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apostolical men, and in the practice of bility of peace with Rome; and though those witnesses, who, in every age, re- they could wage the war only at the fused to participate in the abominations risk of substance and life, yet did they of Rome. But we ask them, where was, manfully throw themselves into the your religion before such or sueh an as- i struggle ; for far dearer to them was piring pontiff put forth such or such a "truth as it is in Jesus,” than wealth, doctrine or claim? We challenge the or honor, or the quiet comforts of documents. We fix the doctrine of the home; and seeing that this truth was papal supremacy to the sixth century- disguised or denied, they, could not let them prove it older is they can; of rest till it was fully exhibited, and boldseven sacraments to the twelfth centu- ly proclaimed. Their ashes are yet in ry-let them prove it older if they can; our land; our cities and villages are of transubstantiation to the thirteenth haunted by their memories; but shall century- let them prove it older if they it be said that their spirit hath departed, can. And yet protestantisin is the spu- and that we value not the privileges rious manufacture of a late date, whilst purchased for us by their blood ? Chilpopery is the venerable transmission dren as we are of men who discovered, from the first year of the christian era. and acted on the discovery, that to reYes, all that is true in popery has been main at peace with Rome were to offer transmitted from the earliest days of insult to God, we will not prove our christianity; but all that is true in po. degeneracy by lapsing into an alliance pery makes up protestantisin. Popery which they abhorred as sacrilegious. is protestantism mutilated, disguised, The echo of their voices-trumpetdeformed, and overlaid with corrupt tongued as they were, so that, at the additions; protestantism is popery re- piercing call, Europe shook as with an stored to its first purity, cleansed from earthquake-still lingers on our mounfalse glosses, and freed from the rub- tains and in our valleys; still is it syllabish accumulated on it by ages of su- bling to us that popery is the predicted perstition.

apostacy of the latter times; still is it We recur then to our former asser- discoursing of Rome as the mystic tion, and declare that the protestantism Babylon of the Apocalypse, and reiterfor which we contend as irreconcil. ating the summons, Come out of her, able with popery, is nothing else than my people, that ye be not partakers of the protestantism of Christ and his her sins, and that ye receive not of her apostles. And the protestantism of plagues.” Thus it is reminding usChrist and his apostles can have no ihough, if there were no such echo, peace with popery. We would, if pos- there is speech enough in reason, sible, "live peaceably with all men,” speech enough in revelation-that, in and, therefore, with the Roman church. separating from the Romish church, But it is not possible. We cannot sur- we are not forgetful of the duty of enrender justification by faith. We can- deavoring to keep "the unity of Spirit not multiply mediators. We cannot in the bond of peace;" but ihat, in rebow down before images. We cannot fusing communion with that church, believe bread to be flesh, and wine to and requiring her to renounce her abobe blood. We cannot ascribe to a falli- minations ere we will keep back our ble man the unerring wisdom of the protest, we obey to the utmost the preone living God. And, therefore, it is cept of the apostle, "If it be possible, not possible. No; il popery regain its as much as lieth in you, live peaceably lost power, let it not be through our with all men.” giving it the right hand of fellowship. Now we bave been the more ready Let it wrest back ecclesiastical endow- to embrace an opportunity of bringing ments; let it rekindle the fires of per- protestantism before you in contrast secution; let it be legislated into might with popery, because ive believe that by time-serving concessions; but never the Roman catholic religion has been let us be silent, as though we thought rapidly gaining ground in this country. popery to be truth; never supine, as There inust be great inattention io though we counted its errors unim. what is passing on all sides, if any of portant.

