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teachers who had seen the Savior in therefore, suppose it implied in the exthe flesh. Yet as soon as testimony pression of our text, that truth was unceases to be the testimony of senses, known amongst men until, having been and becomes that of witnesses, there taught by the Redeemer, it might be is an identification of the circumstan- designated "truth as it is in Jesus.” ces of men of former times, and of lat. On the contrary, we are persuaded that ter. Whether the testimony be trans- the Ephesians, however shut out from mitted through one, or through many; the advantages of previous revelations, whether we receive it from those who possessed many elements of moral themselves saw the Savior, or from truth before Christ's apostles appeared those who have taken the facts on the in their city. Hence the definition of witness of others; there is the same dis our text implies not, that, out of Jesus, tinction between such testimony, and there were no discoverable manifestathat resulting from being actual spectations of truth ; but rather, that truth, tors, or actual auditors; and it might, when seen in and through Jesus, astherefore, be said to us, as well as to sumes new and distinguishing features. the Ephesians, ye have heard Christ, And it is upon this fact we desire, on and ye have been taught by Christ. the present occasion, to turn the main · But the portion of our text on which of your attention. We admit that cerWe would fix mainly your attention is tain portions of Christ's teaching relathe description of truth as made known ted to truths which were not then, for by revelation. The teaching whereof the first time, made known to mankind. the Ephesians had been the subjects, Other portions either involved new and which, therefore, we are bound to disclosures, or brought facts into noconsider imparted to ourselves, is ex- tice which had been strangely and pressly stated to be "as the truth is fatally overlooked. But whether the in Jesus.” Now this is a singular de- truth were new or old, the circumfinition of truth, and well worth your stance of its being truth "as it is in closest attention. We hold it unques- Jesus,” gave it an aspect, and a chationable, that, long ere Christ came in-racter, which it would never have asto the world, much of truth, yea, of sumed, if communicated through ansolid and illustrious truth, had been de- other channel than the Mediator. Such tected by the unaided searchings of we hold to be the drift of the expres- . mankind. We should not think that sion. It becomes, then, our business to any advantage were gained to the cause endeavor to prove, that "truth, as it is in of revelation, if we succeeded in de- Jesus,” puts on a clothing, or a colormonstrating, that, over the whole face ing, derived from the Redeemer; so of our planet, with the lonely exception that if you separate truth from him who of the narrow province of Judea, there is "the way, the truth, and the life,” had rested, previously to the birth of John, 14:6, it shall seem practically the Redeemer, a darkness altogether a different thing from itself when conimpenetrable. We are quite ready to nected with this glorious personage. allow, that, where the full blaze was Now we shall take truth under two not made visible, glimmerings and principal divisions, and compare it as sparklings were caught; so that, if up-it is in Jesus” with what it is out of on no point, connected with futurity, Jesus. We shall refer, first, to those perfect information were obtained, up- truths which have to do with God's on many points a degree of intelligence nature and character; secondly, to was reached which should not be over those which have to do with man's conlooked in our estimate of heathenism. dition. There may be, indeed, many We think it right to assert, under cer- minor departments of moral truth. But tain limitations, that man, whilst left we think that these two great divisions to himself, dug fragments of truth from include most, if not all, of the lesser. the mighty quarry ; though we know We turn then, first, to the truths that he possessed not the ability of which have to do with the nature and fashioning completely the statue, nor character of God. We begin with the even of combining into symmetry the lowest element of truth; namely, that detached portions brought up by jhis there is a great first cause, through oft-renewed strivings. We do not, whose agency hath arisen the sair and costly fabric of the visible universe. the incarnate Son effected in regard to We have here a truth, which, under the invisible Father. The Son is the some shape or another, has been recog- manifested Father, and, therefore, fitly nized and held in every age, and by termed " the Word :" the relation beevery nation. Barbarism and civiliza-tween the incarnate Son and the Father tion have had to do with peculiar forms being accurately that between speech and modifications of this truth. But and thought; the one exhibiting and neither the rude processes of the one, setting forth the other. It is in somenor the attenuating of the other, have what of a similar sense that Christ may availed to produce its utter banishment be termed "the image of the invisible from the earth. However various the God.” God is a Spirit.” John, 4: tribes into which the human race hath 24. Of this spirit the creation is every been broken, the phenomenon has ne- where full, and the loneliest and most ver existed of a nation of atheists. The secluded spot is occupied by its prevoyagers who have passed over waters sence. · Nevertheless, we can discern which had never been ploughed by the little of the universal goings forth of seaman, and lighted upon islands whose this Deity. There are works above us, loneliness had shut them out from the and around us, which present tokens of knowledge and companionship of other his wisdom and supremacy. But these, districts of the globe, have found al- after all, are only feeble manifestations ways, amid the savage and secluded of his more illustrious attributes. Nay, inhabitants, the notion of some invisi- they leave those attributes well-nigh ble being, great in his power, and aw- wholly unrevealed. I cannot learn ful in his vengeance. We cannot, there- God's holiness from the stars or the fore, in any sense maintain, that the mountains. I cannot read his faithful. truth of the existence of a God was ness in the ocean or the cataract. Even undiscovered truth, so long as it was his wisdom, and power, and love, are not "truth as it is in Jesus.” Christ but faintly portrayed in the torn and came not to teach what natural, or ra- disjointed fragments of this fallen creather traditional, religion was capable of tion. And seeing, therefore, that Deiteaching ; though he gave sanctions to ty, invisible as to his essence, can beits lessons, of which, heretofore, they come visible as to his attributes, only had been altogether destitute. But take through some direct manifestation not the truth of the existence of a God as found in his material workmanship, God it is out of Jesus, and then take that sent his well-beloved Son to assume our truth as it is in Jesus, and let us see whe- flesh; and this Son, exhibiting in and ther, in the two cases, the same truth through his humanity as much of his will not bear a very different aspect. divine properties as creatureship could

