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fameness in his airs, and no ima- fervility of a disciple, nor imigination at all in his composi- tated any of them. Even in Italy, tions. See but a head, it inte- whither he went in 1672, he rests you-uncover the rest of the mimicked no peculiar style ; not canvass, you wonder faces so ex- even at Venice, where he repreffive could be employed fo in- fided most, and was esteemed and fipidly. In truth, the age de- employed by some of the first manded nothing correct, nothing families, and where he drew Carcomplete. Capable of tasting the dinal Basladonna. .
If he caught power of Dryden's numbers, and any thing, it was instructions, not the majesty of Kneller's heads, hints. If I see the least resem. it overlooked doggrel and daub- blance in his works to any other ing. What pity that men of for- master, it is in some of his earliest tune are not bleft with such a pen, works in England, and those his or such a pencil ! That a genius best, to Tintoret. A portrait at must write for a bookseller, or Houghton of Joseph Carreras, a paint for an alderman !
poet, and chaplain to Catharine Sir Godfrey Kneller was born of Lisbon, has the force and simat Lubec, about the year 1648. plicity of that master, without His grandfather had an estate near owing part of its merit to TinHall, in Saxony; was surveyor toret's universal black drapery, general of the mines, and in- to his own, afterwards, neglected fpector of count Mansfeldt's re- draperies, or his master Rem
By his wife, of the fa- brandt's unnatural Chiaro Scuro. mily of Crowsen, he had one fon Latterly Sir Godfrey was thought Zachary, educated at Leipfic, and to give into the manner of Rufor some time in the service bens; I see it no where but in of Gustavus Adolphus's widow. the sketch of king William's After her death, he removed to equestrian figure, evidently imiLubec, married, professed archi- tated from Rubens's design of the tecture, and was chief surveyor cieling for the Banquetting-house, to his native city He left two which, as I have said, in the fons, John Zachary, and God- life of that painter, was in Knelfrey.
The latter, who at first ler's possession. The latter had was designed for a military life, no more of Rubens's rich colourwas sent to Leyden, where he ap- ing than of Vandyck's delicacy plied to mathematics and fortifi- in habits : but he had more beauty cation : but the predominance of than the latter, more dignit nature determining him to paint than Sir Peter Lely. The lating, his father acquiesced, and ter felt his capacity in a memosent him to Amsterdam, where he rable instance; Kneller and his studied under Boll, and had some brother came to England in 167*, instructions from Rembrandt. Ver- without intending to reside here, tae, nor any of his biographers, but to return through France to take notice of it, nor do I affert Venice. They were recommendit, but I have heard that one of ed to Mr. Banks, a Hamburgh
Francis Hals. merchant, and Godfrey drew him It is certain that Kneller had no and his family.
The pictures E 2
his masters was
pleased. Mr. Vernon, secretary czar;
queen Anne, he to the duke of Monmouth, faw painted the king of Spain, afterthem, and fat to the new painter, wards Charles VI. fo poor a perand obtained his master's picture formance that one would think by the same hand. The duke he felt the fall from Peter to was fo charmed, that he engaged Charles. His works in the galthe king his father to fit to Kuel- lery of * admirals were done in ler, at the time the duke of York the same reign, and several of had been promised the king's them worthy fo noble a memorial. picture by Lely. Charles, un- The Kit-cat club, generally menwilling to have double trouble, tioned as a set of wits, in reality proposed that both the artists the patriots that saved Britain, should draw him at the same were Kneller's last works in that time. Lely, as an established mas- reign, and his last public work. ter, chofe the light he liked : He lived to draw George I. was the stranger was to draw the made a baronet by him, and conpicture as he could ; and per- tinued to paint during the greater formed it with such facility and part of his reign; but in 1722 Sir expedition, that his piece was in Godfrey was seized with a violent a manner finithed, when Lely's fever, from the immediate danger was only dead-coloured. The no- of which he was rescued by Dr. velty pleased-yet Lely deserved Mead. The humour, however, most honour, for he did justice fell on his left arm ; and it was to his new competitor ; confessed opened. He remained in a fanhis abilities and the likeness. This guishing condition, and died O&t. success fixed Kneller here. The 27, 1723. His body lay in state, series of his portraits prove the and was buried at Witton, but continuance of his reputation. a monument was erected in Weft
Charles II. sent him to Paris to minster Abbey t, where his friend draw Louis XIV. but died in his Mr. Pope, as if to gratify an exabsence. The fucceffor
travagant vanity dead, which he equally favourable to him, and had ridiculed living, bestowed on was sitting for his picture for him a translation of Raphael's epifecretary Pepys, when he received taph-as high a compliment as the news that the prince of Orange even poetry could be allowed to was landed.
