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and collections made at several Sunday, for each mess, a piece of churches after fermons preached to beef, 41b. flour, 31b. fruit, or fuet, enforce them ; both with no small half-pound ; and a quart of peas. success. Their majesties sent a Monday, stockfish, 31b. butter, further contribution of 3001. An llb. cheese, llb. potatoes 3lb. eminent physician, a furgeon and, Tuesday, two pieces of pork, man midwife, and an apothe- 6lb. rice, 21b. cary, offered their personal affift- Wednesday, gritts, 5lb. butter, ance ; so that, in two or three days, 21b. cheese, 2ib. to the great honour of the nation, Thursday, the same as Sunday, they saw themselves from the low- only potatoes instead of peas. est state of wretchedness, many in Friday, grey peas, two quarts.; a. comfortable, all in a tolerable butter, 21b. cheese 21b. situation. Their most pressing Saturday, flour, 21b. fruit, halfwants being thus answered, the pound; potatoes, 21b. butter, 2lb. gentlemen, who had formed them- cheese, 21b. felves into a committee for the ap
Sufficient vinegar, pepper, and plication of these contributions, falt, every day. applied to his majesty to know his A ton of water for
three royal will with regard to them, and persons. received a most gracious answer Six quarts of good ship beer, by lord Halifax, purporting, that each mess, for the first three weeks ; they should be sent to, and esta- and for the remainder of the voyage, blished in, South Carolina, and a pint of British spirits each day. one hundred and fifty stands of arms Medicines, and a doctor to each delivered for their defence. fhip, provided by the committee.
Upon this, the committee pub- Half of the freight to be paid belished the following advertisement fore failing from Gravesend ; the in regard to their paffage; which other moiety at their delivery at advertisement we insert at large, as South Carolina : deducting onea striking specimen of the great at: half of the second payment for tention of those gentlemen to the every person that dies on their paswelfare of these poor people, and fage. the great generosity of the sub- All that exceed fourteen years fcribers, who enabled them to make on the 1st of September, to be fo comfortable a provifion.
deemed whole passengers, “ Wanted, two ships, of not less Alt under that age, two to be than 200 tons burthen, to carry deemed as one passenger. the poor
Palatines to South Caro. Security will be required for the lina ; not more than 200 persons exact performance of the contract. in each fhip. To be ready to fail Proposals may be left at the bar in 10 days.
of Batlon's coffee-house, Cornbill, The neceffaries that are expected for the committee, on or before to be provided, as follow :
Tuesday the 15th inftant, at 12 One' pound of bread, of 16 o'clock.” ounces, for each person, men, wo. On the 5th of October, these men, and children, every day. poor people broke up their camp
One man, one woman, and three in the fields behind Whitechachildren to a mess.
pel church, in order to embark.
Their departure formed a most ing of their sufferings, so it is full moving spectacle. Some gen- as improbable, that they should tlemen of the committee at- know of their sufferings, and not tended on the occasion, and ac- immediately relieve them. The companied them to the water-side, advertisement is as follows: and particularly the reverend Mr. “One I. H. C. de Stumpel, Wachfell, whose pious labours are who stiles himself a colonel in the above all praise. "On his taking service of the king of Great Brileave of them,' tears flowed plenti- tain, having engaged a number of fully on both sides, especially persons to go into England, upon from the sick, and pregnant wo- affurances which he gave them, men who were near their time. that he was authorized by his BriMany of the persons present could tannic majesty to promise them fetnot refrain from sympathizing tlements in America ; and that with them. They were carried in they should be carried there at the lighters to the ships lying at Black- king's expence: in order to prewall
, singing hymns all the way, vent his continuing to impose upon and a great number of boats filled the credulity of the public in this with spectators, attended them, respect, it is thought proper to adwho seemed greatly affected with vertise, that the said Stumpel was their devout behaviour, and de- never authorized as he pretends, monstrations of gratitude to the na- to engage people for those settletion which had to hospitably treated ments, nor to make any promises them. Twenty-one, who were on the part of the British ministry.” judged too fick or weak to venture on so long a voyage, were left behind at Gravesend, but fent away Some account of the principal deas soon as they recovered.
