Head and Neck Cancer: Basic and Clinical Aspects
Throughout the world, head and neck cancer is a major threat to public health and a significant challenge to both clinicians and basic scientists. Despite extensive efforts in primary prevention, screening, early detection, and therapy, long-term survival rates have not improved substantially in the last three decades. This book covers a wide range of exciting new findings in both clinical and basic sciences as they are relevant to head and neck cancer. These findings have recently enhanced our understanding of head and neck carcinogenesis at the genetic and molecular levels, offering the promise of improved preventive and therapeutic strategies. This book will also present information on the important clinical advances that have been made in chemoprevention, organ preservation, and the simultaneous use of chemo therapy and radiotherapy. The first part provides an overview of the etiology and biology of head and neck cancer, including an examination of human papillomaviruses in both benign and malignant lesions. This section also discusses the carcinogenic process at the genetic and molecular levels, as well as aberrant squamous differentiation; increased understanding of these areas has great potential to translate into new strategies for cancer prevention. The second part describes recent advances in developing a risk model for head and neck cancer, as well as the application of genetic susceptibility data in chemoprevention. This section also includes overviews of the status of chemoprevention trials and of the process of invasion and metastasis in head and neck cancer.
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5-fluorouracil activity advanced head aerodigestive tract bleomycin Cancer Res carcinogenesis cell lines cellular cervical chemoprevention cisplatin Clin Oncol clinical complete response concomitant cultured detected disease distant metastases dose effects enzymes epithelial cells esophagus expression gene hamster head and neck histologic Hong WK human induction chemotherapy Int J Radiat invasion keratin keratinocytes laryngeal cancer laryngectomy lesions leukoplakia levels lung cancer lymph nodes malignant markers metastases molecular mRNA mucosa Natl Cancer Inst neck cancer patients neck dissection neoadjuvant normal oncogene Oncol Biol Phys Oncology oral cavity oral leukoplakia papillomas Photodynamic therapy premalignant protein Radiat Oncol Biol radiation therapy radical neck dissection radiotherapy randomized trial recurrent regimen reported resectable response rate retinoic acid receptor retinoids risk screening second primary tumors squamous carcinoma squamous cell carcinoma squamous differentiation stage surgery survival tissue toxicity treated treatment tumor cells upper aerodigestive tract virus vitamin vitro Weichselbaum RR