pay to the original ; a filly hyKing William distinguished perbole when applied to the moKneller still more: for that prince dern. This was not the only inhe painted the beauties at Hamp- ftance in which the poet incensed ton-court, and was knighted by the painter. Sir Godfrey had him in 1692, with the additional drawn for him the statues of present of a gold medal and chain, Apollo, Venus, and Hercules ; weighing 3001. and for him Sir Pope paid for them with these Godfrey drew the portrait of the lines,
* Seven of these heads are by Kneller, the reft by Dahl.
† His monunient, executed by Ryshrack, was directed by himself; he left 3001, for it.
What God, what genius did the pencil servants gathering and destroying
the flowers, Kneller sent him When Kneller painted these ! 'Twas friendship, warm
as Phoebus, word he must shut up the door. kind as love,
Ratcliffe replied peevithly, “ Tell And strong as Hercules.
him he may do any thing with it He was in the right to fupprefs but paint it.”-“ And I, answered themwhat idea does muscular Sir Godfrey, can take any thing friendship convey? It was not the from him but physic." fame warmth of friendship that
He married Susannah Cawley, made Pope put Kneller's vanity daughter of the minister of Henley to the strongest trial imaginable. upon Thames. She out-lived him, The former laid a wager that there and was buried at Henley, where was no flattery so gross_but his are monuments for her and her friend would swallow. To
father. Before his marriage, Sir it, Pope said to him as he was Godfrey had an intrigue with a painting, “Sir Godfrey, I believe Quaker's wife, whom he purif God Almighty had had your chased of her husband, and had allistance, the world would have a daughter, whose portrait he been formed more perfect.” “Fore drew like St. Agnes with a lamb:
; God, Sir, replied Kneller, I be- there is a print of it by Smith. lieve so.” This impious answer Kneller had amassed a great forwas not extraordinary in the lat- tune, though he lived magnificentter.--His conversation on religion ly, and loft 20,0001. in the Southwas extremely free.
Sea ; yet he had an estate of near phrase on
à particular text of 2,0001. a year left., Part he bescripture, fingular, “ In my fa- queathed to his wife, and entailed ther's house are many mansions ;" the rest on Godfrey Hockle, his which Sir Godfrey interpreted daughter's son, with orders that he
“ At the day of judgment, should affume the name of Knelsaid he, God will examine
ler. To three nieces at Hamkind on their different professions : burgh, the children of his bro
will say, Of what sect ther he left legacies ; and an anwas you? I was a Papift-go you nuity of 1001. a year to 'Bing, there. What was you? a Pro- an old servant, who, with his brotestant-go you there.--And you? ther, had been his assistants. Of a Turk-go you there. And you, these he had many, as may be Sir Godfrey - I was of no sečt.- concluded from the quantity of Then God will say, Sir Godfrey, his works, and the badness of so choose your place.”
His wit was many. His chief performers were, ready ; his bon mots deservedly Pieter, Vander, Roer, and Bakadmired, In Great Queen-street ker--sometimes he employed Baphe lived next door to Dr. Ratcliffe; tist and Vergazon. His prices Kneller was fond of flowers, and were fifteen guineas for a head, had a fine collection. As there twenty if with one hand, thirty for was a great intimacy between a half, and fixty for a whole length. him and the physician, he per
Kneller frequently drew his own mitted the latter to have a door portrait; my father had one, a into his garden ; but Ratcliffe's head when young, and a small
one of the same age very master. Account of the life of Mr. Samuel ly; it is now mine. It was en
Boyse. a wig ; by Smith. A half-length MR. A halflength M Ron
Sarthe robberend War
. Jofent to the Tuscan gallery. A feph Boyfe, a diffenting minifter of half-length in a brocaded waist- great eminence in Dublin, much coat with his gold chain; there respected, not only for learning is a mezzotinto of it adjoined to and abilities, but his extensive the Kit-cat-heads. Another head humanity and undissembled piety. with a cap; a half-length pre- During his minifterial charge at sented to the gallery at Oxford, Dublin, he published many serand a double piece of himself and his wife. Great numbers of lio volumes, a few poems, and
mons, which compose several fohis works have been engraved, other tracts : but what chiefly particularly by Smith, who has distinguished him as a writer, was done more than justice to them; the controversy he carried on with the draperies are preferable to the Dr. King, archbishop of Dublin, originals. The first print taken and author of the Origin of Evil, from his works was by White, of concerning the office of a scripCharles II. He had an historic tural bishop. This controverted
piece of his own painting before point was managed on both fides • he went to Italy, Tobit, and the with great force of argument and
angel. At his seat at Witton were calmness of temper. The bishop many of his own works, fold some asserted that the episcopal right of years after his death. He
intended jurisdiction had its foundation in that Sir James Thornhill should the New Testament: Mr. Boyse, paint the stair-case there, but hear- consistent with his principles, deing that Sir Isaac Newton was nied that any ecclesiastical superisitting to Thornhill, Kneller was ority appeared there, with the offended, said, No portrait-painter greatest candour and good manshould paint his house, and em- Samuel was born in 1708, ployed Laguerre.
and received the sudiments of his Pope was not the only hard education in a private school in that soothed this painter's vain- Dublin. When he was but eighteen. glory. The most beautiful of Ad. years old, his father, who probadison's poetic works was addressed bly intended him for the ministry, to him : the fingular happiness of sent him to the university of Glasthe allusions, and applications of gow, that he might finish his edufabulous theology to the princescation there. He had not been a drawn by Kneller, is very remark
year at the university, when he able :
fell in love with one Miss AtchenGreat Pan, who wont to chase the fair,
fon, the daughter of a tradesman And love, the spreading oak, was there.
For Charles 11.—and for James, in that city, and was imprudent Old Saturn too, with upcaft eyes
enough to interrupt his education, Beheld his abdicated skies.
by marrying her, before he had And the rest on William and entered into his 20th
The Mary, Anne, and George 1. are natural extravagance of his temper ali stamped with the moft juft re- foon exposed him to want, and as he semblance.
had now the additional charge of and a great adınirer of a wife, his reduced circumstances lord Stormont was so much pleased obliged him to quit the univerlity, with this mark of esteem paid and go over with his wife (who to the memory of his lady, that also carried a sister with her) to he ordered a very handsome preDublin ; where they relied on the sent to be given to Mr. Boyse by old gentleman for support. Young his attorney at Edinburgh. The Boyse was of all men the furthest notice which lady Eglington and removed from a gentleman ; he the lord Stormont took of our had no graces of person, and fewer poet, recommended him likewise still of conversation. Never were to the patronage of the duchess three people of more libertine of Gordon, who was so solicitous characters than young Boyse, his to raise him above necessity, that wife, and sister-in-law; yet the fhe employed her interest in protwo ladies wore such a mask of curing the promise of a place for decency before the old gentle- him. She
him a letter, man, that his fondness was never which he was next day to deliver abated. The etiate his father pof- to one of the commissioners of the sessed in Yorkihire was sold to customs at Edinburgh. It hapdischarge his debts; and when the pened that he was then some miles old man lay in his last sickness, distant from the city, and the he was entirely supported by pre- morning on which he was to have sents from his congregation, and rode to town with her grace's letburied at their expence.
We have ter of recommendation proved to no further account of Mr. Boyse, be rainy : this slender circumtill we find him soon after his fa- stance was enough to discourage ther's death at Edinburgh. At Boyse, who never looked beyond this place his poetical genius rais- the present moment; he declined ed him many friends, and some going to town on account of the patrons of very great eminence. rainy weather, and while he let He published a volume of poems, flip the opportunity, the place 1731, to which is subjoined the was bestowed upon another, which Tablature of Cebes, and A letter the commissioner declared he kept upon liberty, inserted in the Dub- for some time vacant, in expectalin journal, 1726'; and by these he tion of seeing a person recommendobtained a very great reputation. ed by the duchess of Gordon. They are addressed to the countess Boyfe at last, having defeated all of Eglington. This amiable lady the kind intentions of his pawas patroness of all men of wit, trons towards him, fell into conand very much distinguished Mr. tempt and poverty, which obliged Boyse, while he resided in that him to quit Edinburgh. He comcountry. Upon the death of the municated his design of going to viscountess Stormont, Mr. Boyfe London to the duchess of Gordon, wrote an elegy, which was very who having still a very high opimuch applauded by her ladyship’s nion of his poetical abilities, gave, relations. This elegy he intituled, him a letter of recommendation The tears of the muses, as the de- to Mr. Pope, and obtained anoceased lady was a woman of the ther for him to Sir Peter King, the most refined taste in the sciences, lord chancellor of England. Lord