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cut circularly into three thongs, the uncommonftrength of the all of equal length; these thongs St. Kildians. This man, observbeing closely twisted together, forming his colleague lose his hold, a three-fold cord, able to sustain and tumbling down from above,

great weight, and durable placed himself fo firmly upon enough to last for about two the shelf where he stood, that generations : to prevent the in- he sustained the weight of his juries it would otherwise receive friend, after falling the whole from the sharp edges of the rocks, length of the rope. against which they must frequent- Undoubtedly these are stupenly strikes, the cord is lined with dous adventures, and equal to sheep-fkins, dressed in much the any thing in the feats of chivalry: fame manner.

I was present at an operation This rope is a piece of fur- of this kind. My curiosity led niture indispensably necessary, and me to so uncommon a trial of the most valuable implement a skill : before it was half over, man of substance can be possessed I was greatly shocked, and most of in St. Kilda. In the testament heartily sick of it. Two noted of a father, it makes the very first heroes drawn out from article in favour of his eldest son: among all the ableit men of the fhould it happen to fall to a community : one of them fixed daughter's share, in default of male himself on

a craggy felf: his heirs, it is reckoned equal in va- companion went down fixty falue to the two best cows in the thoms below him; and after have illand.

ing darted himself away from the By the help of such ropes, the face of a moft alarming precipice, people of the greatest prowess and hanging over the ocean, he began experience here, traverse and ex- to play his gambols: he sung meramine rocks prodigiously high. rily, and laughed very heartily. Linked together in couples, each The crew were inexpresfibly happy; having either end of the cord but for my part, I was all the while faftened about his waist, they go in such distress of mind, that I could frequently through the most dread- not for my life run over half ful precipices : when one of the the scene with my eyes. The two descends, his colleague plants fowler, after having performed himself on

a strong shelt and several antic tricks, and given us takes care to have such fure foot- all the entertainment his art could ing there, that if his fellow-ad- afford, returned in triumph, and venturer makes a false step, and full of his own merit, with a tumbles over, he may be able to large string of fowls about his neck, fave him.

and a number of eggs in his bøThe following anecdote of the fom. present steward of St. Kilda's de- This method of fowling, reputy, in the summer after I left sembles that of the Norwegians, as the island, will give the reader a described by bishop Pontoppidan: ' {pecimen of the danger they un- but we must here take leave of the dergo, and, at the same time, of St. Kildians,



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was the

Anecdotes of Jethro Tull, esq; in- fectly drest ; that by frequently

ventor of the new method of hus- ploughing, hoeing, and stirring, the bandry, called the horse-hoeing, ground was kept fine and light, the or, more justly from his name, weeds destroyed, and the soil enthe Tullian husbandry.

riched : that where this care was

taken, the clusters were large and "Ethro Tull, Esq; of Prosperous full, and the juice' rich and highwhere he wrote his treatise on horse- were suffered to grow 'promiscuhoeing husbandry, was a gentleman ously, and all culture neglected, of an ancient family in Oxfordshire, save pruning, the clusters were comhad a competent paternal estate, paratively lean and meagre, the and a liberal university education, juice poor and flat, and the annual which he improved by applying shoots far less luxuriant than in the himself to the study of the law, vineyards properly managed. From not as a profession, but to investi- these observations he concluded gate the true principles of the con- that a regular method of planting stitution of his country, in which or fowing every kind of vegetable he hoped, one day or other, to



propagate it to most make no inconsiderable figure; af- advantage, and he began with expeter being admitted a barrister in the riments upon corn and grass to contemple, he made what is called the firm or disprove his new hypothefis. grand tour, visited the several The success of the experiments courts of Europe, and in every coun- he made in his garden, encouraged try through which he passed, was a him to extend them into his field, diligent observer of the foil, culture, and he now first began to contrive, and vegetable productions natural instruments to facilitate the labour, to each ; and of the different me- and to render the whole business of thods of ploughing, sowing, plant- husbandry as expeditious in his ing, and reaping; and the various new way, as it was, after long pracinstruments made use of in various tice, in the old. countries for that purpose.

Novelty always excites curiosity; Upon his return home, he settled many gentlemen came from diffeupon his estate in Oxfordshire, rent parts on the fame of this new married a lady of a genteel family; method of farming ; some of whom and being naturally inclined to an were persuaded by the weight of active life, occupied a farm of his Mr. Tull's arguments, to go

hand own ; and applied himself to the in hand with him in the course of management of it in the way that his experiments; while others, he thought moft rational.

who thought themselves more wise, In observing the vineyard cul- and more discerning, took every ture in the most fruitful parts of occasion of ridiculing the practice, France, he discovered, or thought, and of representing it as a fanciful, he discovered, one general method project, that after a great expence of cultivating all land to advantage would end in nothing but the ruin in all countries ; he observed, that of the projector. In general, the where the vines flourished best, the whole body of farmers and hula vineyards were mott regularly bandmen pronounced the man planted, and the foil most pere conjurer, who, by fowing a third




part of his land, could make it salutary region, he found in a few produce a quantity equal to that of months that relief, which all the sowing the whole

power of physic could not afford While the project engrossed the him at home; and he returned conversation of the neighbourhood to appearance perfectly repaired in for many miles round, Mr. Tull his constitution, but greatly ememployed himself asiduously in barrassed in his fortune. training of servants, and in accom- Part of his paternal estate in modating the instruments proper Oxfordshire he had sold, and befor his new husbandry, to their 'li- fore his departure had fettled his mited capacities : and this work family on his farm at Prosperous, alhe found much harder to accom- ready mentioned, where he returnplish than he at first expected. It ed with a firm refolution to perwas less easy to drive the plough- fect his former undertaking, having man out of his way, than to teach as he thought devised means during the beasts of the field to perform his absence to obviate all difficulthe work. The late Lord Ducie ties, and to force his new husbanMoreton, who followed Mr, Tull, dry into practice by the success of or rather accompanied him in this it, in spite of all the opposition that laborious and vexatious business, should be raised by the lower class has very frequently, if I have been of husbandmen against it. rightly informed, to correct the He revised and rectified all his aukwardness of his ploughmen, old instruments, and contrived new

overcome their obstinacy, ones proper for the different foils stript himself of his dignity, of his new farm; and he now and put bis hand to the plough went on pretty fuccessfully, though himself.

