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acres advantage Arthur Young Calne Canton capital capitalist farmers cattle cent circumstances comfort competition condition considerable considered cottier system cows crops cultivation custom districts Economy of France Economy of Ireland economy of Italy Edition effect Encumbered Estates Act England English evil exertion exists extent fact favour fixed fixity of tenure Flanders Flemish France garden give Government Guernsey half hired labour holdings House husbandry Ibid improvement increase India industry inhabitants interest Ireland Irish Italy labouring class landed property landlord landowners large farms live long leases manure ment metayer system mode never noble Lord occupied opinion owner peasant properties peasant proprietors peasantry perpetuity persons political economy population portion possession poverty practical present principle produce proportion purchase quit-rent rent respecting says Sismondi small properties small proprietors soil subdivision sufficient Switzerland tenant tenant-right things thought tion Tuscany wages waste land whole writer zemindars
Сторінка 78 - ... of all vulgar modes of escaping from the consideration of the effect of social and moral influences on the human mind, the most vulgar is that of attributing the diversities of conduct and character to inherent natural differences.
Сторінка 13 - The peasants! are the great and ever present objects of country life. They are the great population of the country, because they themselves are the possessors. This country is, in fact, for the most part, in the hands of the people. It is parcelled out among the multitude The peasants are not, as with us, for the most part, totally cut off from property in the soil they cultivate, totally dependent on the labour afforded by others — they are themselves the proprietors.
Сторінка 26 - Young, the inveterate enemy of small farms, the coryphssus of the modern English school of agriculturists ; who yet, travelling over nearly the whole of France in 1787, 1788, and 1789, when he finds remarkable excellence of cultivation, never hesitates to ascribe it to peasant property.
Сторінка 85 - The land of Ireland, the lan'd of every country, belongs to the people of that -country. The individuals called landowners have no right, in morality and justice, to anything but the rent, or compensation for its saleable value.
Сторінка 28 - Bearn ; but we have very little that is equal to what I have seen in this ride of twelve miles from Pau to Moneng. It is all in the hands of little proprietors, without the farms being so small as to occasion a vicious and miserable population. An air of neatness, warmth, and comfort breathes over the whole. It is visible in their...
Сторінка 27 - Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden ; give him * Arthur Young's Trtnelt m francl, ml. ip 88. « Ibid. p. 61. a nine years lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 7 - ... vary greatly in the extent of their possessions. . . . Generally speaking, an Engadine peasant lives entirely upon the produce of his land, with the exception of the few articles of foreign growth required in his family, such as coffee, sugar, and wine. Flax is grown, prepared, spun, and woven, without ever leaving his house.
Сторінка 128 - ANALYSIS of the PHENOMENA of the HUMAN MIND. By JAMES MILL. A New Edition, with Notes, Illustrative and Critical, by ALEXANDER BAIN, ANDREW FINDLATER, and GEORGE GROTE.