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His next performance was his he allowed them but little merit ; Apology to the Critical Reviewers: which being told to the author, he this work is not without its pecu- resolved to requite this private opiliar merit : and as it was written nion with a public one. In his against a set of critics whom the next poem therefore of the Ghost, world was willing enough to blame, he has drawn this gentleman under the public read it with their usual the character of Pompofo ; and indulgence. In this performance those who disliked Mr. Johnson, he shewed a peculiar happiness of allowed it to have merit. But our throwing his thoughts, if we may poet is now dead, and justice may so express it, into poetical para- be heard without the imputation of graphs, so that the sentence swells envy: though we entertain no small to the break or conclusion, as we opinion of Mr. Churchill's abili

ties, yet they are neither of a fize His fame being greatly extended nor correctness to compare with by these productions, his improve those of the author of the Rambler ; ment in morals did not seem by any a work which has, in some places, means to correspond : but while enlarged the circle of moral enhis writings amused the town, his quiry, and fixed more precise landactions in some measure disgusted marks to guide philosophy in the it. He now quitted his wife, with investigation of truth. 'Mr. Johnwhom he had cohabited for many son's only reply to Mr. Churchill's years, and resigning his gown, and abuse was, that he thought him a all clerical functions, commenced shallow fellow in the beginning, a complete man of the town, got and that he could say nothing drunk, frequented stews, and gid- worse of him ftill. dy with false praise, thought his The poems of Night, and of the talents a sufficient atonement for all Ghost, ħad not the rapid sale the his follies.

Some people have been author expected; but his Prophecy unkind enough to say that Mrs. of Famine soon made ample amends Churchill gave the first just cause for the late paroxysm in his faine. of separation ; but nothing can be Night was written upon a general more false than this rumour; and subject, and for that reason no way we can assure the public, that her alluring ; the Ghost was written in conduct in private life, and among eight fyllable verse, in which kind her acquaintances, was ever irre- of measure he was not

very

success. proachable.

ful ; but the Prophecy of Famine In some measure to palliate the had all those circumstances of time, absurdities of his conduct, he now place, and party, to recommend it, undertook a poem called Night, that the author could defire ; or, written upon a general subject, in- let us use the words of Mr. Wilkes, deed, but

upon false principles ; who said, before its publication, namely, that whatever our follies that he was sure it must take, as it are, we should never undertake to was at once personal, poetical, and conceal them. This, and Mr. political. It had accordingly a Churchill's other poems, -being rapid and an extensive fale ; and it shewn to Mr. Johnson, and his opi- was often asserted by his admirers, sion being asked concerning them, that Mr. Churchill was a better

poet cumstances

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poet than Mr. Pope. This exag. in London, in the Parish of St. gerated adulation, as it had before Bartholomew ; to which he corrupted his morals, now began afterwards, as far as lay in his to impair his mind; several suc- power, a benefactor. ceeding pieces were published, His father, being one of the which being written without ef- lower orders of tradesmen, had no fort, are read without pleasure. bigher views for his son than bindHis Gotham, Independence, the ing him apprentice to an engraver Times, seem merely to be written by of pewter pots, which, it must be a man who desired to avail himself owned, is, of all species of the of the avidity of the public curio- painting art, the loweft. In this fity in his favour, and are rather humble situation Hogarth wrought aimed at the pockets than the hearts through his apprenticeship, and of his readers.

seemed through the whole of his How shall I trace this thought- time to have no higher views than less man through the latter part of those of his contemptible employbis conduct ; in which, leaving all ment. the milder forms of life, he became Upon leaving his apprenticeship entirely guided by his native tur- he resolved upon higher aims, and bulence of temper, and permitted pursued every method of improvhis mind to harals his body through ing himself in the art of drawing, all the various modes of debau- of which his former master bad chery? His seducing a young lady, given him but a very rude concepand afterwards living with her in tion. The ambition of the poor shameless adultery ; his beating a is ever productive of distress : so it man formerly his friend, without was with Hogarth, who, while he any previous provocation, are well was furnishing materials for his known. Yet let us not be severe subsequent excellence, felt all that in judging ; happy were it for him, contempt and indigence could properhaps, if ours were the only tri. duce. I have heard it from an inbunal at which he was to plead for timate friend of his, that being one those irregularities which his men- day arrested for so trifling a fum tal powers rendered but more cul

as twenty shillings, and being bailpable.

ed by one of his friends, in order to be revenged of the woman who

arrested him (for it was his landMemoirs of Mr. William Hogarth. lady) he drew her picture as ugly

as poflible, or, as painters express HE ingenious man who makes it, in Caricatura ; and in that fin

the subject of this flight me- gle figure gave marks of the dawn moir, was one of those whose life of superior genius. affords little variety to the histo- How long he continued in this riản and whose chief history lies in state of indigence and obscurity, I that of his own productions. But

But cannot learn ; but the first time he not to be entirely filent upon a fub- distinguished limfelf as a painter, ject which affords more to raise was in the Figures of the Wandsthan gratify curiosity, we may ob- worth assembly. These are drawn serve, that Mr. Hogarth was born from the life, and without any cir

TH

ner.

a

-1

cumstances of his burlesque man- all the vicissitudes of wretchedness

The faces are said to be ex- to a premature death. This was tremely like, and the colouring, is painting to the reason and to the rather better than in some of his heart : none had ever before made best subsequent pieces. But we the art fubservient to the purposes must observe in general of this ex- of morality and instruction; cellent painter, that his colouring book like this is fitted to every is dry and displealing, and that foil and every observer, and he he could never get rid of the ap

that
runs may

read. pellation of a manerist, which was The Rake's Progress succeeded given him early in life. His next the former, which, though not piece was probably that excellent equal to it, came short only of that picture of the Pool of Bethesda, single excellence, in which no other which he presented to St. Bartho- could come near him that way. His lomew's hospital, in which parish, great excellence consisted in what as we have already said, he was we may term the furniture of his born.

pieces ; for as in sublime subjects, We have hitherto only seen him and history pieces, the fewness of in grave history paintings ; a walk little circumstances capable of takin which he has many competitors; ing the spectator's attention from but he soon launched out into an the principal figures, is reckoned a unbeaten track, in which he ex- merit ; so in life-painting, a great celled all that ever came before, or variety of those little domestic have since succeeded him. His be- images gives the whole a greater ing first employed to draw designs degree of force and resemblance.

new edition of Hudibras, Thus in the Harlot's Progress we was the inlet to his future excel- are not displeased with James Dallence in the burlesque ; we mean ton's wig-box on the bed-tester of in his life pictures, for such we her lodgings in Drury-lane; parwill venture to call them. It is ticularly too if it be remembered, unjust to give these the character that this James Dalton was a noted either of burlesque or grotesque highwayman of that time. In the pieces, fince both the one and the pieces of Marriage Alamode, what other

convey to us a departure from can be more finely and satirically nature, to which Hogarth almost conceived, than his introducing always ftri&tly adhered. The work a gouty lord, who carries his pride of this kind, which first appeared, oven into his infirmities, and has was his Harlot's Progress. The in- ' his very crutches marked with a genious abbé du Bos has often coronet. complained, that no history painter But a comment or panegyric on of his time went through a series picture is of all subjects the most of actions, and thus, like an bisto. Hifpleafing; and yet the life berian, painted the successive for- fore us offers little else. We may, tunes of an hero from the cradle indeed, in the manner of biograto the grave. What du Bos wish- phers, observé, that he travelled to ed to fee done, Hogarth perform- Paris for improvement ; but scarce ed. He launches out his young any circumstance remains by which adyenturer, a simple girl upon the he was distinguished in this jourtown, and conducts her through ney from the rest of mankind wlio

go

for a

go thither without design, and re- has a wife and several small children, turn without remark. Perhaps bis whom he endeavours to maintain by general character of the French may great application to his business, and be thought worth remembering ; by teaching children to read and which was, that their houses were write, which is all the learning he gilt and 1.

ever received himself, being taken About the year 1750 he publish from school at seven years old. ed his Analysis of Beauty, which, He lives at the village of Row, though it was strongly opposed, Tey, near Hales-Owen, about seven yet was replete with those strokes miles from Birmingham in Warwhich ever characterise the works wickshire, and two miles from an of genius. In this performance he estate of the late Mr. William thews, by a variety of examples, Shenstone, called the Leafowes. that round fwelling figures are inost After he was taken from school pleasing to the eye; and the truth he had no means of gratifying his of this has of late been further con- insatiable thirst after reading and firmed by an ingenious writer on knowledge, but by procuring the the same fubject.

