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en the pressure of domestic affliction ? cannot be unworthy of God to preserve.

We can appeal, then, to your own Why declare any thing excluded by its notions of true greatness, for a refuta- insignificance from his watchfulness, tion of the common arguments against which could not have been produced the Providence of God. We know not but by his power? Thus the universal why that should be derogatory to the Providence of God is little more than majesty of the Ruler of the universe, an inference from the truth of his bewhich, by the general confession, would ing the universal Creator. And men add immeasurably to the majesty of may speak of the littleness of this or one of the earth's potentates. And if that creature, and ask how we can bewe should rise in our admiration and lieve that the animalcule, scarce perapplause of a statesman, or sovereign, ceptible as it floats by us on the evenin proportion as he showed himself ca- ing breeze, is observed and cared for pable of attending to things compara- by that Being, inaccessible in his subtively petty and insignificant, without limity, who " sitteth upon the circle of neglecting the grand and momentous, the earth, and the inhabitants thereof certainly we are bound to apply the are as grasshoppers:" but we ask in same principle to our Maker-to own reply, whether or no it be God who it, that is, essential to his greatness, gave its substance and animation to that, whilst marshalling planets and this almost invisible atom ; and unless ordering the motions of all worlds they can point out to us another creathroughout the sweep of immensity, tor, we shall hold that it must be every he should yet feed "the young ravens way worthy of God, that he should turn that call upon him," and number the all the watchfulness of a guardian on very hairs of our heads; essential, in the work of his own hands--for it canshort, that, whilst his kingdom is an not be more true, that, as universal everlasting kingdom, and his dominion Creator, he has such power that his endureth throughout all generations, dominion endureth throughout all gehe should uphold all that fall, and raise nerations, than that, as universal sus. up those that are bowed down.

tainer, he has such carefulness for what. We would add to this, that objections ever he hath formed, that he upholdeth against the doctrine of God's provi. them that fall, and raiseth up all that dence are virtually objections against are bowed down. the great truths of creation. Are we But up to this point, we have been to suppose that this or that ephemeral rather engaged with removing objecthing, the tiny tenant of a leaf or a bub- tions against the doctrine of God's proble, is too insignificant to be observed vidence, than with examining that docby God; and that it is absurd to think trine, as it may be derived from our that the animated point, whose exist. text. In regard to the doctrine itself, ence is a second, occupies any por- it is evident that nothing can happen tion of those inspections which have to in any spot of the universe which is spread themselves over the revolutions not known to him who is emphatically of planets, and the movements of an- the Omniscient. But it is far more gels? Then to what authorship are we than the inspection of an ever-vigilant to refer this ephemeral thing ? 'We sub- observer which God throws over the ject it to the powers of the microscope, concerns of creation. It is not merely and are amazed, perhaps, at observing its that nothing can occur without the exquisite symmetries and adornments, knowledge of our Maker: it is that nowith what skill it has been fashioned, thing can occur, but by either his apwith what glory it has been clothed : pointment or permission. We say eibut we find it said that it is dishonor-ther his appointment or permissioning to God to suppose him careful or for we know, that, whilst he ordereth observant of this insect; and then our all things, both in heaven and earth, difficulty is, who made, who created there is much which he allows to be this insect? I know not what there can done, but which cannot be referred dibe too inconsiderable for the provi. rectly to his authorship. It is in this dence, if it have not been too inconsi- sense that his Providence has to do derable for the creation, of God. What with what is evil, overruling it so that it was not unworthy of God to form, it it becomes subservient to the march of bis purposes. The power that is ex- tion which God does not overrule ? Il, erted over the waters of the ocean, is according to the words of the Psalmist, exerted also over the more boisterous we could ascend up to heaven, and waves of rebellion and crime; and make our bed in hell; if we could take God saith to the one, as to the other, the wings of the morning, and dwell in "hitherto shall ye come and no furthe uttermost parts of the sea; in all ther.” And as to actions and occur- this enormous travel, in this journey rences of an opposite description, such across the fields of unlimited space, we as are to be reckoned good and not could never reach the loneliest spot evil-can it be denied that Providence at which Deity was not present as an extends to all these, and is intimately upholder and guardian ; never find the concerned with their production and lonely world, no, nor the lonely scene performance ? It must ever be remem- on any one of those globes with which bered that God is the first cause, and immensity is strewed, which was not as that upon the first all secondary de- strictly watched by the ever-wakeful pend. We are apt to forget this, though eye of Omniscience, as though every unquestionably a self-evident principle, where else the universe were a void, and then we easily lose ourselves in a and this the alone home of life and inwide labyrinth, and are perplexed by telligence. We have an assurance the multiplicities of agency with which which nothing can shake, because dewe seem surrounded.

