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Terms of peace, granted August marched from Canada to bring

1764, by Col. Bradstreet, to the them to reason.] deputies from the Delawares, Shawanese, Hurons of Sandusky, Substance of the treaty between the and other Indians of the coun- courts of Petersburgh and Berlin, tries between Lake Erie and the ratified the 15th April, 1764. Ohio, at Presque Isle, on his way to their country with a body Y articles 1 and 2, a treaty of of forces under his command.


defensive alliance, and a mu

tual guaranty are agreed to, after I. THAT all the prisoners in reserving the liberty of concluding livered to him at Sandusky in twen- present. ty-five days.

3–9. In case of a foreign atII. That they should renounce tack, 10,000 infantry, and 2000 all claim to the posts and forts we cavalry, are promised, three months now have in their country ; and after the first requisition, to be that we shall be at liberty to erect continued till a cessation of hofti. as many more as we think necef- lities. If these are not sufficient, sary to secure our trade ; and that means to be concerted to employ they shall cede to us, for ever, as additional force. The troops to much land round each fort as a be paid and furnished with ammucannon fhot can fly over, on which nition by the party assisting : Proour people may raise provisions. visions and quarters to be furnish

II. That if any Indian hereaftered by the assisted. The troops to kill any Englishman, he shall be receive orders from their own gedelivered up by his nation, and tried neral ; and to have their own reliby the English laws, only to have gion and laws. half the jury Indians. And if any 10. No peace, &c. to be conone of the nations renew the war, cluded without mutual consent. the rest shall join us to bring them

11. In case of war on

the part

of to reason.

the assisting party, it shall be exa IV. That six of the deputies should empted from furnishing its quota, or remain with him as hostages, and the shall be at liberty to withdraw its other four, with an English officer, forces, after two months notice. and one of our Indians, should


12. A free commerce between ceed immediately to acquaint those the two states. nations with these terms of peace, 13, 14. The treaty to be in and forward the collecting of the force eight years, and renewable prisoners, to be ready at the day before the expiration, according to appointed.

circumstances. Ratifications to be (In October following, Colonel exchanged in fix weeks. Bouquet granted pretty much the By a secret article, it is engaged same terms to another body of the to maintain Poland in its right of a Shawanese, Delawares, and other free election, and to prevent all Indians at Tuscarowas, in the heart hereditary succeffion. of their country, whither he had



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Memorial of the Porte, delivered in Protest against the Polish diet as

March, 1764, to the foreign mi- sembled for the election of a king, nisters at that court, in relation drawe up and signed the 7th to the future election of the king Alay, 1764, ly twenty senators; of Poland.

to which protest forty-five nun

cios afterwards signed an act of AMICABLE MEMORIAL,

udherence. TOtice has been lately given to

HE diet cannot be held that it was the intention of the sub

in presence of the foreign lime Porte, that the ancient liber- troops that surround the city. ties of the court of Poland should 2. The fenators did not engage not be encroached upon by fo- the Ruffians to come ; they gave reign courts; that the king of no thanks for their being fent, and Poland, who is to be set up, should have not any way given occasion for be elected and established in the their arrival. person of a native, as by the con- 3. T'he Russians have committed currence of the republic of Poland; an act of violence in Lithuania, by and that no foreigner should be favouring a pernicious confederacy made king. Yet advices received made for disturbing the public tranfrom divers places import, that quillity. there is room to think, that dif- 4. It is against all justice, that turbances are raised in Poland in in the memorial of the Russian miorder to get a person set by force on nifters, delivered to the primate the the Polish throne, who is supported 4th instant, the troops of the crown by certain powers. Though we are accused of having meddled in are not quite persuaded of the rea- the dietines and other public acts. lity of these advices, a memorial 6. It is by the unjust proceedhas been delivered to each of the ings of the same foreign troops ministers of Russia, Germany, and that the general dietine of Prus. Prussia, importing, that as the fub- fia has proved abortive; and this is lime Porte takes it to be honourable another motive for protesting against to maintain and support the ancient this diet. liberties of the Poles ; and as the 6. All good patriots, who love same sublime Porte does not cramp justice, are invited to unite for the the election that ought to be made support of liberty. of a king in the person of a native of the country; the sublime Porte At the end of the manifesto therefore desires, that the other there is an adhesion to the protests powers will likewise do honour to of the senators, figned by fortythe liberties of the Poles, and that five nuncios. they will not oppose the election of a king in the person of such Piast (native) as the Poles may judge eligible. In consequence, this notice is given to the ambassadors our friends.

