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ftand at none of them, but laid as by the right of prisoners, he open the whole country to the ordered the Indians under his comvictorious arms of the English to mand to fall upon them and cut the gates of Mongheer, which their throats. the nabob had made the place

Even these barbarous soldiers reof his residence, and the center volted at the orders of this savage of his military arrangements. The European. They refused at first Oct.

place, about which he had to obey ; desired that arms should 11th.

taken such pains, was fur- be given to the English, and that

rendered to them after on- they would then engage them. So. ly nine days open trenches. Two mers, fixed in his villainy, comthousand. men marched out of the pelled them with threats and blows fort.

to the accomplishment of that Nothing now remained to the odious service. The unfortunate compleat reduction of this pro- victims, though thus suddenly vince, but Patna. This was the last attacked and wholly unarmed, hope of Mir Coffim. According made a long and brave defence; ly he omitted nothing to strength- and with their plates and bot. en and secure it. He placed in the tles, even killed some of their ascity a garrison of 10,000 men, sailants, but in the end and hovered at some distance with they were all flaughter- O&t. 6th. feveral large bodies of horse to an- ed.' The rest of the prinoy the besiegers. But this unfor- foners of every rank met with the tunate barbarian had merited by fame fate. his cruelties the ill success which But it was not long unrevenged, had constantly attended all his Major Adams marched with the measures, which, in themselves,' body of his army without delay were far from being ill taken. from Mongheer to Patna. The

The prisoners which he had detail of the operations of a siege made at Patna, amounted to near are entertaining and instructive to two hundred English. Irritated at but a very few readers. The enethe progress of our arms, and my in this fiege, as in all the opeunable to avenge himself in the rations of the campaign, conductfield, he issued orders for mur- ed themselves with a military dering them.

One Somers, a ability hitherto unusual with German, a deserter from the com- them. They made fallies with pany's service, was the perpetra- vigour and spirit ; and in one of tor of this execrable villainy. them blew up a principal maga, He had invited above forty of- zine: This advantage acquirficers and other gentlemen in the ed them fome credit, but

was company's, service, who were a- not sufficient to save the place ; mong these unfortunate persons, which was not fortified with any to sup with him on the day he regularity, and seems not to have had fised for their execution ; and had any outworks. The English when his guests were in full se- batteries Yoon destroyed their curity, protected, they imagined, defences, filenced their cannon, by the laws of hospitality, as well and made a practical breach, by storm.

Noy. 6th.

In eight days this im- tion and the conclusion of it have portant city was taken acquired great glory to our arms.

How affairs in India will be like The nabob had now lost all finally to settle, and what use we his places. His army was reduced may be able to make of those great to a small body. He was obliged advantages we have obtained, it to fly for refuge to Sujah Dowla, will be impossible even to guess at, fubah of a neighbouring province, until the accounts of next

year. who had great power, and acted As to the favage war in Ame. as grand vizir to the mogul. He rica, without being entirely extin. received this fugitive prince into guilhed, its fury is much abated. his territories, but afforded him The American Indians, unaslisted only an asylum for his person. by any European power, have no He refused to admit his

army, resources fufficient to support an not willing to render his own pro- uniform and long continued fyfvince the seat of war, which had tem of hostility. Sir William been fo unfortunate to his neigh- Johnson, of whose faithful services bour.

since the beginning of the troubles No campaign had ever been in that part of the world too conducted with more ability ; no much can scarcely be said, concludplan better laid or more fyftema- ed a treaty early in the tically followed; no operations year with the Senecas, Apr. 3d, more rapid. In less than four one of the revolted tribes

1764. months, major Adams compleat of the Iroquois ; which having ed, for the first time of any Eu- drawn one of the most considerable ropean, the entire conquest of the succours from those who still

perkingdom of Bengal. He fought fevered in their enmity to us, in that time four capital actions the confederated tribes between with the enemy; forced the strong- lake Erie and the Ohio have since eft intrenchments; took two con- 'thought proper to subfiderable fortified places ; near mit, though not till they O&. 1764.

Sept. and 500 pieces of cannon; and prevail- faw a body of troops, ed over the most provoked, re- under the command of colonel folute, cautious, and subtile ene. Bradstreet, advancing towards my we ever had in India. Whe- their country from Nazara, and ther the motives for beginning the another from Philadelphia, under war do us any great honour, may colonel Bouquet, in the very beart be a question, but the prosecu- of it.

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JANUARY. The next morning his serene high

ness waited on their majellies' ift THERE was a great court and the rest of the royal family;

at St. James's, to com- and on the 16th at seven in the pliment their majesties on the new evening the ceremony

of the year, as usual, but no ode

; an marriage of her royal highness the omission, which, as there was no princess Augusta with his most seapparent reason for it, occasioned rene highness was performed in some surprise, considering how re- the great council chamber by his ligiously that custom used to be ob- grace the archbishop of Canterserved in times when there were bury. None but peers


peerneither the fame materials for pa- effes, peers eldest sons and peers negyric, nor the same genius to daughters, privy counsellors and work them up. As to the ancient their wives, and foreign ministers, custom of public hazard playing were admitted to be present at at court on twelfth night, it the ceremony. Their serene and now seems to be entirely laid royal highnesses remained at St. aside.

James's till nine, and then repair4th.

A comet was discovered ed to Leicester house, where a

by M. de Haan, at Harlem, grand supper was prepared ; at in the constellation of the Dra- which were present their majesties, gon, about 30 deg. from the Arc- the princess dowager, princes Wiltic Pole. It was as large as a star liam and Henry, and the rest of of the third magnitude, but its the royal family. