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people ; who have almost taught nation, do, by the good offices of me to believe, that humanity and the ambassador, claim the execucompassion are crimes.

tion of the XIIIth article of the

treaty of Utrecht, and of the deExtracts.

claration of 1739, by both which October 6th, Manilla. the subjects of Great Britain are al“ The utmost order and regu- lowed to succeed to the personal larity to be observed.

estates of their relations deceased All persons guilty of robberies, in France ; in the same manner as or plundering the churches and the subjects of the most christian houses, will be hanged without king are authorised to inherit the mercy. .

like estates of their relations dying The guards to send frequent pa- in England. troles both day and night, to pre- These laws have been executed, vent disorders.

in this particular, with the utmost The drummers to beat to arms, exactness on the part of the Engthe officers to assemble with their lifh. men, and call the rolls.

They can bring the most authenThe adjutants to go round the tic proofs, and are able to maintown, and take an exact account of tain by a number of examples, the safe-guards, pofted for the pro- which have happened even during tection of the convents, churches, the late war, that this execution and houses."

has been totally in favour of the October 7th. French ; insomuch that, “ All the inhabitants of Manilla when there was

no . precise law are to be looked upon and treated upon this point, the usage alone, as his Britannic majesty's fub- which was practised in England, jects : They having agreed to pay was sufficient to give this nation a four millions of dollars, for the right to exact from France a reciransom and preservation of their 'procality which is founded on the city and effects.

right of nature and nations. It is The criminals executed for rob- by the favour of these different bery and facrilege, to be buried at titles, that Mr. and Miss Howard sunset.”

presume to demand their part of a succession to the personal estate of

their uncle; who died in France : Memorial of Charles Howard, Esq; and yet the judges of the Chatelet,

of Greystock, and Miss Frances before whom their claim was at Howard, of the family of Nor- first carried, have not judged profolk, in England; presented to per to admit it; and their fentence the British ambassador at Paris, has been confirmed by an arret. concerning a claim of theirs to It was difficult to conceive what the effects of a relation who died could be the motives for such sinin France. Translated from the gular decisions ; especially if it French.

be considered, that the succession

in question was open before the TR. and Miss Howard, and late war. with them all the English Mr. and Miss Howard were is





England at the time they received funct, equally with his relations the news, by a letter from their in the same degree of kindred, attorney. If they can believe this born and educated in England ? letter, the judges were determined The answer given to this quesagainst them, for two powerful rea- tion was conceived in the following fons, which were proposed by the king's advocate to the Chatelet ; The council having considered, the one, that the treaty of Utrecht, is of opinion, that, in consequence on which they founded their claim, of the statutes of diftribution, the had not been registered in par- relations born in France have the liament: the other, that the argu- fame right to personal estates as ment does not hold good, of the those born in England. French being admitted to succeed

This answer not having entirely to the perfonal estates of their re- satisfied the French advocate, in lations who die in England ; be- that it only spoke of the statute of cause that admission is not founded, distribution, and not of the treaty say they, on the treaty of Utrecht, of Utrecht, the execution of but on the constitution of that which was the principal debate in kingdom, which admits to that this cause ; he resumed the enkind of succession other foreign- quiry, and desired that the English ers, equally with French ; where- council would give his opinion as, according to the conftitution of upon the following question : it is France, they cannot be allowed asked, there but by virtue of a naturali- How do they in England underzation, or of a particular treaty, stand and execute the XIIIth arduly registered.

ticle of the treaty of Utrecht? Álthough this was fufficiently and if, in consequence of this refuted by the words of the treaty treaty, a Frenchman living in of Utrecht, and the declaration of France could succeed to an Eng1739, which makes no distinction 'lishman, his relation, dying in in the reputed quality of relations, England, being equally related according to which they ought to with the English heirs of the desucceed nevertheless,' to set it ceased residing in England? and more effectually aside, the late M. what are the reasons upon which Simon de Mofart, who was charged the English ground their admission with the defence of Mr. and Miss of the Frenchman to succeed with Howard, thought proper to have the others ? it consulted in England, in order The following is the next anto know what was the custom there swer, which was sent from Engin this case. The case was at first land : ftated in this manner :

