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leisure and love for Christ, would like to have some part in the work? I believe there are many who would be glad to give part at least of their time to this work if they knew just how and where to work.

“ While I believe every one has a special work to do which no one else could do, I think also that many are longing to have some means of learning the most efficient ways of working, that they may accomplish more. Much has been said and written lately about trained nurses for the sick. Why not also trained nurses to minister to sin-sick souls? I believe that classes for the instruction of young ladies anxious to work would be found to be most useful, if under the guidance of a good Bible student, who was at the same time an experienced person in practical work.

Hoping the subject may have the consideration of some who may be able to give some help in the way of more practical sugges. tions, I am, &c.,

“D. L. MOODY."

MODE OF CONDUCTING THE SERVICES. THE mode of conducting their meetings will be best seen by a glance at the instructions which Mr. Moody has himself given to persons engaged in labour of this kind. In the course of a lecture on the subject of “How to make meetings attractive,” Mr. Moody urged that people should not be scattered over a large place, as if they were afraid of coming near the leader or of touching one another. If they wanted to make a fire burn, they laid sticks close together; for they warmed and kindled up one another. He further advocated good singing. He did not object to psalms, nor to favourite hymns, such as “ Rock of Ages,” but they should not have those always. Freshness and variety were attractive; plenty of good singing enlivened the services, and made young people like to come again. As people often fell asleep, not under what was said to them, but for want of fresh air, he suggested that the meeting-place should be well ventilated. When they had special meetings they should have special prayer. “We meet,” he said, “ for an object_let us keep to that object. If a lot of commercial men had a meeting to discuss insurance, and one began

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talk about temperance, he would be at once called to order.” Requests should be received for special cases—a mother's for her family, a brother's for liis sister, and so on; and thanksgivings too. If a fatlier gave thanks for the conversion of a son, did it not stir up another father to ask prayer for his ? And why not let the lad tell his own experience? The minister or leader presiding should do little more than give the key-note to the service. He should not kill it with a long address. It was well to give out the next subject at the previous meeting, as this gave time to think and read about it. “Do not scold the people,” he continued, “who have come because the rest have not come. If we are discouraged do not let any one know it.” No more than two prayers should be permitted consecutively. If there were more, people got wearied; let them vary with a hymn, then an incident or a word upon a text. He deprecated a formal address, advocated short meetings, and the avoiding of discussion. Further suggestions offered were, that if they could not get members to take part in the service, they should go and speak to them about it in private; that they should throw the meeting open half the time, be punctual in opening and closing; and, lastly, that they should seek to make sure that in going to the meeting they were going to it in the Spirit. There were times when one could not feel that, but since he began so to speak he had never gone to such a meeting in the Spirit and come away disappointed. Such are some of the practical and valuable hints thrown out by Mr. Moody, and such is the model on which his own gatherings are formed.

In reference to the invitation given to those whose consciences have been touched by the addresses and hymns, to assemble in the “ Inquiry Room,” there to converse with experienced friends ready to give advice and consolation, and to pray with them, some objections have been made from quarters and on grounds which deserve respectful consideration. One clergyman, the Rev. R. Staveley, of Killiney, Ireland, who certainly writes in no spirit of hostility, but rather of Christian sympathy with the evangelists, says:

“I heard with profound regret the invitations given to adjourn to the “Inquiry Room.' So far as I know, and it tells well for the good sense of Dublin, those invitations to become Christians' (I noted the phrase more than once repeated) were but scantily



accepted. Of this I am glad. I have no fancy for a Protestant confessional. I have no admiration for the bad taste and wrong judgment that sends individuals away into a private room to be stared at as they struggle through the crowd. This feature of the movement might well be dispensed with. Other means might be contrived by which those who may be stirred up to conviction of sin and acceptance of salvation might meet with those who can say a word in season to them."

The Rev. R. N. Dale, of Birmingham, however, entertains a very different opinion respecting the value of these inquiry meetings.