magazines with such little perquiLittle elfe remains of the circum- fites as he could pick up, till about stances of this admirable man's life, five years ago, when an accident except his late contest with Mr. brought him acquainted with Mr. Churchill: the circumstances of this Shenitonė. are too recent in every memory to That gentleman, who, by imbe repeated. It is well known that proving nature with a true taste both met at Westminster-hall; Ho- of her beauties, has rendered the garth, to catch a ridiculous likeness Leafowes the admiration of all of the poet; and Churchill, to fur- who have seen the place, used to nili a natural description of the fuffer his delightful walks to be painter. Hogarth's picture of open to every body, till the misChurchill was but little efteemed, chief that was done by the thoughtand Churchill's letter to Hogarth less, or the malicious, obliged has died with the subject ; fome him to exclude all but such as pretend, however, to fay, that it should have his special permission broke the latter's heart; but this on

a proper application for that we can, from good authority, say is purpose. Woodhouse, who was not true ; indeed, the report falls ore a loser by this prohibition of itself ; for we may as well say than almost any other person whom that Hogarth's pencil was as effica- it excluded, applied to Mr. Shencious as the poet's pen, since neither stone for leave to indulge his long furvived the conteft.

imagination among the scenes which had so often delighted him

before, by a copy of verses. An account of James Woodhouse, This immediately procured him

the poetical shoe-maker, whose the liberty he solicited, and works have been lately published. introduced him to Mr. Shen

stone himself. The poem appeafTHIS extraordinary person ised to be so extraordinary for a abouť 28 years of age, and perfon in so obscure a station, who

had

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seven years

ore,

had been taken from a school at Tho' niggard fate withheld her sordid.

old, and had since read nothing but magazines, that he of- Yet lib'ral nature gave her better store! fered him the use not only of his

Whose influence early did my mind'ingarden, but his library.

fpire Woodhouse, however, did not

To read her works, and praise her

mighty Sire. suffer his love of poetry, or his defire of knowledge, to intrude upon

A copy of this

poem,

and of the duties of his station : as his another addressed to the same genwork employed only his hands, tleman, were sent by Mr. Shenand left his mind at liberty, bé stone's direction, with some maused to place a pen and ink at his nuscript poems of his own, to a fide, while the last was in his lap, friend in London ; this friend and when he had made a couplet shewed them to some of his ache wrote it down on his knee ; his quaintance, and a small collection seasons for reading he borrowed

was made for the author, which not from those which others of his produced an Odle on Benevolence ; rank usually devote to tippling, or by this ode he appears to have skittles, but from the hours that profited by Mr. Shenstone's liwould otherwise have been lost in brary ; for he talks of Palladian sleep.

skill, Sappho's art, Phidias's chifThe versification of this extra- fel, and the pencil of Titian. ordinary writer is remarkably har- But his force of thought, and skill monious, his language is pure, his in poetical expression, appear to images poetical, and his senti- greater advantage in a poem of ments uncommonly tender and ele- 50 ftanzas, each consisting of 4 gant,

verses, intitled Spring : this conHis Poem to Mr. Shenstone was

tains a striking picture of the inwritten when he was about three felicities of his situation, and the and twenty ; and though in the cha- keenness and delicacy of his sensa racter of a fúitor, and with a pro

tions. per sense of the inferiority of his After regretting the vacant station, yet there is a consciousness cheerfulness of his earlier days, of that equality of nature, which before domestic connections conpetitioners and dedicators too often demned him to incessant labour, prostitute or forget.

and absorbed him in After an address to Mr. Shen- folicitude, he exhibits this picture stone, in which he encourages him- of the pain and pleasure that are self by considering the general mingled in his conjugal and paterkindness of his character, he nal character.

But now domestic cares employ

And busy every sense, Shall he, benevolent as wise, disdain

Nor leave one hour of grief or joy, The nuse's suitor, though a sandai'd

But's furnith'd out from thence ; fwain ?

Save what my little babes afford, Tho' no auspicious rent-rolls grace my Whom I behold with glee,

line, I boast the fame original divine:

When finiling at iny humble board,
Vol. VII.

Or pratiling on my knee.
F

care and

says :

1

Nog

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