rived from the confessed nature of But how beautifully simple does eve- Godhead, that, in all the greatness of rything appear, when we trace one his Almightiness, our Maker is perpehand in all that occurs. And this we tually passing from star to star, and from are bound to do, if we would allow its system to system, that he may observe full range to the doctrine of God's pro. what is needed by every order of bevidence. It is God whose energies are ing, and minister supply-and yet not extended through earth, and sea, and passing ; for he is always present, preair, causing those unnumbered and be sent as much at one moment as at anneficial results which we ascribe to na- other, and in one world as in another ture. It is God by whom all those con- immeasurably distant; and covering tingencies which seem to us fortuitous with the wing of his Providence whatand casual are directed, so that events, ever he hath formed, and whatever he brought round by what men count ac- hath animated. cident, proceed from divine, and there- And if we bring our thoughts withfore irreversible appointment. It is in narrower compass, and confine God by whom the human will is secret them to the world appointed for men's ly inclined towards righteousness; and dwelling, it is a beautiful truth that thus there is not wrought a single ac- there cannot be the creature so insigtion such as God can approve, to whose nificant, the care so inconsiderable, performance God hath not instigated. the action so unimportant, as to be It is God from whom come those many overlooked by Him from whom we interpositions, which every one has to draw being. I know that it is not the remark in the course of a long life, monarch alone, at the head of his when dangers are averted, fears dis- tribes and provinces, who is observed persed, and sorrows removed. It is by the Almighty; and that it is not God, who, acting through the instru- only at some great crisis in lise, that mentality of various, and, to all appear- an individual becomes an object of ance, conflicting causes, keeps together the attention of his Maker. I know rathe discordant elements of society, and ther that the poorest, the meanest, the prevents the whole frame-work of civil most despised, shares with the moninstitutions from being rapidly dislo- arch the notice of the universal Procated. It is God—but why attempt to tector; and that this notice is so unenumerate ? Where is the creature wearied and incessant, that when he which God does not sustain ? where is goes to his daily toil or his daily praythe solitude which God does not fill?er, when he lies down at night, or where is the want which God does not rises in the morning, or gathers his supply? where is the motion which little ones to the scanty meal, the God does not direct? where is the ac- poor man is tenderly watched by his God; and he cannot weep the tear | eternity of the Most High: for it is an which God sees not, nor smile the overwhelming truth, that he who gave smile which God notes not, nor beginning to all besides could have had breathe the wish which God hears not. no beginning himself. And there are The man indeed of exalted rank, on other characteristics and properties of whom may depend the movements of Deity, whose very mention excites awe, an empire, is regarded, with a vigi- and on which the best eloquence is silance which never knows suspense, lence. But whilst the universal proviby Him" who giveth salvation unto dence of God is to the full as incomkings ;” and the Lord, " to whom be- prehensible as aught else which apperlong the shields of the earth,” bestows tains to Divinity, there is nothing in it on this man whatever wisdom he dis- but what commends itself to the warmplays, and whatever strength he puts est feelings of our nature. And we forth, and whatever success he attains. seem to have drawn a picture which is But the carefulness of Deity is in no calculated equally to raise astonishsense engrossed by the distinguish- ment and delight, to produce the deeped individual; but, just as the regards est reverence and yet the fullest contiwhich are turned on this earth inter- dence, when we have represented God fere not with those which pour them as superintending whatever occurs in selves over far-off planets and distant his infinite domain-guiding the roll of systems, so, whilst the chieftain is ob- every planet, and the rush of every served and attended with the assidu- cataract, and the gathering of every ousness of what might seem an undivi- cloud, and the motion of every will — ded guardianship, the very beggar is as and when, in order that the delineation much the object of divine inspection may have all that exquisiteness which and succor, as though, in the broad is only to be obtained from those homesweep of animated being, there were touches which assure us that we have no other to need the sustaining arm of ourselves an interest in what is so splenthe Creator.