“ Almost invariably the preaching was followed by an aftermeeting. Cards of admission to the Meetings for Inquirers had been distributed among the ministers who co-operated with the inovement, to be given by them to ladies and gentlemen to whom they could entrust the duty of conversing with persons agitated by religious anxiety, and needing sympathy and advice. The intention of this arrangement was to "prevent inquirers from being left in the hands of unwise and incompetent people. How many of these cards were distributed I do not know; in my own church I gave away between a dozen and a score, and it was pleasant to me to see many of my friends at their work night after night. The arrangement broke down. The number of persons who remained for the after-meeting was so large, that a general appeal had to be made again and again to Christian people in the congregation to give their help. Some responded who had more enthusiasm than good sense. But notwithstanding this, the results of the aftermecting were extraordinary. I have already spoken of the number of persons with whom I conversed myself, to whom, while I was conversing with them, the light came which springs from the discovery of God's love and power, and from the acceptance of his will as the law of life. Testimony after testimony has reached me from converts, to whom the same light came while conversing with others. "I went up into the gallery,' said one young man to me, a day or two ago, and Mr. Sankey walked up and down with me, and talked to me as though he had been my own father, and I found Christ.' The preaching without the after-meeting would not have accomplished one-fifth of the results. It was in the quiet, unexciting talk with individuals that the impressions produced by

Mr. Moody's addresses issued in a happy trust in Christ, and a clear decision to live a Christian life. The galleries were a beautiful sight. Mr. Moody's quaint directions were almost universally followed: “Let the young men talk to the young men, the maidens to the maidens, the elder women to the elder women, and the elder men to the elder men. Cultivated young ladies were sitting or standing with girls of their own age, sometimes with two or three together, whose eager faces indicated the earnestness of their desire to understand how they were to lay hold of the great blessing which they seemed to be touching, but could not grasp. Young men were talking to lads, some of their own social position, others with black hands and rough clothes, which were suggestive of gun-making, and rolling-mills, and brass-foundries. Ladies of refinement were trying to make the truth clear to women whose worn faces and poor dress told of the hardships of their daily life. Men of business, local politicians, were at the same work with men of forty and fifty years of age. And there was the brightness of hope and faith in the tone, and manner, and bearing of nearly all of them. Christian people who want to know the real nature of the work of our American brethren, and to catch its spirit, should take care to spend a few hours at the after-meeting. If they go twiee, they will find it hard to keep away.”

Another writer, speaking from personal observation, says :

" It is very remarkable that in these inquiry.meetings a number of young men are found who have been entirely neglecting the church and her ordinances, and trying to live on the moral husks of infidelity. When the history of this movement comes to be written, this will come out as a striking fact. And these young men do not come to the inquiry-room in the sceptic's pride, and with parade of intellectual difficulty;

but they come because they are miserable, and because they feel that there is nothing in scepticism to sustain the realities of human life.”

Another says:

“Not a few instances of solemnizing impression take place in the pews, and persons have been seen, here and there cvidently deeply touched either by the addresses or by the singing. In fact, since the movement began there have been many such cases in the


different places of meeting. Gaily-dressed females are reported to have been observed showing themselves at the beginning higlily amused at the whole thing, but during the services they have been seen to bow their heads and press into the inquiring-rooms, ranking among those who came to scoff and remained to pray.”



We have mentioned that when Moody and Sankey arrived in England, they found that the pious men who had been most prominent in inviting them, the Rev. Mr. Pennefather, and Mr. Bainbridge, of Newcastle, were both dead. It is not quite clear why they selected York, a quiet and somewhat out-of-the-way, though venerable, city, for their first meetings, but so it was. “We arrived in York on a Saturday night in July, 1873,” Mr. Moody himself states, “and did not know a soul in the place.” Nevertheless, their aim was so unselfish and noble, and their powers and gifts were evidently so extraordinary, that ere long they were surrounded by numerous friends.

Having, moreover, come here to preach and sing the Gospel, they were not the men to fold their arms in despair and return to America without doing the work which they felt themselves divinely commissioned to perform. In York they, therefore, commenced to hold their meetings, and soon they became almost as well known in religious circles in the United Kingdom, as in the United States, and pressing invitations poured in for them to visit other towns. At each place crowds came to hear the Gospel preached and sung, and many believed on Christ. Affecting incidents occurred, such as the following:-On the evening of July 27, Mr. Moody preached to a crowded meeting in Victoria Hall, Sunderland. At the close he related an anecdote of a prodigal son who was reconciled to his father as he stood by the bedside of his dying mother. Mr. Sankey sang, “ Oh, prodigal child, come home, come home!” The audience were deeply impressed. The meeting was then adjourned to Bethesda Chapel, where a touching scene was witnessed. A young man, who had long played the part of the prodigal son, to the great grief of his godly parents, cvidently moved by penitential sorror for liis sins, came up the aisle to his


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