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into so many centres of repulsion, held, will flow from no inserior origin. scornfully withstanding the approaches He who endows a hospital, thinking to of companionship. There is no aspect win favor with God through this his under which our text can be presented munificence, rears, like the Egyptian more worthy of your serious contem- monarchs, a pyramid for his sepulchre, plation than this. The relative duties, but leaves his soul without one secret of which poverty is the parent, are chamber wherein she may be safe from those whose discharge is most human- the sleet of eternal indignation. We izing to the rich, and at the same time would press this matter upon you with most edifying to the poor. The higher all the fidelity that its importance declasses of society are naturally tempt. mands. The soul is not to be saved by ed to look down upon the lower, and any, the most costly, giving of alms. the lower are as naturally tempted to Sea and land may be compassed, and envy the higher; so that the distinc- the limbs be macerated by penance, tions of rank make way for the trial and the strength worn down by painof humility in one case and of content. ful attrition, and the wealth be lavishment in the other. But if there be ed in feeding the hungry, and clothing truth in this reasoning; if there be a the naked; and, nevertheless, the wrath direct tendency in the mixture of va- of God be no more averted than if the rious conditions to the smoothing the life were passed in bold contempt of roughness of the human spirit, and to his name and attributes. "Other foun. the cherishing of virtues most essen- dation can no man lay than that is laid, tial to our well-being; then may we which is Jesus Christ ;” and they who not once more call upon you to admire have entered heaven, climbed that lofthe wisdom of the Almighty's dispen- ty eminence not by piles of gold and sations, inasmuch as it is appointed by silver which they consecrated to Jethe purposes of heaven, that we should hovah,--not by accumulated deeds of * have the poor always amongst us?" legal obedience,—but simply by the ends which are decidedly subserved by in the blood and righteousness of Him the continuance of poverty, it remains " who died, the just for the unjust, that that I speak briefly on our other topics he might bring us unto God.” of discourse. I may observe that the But when the heart is occupied by consideration suggested in the second this heaven-born principle of faith, clause of our text follows, with great there will be an immediate kindling of force, on the review in which we have love towards the Author of redempbeen engaged. There is a moral bene- tion; and works of benevolence, which fit conferred upon society by our hav- sit as an incubus on the soul so long ing "the poor always with us;" but it as they are accounted meritorious, will we further remember, that Christ is be wrought as the natural produce of with us in the persons of his destitute a grateful and devoted atfection. If brethren, so that in ministering to them there be indeed within us the love of we minister to him, then the varieties Him who hath loved us and given himof mortal estate pass before us under self for us, then shall we be eager to a spiritual aspect, and we find in po. support the foundations of a god-fearverty a storehouse of the motives of ing ancestry, not through the bloated christianity.

and deceitful expectation that the glo. It is here that I take my stand, with ries of futurity are to be purchased by a view to the duty now intrusted to attention to the necessitous, but simmy care. The noble institutions which ply in conformity with the apostolical I am required to recommend to your maxim, "Beloved, if God so loved us, continued support, are so many monu- we ought also to love one another.” ments of the truth that "the poor we The poor we have always with us, have always with us." I trust I may and thus have we always abounding add, that the careful and liberal patron opportunities of testifying our dedicaage which they have hitherto receiv. tion to Him who is brought near by ed, has emanated from a sense of love faith, though removed from sight, and to the Redeemer; and that the zeal who hath linked himself in ties of such with which they shall hereafter be up-close brotherhood with mankind that

he sympathizes with the meanest of the So long as the soul retains possession race. Upon the platform of love to of her capacities, man, however asthe Redeemer do we take our stand, saulted, however agonized, falls not when recommending to your generous from his rank in the scale of creation, care those several Hospitals whose but rather, by displaying the superiorinstitution it is the business of this ity of the immortal over the mortal, day's service to commemorate. I shall proves himself the denizen of a mighpause while the report of their pro- tier sphere. Man is, then, most illustriceedings during the past year is read ous and most dignified, when his spirto you, and then wind up my discourse itual part rises up unshattered amid by a brief exposition of their claims the ruins of the corporeal, and gives upon public benevolence.

witness of destinies coeval with eternity, by showing an independence on the corrodings of time. But when the

