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Tot care to go to breakfast, and yet they must in love and ympathy carry to them the precious gospel which they had found for thomselves. He could not help thinking that some arrangement must be made after the pressure of these meetings was over, for gathering together in some suitable way and guiding the visitation of the town into proper channels. With regard to attraction, he felt that the ordinary Church work did not reach the masses, and the men were calling out for places, halls into which they might be gathered in a simple, quiet way, not deterred by the fine dressing unfortunately so common in their churches—(hear, hear)—and where they might sit down and hear the gospel. Unfortunately, also, dull preaching was too common with them. This work had been to a considerable extent begun in Liverpool, and he could not say how much the people of Liverpool owed to Mr. W. P. Lockhart for the Circus meetings. They wanted to keep up this work. The Young Men's Christian Association bad opened the theatres or circuses for Christian work, but he felt that they must open Gospel halls right in the centre of these people, that they might be gathered into them and become lights themselves, and so carry into the courts and lanes the bright influence of Christian life. In this direction he felt that the work now so happily begun must go forward. (IIear, hear.)

The Rev. Charles Garrett, Liverpool, said there was a very simple answer to the question " How to reach the masses?" and that was Go to them.” (Laughter.) This was a short cut, but there was a good deal in it. If they in Liverpool could set the rest of the country an example, then, of course, all the rest of the country would be benefited. Liverpool was now known as the dark spot on the Mersey; why should not it be the bright spot on the Mersey ? Was not there sufficient power in the Christian Church to alter this ? (Hear, bear.) He thought there was. IIe would ask where was the root of Liverpool depravity, and the answer was not difficult to find. All Liverpudlians gloried in their docks; they had nothing very much besides to glory in. (Laughter.) But these docks which were their glory had become their shame. They had, down by tlie docks, nearly 20,000 dock labourers. These 20,000 would represent at least 100,000 more. There they had 120,000 of the masses as they called them. Out of these masses came their 66 corner-men were the brand of Liverpool, and now he asked how were they to explain the existence of this depravity. Was it that the wages

" that

earned there were small ? No, they were remarkably large. Wbat was the secret? How was it that these men were so deprared ? Let anybody walk the range of these docks and they would meet the answer at every ten yards. (Ilear, hear.) The fact was their men of wealth in Liverpool had yet to learn, lie believed, that wealth bad duties as well as rights. (Ilear, hear.) Let them look at these 20,000 men in the piercingly cold mornings. They had to be at the docks, and there was no shelter for them. They might not be wanted for some time, but they must be there, and the only place for their reception was the public-house. Now, he asked, could they wonder at immorality ? could they wonder that the men were depraved ? Then they had to work in relays during these piercing cold nights. Some of them, baving finished their day's labour, went away. They had poor homes to go to, and the only place they could go to was the public-house. If they wanted fire they must go to the public-house ; if they wanted refreshment they must go to the public-house; if they wished to chat with their friends they must go to the public house. They were tied and chained to their sins, and there was no possibility of escape unless men of wealth came to the rescue. (Hear, hear.) They wanted at certain intervals“ British workmen's public-houses " opened, where men could have rest, warmth, and refreshment without constant temptations to drink. (Hear, hear, and applause.) Wby should not a company be formed of Christian men, if they liked, with a capital of £10,000 in £1 shares ? Let everybody who had been blessed by Mr. Moody's visit contribute one sovereign and the whole cost would be met. Let their wealthy men come to the front. (Hear, hear.) It was not too much to ask that. (Applause, and Mr. Moody-Not a bit.) They talked about corner-men, but men had nowhere to stand but there or in the public-housss, and their children were trained to be corner-men. Some might say there were dining rooms already, but he wanted places where they could have cleanliness and warmth ; where they could go in without paying. He wanted places where their American friends could go and sit down with working men, without being surrounded by the reeking smell of the abominable stuff that was a disgrace to the land. (IIear, hear, and applause.) If the result of this visit was that only one place of this kind could be opened, there were hundreds of men down at the docks would bless God for it. (Applause.) Their friends in Manchester had set the people here an example. Some Methodists in Manchester met together, and resolved to take rooms in eight dark parts of the city, and put men to work them, and every Sunday from ten to twelve of the leading gentlemen of Manchester rallied around these single men. (Applause.) The results in connection with these eight places was that 500 of these poor people met in their Methodist class-meetings. (Applause.) Why could not they do this in Liverpool? He hoped he would be forgiven for making the next remark. He believed the means for all this would be forthcoming if the ladies avoided dress and the gentlemen avoided drink. (Applause.) Let them go back to their simplicity and sobriety, and show a willingness to make sacrifices for perishing Liverpool, and instead of being a dark spot on the Mersey, Liverpool would be the bright spot on the Mersey, and would give light to the nations around. (Applause.)