We know it to be said of Christ by admit, became unto mankind "the St. Paul, that he was the image of the image of the invisible God.” He did invisible God.” Colos. 1 : 15. It seems not, in strict matter-of-fact, reveal to to us that the sense, in which Christ is mankind that there is a God. But he the image, is akin to that in which he made known to them, most powerfully, is the word of the Almighty. What and most abundantly, the nature and speech is to thought, that is the in- attributes of God. The beams of dicarnate Son to the invisible Father. vinity, passing through his humanity Thought is a viewless thing. It can as through a softening medium, shone traverse space, and run to and fro upon the earth with a lustre sufficientthrough creation, and pass instantane. ly tempered to allow of their irradiously from one extreme of the scale of ating, without scorching and consumbeing to the other; and, all the while, ing. And they who gazed on this mysthere is no power in my fellow-men to terious person, moving in his purity, discern the careerings of this mysteri- and his benevolence, through the lines ous agent. But speech is manisested of a depraved and scornful population, thought. It is thought embodied; made saw not indeed God-"for no man hath sensible, and palpable, to those who seen God at any time,” 1 John, 4 : 12, could not apprehend it in its secret and and spirit must necessarily evade the silent expatiations. And precisely what searchings of sense-but they saw God speech thus effects in regard to thought, imaged with the most thorough fideli

ty, and his every propertyPembodied, theology. And when you contrast the so far as the immaterial can discover belief in the existence of Deity which itself through the material.

obtained generally before the coming Now we think you can scarcely fail of Christ, with that established whereto perceive, that if you detach the soever the Gospel gains footing as a truth of the being of a God from Jesus, communication from heaven; the one, and if you then take this truth as it is a belief in many gods; the other, a bein Jesus," the difference in aspect is lief in one God- the first, therefore, a almost a difference in the truth itself. belief from which reason herself now Apart from revelation, I can believe instinctively recoils; the second, a bethat there is a God. I look upon the lief which carries on its front the digwonder-workings by which I am en-nity and beauty of a sublime moral fact compassed; and I must sacrifice all that --why, you will all quickly admit that belongs to me as a rational creature, if the truth of the existence of God, as it I espouse the theory that chance has is out of Jesus, differs, immeasurably, been parent to the splendid combina- from that same truth, as it is in Jetions. But what can be more vague, sus:" and you will thus grant the acwhat more indefinite, than those no-curacy of the proposition now under tions of Deity which reason, at the best, review, namely, that truth becomes, is capable of forming? The evil which practically, new truth, and effective is mixed with good in the creation ; the truth, by being truth" as it is in Jesus." ' disordered appearances which seem to Now, so far as natural theology is mark the absence of a supreme and concerned, we derive, ordinarily, the vigilant government; the frequent tri- truth of the existence of God from the umph of wickedness, and the corre- curious and mighty workmanship of spondent depression of virtue; these, the visible creation. We conclude that and the like stern and undeniable mys- a great intelligent cause must have teries, will perplex me in every attempt spread out this panorama of grandeur, to master satisfactorily the Unity of and loveliness, and contrivance. But Godhead. But let me regard Jesus as let us deal with the truth, that God built making known to me God, and straight- the worlds, just as with the other truth way there succeeds a calm to my con- of there being a God. Let us take it out fused and unsettled imaginings. He of Jesus, and then let us take it in Jesus. tells me by his words, and shows me It is a vast deal easier for the mind by his actions, that all things are at the to push onward into what is to come, disposal of one eternal and inscrutable than backward into what is past. Let á Creator. Putting forth superhuman thing exist, and we can, in a certain ability alike in the bestowment of what sense, master the thought of its existis good, and in the removal of what is ence being indefinitely continued. But evil, he furnishes me with the strictest if, in searching out the beginnings of demonstration that there are not two its existence, we can find no period at principles which can pretend to hold which it was not, then presently the sway in the universe; but that God, a mind is confounded, and the idea is too being without rival, and alone in his vast for its most giant-like grapplings. majesties, created whatsoever is good, This is exactly the case with regard