you be unaware that popery is on the A righteous ancestry felt the impossi- increase. It is easy to meet statements in regard to the growing number of with literature rather than with Scrippapal chapels and colleges, by saying ture, you shall have brought men into that the growth is but proportioned to the condition, O too possible, of those the growth of population, and therefore who think it beneath them to inquire does not indicate any influx of prose- after God; then, do we believe, the lytes. Of course, a reply such as this scene will be clear for the machinais of no worth, except as borne out by tions of such a system as the papacy. facts; and we thoroughly believe, that, The inflated and self-sufficient generathe more carefully you examine, the tion will feel the need of some specific more you will find that there is a for quieting conscience. But they will greater growth of Popery than you had prefer the least spiritual, and the least right to expect from the growth of po- humiliating. They will lean to that, pulation. When you have made due which, if it insult the understanding, ailowance for the increased numbers bribes the lusts, and buys reason into in Roman catholic families, there will silence by the immunities which it probe a large surplus, only to be referred mises. It is not their wisdom which to a successful system of proselytism. will make them loathe popery. Too It should suffice to convince you of wise to seek God prayerfully and hum. this, to observe, as you easily may, bly in the Bible, they will be as open that Roman catholic chapels are rising to the delusion which can believe a in neighborhoods where there is no lie, as the ignorant to the imposition Roman catholic population; and that, which palms off falsehood for truth. in cases where the chapel has been They will not want God, but a method reared, in hopes that a congregation of forgetting him, which shall pass at would be formed, the hopes have not the same time for a method of remembeen altogether falsified by the event. bering him. This is a definition of

What are we to say to this ? Men popery, that masterpiece of Satan, conwould indeed persuade you that the structed for two mighty divisions of enlarged intelligence of the times, the humankind, the men who would be diffusion of knowledge, and the in- saved by their merits, and the men crease of liberality, are an ample se- who would be saved in their sins. curity against the revival, to any great Hence, if a day of great intellectual extent, of a system so absurd and re- darkness be favorable for popery, so pulsive as popery. But they quite for- may be a day of great intellectual get, when they hastily pronounce that light. We may as well fall into the popery has no likelihood of being re- pit with our eyes dazzled, as with our vived in an enlightened age, that it is eyes blindfolded : ignorance is no betemphatically the religion of human na- ter element for a false religion than ture; and that he, who can persuade knowledge, when it has generated conhimself of its truth, passes into a posi- ceit of our own powers; and intellect, tion the most coveted by the mass of which is a defender, when duly hoour race, that in which sin may be com- nored and employed, becomes a be. mitted, with a thorough security that trayer, when idolized as omnipotent. its consequences may be averted. We You are told moreover, and this is find no guarantee against the reinstate- one of the most specious of the deceits ment of popery, in the confessed facts through wh ch popery carries on its of a vast outstretch of mind, and of a work, that the Roman catholic religion general developement of the thinking is not what it was; that it took its faculties of our people. It is an axiom complexion from the times; and that with us, that people must have some tenets, against which protestants loud. kind of religion; they cannot so se ly exclaim, and principles which they pulchre their immortality, that it will indignantly execrate, were held only in never struggle up, and compel them to days of ignorance and barbarism, and think of provision for the future. And have long since fled before the advance when a population shall have grown of civilization. And very unfair and unvain of its intelligence, and proud of generous, we are told, it is, to rake up its knowledge; when, by applying uni- the absurdities and cruelties of a rude versally the machinery of a mere men- and uninformed age, and to charge tal education, and pervading a country them on the creed of men in our own generation, who detest them as cor- ness, the same in intolerance-which dially as ourselves. Be it so : we are at lorded it over kings, asşumed the preall events dealing with an infallible rogatives of Deity, crushed human lichurch: and unless the claim to infal- berty, and slew the saints of God. libility be amongst the things given up, O that England may be convinced of we are at a loss to know how this this, before taught it by fatal experichurch can so greatly have changed; ence. It may not yet be too late. She how, since she never goes wrong, she has tampered with popery: in many can renounce what she believed, and respects she has patronized popery, condemn what she did. And the Ro- giving it, by her compromises and conman church is not suicidal enough to cessions, a vantage-ground which its give up her claim to infallibility : but best wishers could hardly have dared she is sagacious enough to perceive to expect; but, nevertheless, it may that men are willing to be deceived, not yet be too late. Let protestants that an excess of false charity is blind- only awaken to a sense of the worth of ing them to facts, and that there is their privileges, privileges so long enabroad amongst them such an idolatry joyed that they are practically forgotof what they call liberal, that they ten, and this land may remain, what for make it a point of honor to believe three centuries it hath been, the great good of all evil, and perhaps evil of all witness for scriptural truth, the great good. Of this temper of the times, is centre of scriptural light. There is al. the Roman church, marvellously wise ready a struggle. In Ireland especially, in her generation, adroitly availing her popery so wrestles with protestantism self: and so well has she plied men that there is cause for fear that false. with the specious statement that she is hood will gain mastery. And we call not what she was, that they are rather upon you to view the struggle in its covering her with apologies for their true light. It is not to be regarded as inconsiderate bigotry, than thinking of a struggle between rival churches, each measures to resist her advances. But desiring the temporal ascendency. It there is no change in popery. The sys- is not a contest for the possession of tem is the saine, intrinsically, inherent- tithe, for right to the mitre, for claim ly the same. may assume different on the benefice. It is a contest between aspects to carry different purposes, but the christianity of the New Testament, this is itself a part of popery: there is and the christianity of human tradition the variable appearance of the chame- and corrupt fable-a contest, therefore, leon, and the invariable venom of the whose issue is to decide whether the serpent. Thus in Ireland, where the pure Gospel shall have footing in Ireland. theology of Dens is the recognized There is, there will be, a struggle ; text-book of the Roman catholic clergy, and our counsel to you individually is, they will tell you, when there is any that you examine well the tenets of end to be gained, that popery is an im- protestantism, and possess yourselves proved, and modified, and humanized of the grounds on which it is impossithing: whereas, all the while, there is ble that we live peaceably with Rome. not a monstrous doctrine, broached in If you belong to a reformed church, the most barbarous of past times, which acquaint yourselves with the particuthis very text-book does not uphold as lars in which the reformation consistnecessary to be believed, and not a foul ed, that you may be able to give reapractice, devised in the midnight of the sons for opposition to popery. And world, which it does not enjoin as ne- when convinced that they are not uncessary to be done. Make peace, if you important points on which protestants will, with popery, receive it into your differ from papists, let each, in his stasenate, shrine it in your churches, plant tion, oppose the march of popery, opit in your hearts; but be ye certain, pose it by argument, by counsel, by excertain as that there is a heaven above hortation, by prayer. " Watch ye, stand you and a God over you, that the po- last in the faith, quit you like pery