The usage of England is exactly If an Englishman born happens agreeable to the XIIIth article of to die in England, without chil- the treaty of Utrecht; the French dren, and inteftate, and having re- relations being admitted to fuclations born, and always residing ceed, equally with English relain France, it is asked, 'Will they tions in the fame degree of kinbe intitled to partake the succession dred, to the personal estate of an to the personal estate of the de- inteftate dying in England. The



law of England does not, in this mand, till they understood, with respect, make any distinction be- an extreme surprize, that it had tween foreigners and natural-born been rejected by a sentence of the subjects, and is conformed to the Chatelet. And the affair being constitution of the emperor Fre- afterwards carried before parliaderic II. tit. 1. sect. io. and is ment, an arret was passed, which founded as well on natural justice, confirmed that sentence. as commercial reasons.

It is to be observed, that this clear and express opinion is figned by the lord chief justice of Eng- An account of the entertainments land, by the king's advocate and given his royal - highness the attorney-general,

and consequently Duke of York, at Venice. that it has all the marks of authority that any one can defire in mat, THE morning after his royal ters of this kind.

highness arrived (25th May, In short, independently of the 1764) he received the compliproofs which resulted from these ments of the doge by four Vepieces, Mr. and Miss Howard of- netian noblemen, who were orfered farther to justify, by the re- dered to attend him during his gifters of the courts of justice in stay. The two following evenings England, a crowd of examples of his highness went to the opera. successions of personal eftates, On the third day he visited the which have been recovered by, arsenal, where the Venetian nobiFrench people of their English re-lity of both sexes were present to lations. They cited, among others, pay their respects to him. He was that of Mrs. Cantillon, a French conducted to the different parts of woman, actually residing at the this extensive building in a magNouvelles Catholiques, in Paris, nificent felucca built on purpose, who having claimed, during the and attended by three other feluclast war, the personal estate of cas, all rowed by men in the dreis Mr. John Cantillon, her nephew, of English failors, and the three lati who died in Ireland, in 1754, be filled with English and other foing a captain in one of his Bri. reigners of distinction, and with tannic majesty's regiments, was put noble Venetians. Three thousand into poffefion of the effects of this hands were employed in building fucceffion, by the court of Doctors and fitting out fhips and gallies; Commons, to the prejudice of his one of which was put upon the other relations ; and she has re- stocks in the presence of his royal ceived, in consequence, 6501. fter- highness, which he was surprized ling, and the remainder to be re- to see nearly compleated before he mitted to her immediately.

Having visited So many proofs accumulated, the several docks, the rope-walks, left no resource for the pretended the forges, &c. he was at length argument of incapacity, which conducted to the grand armory, they had at first opposed to Mr. where a concert of music was preand Miss Howard : they waited pared, and from the balcony of patiently the success of their de which he saw the shews called Le

left the arsenal.