bates among the proprietors of Many unthinking people mur- East India stock, mentioned in mured much at the great and ready our Chronicle, p. 49. relief shewn to these strangers, when we had so many poor of our own TH
HE first subject of these to provide for. They did not con- debates was, the behaviour fider that all our own poor are in- of their servants in the East titled to a provision in their re- Indies, who had been very
far spective parishes, and to be sent to from unanimous in transacting their parishes, be it at ever so great the company's affairs there for a distance.
some time past, and whose eneIt is very remarkable, that, the mies and friends were now very very day after the reverend Mr. liberal in their accusations and reWachfell's letter appeared in our criminations, not much to the papers, the following advertise- honour of either party, or of those ment appeared in the Hague ga- who permitted them to sacrifice zette ; by whose orders we are not the honour of the
nation to their told ; probably by that of our am- private views. The next subbassador there ; for, as it is impossi- ject, was the direction of their ble our ministry in England should affairs at home and abroad, most, know anything of these poor if not all, of them, looking up wretches being here without know. to lord Clive as the only person
qualified qualified as commander in chief, engage in the company's service for the former in such critical cir- while there sublisted
differcumstances, and many considering ence between him and the comMr. Sullivan as indispensably ne- pany, he was requested to propose cessary, as chairman, in the lat- his terms, which he accordingly ter, whilft his lordship refused to did. These were, that he should act under any direction in which enjoy his jagheer for ten years, that gentleman had the lead. At provided the company should relast the dismal prospect of the com- main so long in possession of pany's affairs in India decided the those lands of which the jagheer dispute in favour of lord Clive, so is the quit-rent, and provided he that Mr. Sullivan had fcarce votes should live so long ; at the end enough to bring him into the of ten years, or at his death, if it direction.
should happen first, his right and But another difficulty ftill re- title to the jagheer to cease; and, mained. Mir Jaffier, on his ad- on his arrival in India, he to use vancement to the nabobfhip by his utmost endeavours with the naour victorious arms under lord bob to secure the reversion of it to Clive, then colonel Clive, had the company. Should his death made over to the company a tract happen early in this fervice, he of country, whose annual rents submitted to the confideration of amounted to 600,000!. reserving to the directors and proprietors (but himself the quit-rents, amounting did not infift upon it) whether to 30,000!. a-year ; and some time it could not be continued to his after he granted these quit-rents heirs for five years. The company to the colonel, as an acknowledg- readily afsented to every thing, exment of his obligations to him. cept the continuance of the jagheer These quit-rents, commonly to his lordship's executors. But known by the name of Clive's soon after, to prevent any fuch jagheer, the company, through disputes for the future, it was whose hands alone his lordship resolved that none of their servants could receive them, thought pro- thould accept of any such graper to ftop, under various pre- tuity from any Indian prince or tences, particularly their being governor. Here we cannot help liable to make them good to the wishing, that the company had mogul, in case the arms of this shewed itself as attentive to the monarch should ever gain the af- honour of the nation, as to their cendency in Bengal. These rea- own interest, by making fome furis lord Clive answered in a very laws to prevent at least the shame. fatisfactory manner, and particu- ful rapaciousness of their servants larly that we have specified, which in the East-Indies. he refuted on principles assumed
But to return. As foon as harby the company in a dispute be- mony was thus restored, lord tween them and the Duich East Clive prepared for his voyage; India company. Arguments alone, and having obtained from his however, proving insufficient to majesty the honour of the Bath, end the dispute, and his lordship and the title of major general thinking it, as indeed he had a juit in India, he set out from Lonsight, very improper for him to don for that country on the 27th
of May, notwithstanding the news his business, he had seen the buof many
and great advantages ob- reau open, while his lordship was tained there under major Adams, counting money, and had remarkwhich were received in the inte- ed what part of the bureau it was rim, [For an account of these kept in. advantages, and other interesting He had also been told by Mr. transactions in the East Indies, the Bevel, his lordship’s steward, that reader is referred to the History, money had been received to pay with which this volume' opens.] bills, and when Bevel was alked
in court how he came to give him
this intelligence, he answered, that Some account of a remarkable rob- it was to apprize him of trades
bery committed at lord Harring- men receiving their money, that he ton's house, in the Stable-gard, might get from them, what nobleSt. James's, in December, 1763. men's porters have; by the tyran
ny of custom, long exacted from N the year 1762, lord Harring- their tradesmen, when paid, under ton was so unfortunate as to
the name of perquisite ; and that receive into his service, in the ca- he likewise told Wesket, that he pacity of a porter,
one John would take care the tradesmen Wesket, who had before been af- should come to the house to be fociated with John Bradley, and paid, to ensure the levying of this James Cooper, in robbing the tax. chambers of Henry Mountague, Wesket having got this intelefq; in Lincoln's Inn, and the house ligence, and having acquainted of Mr. William Burton in Hatton himself with the bureau, and the Garden.
