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and ingenuity, during the remain- a very good family, and master der of his life, did not fail to pro- of requests: he is a man of genius, cure him a comfortable subsistence a great enterprizer, a great calcufrom his pen. He was concerned lator, and very devout, but imin compiling and writing works mensely avaricious. He never renof credit, and lived exemplarily dered himself remarkable by any for many years. His death hap- extraordinary act of patriotism ; pened in 1763. In his last will but, on the other hand, he fo inand testament, dated Jan. 1, 1762, creased his wealth, and turned his he declares that he had long since money to so good an account, that disclaimed, even publicly, all but he may be esteemed one of the the shame and guilt of his vile im- richest gentlemen in France. The position, and orders his body to be marquis, his son, is very captious, buried, wherever he happens to die, very brave, and very expensive, in the day-time, and in the lowelt with very little judgment; his and cheapest manner. “ It is my younger brothers are very sensible, . earneft request, says he, that my very devout, and have great ecobody be not inclosed in any kind of nomy without any avarice. The. coffin, but only decently laid in character of the marquis being fo what is commonly called a shell, very different from those of his faof the lowest value, and without ther and brothers, it was said (but lid or other covering which may I do not vouch it as a fact) the hinder the natural earth from co- father declared publicly, that this vering it all around.”

child was changed at nurse, and the marquis consequently was not his

son, but that he perceived the deAn account of the Marquis de ception too late to be able to prove

Fratteaux, who, in the year it judicially; certain however it is, 1752, was clandestinely seized that the marquis was never loved and carried off from England; as a son. by a gentleman who had an op- The marquis having engaged portunity of being an eye-wit- in the army, was a captain of ness of the whole transaction, horse at the peace of" 174$, and and was intimately connected then retired to Paris, to live acwith the marquis's family. cording to his income; but his

debts, and the finallness of his pay, Onsieur Bertin' de Bourde- did not permit him to make any was twice married ; and had by jointly addressed his father to pay his two wives three sons ; the his debts, and set him clear, but quis de Fratteaux by his first wife ; the old gentleman was long deaf and by his second Monsieur Ber- upon that subject, till at length, tin, now bishop of Vannes, and by dint of entreaties, he gave him M. Bertin de Bourdeille, at pre- a rent-charge of 3000 livres (about sent minister of state in France. 1311. 5 s. sterling] a year, and Old M. Bertin is a gentleman of also the marquisate of Fratteaux,




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which might produce about 1000 quis talked loudly of his father's livres (about 431. 155. sterling) ill treatment of him. more; but not being able to


While things were in this situahis debts with his income, he fold tion, a regiment of horse came to his commission and gave the pro- garrison the province, and part of duce to his creditors.

them were sent to Perigueux ; this The father immediately pur- caused the marquis to go thither chased the place of a master of re- more frequently than before ; quests for his youngest son, Bertin and it is reported that the father de Bourdeille; bought him a a had been told that the M. de Fratgrand house in Paris, in the street teaux had gained over fome cavacalled La Rue de Hazard, and liers to shoot him through the furnished it magnificently ; paid head, in a little forest between for his equipage and domeltics ; and Bourdeille and Perigueux ; and gave him 50,000 livres (28871. that the marquis being advertised 10s.) a year for

his table ex

of a certain day when his father pences. Soon after this, he and

was to pass that way, had sent his son, the master of requests, by his friends to way-lay him ; but their interests procured the bishop- the father prevented the execurick of Vannes for the other bro- tion of their design by taking the ther, who was at that time vicar- road to Vannes, (to communicate general to the bishop of Perigueux, this to his fon the bishop) in the built him an episcopal palace, and

of his former route. Be paid all the expences of his bulls that as it will, the father and the from the 'pope, &c. Thus the bishop went together to Paris, to poor marquis, the eldest fon and the other son, the master of re. heir apparent of the family, quefts, to concert the proper melodged in a ready furnished cham- thods to get hold of the marquis ; ber, eat from a cook's shop, and and they obtained a letter de cachet trudged on foot, while his younger to confine him in the nearest fort brothers had their fuperb palaces, to that province, which order was kept open tables, and splashed foon put in execution. their eldest brother with their The public foon learned the coaches as he walked the Itreets. news of the marquis having been This behaviour of the father soon seized, and every one cried out turned the few brains of the mar- against the father, especially the quis, who quitted Paris, and went nobility of that province, who are and shut himself up in his castle at very numerous: they were igo Fratteaux.