battery of attack has been turned upon Various and multiform are the ills the mind, when reason has been aswhich the charities, whose report you saulted and hurled from her throne, have now heard, set themselves to alle oh! then it is that the spectacle of huviate.. The burden of poverty is suffi- man distress is one upon which even ciently heavy, even whilst the animal the beings of a higher intelligence frame is not wasted by the inroads of than our own may look sadly and pitisickness. But when disease hath laid its fully; for the link of communion with hand upon the body, and the strength the long hereafter seems thus almost is fretted by pining maladies, then es dissevered, and that pledge of an unpecially it is that penury is hard to bounded duration,-a pledge of which bear; and the man who has wrestled no bodily decay can spoil us-a pledge bravely against want, whilst there was which is won by the soul out of the vigor in his limbs and play in his mus breakings-up of bone and sinew—for a cles, sinks down wearied and disconso- while is torn away from man, and he late, when the organs of life are clog. remains the fearful nondescript of creged and impeded. Who would refuse to ation, dust lit up Deity, and yet Deity stretch out the hand of kindness, suc- lost in dust. coring the afflicted in this their hour Ye cannot be lukewarm in the supof aggravated bitterness? Who could port of an institution which, like one of be callous enough to the woes of hu- those whose foundation we are met to manity, to be slow in providing that commemorate, throws open its gates to all which the skill and the wisdom of the subjects of this worst of calamiman can effect, towards lightening the ties, and it were to transgress the due pressure of sickness, may be placed bounds of my office, if I should insist within the reach of those who must further on the claims of those Hospitals otherwise waste away in unmitigated which have been reared for the purpose suffering? Who, in short, could be of mitigating the ills attendent on bodi. bold enough to call himself a man, and ly or mental disease. yet give himself up to a churlish indif. But as the citizens of a great metroference as to whether the pains of his polis, you have a duty to perform in destitute brethren were assuaged by watching the moral health of an overthe arts of medical science, or whether grown population. It becomes you those brethren were left to the gnaw. to apply wholesome correctives to a ings of racking disease, with no pillow spreading dissolution of manners, and for the aching head, with no healing to adopt such processes in dealing with draught for the writhing emaciated the vicious and disorderly, as seem frame ? One malady there is—the best calculated to arrest the contagion. greatest, I may call it, to which flesh There would be a grievous deficiency is heir, the unhappy subjects of which in the establishment of this gigantic have a more than common claim on city, if it numbered not amongst its benevolence. It is much that accident hospitals, one especially set apart to and sickness should befall the body; the reception of the vagrant and the but the climax of affliction is not reach- dissolute. The beginnings of crime ed until the mind itself is out of joint. must be diligently checked, if we wish to preserve soundness in our popula- spirits, must go out into the walks of tion; and the best legislation is that society, in days when they are more which, by dealing strenuously with mi-than commonly swept by the chilling nor offences, employs the machinery blights of scepticism and vice. most calculated to prevent the com. Unnecessary though I deem it to mission of greater.

dwell at any length on the duty of supBut I turn gladly to the claims of an porting this venerable establishment, institution which can need no advocacy yet would I speak affectionately to you from the preacher's lips, seeing that who are its inmates, and conjure you, the objects who are sheltered beneath "if there be any virtue, and if there bé its munificent protection, surround me, any praise,” to " remember your Creand plead eloquently, though silently, ator in the days of your youth.” Whilst their own cause. Founded and fos- you are still strangers to the seductered by the princes of the land, the tions of an ensnaring world, I would hospital, which bears the name of Him warn you against the evils which will who died as our surety, constitutes one gird you round when you go forth of the prime ornaments of this empo- from the peaceful asylum of your childrium of wealth and greatness. Equalled hood, and mix, as you unavoidably by no other institution in the number must, with those who lie in wait to de. of those for whose education and main- stroy the unwary. I would tell you tenance it provides, and excelled by that there is no happiness but in the none in the soundness of the learning fear of the Almighty; that if you would which it communicates, I pass not the so pass through life as not to tremble strictness of truth when I affirm, that and quail at the approach of death, be who would exhibit the splendor of make it your morning and your evenBritish philanthropy should take his ing prayer, that the Holy Spirit may station in this pulpit, and point to the take possession of your souls, and lead right hand and to the left. We have you so to love the Lord Jesus in sinhere a large multitude of the rising cerity, that you may not be allured generation trained up in those princi- from the holiness of religion by any of ples which are calculated, under God's the devices of a wicked generation. blessing, to make them valuable mem- Ye read in your classical stories of a bers of the community; and such is the monarch who wept as his countless course of their education, that whilst army passed before him, staggered by many are fitted to fill stations in the va- the thought, that yet a few years,

and rious departments of trade, others are those stirring hosts would lie motionprepared for the higher studies of a less in the chambers of the grave. university, and thus introduced to the Might not a christian minister weep most solemn occupations of life. Who over you, as he gazes on the freshness can behold such a number of his fellow- of your days, and considers that it is creatures, each with the dew of his but too possible, that you may hereafyouth just fresh upon him, and not re- ter give ear to the scorner and the sejoice that the early years of their lives ducer. Thus might the buds of early are thus shielded and cherished? Who promise be nipped ; and it might come can remark how each bears upon his to pass, that you, the children, it may breast these animating words, '" He is be, of pious parents, over whose infancy risen," and not desire that these young a godly father may have watched, and heirs of inmortality may grow up into whose opening hours may have been manhood, rooted in the faith of Him guarded by the tender solicitudes of a who is "the Resurrection and the Life," righteous mother, would entail on your and showing that they themselves are selves a heritage of shame, and go "risen with Christ,” by "seeking those down at the judgment into the pit of things which are above, where Christ the unbeliever and the profligate. Let sitteth at the right hand of God ?” this warning word be remembered by The snows of a polar winter must rest you all : it is simple enough for the upon the heart which throbs not with youngest, it is important enough for emotion at surveying so many' born in the eldest. You cannot begin too soon troublous times, who, with all the airy to serve the Lord, but you may easily expectancies of youthful and untried put it off too long; and the thing which

will be least regretted when you come ters confess their transgressions and to die is, that you gave the first days repent them of their sins; let covetousof existence to preparation for heaven. ness—the curse and darling of com

