, there were no less death of his father, Solomon than sixteen cities of that name ordered Abiathar the priest, in Syria and other countries; who had joined the party of but the Scripture speaks only Adonijah, to retire to Ana- of the greater Antioch, which thoth. Lat. 31, 47.

was the capital of Syria; and of ANEM, a city of Palestine, another Antioch of Pisidia; belonging to the tribe of Ma- Antioch the capital of Syria nasseh, given by lot to the Le. was frequently called Antiochia vites of Koath's family, i Chr. Epidaphne, from its neighbor. vi, 10.

hood to Daphne, a village where Anem, a city belonging to the temple of Daphne stood. the tribe of Judah, Josh. xv, Antioch of Syria, if we believe 50. It was eight or ten miles St.Jerome, was formerly called east of Hebron

Riblath or Riblatha, of which

there is mention in the book of gates, and part of it on the of Numbers xxxiv, 11; in the north side was raised upon a 2 book of Kings xxiii,33;xxvii, high mountain. It was adorn6; xxix, 21; and in Jeremiah ed with galleries and fountains, xxxix, 5; liii, 9; x, 26, 27. palaces and magnificent temTheodoret says, that in his ples; it was strongly fortified time, there was a city called by art and nature. Ammianus Riblath, near Emesa in Syria, Marcellinus says, that it was which is very contrary to Si. celebrated throughout the Jerome's opinion. However world, and that no other city this may'be, it is certain Anu. exceeded it either in fertility och was not known under this of soil, or in richness of trade. name, till after the reign of Se. The emperor Vespasian Titus, leucus Nicanor, who built it,and and others granted it very great called it Antioch, in memory of privileges; but sometime afterhis father Antiochus in the year ward it underwent several revo301 before the Christian era. lutions, having been almost iotal. Hence there is no mention of ly demolished bytwo successive this Antioch in Scripture,'ex. -tarthquakes, one of which hapcepting in the book of Macca. pened in the fourth, the other bees, and in the New Testa. in the fifth centuries. In 548, ment. Here resided the kings it was taken and burned by the of Syria, successors of Alexan. Persians, and all the inhabitants der the Great. Then it was a put to the sword; four years af, beautiful, flourishing, and illus. ier this, Justinian rebuilt it, in a trious city, though at present more beautiful and regular manscarce any thing remains, but a ner, than it was before. The heap of ruins. However, the Persians however took it a walls are still standing; but second time in 574, and within these walls, there is no destroyed its walls. In-588, thing but gardens, ruins, and it suffered again by a dreadful shattered houses. The river earthquake, by which upwards Orontes runs near the city on, of 60,000 persons perished. It the outside. The Bishop of was once more rebuilt, but Antioch has the title of Patri- taken by the Saracens in 637. arch, and at all times has had Nicephoras Phocas retook it in a great share in the affairs of 966, but afterwards it was a. the eastern church. The city gain, taken by, the Saracens. of Antioch was in form almost The Christians in the crusades square; it had a great number took it in 1098; but it was tak

en and demolished by the Sac to the early Christians, who racéns in, 1268 As to its sit. were at first considered as a uation Mr. Wells says it lay sect of Jews, and who, thereon both sides the river Orontes, fore, could here perform public about 12 miles distant from the worship, and enjoy all religious Mediterranean sea. The place privileges without any persecuis worthy of remembrance on tion or disturbance. This also account of several interesting accounts for the zeal of the events, which here took place apostles in introducing the Here the disciples of Jesus gospel here. The present state Christ were first called Chris. of this city is thus described tians, having before been call. by Mr. Volney. “This city," ed, by way of derision, Naza. saith he, "anciently renowned renes, as the Jews scornfully for the luxury of its inhabi. call them to the present time, tants, is now no more than a and as the Pagans called them ruinous town, whose houses, Galileans. Here was the fre. built with mud and straw, and quent residence of several Ro- whose narrow and miry streets, man emperors, especially Verus exhibit every appearance of and Valens, 'who spent a great misery and wretchedness. It part of their time in Antioch. is situated on the southern Here was the birthplace of St. bank of the Orontes, at the exLuke the Evangelist, of The- tremity of an old and decayed ophilus, Antiochenu's. The bridge, and is covered to the celebrated martyr Ignatius-was south by a mountain, upon the bishop of this place. Here St. slope of which a wall was built Paul and Barnabas preached a by the Crusaders. The diswhole year. Josephus says it tance between the present town was the third city of the Ro- and mountain, may be about man provinces; it was in fact four hundred yards, which for a long time, the most pow. space is occupied by gardens erful city of the East. li was and heaps of rubbish, but prefamous among the Jews for sents nothing interesting.” the jus civitatis, or right of Such is the condition of the citizenship, which Seleucus had celebrated Antioch. So trangiven to them in commun with sient is the glory of this world., the Greeks and Macedonians. Lat. 35, 30. This consideration, involving Antioch of Pisidia, mentionprivileges, dear to their hearts, ed in Acts xiii, 14.' St. Paul rendered this place so desirable and Barnabas preached here,

and the Jews, concerned to see ple was in some sort the citathat some of the Gentiles had del of the town, the tower of received the gospel, raised a Antonia was the citadel of the sedition against St. Paul and temple. The Romans gener. Barnabas, and obliged them to ally kept a garrison in this leave the city. Lat. 38, 50. tower; and from thence it was,

ANTIPATRIS, (Acts xxiii, that the tribune ran with his 31,) a town of Palestine on the soldiers to rescue St. Paul out border of Samaria, anciently of the hands of the Jews, (Acts called Caphar-Saba, according xxi, 31, 32,) who had seized to Josephus, but of this Jerome him in the temple, designing to expresses strong doubts; it was put him to death. named Antipatris by Herod ANUA, a village fifteen the Great, in honor of his father miles from Neapolis, otherwise Antipater. It was situated in called Shechem, in the way to a pleasant valley, near the Jerusalem. mountains, in the way from APAMEA, a city of Syria Jerusalem to Cæsarea. Jose- on the Orontes, probably the phus places it about seventeen same place called Shepham. miles from Joppa; it was 42 Apamea, a city of Phrygia;

from Jerusaleni, and 26 from this city was called Kibotos, : Cæsarea. Here Paul and his the ark, and on its medals is an

guard made a halt on their way ark, with a man receiving a to Cæsarea. Lat. 32, 19. dove flying to him, and part of

ANTONIA, a tower or for the inscription is Noe, bence tress of Jerusalem, situated to. it has been supposed, that the wards the west and north angle ark rested near this place. of the temple, and built by APHÆREMA, a place, Herod the Great in honor of mentioned 1 Macab. xi, 34, his friend M. Anthony. It taken from Samaria, and add. stood upon an eminence cut ed to Judah, being so called steep on all sides, and enclosed because its name signifies in with a wall, three hundred cu- the Greek language, a thing bits high. It was built in the taken from another. It may form of a square tower, with a here be observed with advan. tower at each corner to defend tage to the reader, that the it; there was a bridge or vault, books of the Maccabees, being whereby a communication was written in Greek, several nameskept up between this tower and are varied according to the the temple, so that as the tem. Greek form. This being re

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