« НазадПродовжити »
suffered considerably : the other the curiosity to remove the stones, Frank settlements on the sea-coast they discovered buman skeletons of of Syria have been exempted, ex- ten and eleven feet long. cept a few accidents at Tripoli, The chev. Scory, in his voyage which drove the English consul, to the Pike of Teneriffe, says, that Mr. Abbot, into a close retirement they found in one of the sepulchral for a week or two ; but the storm caverns of that mountain the head foon blew over.
of a Guanche which had 80 teeth, and that the body was not less than 15 feet long.
The giant Ferragus, flain by Account of Giants: from a memoir. Orlando, nephew of Charlemain,
lately read before the Academy of was 18 feet high. Sciences of Rouen. By M. Le Cat. Rioland, a celebrated anatomist,
who wrote in 1614, says, that fome *HE bible mentions several years before, there was to be seen
races of giants, as the Re- in the suburbs of St. Germain the phaims, the Anakims, the Emims, tomb of the giant Iforet, who was the Zonzonims, and others. Pro- 20 feet high. fane historians also mention giants : I Rouen, in 1509, in digging they gave seven feet of height to in the ditches near the Dominicans, Hercules their first hero; and in they found a stone tomb containing our days we have seen men eight a skeleton whose skull held a bushel feet high. The giant who was of corn,
and whose shin-bone thewn in Rouen, in 1735, measured reached up to the girdle of the eight feet some inches. The em- tallest man there, being about four peror Maximin was of that fize : feet long, and consequently the Skenkius and Platerus, physicians body must have been seventeen or of the last century, saw several of eighteen feet high. Upon the that ftature ; and Goropics saw a tomb was a plate of copper, where girl who was ten feet high. on was engraved, « In this tomb
The body of Orestes, according lies the noble and puissant Lord, to the Greeks, was eleven feet and the chevalier Ricon de Vallemont, a half; the giant Galbara, brought and his bones.” Platerus, a fafrom Arabia to Rome, under Clau-mous physician, declares, that he dius Cæsar, was near ten feet; and faw at Lucerne the true human the bones of Secondilla and Pufio, bones of a subject, which must have keepers of the gardens of Sallust, been at least nineteen feet high. were but fix inches shorter.
Valence in Dauphiné boasts of Funnam, a Scotsman, who lived possessing the bones of the giant in the time of Eugene the fe- Bucart, tyrant of the Vivarais, who cond, king of Scotland, measured was slain by an arrow by the count eleven feet and a half; and Jacob de Cabillon, his vasfal, The Dole Maire, in his voyage to the minicans had a part of the shin. Streights of Magellan, reports, that bone, with the articulation of the the 17th of December, 1615, they knee, and his figure painted in found at Port Defire several graves fresco, with an inscription, shewcovered with ftones, and having ing that this giant was 22 feet and
a half high, and that his bones The skull of the giant found in were found in 1705, near the banks Macedonia, Sept. 1691, held 210 of the Morderi, a little .river at pounds of corn. the foot of the mountain of Cruf- The celebrated Sir Hans Sloane, fol, upon which (tradition fays) who treated this matter very learnthe giant dwelt.
edly, does not doubt these facts, January 11, 1613, fome masons but thinks the bones were those of digging near the ruins of a castle elephants, whales, or other enorin Dauphiné, in a field which (by mous animals. tradition) had long been called the Elephants bones may be shewn giant's field, at the depth of 18 for those of giants ; but they can feet discovered a brick tomb 30 never impose on connoisseurs, feet long, 12 feet wide, and 8 feet Whales, which, by their inhigh ; on which was a grey stone, mense bulk, are more proper to with the words Theutobochus Rex, be substituted for the largefi giants, cut thereon. When the tomb was have neither arms nor legs ; and opened, they found a human skele- the head of that animal hath not ton entire, 25 feet and a half long, the least resemblance with that of 10 feet wide across the shoulders,
If it be true, therefore, and five feet deep from the breaft- that a great number of the gigantic bone to the back. His teeth were bones which we have mentioned about the size each of an ox's foot, have been seen by anatomists, and and his thin bone measured four have by them been reputed real feet.