norant of the marquis's attempt, Bourdeille, where old M. Ber if any attempt of the kind had tin dwelt, was half way

between ever been made on the life of his Fratteaux and Perigueux, the ca- father, and only attributed the pital of the province, where the cause to the indiscretions of the father and the marquis often went; marquis towards his father, who, yet they never visited nor spoke they thought, had carried his vento each other, but even shunned geance too far against his own meeting together. But the mar, child.




The noblesse of the province quired. He gave the bishop a formed a project to deliver the distinct account of his misfortunes, marquis from his confinement. A and besought him to mediate belarge association was made, which tween him and his father, which was very secretly kept ; and they the bishop immediately undertook, assembled at the appointed day and wrote accordingly to court. at a neighbouring place in the But how was the good man furforest. That no one might have prised when he received, for anany suspicion of their design, they swer, express orders not to permit cloathed. themselves in the uni- the marquis to visit him. The form of the marechaussé, and car- bishop sent at midnight to desire ried with them a man bound and the marquis would come no more fettered like a criminal, with a to him, for reasons which he could pretended order from the king. not be ignorant of, and which he Thus prepared, they came to the begged leave to be excused from fort, diftributing themselves fo as repeating, and advifed him privately to hinder the centinels from op- not to stay above a week at fartheit pofing them, or from alarming in Spain, or his person would not the main guard : they then knock- be in safety. The marquis 'took ed at the gate, and being let in, bis friendly advice, and without told the gaoler he must put the any further information, set out the pretended criminal in the fame next day for England, where he arplace with the marquis de Frat- rived shortly after.

The gaoler accordingly It is the custom in France to carried the criminal, accompanied pass over in silence many affairs, with these pretended officers of the of which the too close examination marechauffé, to the very cham- would produce fatal consequences. ber where the marquis, was ; upon When they are thoroughly acwhich,

clapping à pistol to the quainted with any designs, they gaoler's head, they forbid him are careful to prevent them, and to speak a word on pain of wait, though it should be a long death : they then took the mar- time, for a favourable opportunity quis with them, and shutting all to punish the authors of them. the gaolers into the prison, and Some days before the battle of La carrying all the keys away with Feldt, a scheme was laid to seize them, they got safe to the fo- and carry off the king of France reft.

from the

camp ; but it was timely This affair made no noise, nor discovered by the vigilance of M. was it enquired after, because some de Sechelles, then intendant of of the noblest families of France the army, and consequently prewere in the plot ; but the mar

vented. The carts which carried quis would have been foon re- the uniforms of the body guards, taken, had he not got immediately and which were to have been made

On his arrival at use of in the execution of the plot, Madrid, he waited on the bishop of were all seized and burnt, withRennes, who was at that time am- out even the chests, &c. being bassador from France to that court, opened, that the army might not and was received as his rank re- alk for what these uniforms were


into Spain.

defigned. Immediately one Fon- In like manner, if the marquis tauban, a spy of the two armies, a de Fratteaux was guilty of the atman of an intriguing genius, who tempt on his father's life, his fahad helped to ruin many of the ther could not make too many fenobility by the usurious bonds he cret precautions to seize him ; and had made them contract, and by thereby not only preserve his own the pleasures he had procured for life, but shun the ignominy a pubthem, not daring to return to Pa- lic punishment would have cast upris, thought he should be safe at on his own family; and therefore Lille, in Flanders ; but he was the steps he took were the most wise taken up under the pretence that and prudent: for if he had accused he had tried to negotiate several his son in a court of justice, he bills of sundry lords who were would have been punished accordyet minors, and under guardian- ing to all the rigour of the law, and ship: he was carried to M. de Se- the father would not have been chelles, who had in his hands suf- able, either by his interest or his ficient proof of his manifold guilt, riches, to take him then out of the and he was interrogated in the hands of justice. Parricides in cabinet of the minister, who was France are punished by the wheel allifted only by a discreet fecretary, and fire ; and the king, with all bis After fix hours examination he authority, could not have pardoned was sent to prison, and an order him : the only favour which could given to a priest to go and prepare have been granted, would have been him for that death he was to suffer a transmutation of his sentence to in three hours after. A gallows beheading, and even then the scanwas fixed in the market-place, and dal following such a crime would twelve regiments of foot were or- have been an indelible blot upon dered to surround the place, and the father and the whole family. that the very moment the criminal In considering impartially this appeared, the drums fhould beat affair, it is very easy to perceive, to arms, and never cease. till the