not rapidly, nor much less expenSome time after this, Mr. Tull fively, in the prosecution of his by intense application, vexatious new system. He demonstrated to toil, and viciffitudes of heat and all the world the good effects of cold in the open fields, contracted his horse-hoeing culture ; and by a disorder in his breast, which not raising crops of wheat, without being found curable in England, dunging, for thirteen years together, obliged him a second time to travel, in the fame field, equal in quantity, and to seek a cure in the milder and superior in quality to those of climates of France and Italy. Here his neighbours in the ordinary he again attended more minutely course, he demonstrated the truth of to the culture of those countries, his own doctrine, that labour and and, having little else to do, he arrangement would supply the employed himself during three place of dung and fallow, and years residence abroad, to reduce would produce more corn at an his observations to writing, with a equal or less expence. The adview of once more endeavouring vantages attending the new husto introduce them into practice, bandry were now visible to all the if ever he should be so happy as to world ; and it was now that Mr. recover his health, and be able to Tull was prevailed upon by the soundergo the fatigues of a second licitations of the neighbouring genattempt. From the climate of tlemen, who were witnesses of its Montpellier, and the waters of that utility, to publish his theory, il


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lustrated by a genuine account of perhaps never saw the originals, the result of it in practice, which and who had not genius to comhé engaged to do, and faithfully prehend the drawings, much less performed at no trivial expence. to improve and render them more Not led by vanity, nor encou

useful. raged by the hope of gain, to com- The intention of this short essay, mence author, he at first thought is to prevent gentlemen from atonly of methodizing his thoughts, tending to the superficial nonsense and classing his observations into of many writers on husbandry, who fome order for the use of his friends; disgrace the subject, and to direct but when he once engaged, the sub- the practical farmer, who is really ject ripened in his hands, and, like in earnest to improve his farm, the vegetables under his culture, to the genuine source from whence grew more full and perfect by a he may draw that true and exnice and orderly arrangement.

perienced knowledge that may be A genius, and a man zealous for safely relied upon in practice ; if his own reputation and the public that practice can be luckily introservice, cannot handle a favourite duced. fubject superficially. He entered

D. Y. into the vegetable properties of Hungerford, Oct. 18, 1764. plants, their production and nutrition, with the precision of a philosopher; and he laid down the methods, by which they were to be Some account of the life and writpropagated, with the knowledge of îngs of Mr. Thomas Simpson, an old experienced husbandman. late professor of mathematics al The instruments, which after various his majesty's academy at Wool. trials, he had found to answer the wich, fellow of the Royal Sociebest, he caused to be carefully con- ty, and member of the Royal structed, and he had them drawn, Academy at Stockholm. and accurately described by good artists, under his own inspection ; "Homas Simpson was born at they were not filched, from one

in invention under pretence of sup- tershire, Augult the 20th, O. S. plying the defects of another, with 1710. His father was a view to acquire the reputation of weaver in that town; and though a mechanic, but were all the genu- in tolerable circumstances, yet, ine production of his own inven- intending to. bring up his son tion, tried and altered again and Thomas to his own business, he again, till they actually performed took so little care of his education, with accuracy and facility the work that he was only taught to read they were intended to complete. - English. Such are the instruments which In the year 1724, the 11th Mr. Tull has exhibited, and which of May, there happened a great have been altered and disjointed, eclipfe of the fun, which proved rendered imperfect, and utterly total in several parts of England, ufeless by pretended improvers this phænomenon, so awful to both at home and abroad, who many who are ignorant of the cause


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of it, struck the mind of young regarding him in this light, should Simpson with a strong curiosity endeavour to ingratiate himself into enter into the reason of it, and to his favour ; in which he suc

fo be able to predict the like sur- ceeded fo well, that the fage was prising events. "It was, however, no less taken with the quick natural five or six years before he could ob- parts and genius of his new actain his desire, which at length was quaintance. The pedlar intending gratified by the following accident. a journey to Bristol'fair, left in the Being at the house of a relation, hands of young Simpson, who had where he had resided some time, a now taught himself to write, an old pedlar came that way, and took a edition of Cocker's arithmetic, to lodging at the fame house. This which was subjoined a short apman, to his profession of an itine- pendix on algebra, and a book tant merchant, had joined the more of Partridge, the almanac maker, profitable one of a fortune-teller, on genitures. These he had pewhich he performed by dint of ju- rused to Yo good purpose, during the dicial astrology. Every one knows absence of his friend, as to excite with what regard persons of such a his amazement upon his return : cast are treated by the inhabitants in consequence of which he fat of country villages : it cannot be himself about erecting the followsurprising, therefore, that an untu- ing genethliacal type, in order to tored lad of nineteen should look a presage of Thomas's future forupon this man as a prodigy, and, tune.

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