thus honored and embraced, is the strong." By the memory of martyrs, very popery that was degraded and by the ashes of confessors, by the dust loathed by the holiest of your fathers, of a thousand saints, we conjure you the very popery-the same in haughti- I to be stanch in defence of your religion.

men, be The spirits of departed worthies, who let the watchmen sound an alarm, and witnessed a good confession, and count- many a mountain top shall be red with ed not their lives dear, so that truth the beacon's blaze, and the noble vault might be upheld, bend down, one might of your resting-place grow illumined think, from their lofty dwelling-place, with the flash. Repose ye in your deep and mark our earnestness in defending tranquillity, spirits of the martyred the faith "once delivered to the saints.” dead! We know something of the O, if they could hear our voice, should it worth of a pure Gospel, and a free Binot tell them, that there are yet many in ble : and we will bind ourselves by the the land, emulous of their zeal, and ea- name of Him" who liveth and abideth ger to tread in their steps; ready, if | for ever," to strive to preserve unimthere come a season big with calamity, paired the privileges bequeathed at to gird themselves for the defence of such cost. The spirit of protestantism protestantism in her last asylum, and may have long lain dormant, but it is to maintain in the strength of the living not extinct: it shall be found, in the God, that system which they wrought hour of her church's peril, that there out with toil

, and cemented with blood ? are yet bold and true-hearted men in Yes, illustrious immortals ! ye died not England, who count religion dearer in vain. Mighty group! there was lit than substance; and who, having reup at your massacre a fire in those ceived from their fathers a charter of realms which is yet unextinguished; faith, stained with the blood of the hofrom father to son has the sacred flame liest and the best, would rather dye it been transmitted: and though, in the afresh in the tide of their own veins, days of our security, that fame may than send it down, torn and mutilated, have burnt with diminished lustre, yet to their children.



“Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword."

Matthew, 10 : 34.