human bones, the existence of Near Mazarino, in Sicily, in giants is proved. 1516, was found a giant 30 feet high ; his head was the size of an hogshead, and each of his teeth An account of the extraordinary weighed 5 ounces.
and sudden Growth of a child. Near Palermo, in the valley of Mazara, in Sicily, a skeleton of
the hamlet of Bouzanquet, in in the year 1548 ; and another the diocese of Alais, though of a of 33 feet high, in 1550 ; and strong constitution, appeared to be many curious persons have pre- knit and stiff in his joints till he served several of these gigantic was about four years and a half bones.
old. During this time nothing The Athenians found near their further was remarkable of him city two famous skeletons, one than an extraordinary appetite, of 34 and the other of 36 feet which was satisfied no otherwise high.
than by giving him plenty of the At 'Totu, in Bohemia, in 758, common aliments of the inhabi. was found a skeleton, the head of tants of the country, consisting of which could scarce be encompassed rye bread, chefmuts, bacon, and by the arms of two men together ; water ; but his limbs soon beand whose legs, which they still coming supple and pliable, and keep in the castle of that city, his body beginning to expand itwere 26 feet long
self, he grew up in so extraordi
in giant 30 feet long was found, JAMES VIALA, a native of
pary a manner, that at the age of ly, and few heard him speak with frve years he measured four feet out some emotion and surprize. three inches ; some months after His great strength rendered him he was four feet eleven inches ; already fit for, the labours of the and at fix, five feet, and bulky country. At the age of five years in proportion. His growth was so he could carry to a good distance sapid that one, might fancy he saw three meafures of rye, weighing him grow : every month his cloaths eighty-four pounds ; when turned required to be made longer and of fix, he could lift up easily on wider; and what was still very his shoulders, and carry loads of a extraordinary in his growth, it hundred and fifty pounds weight a was not preceded by any fickness, good way off ; and these exercises por accompanied by any pain in were exħibited by him as often as the groin or elsewhere, and no the curious engaged him thereto complaint was made, or any incon- by some liberality. veniency but hunger, which the Such beginnings made people child was very sensible of from one think that young Viala would soon meal to another,
fhoot up into a giant. A moun. At the age of five years his tebank was already soliciting his voice changed, his beard began to parents for him, and flattering appear, and at six he had as much them with hopes of putting him as a man of thirty ; in short, all in a way of making
a great forthe unquestionable marks of pu- tune. But all these fine hopes berty were visible in him. It was suddenly vanished. His legs benot doubted in the country but came crooked, his body shrunk, that this child was, at five years his strength diminished, and his old, or five and a half, in a condi- voice grew sensibly weaker. This tion of begetting other children; fad alteration was attributed to wbich induced the rector of the the imprudent trials he was let to parish to recommend to his mother make of his strength ; perhaps also that she would keep him from too it was occasioned by nature's fuffamiliar a conversation with chil- fering in fo rapid an extension. dren of the other sex: Though He is now just as he was at the his wit was riper than is com- age
of fix or seven years, and in monly observable at the age of five a kind of imbecility. His parents or six years, yet its progress was were rather under the middle size, not in proportion to that of his and their growth had nothing parbody. His air and manner still re- ticular in it. tained fomething childish, though Noel Fischet, another swift by his bulk and stature he re- of the human species, besembled a complete man, wliich at gan to grow sooner, but not so first fight produced a very fingular rapidly, for he was twelve years contrast. However, it might be old before he measured five feet; said that all was uniform in him, his figns of puberty were at the and he might be considered as an age of two years, which makes adult, though still far from being between them a very remarkable fo; his voice w23 strong and man- difference ; and the flower pro
gress of his growth was perhaps into the meaning of it. The waterthe cause of his not experiencing men told us they were searching the the bad consequences that attended holes in the cliff for swallows or
martins which took refuge in them, It is astonishing that children of and lodged there all the winter, so prodigious and early a growth until warm weather, and then they do not afterwards become giants; came abroad again. yet it is not perhaps fo fingular, if The boys, being let down by ihey have at the fame time the their comrades to the holes, put in figns of puberty. These shew, in a long rammer with a screw at the all animals, that they are approach-end, such as is used to unload guns, ing their state of perfection. Thus, and twisting it about, drew out the when they appear in children at birds. For a trifle I procured some the same time that they shoot up of them. When I first had them, in so extraordinary a manner, they they seemed stiff and lifeless. I put prove perhaps nothing more than one in my bosom between my skin
a mere rapid expansion, as in hot and shirt, and laid another on a :: climates ; but not that the indivi- board, the fun shining full and
dual will be of a gigantic ftature. warm upon it: one or two of my For this purpose it would be neces- companions did the like. fary that puberty, instead of accom- That in my bosom revived in panying this great growth, should about a quarter of an hour ; feel not manifest itself till the usual ing it move, I took it out to look time, or perhaps after.
