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CHAPTER III.

AUGUSTUS THE EMPEROR.

Joy and Submission on Account of Caesar's Victories

Doubt or Change in Caesar

Maecenas and Agrippa : Two Classes of Eminent Romans

Consultation - -

Imperial Authority - - -

The Senate and the Higher Classes .

Signs of Subjection : in Statesmen

In Poets . -

In the Great Historian

And in the Common People

Offer of the Dictatorship - -

Tranquillity the Main Purpose with Augustus

The City

The Empire -

Insecurity of the Emperor

End of the Reign

CHAPTER IV.

THE CLOSE OF ANTIQUITY.

Prospects of the Roman Empire

The Liberty that was gone

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“The comparison is never to be made with an ideal standard, or even with one which a purer religion and a more liberal organization of society may have rendered effectual.” – HALLAM, Middle Ages, Suppl. Notes, 220. THE young philosopher, questioned respecting his new acquirements at the school from which he had just returned, answered, that, if he had made any, they would soon show themselves." According to the same rule, we may believe, that, if the liberty communicated by the Licinian laws to the Plebeians be of any real superiority over that which the Patricians had previously engrossed, it will soon appear in the period subsequent to its extension. The story of the Manlii, father and son, will serve to introduce and partially to illustrate the present portion of our history. It opens two or three years after the election of the Tribune Sextius to the consulship, when a cruel pestilence arrived to increase the troubles not yet put to rest. In consequence of

1 The story is told of a pupil of Zeno in AElian, War. Historia, IX. 33.

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