When Isaiah predicted the birth of; of Peace," the being whose entrance Messiah, "the Prince of Peace” was upon earth was hailed by the heavenly one of the titles which he gave to the hosts as insuring peace to mankind, coming deliverer. When angels an- who proclaims that he had not come nounced to the shepherds that Mes- to send peace; but that, as though he siah was born, they sang as their cho- were the warrior, all whose battles are rus, "Glory to God in the highest," with confused noise, and garments and on earth peace, good will towards rolled in blood,” he had come to send men.” At first sight, there scarcely a sword? Let it be observed at once, seems to be thorough agreement be though your own minds will anticipate tween such a prediction, or such an the remark, that it is common in Scripannouncement, and the declaration ture to represent a person as doing that which Christ makes, in our text, with of which he may indeed be the occaregard to his mission. Is it " the Prince sion, but which is not effected by his own will or agency. Sometimes, in his glory in order to reconcile this deed, the action is ascribed to an indi- creation to God, and restore friendship vidual who has not even been its occa- between man and his Maker. We must sion, whose only connection with the conclude, therefore, that he is not result has been the announcing that it speaking of the object of his mission, should surely come to pass. Thus God but only of the operation of a fatal and says to Jeremiah, "See, I have this day perverting power, resident in the creaset thee over the nations, and over ture, by which the greatest blessing the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull may be turned into a curse. Christianidown, and to build, and to plant.” Un- ty, in its own nature and tendencies, doubtedly the prophet had no part in may be emphatically peace : but christhe demolition of our empire, and the tianity, as clashing with corrupt pasaggrandizement of another. He was sions, may be practically a sword, no agent in effecting the revolutions which, wounding and devastating, which he was commissioned to predict. brings injury, and not benefit, to thouAll that he did was to proclaim a com- sands. Hence, knowing by his preing destruction, or a coming exaltation; science that disastrous consequences, and then he is said to have wrought chargeable altogether upon man, would what he merely announced.

follow the introduction of christianity, You are moreover aware that the our Lord, who had come to send peace, Bible often ascribes to God's author. might declare that he had come to ship, what can only be referred to his send a sword—the only sense in which permission; so that the Almighty seems he sent the sword, being that of pubrepresented as interfering to cause re- lishing doctrines which would excite sults, which we are bound to conclude the animosities of our nature against that he simply allows. It cannot, there. holiness and God. fore, excite surprise, for it quite con- But there are sundry inquiries sugsists with the ordinary phraseology of gested by our text, besides that of the Scripture, that Christ should apparent- sense in which the sending of the ly announce, as the purpose of his mis sword can be referred to him who sion, a result produced only by human came to send peace. We have introperverseness. There can be nothing duced our subject with the foregoing more easy of demonstration, than that remarks, in order to remove misapprethe Gospel is a message of peace, that hension as to the true cause of evils, christianity is a system which, cordial, which all must both observe and laly received and fully obeyed, would dif- ment. We shall indeed see more clearfuse harmony and happiness through ly in the sequel whence these evils all the world's families. And if it once originate. But it is sufficient, at the be acknowledged that it is the design outset of our discourse, to have shown and tendency of the religion of Jesus summarily the unfairness of charging to unite in close brotherhood, by unit- the consequences on the Author of ing in the fellowship of "one faith Christianity; any blessing, whatever its and one baptism," the tribes and house- beauty and brightness, may be abused holds of our race, there is an end of by the recipient: but assuredly, when all debate on the fitness of appropriat. turned into an instrument of mischief, ing to the Savior the name " Prince of it is only in its original goodness that Peace;" and we must search elsewhere it can be ascribed to the Creator, and than in the nature of the christian dis- in its injuriousness wholly to the creapensation, for reasons why the sword, ture. This being premised, we design, rather than the olive-branch, is ascend-in the first place, to consider our text ant upon earth.

as a prophecy; examining how Christ's We lay it down then as a position words have been verified, and meeting whose justice will be readily admitted, such objections to the plan of God's that our text announces a result, and dealings as the subject seems likely to not the design, of the introduction of suggest. We shall then endeavor, in christianity. Our Lord declares of the second place, to point out specifi. himself, that he came not to send cally the causes which have turned into peace;, but we are, notwithstanding, a sword that, which, in its own nature, assured that he had left the throne of is emphatically peace.

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