particular part of it where the Both Bradley and Cooper had money was kept, he communibeen livery servants ; Bradley, in cated his purpose of robbing his December, 1763, when Wesket had lord to his old affociate Bradley, lived about a year and half at lord and appointed him to come to affift Harrington's, was out of place; in the fact on Saturday evening, and Cooper, having before failed as the 5th of December, 1763, when a cheeseinonger in Ratcliff High- he knew his lord and lady were to way, kept a chandler's shop and be at the opera, directing him at coal cellar in New Turnstile, Hol- the same time to bring a brace of born; Bradley at that time being pistols and a tinder-box. his lodger.
With what view the pistols were Welket, having formed a design ordered does not appear, the robto rob lord Harrington, took op- bery being to be perpetrated in portunities of going frequently, secrecy and filence, where no body under various pretences, into the could be present but the thieves, room in which his Jordship usual- unless it was to secure their retreat, ly fat, and in which there was a if they should be detected in the bureau where be kept his cash and fact. The tinder-box was to be notes.
left behind, that the robber might By going thither to his lordship be supposed not to be a domestic, with a letter, though it was not nor sufficiently acquainted with
the house to know where to light a mark of his foot upon the dresser, candle.
which it was necessary to mount Bradley accordingly came, about to get at the window, and then eight o'clock in the evening, with he daubed the window and the his pistols and tinder-box. Wesket wall, to make it appear that somelet him in at the door of the body with dirty feet had got out porter's lodge, and ordering him of it. to walk softly, took him into a lit- When this was done, they both tle room where he fept.--" No- went very softly to the bureau in
body, says he, has a right to my lord's study, when Welket,
come hither ; I will get you giving Bradley the candle, took “ something to drink, and here a gimblet and chissel out of his
you shall remain till the mid. pocket, and broke open the bu“ dle of the night, and then
He took out two bank will have my lord's mo- notes, one for a hundred pounds,
and the other for thirty, three gold Welket immediately left him, fnuff-boxes, four hundred pounds locking him in, but returned foon in money, and other things, to the afterwards with a bottle of rum; value of two thousand pounds; and Bradley then shewed him his he gave this booty to Bradley, and, pistols and tinder-box,which Wesket leaving the tinder-box behind, took from him, and then left him conducted him again down stairs, again. Wesket was afterwards to and then giving him the pistols, and again several times, but always he, with great caution, opened the locked the door, and took the key street door and let him out, dewith him, when he went away: firing he might not see him for a
About twelve o'clock, lord and fortnight or three weeks. The lady Harrington came home ; and street door he left a-jar, fearing to between one and two Wėsket came shut it lest he should be heard, and to him, and told him the family went to bed. were secure:-" Take a draught Bradley made the best of his “ of rum, says he, have courage, way with his 'booty to Cooper's 6 and follow me.”
house, having desired him to fit They then went into the kitch- up for him ; Cooper, however, en, and Wesket shewed him a when he came thither, was not very high window, which opened at home, whereupon Bradley went with a pully and string, telling about in search of him, but without him, that must be his way out success. Bradley then returned to when the business was done. To his house and deposited the treasure, this Bradley objected, for a very which he had carried about the good reason, because he did not ftreet all night, in a kind of thed know where he should come when in the yard under no lock. It he got out of the window. He was then near four o'clock, and said, however, that the purpose Cooper was not yet come home ; intended might be answered with- he therefore went out again to out trouble or risque ; and im- seek him, and by accident mèt mediately pulling off his shoes, him near Temple-bar. It might which were dirty, he made the reasonably be thought, that they