A discourse


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fanctuary, it appeared to me, A discourse addressed by his Polish while I was approaching to it, that

majesty to the prince primate I was called before the throne and the marshal of the diet, in of him who governs tủe universe, the cathedral of Warsaw, when and presides over the course of the he received the diploma of his revolving ages. At this thought I election, and took the oath usual was filled with awe; my veins also on that occasion.

trembled when I was obliged to

pronounce that irrevocable T was not my defign to speak gagement, in consequence of which in presenting me with the diploma Polish nation, and the safety and of my election, that folemn token happiness of the individuals that of the nation's love, you, Mr. compose it, are committed to the Marechal, have exhorted the fove- trust of one man ; and I feel so reign to speak to his people. These much the more the weight of this words of your discourse oblige me important trust, that I have long to speak and to discover the feel- shared with you the calamities that ings that passed within me, when the flow from that want of order, union, moment approached of taking the and vigour, that has clouded the oath, by which I have now bound lustre of this once glorious and myself in your presence. Nay, I flourishing kingdom. I acknowam even rejoiced that I have now ledge, that in that folemn moment, an occasion of shewing you, Mr. a discouraging view of the obligaMarechal, together with the sena- tions I was going to contract, and tors and

ates of the republic, my a consciousness of my own insuffireal sentiments, that thus ye may ciency and weakness, made the judge whether my views, princi- deepest impression upon me; I was ples, and actions, will in any wise seized with a sort of terror ; my tend to fatisfy your desires, and to voice loft its usual tone, my tongue accomplish your hopes.

faltered, and the words of the When, by united acclamations, regal oath, though dear to my the respectable citizens of this vast heart, which acquiesces in them kingdom deigned to confer upon perfectly, could not find an uttertheir equal the dignity of mo- ance; but when I turned my eyes narch, I bowed my head with the to you, Mr. Primate, when I heard most profound respect in receiving you repeat the words of the oath, I this precious mark of the favour, could not behold you in any other liberty, and unanimity of this great light than as the minister of the people.

Most High, and therefore thought After my election, the impulse it my duty to submit to your guidof gratitude led me to the sanctua

Since the clamours of disry to pay my homage to the King cord and party-hatred have been of kings, because it is there that he reduced to silence by your venerais more peculiarly pleased with the ble presence : since a multitude tribute of mortals. And, now of tongues, which spoke each a difthat I am again called to the same ferent language, have become all





of a sudden, as it were by a mio with respect to that important obracle, the unanimous echoes of ject. Tell that nobility, that it is your's, you must certainly be filled my fixed purpose to employ the rewith the Holy Spirit, that Spirit mainder of my days, and all the of power, wisdom, and truth. Hi- means and opportunities that it therto you have been my guide.- shall please the Divine Providence Be still my kind assistant and coun- to place within the extent of my felior. Continue to cherish and power, in answering the expectakeep alive the zeal and attachment tions of

my dear countrymen. But of thote loyal hearts, which your at the same time exhort them, goodness and humanity gained over conjure them, to lend their zealous to my caule. Let your wisdom and succours to a sovereign, who has resolution concur with my best en- their happiness and prosperity deavour to hold with dignity, and deeply at heart, and who will manage with prudence, the helm never aim at any other object than of government, at which you have the public good. Where is the been charged by the nation to place person, that does not see, and also