to and permitted whatsoever is evil. the Godhead.' We are able, compara

Thus the truth, the foundation of tively speaking, to take in the truth, truth, of the existence of a God, takes that God shall never cease to be. But the strength, and the complexion, of we have no capacity whatsoever for health, only in the degree that it is this other truth, that God hath always truth "as it is in Jesus.” Men labored been. I could go back a thousand ages, and struggled hard to reach the doc- or a million ages, ay, or a thousand miltrine of the unity of Godhead. But phi- lions of ages; and though the mind losophy, with all the splendor of its might be wearied with traversing so discoveries, could never banish poly- vast a district of time, yet if I then theism from the earth. It was reser- reached a point where pausing I might ved for christianity to establish a truth say, here Deity began, here Godhead which, now, we are disposed to class first rose into being, the worn spirit amongst the elements of even natural would recruit itself, and feel that the

end compensated the toil of the jour. tion to the Mediator's glory. "All neying. But it is the being unable to things were created for Christ.” You assign any beginning; rather, it is the ask me why God spangled the firmaknowing that there never was begin- ment with stars, and paved with worlds ning; this it is, we say, which hopeless the expansions of an untravelled imly distances every finite intelligence; mensity, and poured forth the rich enthe most magnifieent, but certainly, at dowment of life on countless myriads the same time, the most overpowering of multiform creatures. And I tell you, truth, being that He, at whose word that, if you debar me from acquaintthe universe commenced, knew never ance with "God manifest in the flesh,” himself a moment of commencement. 1 Tim. 3: 16, I may give you in reply

Now the necessity under which we some brilliant guess, or dazzling conthus lie of ascribing beginning to God's jecture, but nothing that will cominend works, but not to God himself, forces itself to thoughtful and well-disciplinon us the contemplation of a period | ed minds. But the instant that I am when no worlds had started into being ; brought into contact with revelation, and space, in its infinite circuits, was and can associate creation with Christ, full only of the Eternal One. And then as alike its author and object, I have comes the question, as to the design an answer which is altogether free from and purpose of Deity in peopling with the vagueness of speculation. I can systems the majestic solitude, and sur- tell you that the star twinkles not on rounding himself with various orders the measureless expanse, and that the of creatures. We confess, in all its creatures move not on any one of those breadth, the truth that God made the worlds whose number outruns our worlds. But the mind passes instantly arithmetic, which hath not been creon to the inquiry, why, and wherefore ated for the manifestation of Christ's did He make them?

glory, and the advancement of Christ's And if you take the truth of the crea- purposes. We may not be able to detion of the universe out of Jesus, there fine, with accuracy, the sublime ends is nothing but vague answer to give to which shall yet be attained, when evil such inquiry. We may think that God's is expelled from this long-defiled secbenevolence craved dependent objects tion of the universe. We know only, over which it might pour its solici- that, though an infidel world is banishtudes. We may imagine that there was ing Christ from its councils, and the such desire of companionship, even in ranks of the blasphemer are leaguing Deity, that it pleased not the Creator to sweep away his name, and the scosto remain longer alone. But we must fers are insolently asking " where is not forget, that, in assigning such rea- the promise of his coming;" 2 Peter, sons, we verge to the error of suppos- 3:4; he shall descend with the cloud ing a void in the happiness of God, the and the hurricane as his heraldry, and, filling-up of which tasked the energies circled with the magnificent sternness of his Almightiness. In answering a of celestial battle, turn the theatre of question, we are bound to take heed his humiliation into the theatre of his that we originate not others far more triumphs. Then—when " the spirits of difficult of solution.