that if the marquis had not been execution was over, that no person chargeable with that attempt, he whatsoever might hear what he had been guilty of some other casaid. All this was done, and the pital crime; and the coldness with dead body was burnt at the foot of which the English ministry acted, the gallows, with all the papers of in sending after him, shews that the proceedings of that affair. they were somewhat in accord with

The French are often surprised the court of France, and were at the choice their kings make of not willing that he should be ministers and favourites ; it is he brought back to England: bealone who, by fecret proceedings, cause he being free in London, is able to know his subjects, and he might have found there bad peovery often leaves the curious public ple, as capable to execute his deignorant of the cause of his prefer- sign upon his father, as his father ring a silent punishment; for in the had found to seize and

carry above

plot there were more French his son.—These are the charges of than English or Germans. accusation brought against M. de



Fratteaux, which neither the court

Sæpe æquo iracundior, of France, nor that of England, Haud unquam ut eflem implacabilis.

A luxuria pariter ac avaritia thought fit to make public.

(Quam non tam vitium It has been said that, after M. Quam mentis insanitatem effe duxi) de Fratteaux was carried off, he

Prorsus abhorrens. languished in the Bastille ; which Cives, hofpites, peregrinos

Omnino liberaliter accepi. is totally falfe ; he is now actually at liberty at his estate at Frat. Cum magnis vixi, cum plebeis, cum

Ipse et cibi parcus, et vini parcisfimus. teaux ; for when his brother, M.

omnibus, Bertin de Bourdeille, was made in. Ut homines nofcerem, ut me ipsum tendant at Lyons, he obtained his

imprimis :

Neque, cheu, novi! liberty, on his giving his word of

Permultos habui amicos, honour to M. Bertin de Bourdeille, At veros, ftabiles, gratos, to remain at his estate at Fratteaux, (Quæ fortaffe eft gentis culpa) and never to go above fix miles


Plures habui inimicos, from it, without leave from his fa

Sed invidos, fed improbos, fed inhuther. Two months after his arrival there, his father went to see Quorum nullis tamen injuriis him, and he had leave to return the

Perinde commotus fui visit at Bourdeille. He has kept

Quam deliquiis meis.

Summam, quam adeptus fum, sehis word of honour strictly, and

nectutem lives at present in cordiality with Neque optavi, neque accusavi. his whole family.

Vitæ incommoda neque immoderate

ferens, Neque commodus nimium con


Mortem neque contempfi, Epitaph on the late Doctor King,

Neque metui.

Deus optime, of St. Mary's Hall, Oxford, Qui hunc orhem & humanos tres curas written by himself, in order to

Miscerere animæ meæ ! be engraved on a silver case, in which he directed his heart should be preserved, in some convenient part of that house,



A seipso scriptum
Pridie nonas Junii
Die natali Georgii III.

Ab anno MDCCXIX. ad annum

Hujus Aulæ Præfe&tus.
Literis humanioribus a puero deditus:
Eas ufq; ad fupremum vitæ diem colui.

Neque vitiis carui, neq; virtutibus ;
Imprudens et improvidus, comis et benea


Written ly himself

June the fourth,
Birth-day of George III,


I was,
From the year MDCCXIX. to the year

Principal of this hall.
Given to polite letters from a boy :
I cultivated them even to the last day of

rolus ;

my life,

I wanted

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