As the marshal, of the diet feel, the disorders and calamities has been joined with you in this under which the nation labours ? commilion, both inclination and A dismal experience points out too duty oblige me to address myself to plainly the pernicious source from him also on this occafiion.

whence these calamities flow. SelfYou desire me to {peak, Sir, and interest and envy have produced it is with the utmost pleasure that discord, and thus thrown all things I comply with this desire. I there- into confusion. A spirit of faction by have an opportunity of declar- has perplexed our councils, and ing that I love and honour your thus rendered impotent the natuperfon, your virtues, and your ta- ral instruments of our safety and lents. This declaration is not the of our glory ; and those treasures, effect of that warm gratitude that that ought to have been employed impels me to speak to you at this in maintaining the vigour and time ; it is the effect of a long ob- fplendor of this republic, are befervation of those qualities, which come the


of that fatal luxury, have produced one fruit-and may whose pernicious effects increase that fruit always prove agreeable from day to day. Let our union to our dear country! You, Sir, then heal those calamities which are called to appear before the all other means will be insufficient throne, as the representative of to remove! You know by experithat spirited and respectable nobi- ence, that a few tools of faction lity, which commands me to go- can destroy with more facility than vern the republic according to the the majority can build. Let emulaws; and it is natural, that I lation, that useful virtue, that should be desirous of employing the seenis to border upon envy, from good offices of one whose person which nevertheless it differs exis so agreeable, and whose testi- tremely, animate our efforts. Let mony is so weighty, as yours, to us all' run the noble race of paassure that nobility of the finceritytriotism, and endeavour to surpass of my resolutions and intentions one another, in aiming at true



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After we

merit, and proposing to ourselves fcepter placed in the hands of the no other glory but that which is lawful heiress, Elizabeth, daughter acquired by serving our country.. of Peter the Great, our beloved aunt But to what will amount the de- of glorious memory. fires and the projects of feeble mor- had ascended the throne, and offertals, if they are not seconded by ed up to heaven our just thanksgivHim whose word commands na- ings, the first object that employtions and empires to rise or fall ? ed our thoughts in consequence of Great God! whose hand has raised that humanity that is natural to me to the high station I now fill, us, was the unhappy situation of thou doeft nothing in vain. Thou that prince, who was dethroned haft given me the crown ; and thou by the Divine Providence, and had haft given me, with it, an ardent been unfortunate ever since his desire to restore this kingdom to birth, and we formed the resoluits former prosperity and grandeur. tion of alleviating his misfortunes, Finish, therefore, thy own work! as far as was possible. We immeLet my prayer arise to the throne diately made a visit to him, in orof Thee, by whom kings reign! der to judge of his understanding Inspire the hearts of this people and talents, and in consequence with that zeal for the public, that thereof, to procure him an agreefills mine!

able and quiet situation, suitable to his character and the education

he had received ; but how great Manifesto published by the court was our surprize, when, besides a

of Petersburgh, on occasion of defect in his utterance, that was unthe death of prince Ivan. easy to himself, and rendered his

discourse almost unintelligible to ATHARINE the second, by others, we observed in him a total and sovereign of all Russia, &c. &c. . Those who accompanied us during to all whom these presents may this interview, saw how much our

heart suffered at the view of an When, by the Divine will, and object so proper to excite compalin compliance with the ardent and fion; they were also convinced unanimous desires of our faithful that the only measure we could subjects, we ascended the throne take to succour the unfortunate of Russia, we were not ignorant prince, was to leave him where we that Ivan, son of Anthony, prince found him, and to procure him of Brunswic Wolfenbuttle and the all the comforts and conveniences princess Anne of Mecklenburgh,was that his situation would admit of. Itill alive. This prince, as is well We accordingly gave our orders known, was immediately after his for this purpose, though the state birth unlawfully declared heir to he was in prevented his perceive. the imperial crown of Russia ; but, ing the marks of our humanity, by the decrees of Providence, he or being sensible of our attention was soon after irrevocably excluded and care; for he knew nobody, from that high dignity, and the could not distinguish between good


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