at it, and saw it stretch itself on my hand, but perceiving it not fufficiently come to itself, I put
it in again. In about another quarRemarks on Swallows on the Rhine. ter, feeling it flutter pretty briskly,
In a letter from Mr. Achard to I took it out and admired it. BeMr. Peter Collinson, dated Sep ing now perfectly recovered, before tember 7,1762. From the Phi- l was aware it took its flight; the losophical Transactions for 1763. covering of the boat prevented me
from seeing where it went. The N the latter end of March I 'bird on the board, though exposed
took my paffage down the to a full fun, yet, I presume, from Rhine to Rotterdam : a little be- a chilliness in the air, did not relow Bafil the south bank of the vive to be able to fly. river was very high and steep, of a fandy foil, fixty or eighty feet Remarks by Mr. Collinson. above the water.
I was surprised at seeing near the What I colle&t from this gentletop of the cliff some boys tied with man's relation is, that it was the ropes, hanging down doing some- practice of the boys annually to thing: the fingularity of these ad- take these birds, by their appaventurous boys, and the business ratus and ready method of doing they fo daringly attempted, made it; and the frequency of it was no us stop our navigation to enquire remarkable thing to the watermen. Next is confirmed my former sen- come worms, and from thence timents, that some of this swallow flies, like the English caterpillar.” tribe go away and some stay be- An account of this extraordinary hind in these dormitories all the production, similar to the above, winter. If my friend had been was given to Dr. Huxham by capparticular as to the species, it tain Gascoign, who lately comwould have fettled that point.
manded the Dublin, man of war, which' hath been at Dominica, The Doctor subjoins, that possibly
I may have heard of this fly or seen An account of the insect called the it in the collections of the British
Vegetable Fly: by William Wat- Museum or Royal Society ; but if son, M. D. F. R. S. From the it is in neither, he believes he can Philosophical Transactions for procure it to be sent to the Royal 1763.
Though the doctor can by no THE beginning of last month means think the above relation true
I learned and ingenious member, perfuaded there is something of Dr. Huxham of Plymouth ; in reality in it, which perhaps further which, among other things, he accounts and observations may set informed me that he lately had, in a full and true light, though at by permiffion of commissioner Ro- present, as represented, it seems gers, obtained a fight of what is quite repugnant to the usual order called the vegetalle fly, with the of nature. following description of it, both As I had never seen this prowhich he had from Mr. Newman, duction myself, but had been inan officer of general Duroure's re- formed that doctor Hill had had giment, who came from the island the examination of some of them, Dominica. As this description I wrote to that gentleman to deseemed to the doctor exceedingly fire to be informed of the result of curious, he has sent it me, exactly his inquiries ; to which he very transcribed from Mr. Newman's obligingly sent me the following account, and is as follows:
.answer : “ The vegetable fly is found in " When colonel Melvil brought the island Dominica, and (except these flies from Guadaloupe, lord ing that it has no wings) resembles Bute sent me the box of them to the drone both in size and colour examine. The result was this : more than any other English in- There is in Martinique a fungus of fect. In the month of May it the clavaria kind, different in fpeburies itself in the earth, and be- cies from those hitherto known. It gins to vegetate. By the latter produces foboles from its fides, I end of July the tree is arrived at call it therefore clavaria sobolifera. its full growth, and resembles a It grows on putrid animal bodies
, coral branch, and is about three as our fungus ex pede equino, from inches high, and bears several little the dead horse's hoof. pods, which dropping off be- The cicada is common in Mar