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forze d'Ercole, and the Moressa ly rich bisfonas and margarotas; dance, with which his highness ex- with young nobles, attended, armpressed the greatest pleasure. Oned with bows and pellets, and his return, he was conducted back cleared the way for the racers.by the noblemen appointed to at. The four first peotas represented tend him. But all this was little the four elements ; the first of in comparison to what was prepar- them, entirely filvered over, and ing for the further entertainment of symbolizing the element of Waters his royal highness. The four noble represented the triumph of Nepattendants, animated with an ear- tune, adorned with figures of trinest desire to answer the intentions tons, sword-fifh, dolphins, &c. of their republic, devised public The second expressed the Earth; races upon the great canal, and symbolized in the goddess Cybele, fixed the exhibition of them to the crowned with towers, and adorned 4th of June, his Britannic majesty's with various products, plants, birth-day. The numerous and flowers, and animals, the whöle be fplendid barges, that appeared on ing gilt and filvered over. The this occasion, set out from the low- third was sky-colour and silver, er end of the great canal about denoting the element of Air, exthree in the afternoon, and ad- pressed by the rape of Orithya by vàncing towards the Rialto bridge, Boreas, with Zephyrs and Cupids followed the course of the great playing around in the air. The canal to the mount of St. Anthony, fourth was of flame-colour, with where, the lignal being given, his ornaments of silver, indicating the highness saw many competitors in element of Fire, admirably expreffa boat with one oar start, and in a ed by the forge of Vulcan, Vulcan bisfona saw the whole of the race, sweating at the anvil, with his which passing along the great canal naked Cyclops in gigantic figures, and returning back to the middle with Venus opposite in her car, of it, formed a course of about four drawn by doves, and with other miles, and ended at a confpicuous allusions agreeable to the fable. structure, erected upon barges, re- These four peotas bore the arms presenting the palace of Joy ; in quartered of the four attendants. the front of the first story of which the other five peotas were fitted appeared Venice embracing Bri- out by their nearest relations. The tain. The first race being over, first represented Great Britain led his royal highness was pleased to in triumph by Europe ; the second go to a palace upon the great canal, shewed the whale-fishing, admifitted up and adorned on purpose, rably represented"; the third exhiwhere, from a balcony, surrounded bited the triumph of Venus, in with ladies and gentlernen, he saw her car drawn by four doves; the the four subsequent races. In the fourth, the chariot of the fun, mean time, in fight of above two drawn by four horses, preceded hundred thousand fpectators, nine by Aurora, in the act of dispersing magnificent peotas moved flowly night; the fifth and last, the triabout the canal, amidst several umph of Pallas, with trophies and thousand gondolas and other light allusions to that deity, .&c. all ribarges ; while the swift and equal. valling each other in pomp, and


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glittering with silver and gold, they were all in a manner without
particularly the various elegant food, many without cloaths, and
dreffes of the rowers, musicians, fome sick, yet obliged to lie in the
and other figures, in each peota, open fields, expofed to all the in-
richly adorned with laces, besides clemencies of a rainy season ; that
the long fringes and tassels of filver one poor woman had been actually
playing upon the water. The fin- delivered there, and perished with
gularity of the show, poffible to be her child for want of proper care
executed only in Venice, animat. and assistance ; that these wretched
ed, the four noble deputies to ma- beings would think themfelves ex-
nifest at once to the whole world, tremely happy, if the British go-
the fincere friendfhip of the repub- vernment would be graciously plea-
lic towards the crown of Great fed to take them under its protec-
Britain. [Biffonas are barges of tion, to allow them, for the pre-
eight oars, margarottas of fix, and fent, fome ground to lie on, tents
ballitonas of four.]

to cover them, and any manner of
subfiftence, till it shall be thought

proper to Aip them off, and fettle Some account of the German emi- them in any of its colonies in grants, so hospitably received America ; where, he doubted not, and provided for by this nation they would give their protectors in the course of the present year. and benefactors constant proofs of

their affection and gratitude for Here appeared in one

of the daily letter from Mr. Wachfell, minister to intercede effectúally for them, of the German Lutheran church of or even knew the proper method St. George's in Goodman's fields, of application, which was his rea giving an account, that about fix fon for thus addressing the public. hundred protestant Wurtzburghers It is scarce possible to express, and Palatines, of both sexes and all how foon, and how powerfully, this ages, brought over from their na- letter worked on the charity of all tive country by a German officer, ranks. That very morning they with a promise of being immedi- were supplied with one hundred ately sent to settle at bis own ex- tents from the tower, with all nepence in the island of Șt. John in cessaries thereto belonging, by orAmerica, being abandoned by him ders of the king; and, before through an inability to make his night, the passage of all the poor promife good, were in the utmost captives on board ship was paid and danger of perishing for want of they releafed from their wretched assistance, being too numerous to confinement in filth and nastiness, lie entirely on the hands of their by the same bountiful hand. The countrymen here, who had already tents from his majesty were soon contributed handsomely to their followed by contributions from reliéf ; that about four hundred all quarters, fome of one hundred of them, having wherewith to pay pounds each, many of ten ; and their passage, were suffered to by express, and from unknown become ashore, whilst the rest were nefactors. Subscriptions were like

on board thip; that wife opened at several coffee-houses, Vol. VII,



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