did and surprising, we add, that he is And this is what we understand by with the sick man on his pallet, and the providence of the Almighty. We with the seaman in his danger, and believe of this providence that it ex: with the widow in her agony. And tends itself to every household, and what, after all, is this combination but throws itself round every individual, that presented by our text? If I would and takes part in every business, and exhibit God as so attending to what is concerned with every sorrow, and is mighty as not to overlook what is accessory to every joy. We believe mean, what better can I do than declare that it encircles equally the palace and him mustering around him the vast the cottage; guiding and upholding army of suns and constellations, and alike the poor and the rich ; minister- all the while hearkening to every cry ing to the king in his councils, and to which goes up from an afflicted creathe merchant in his commerce, and to tion--and is not this the very picture the scholar in his study, and to the sketched by the Psalmist, when, after laborer in his husbandry-so that, the sublime ascription, " Thy kingdom whatever my rank and occupation, at is an everlasting kingdom, and thy dono moment am I withdrawn from the minion endureth throughout all geneeye of Deity, in no lawful endeavor am rations," he adds the comforting words, I left to myself, in no secret anxiety "the Lord upholdeth all that fall, have I only my own heart with which and listeth up all those that be bowed I may commune. Oh! it were to take down ?” from God all that is most encouraging We have only to add, that the docin his attributes and prerogatives, if trine of a particular and universal Proyou could throw doubt on this doctrine vidence, on which we have insisted, is of his universal providence. It is an strictly derivable from the very nature august contemplation, that of the Al of God. We are so accustomed to mighty as the architect of creation, reckon one thing great and another filling the vast void with magnificent small, that when we ascend to constructures. We are presently confound templations of Deity, we are apt to fored when bidden to meditate on the get that there is not to him that gradu

ated scale which there must be to our. Providence which guides the marchselves. It is to bring down God to the ings of stars, and regulates the convul. feebleness of our own estate, to sup- sions of empires, is tending at the pose that what is great to us must be couch of the afflicted, curtaining the great to him, and that what is small to sleep, and watching the toil, of the us must be small to him. I know and earth's remotest families. am persuaded, that, dwelling as God We can only desire and pray, in condoes in inaccessible splendors, a world clusion, that this great truth might esis to him an atom, and an atom is to tablish itself in all our hearts. Then him a world. He can know nothing of would all undue anxieties be dismissed, the human distinctions between great our plans be those of prudence, our enand small-so that he is dishonored, not ergies be rightly directed and strenuwhen all things are reckoned as alike ously employed, disappointments would subject to his inspections, but when be avoided, and hope would never make some things are deemed important ashamed; for we should leave every enough, and others too insignificant, thing, small as well as great, in the to come within the notice of his provi- hands of Him who cannot be perplexed dence. If he concern himself with the by multiplicity, nor overpowered by fate of an empire, but not with the fall magnitude; and the result would be of a sparrow, he must be a being scarce that we should enjoy a serenity, no removed from equality with ourselves; more to be broken by those little cares for, if he have precisely the same scale which perpetually wrinkle the surby which to estimate importance, the face, than by those fierce storms which range of his intelligence can be little threaten the complete shipwreck of wider than that of our own. God is peace. that mysterious being, to whom the And forasmuch as we have spoken only great thing is himself. And, there of Redemption as well as of Provifore, when" the eyes of all wait upon” dence, and are now telling you of sehim, the seraph gains not attention by curity and serenity, suffer that we rehis gaze of fire, and the insect loses mind you of the simile by which St. it not through feebleness of vision- Paul has represented christian hope : Archangel, and angel, and man, and "Which hope we have as an anchor of beast, and fowl of the air, and fish of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and the sea, all draw equally the regards which entereth into that within the of him, who, counting nothing great vail.” The anchor is cast " within the bat himself the Creator, can pass over, vail,” whither Christ the forerunner is as small, no fraction of the creature. gone before. And if hope be fixed upIt is thus virtually the property of God, on Christ, the Rock of Ages, a rock that he should care for every thing, rent, if we may use the expression, on and sustain every thing; so that we purpose that there might be a holding. should never behold a blade of grass place for the anchors of a perishing springing up from the earth, nor hear world, it may well come to pass that a bird warble its wild music, nor see an we enjoy a calm as we journey through infant slumber on its mother's breast, life, and draw near the grave. But since without a warm memory that it is "other foundation can no man lay than through God, as a God of providence, that is laid," if our anchor rest not on this that the fields are enamelled in due Rock, where is our hope, where our season, that every animated tribe re- peacefulness? I know of a coming temceives its sustenance, and that the suc- pest—and would to God that the youngcessive generations of mankind arise, er part, more especially, of this audiand flourish, and possess the earth. ence, might be stirred by its approach And never should we think of joy or to repentance and righteousness! I sorrow, of things prosperous or ad- know of a coming tempest, with which verse, of health or sickness, life or the Almighty shall shake terribly the death, without devoutly believing that earth; the sea and the waves roaring, the times of every man are in the Al. and the stars falling from the heavens. mighty's hands; that nothing happens Then shall there be a thousand shipbut through the ordinance or permis- wrecks, and immensity be strewed with sion of God; and that the very same the fragments of a stranded navy. Then