Mr. Moody-Now if any one wishes to give £1000 let him come up. Mr. Balfour (who was on the platform), come forward, and you must preface your remarks by giving £1000.

At this point, a gentleman near the platform said a lady had just announced her readiness to take ten shares in Mr. Garrett's new scheme.

Mr. Moody-We want £1000 first. (To Mr. Balfour)—Come on, and give £1000.

Mr. Alexander Balfour said he hoped a company would be started from that hour, and that a very conspicuous feature about it would be that the ladies would bear their proper share in the work. He was quite ready to say that he should take 250 shares—(applause)

Mr. Moody-At how much a share ?
Mr. Balfour-To begin with. (Laughter and applause.)
Mr. Moody-At £10 a share ? (Great laughter.)

Mr. Balfour—There's no getting behind Mr. Moody. He is too many for me.

There were a great many things to be done, but he did not want to flinch from doing his fair share of duty; but he could not escape from other obligations, and he hoped, when more money was needed, he should be able to give more money to the enterprise. Mr. Balfour proceeded to speak upon the desirability of having a visitation of every house in Liverpool.

His speech was followed by a hymn, during the singing of which


Mr. Moody left the platform and went into the body of the hall. On returning to his seat, he said Mr. Robert Lockhart promised to give £500 to this scheme if the money required were raised within thirty days.

The Rev. Mr. Baugh, Liverpool, looked with hope to the success of the project.

Mr. John Houghton advocated personal interest in missions of the kind spoken of.

Mr. W. P. Lockhart, who was received with applause, said he thought there was something of greater importance than the means, and that was the spirit in which they were to seek to reach the

If they were to reach the masses it must be by personal following of the Lord Jesus, by personal self-denial, and by personally and daily taking up the cross. They must have men filled with the Holy Ghost-men with their hearts on fire-men and women going in multitudes over the town, going at the work again and again, day after day, month after month, year after year, exercising a spirit of self-denial, following the Master, taking up their cross daily. (Applause.)

The Rev. Dr. Knox, Belfast ; Mr. D. M. Drysdale, the Rev. A. M'Anlay, Mr. Camphell White (Glasgow), the Rev. W. H. M. H. Aitken, and the Rev. R. H. Lundie, took part in the discussion. The last-named gentleman, speaking of “British Workmen's Publichouses,” said he thought they were just about the things most needed for their country, and above all things for this drunken Liverpool. (Hear, hear.)



[The following is the paper by Mr. Moody, referred to in a previous

page.] “I HAVE but little time at my disposal, but I cannot help laying the grave question before the Christians of Britain, with the earnest prayer that they may once more give it their most urgent attention. I cannot presume here in any way to answer it, but for the last week or two it has lain so heavily on my heart, that I am unable to refrain from asking God's people to join me in solemnly facing this dark and terrible problem. Some say this is just the old story of religious destitution, the old appeal on behalf of home missions, which every one knows about, and is sick of. But I venture to say that very few of us know anything about the story, old and sickening as it is. My friends, there is a spiritual famive in this Christian land of yours that I for one bad never even dreamed of. Ilere, for instance, in this town of Shellilu, I am told there are 150,000 people who not only never go near a place of worship, but for whom there is actually no church accommodation provided, even if they were willing to take advantage of it. Thus there are in all, say 80 churches and chapels, wbich, allowing an average of 1000 seats to each, give accommodation for 80,000 people. Supposing each of these to be three-fourths full, you have 60,000 church-going people out of a population of 260,000. It leaves thus a very wide margin to say that there are 150,000 souls in this one town without even the possibility of the means of grace. A moment's reflection upon the appalling state of things revealed by these figures—and I am told that England gencrally is in much the same condition-is enough to make every one of us who names the name of Christ humble himself in the siglt of God. And it seems to me that if there be upon God's earth one blacker siglt than these thousands of Christless and graceless souls, it is the thousands of dead and slumbering Christians living in the r very midst, rubbing shoulders with them every day upon the street, and never as much as lifting up a little finger to warn them of death, and eternity, and judgment to come. Talk of being sickened at the sight of the world's degradation! Rather let those of us who are Christians bide our faces because of our own, and pray God to deliver us from the guilt of the world's blood. I believe that if there is one thing which pierces the Master's heart with unutterable grief, it is not the world's iniquity, but the Church's indifference.

But this is a mere re-stating of the disficulty. Let us pass round the question. What is to be done for the masses ? Let us pass it round from city to city, from village to village, from heart to beart; and let us all contribute to the answering of it, and contribute in deeds as well as in words. Let every man and woman feel that the question is not for ministers, and elders, and deacons, but for them Especially would I lay it upon those who have never worked before to ask God to show them their own personal duty in this solemn


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