But I refrain from enlarging further. mercial cities, be abhorred, and lust I have touched briefly on the respec- renounced, and ambition mortified, and tive claims to support of those noble every bold working of impiety chased institutions which have been founded from amongst them; and let them, coamongst us by the piety of our forefa- vered with the sackcloth of deep huthers: I add only that the times in miliation, bind themselves in a holy which we live are full of perplexity league for the advancement of the and danger. The nations of the world purposes of an enlarged philanthropy. heave and swell like the waters of a Then, and not till then, may the hope stormy ocean. There is going forth be cherished, that the political hurrithrough the length and breadth of the canes which shake the dynasties of earth a restless and a revolutionary Europe, shall leave unscathed our island spirit; and these, our islands, which sovereignty; and that whilst the rushhave hitherto been curtained' by the ing of a wrathful deluge dash away the wing of an especial protection, seem land-marks of foreign states, Britain not altogether unvisited by the perils may lift her white cliffs above the which weave themselves around other surges, and rise amid the eddies like lands. What then shall we do but arise Mount Ararat from out the flood. "The in the strength of the Lord, and give poor you have always with you:” meet ourselves strenuously to every labor their spiritual and temporal necessities which may improve the moral and phy. with the alacrity and zeal which besical condition of our people, and strive, come the followers of Christ; be youras befits those who are alive to the selves men of prayer, and, so far as startling aspect of the world, so to sur your influence extends, lead others to round ourselves with the machinery of wrestle with the Almighty; and then, christian benevolence, that we may re- oh tell us not that England's greatness pel the aggressions of infidel hardi- hath touched its zenith ; ask us not for hood? Let there be no closing our the lament which may be wailed over eyes to the difficulties by which we her departed majesty,--home of merare environed ; let there be no giving cy, home of piety, thou shalt still conear to the unhallowed speculations of tinue the home of plenty, the home of a specious liberalism, which would peace; the sunshine of heaven's choice show us new ways to national great- favor shall sleep upon thy fields, and ness and national renown, over the the blithe music of contentment be wreck of all that hath been held most heard in thy valleys ; for " happy is sacred by our ancestry. If England that people that is in such a wish to preserve her might amongst yea, "blessed is that people whose God the nations, let her sons and her daugh. is the Lord.”

SERMONS PREACHED IN GREAT ST. MARY'S CHURCH, CAMBRIDGE;

AT THE EVENING LECTURE IN FEBRUARY, 1836 AND 1837.

18 3 6.

SERMON.

THE GREATNESS OF SALVATION AN ARGUMENT FOR THE

PERIL OF ITS NEGLECT.

“ How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation ?"—Hebrews, 2 : 3.

There is nothing affirmed in these | striking considerations, flowing from words, but the greatness of the salva- the fact that the salvation is so great, tion proposed by the Gospel; and from which must force you to admit the im• this greatness seems inferred the im- possibility of escape asserted by St. possibility of escape, if we neglect the Paul. We shall necessarily, as we prosalvation. And there is, we think, sur. ceed, descend so far into particulars, prising force in the question of our text, as to take by themselves certain elewhen nothing but the stupendousnessments of the greatness in question. of salvation is regarded as our proof, But, whatever the constituent parts inthat to neglect it is to perish. It is a to which we may resolve salvation, it minister's duty, whether addressing his must be simply as great that we exhibit own congregation, or those to whom this salvation ; and from the greatness, he is comparatively a stranger, to strive and from this alone, must we prove that by every possible motive to stir his none can escape who neglect the sal. hearers to the laying hold on salvation, vation. You see clearly that the pecuthat so, whatever their final portion, he liarity of the passage lies in this, that may be free from their blood. And it infers the peril of the neglect from therefore are we desirous to press you the greatness of the salvation. And in this night for an answer to the question, laboring at illustrating the accuracy of "How shall we escape, if we neglect this inference, and the pressing on you so great salvation ?" We wish you hon- your consequent danger if careless of estly to examine, whether the magni- the soul, we shall attempt no other artude of redemption be not of itself an rangement of our discourse, but that overcoming demonstration that ruin which will set before you in succession, must follow its neglect. We would certain respects in which salvation is keep you close to this point. The pow. great, and use each successive exhibier of the question lies in this—the peril tion as a proof, that to despise what is of the neglect proved by the greatness thus great, must be to make sure deof the salvation.

struction. And we are sure that there are many Now if we were arguing with an

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