shall vessel upon vessel, laden with rea- 1 shall be found upon crystal and transon, and high intelligence, and noble quil waters, resting beautifully on their faculty, be drifted to and fro, shatter- shadows. These are those which have ed and dismantled, and at last thrown been anchored upon Christ. These are on the shore as fuel for the burning. those—and may none refuse to join the But there are ships which shall not number-who have trusted themselves founder in this battle and dissolution to the Mediator, who humbled himself of the elements. There are ships which that he might lift up all those that are shall be in no peril whilst this, the last bowed down; and who have therefore hurricane which is to sweep our crea- interest in every promise made by Him, tion, confounds earth, and sea, and sky; whose kingdom is an everlasting kingbut which—when the fury is overpast, dom, and whose dominion endureth and the light of a morning which is to throughout all generations. know no night breaks gloriously forth



“ And when all things shall be subdued unto Him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto

Him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.”—1 Corinthians, 15:28.

In our last discourse we spoke of an guage marks perfect equality; the Faeverlasting kingdom, and of a domin- ther, Son, and Spirit, being alike spoken ion which endureth throughout all gen- of as Eternal, Omniscient, Omnipotent, erations. It will be of a kingdom which Omnipresent. But in regard of the ofmust terminate, though it appertain to fices, there can be no dispute that the a divine person, that we shall have to language indicates inequality, and that speak in expounding the words of our both the Son and Spirit are representtext.

ed as inferior to the Father. This may There are two great truths presented readily be accounted for from the naoy this verse and its context, each de- ture of the plan of redemption. This serving attentive examination-the one, plan demanded that the Son should that Christ is now vested with a king- humble himself, and assume our naly authority which he must hereafter ture; and that the Spirit should conresign; the other, that, as a conse- descend to be sent as a renovating quence on this resignation, God him agent; whilst the Father was to remain self will become all in all to the uni- in the sublimity and happiness of Godverse. We proceed at once to the con- head. And if such plan were undersideration of these truths; and begin taken and carried through, it seems by observing the importance of care- unavoidable, that, in speaking of its fully distinguishing between what the several parts, the Son and the Spirit Scriptures affirm of the attributes, and should be occasionally described as inwhat of the offices, of the persons in the ferior to the Father. The offices beTrinity. In regard of the attributes, ing subordinate, the holders of those you will find that the employed lan- offices, though naturally equal, must

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