just men made perfect,” Heb. 12 : 23, We take then the truth of the crea- shall have entered into the raised and tion, as it is in Jesus," and we will glorified bodies; and when the splensee whether it assume not very differ- did and rejoicing multitude shall walk ent features from those worn by it, as forth on the new earth, and be canoit is out of Jesus. We learn, from the pied with the new heavens-Christ estimony of St. Paul, that "all things shall emphatically "see of the travail ivere created by Christ, and for Christ.” | of his soul;" Isa. 53:11; and then, Col. 1:16. We would fix attention to from every field of immensity, crowded his latter fact, "all things were crea- with admiring spectators, shall there ed for Christ.” We gather from this roll in the ecstatic acknowledgment, fact that the gorgeous structure of ma- worthy, worthy, worthy is the Lamb." terialism, spreading interminably above But, without descending to particulars, as and around us, is nothing more than we may assert it unequivocally proved an august temple, reared for consecra- ' by sundry declarations of the Bible,

that suns, and planets, and angels, and ven, ushered in with incontrovertible men, tbe material creation with its witness; and this revelation might have walls, and domes, and columns, and stated, in language the boldest and the immaterial with its train upon train most unqualified, that God's justice of lofty spirits--all these constitute one could overlook nó iota of offence, and vast apparatus for effecting a mighty dispense with no tittle of punishment. enthronement of Jesus of Nazareth. But, had we been left without a vivid And if you recur to the work of con- exhibition of the workings of this justrast in which we are engaged; if you tice, we should perpetually have softcompare the truth of creation as it is ened down the statements of the word, out of Jesus with that same truth as it and argued that, in all probability, far is in Jesus; then, when you observe more was said than ever would be done. that, in the one case, the mind has no- We should have reasoned up from huthing of a resting-place-that it can man enactinents to divine; and, finding only wander over the fields which God that the former are oftentimes far larhath strewed with his wonders, con- ger in the threatening than in the exfounded by the lustre without divining action, have concluded that the latter the intention-whereas, in the other, might, at last, exhibit the like ineeach star, each system, each human, quality. each celestial being, fills some place in Now if we would deliver the truth a mechanism which is working out the of God's justice from these misapprenoble result of the coronation of Christ hensions, whether wilful or accidental, as Lord of all; why, we feel that the what process, we ask of you, lies at assent of every one in this assembly our disposal } It is quite useless to must be won to the position, that old try abstract reasoning. The mind can truth becomes wellnigh new truth by evade it, and the heart has no concern being truth "as it is in Jesus.” with it. It will avail nothing to insist

But we wish to set before you yet on the literal force of expressions. The simpler illustrations of the matter which whole mischief lies in the questioning we are engaged in demonstrating. The the thorough putting into effect; in the point we have in hand is the showing doubting whether what is denounced that truths, which refer to God's char- shall be point by point inflicted. What acter, must be viewed in connection then shall we do with this truth of with Jesus, in order to their being God's justice? We reply, we must rightly understood, or justly appreci- make it truth "as it is in Jesus.” We ated. We have endeavored to substan- send a man at once to the cross of tiate this, so far as the nature and works Christ. We bid him gaze on the illusof the Almighty are concerned. Let trious and mysterious victim, stooping us turn, however, for a few moments, beneath the amazing burden of human to his attributes, and we shall find our transgression. We ask him whether position greatly corroborated.

think there was remission of penalty We take, for example, the justice of on behalf of Him, who, though clothed God. We might obtain, independently in humanity, was one with Deity; or on the scheme of redemption, a defi. that the vials of wrath were spoiled of nite and firm-built persuasion, that God any of their scalding drops, ere emptiis a just God, taking cognizance of the ed on the surety of our alienated tribes ? transgressions of his creatures. We do We ask him whether the agonies of the not, then, so refer to the sacrifice of garden, and the terrors of the cruciChrist for proof of God's justice, as hxion, furnish not a sufficient and though no proof could be elsewhere thrilling demonstration, that God's jusobtained. The God of natural religion tice, when it takes in hand the exacmust be a God to whom sundry perfection of punishment, does the work thor. tions are ascribed ; and amongst such oughly; so that no bolt is too ponderperfections justice will find, necessari- ous to be driven into the soul, no ofly, a place. But we argue that the de- fence too minute to be set down in the monstration of theory will never com- reckoning? And if, when the sword of mend itself to men's minds like the de- justice awoke against the fellow of the monstration of practice. There might Almighty, it returned not to the scabhave come to us a revelation from hea- bard till bathed in the anguish of the

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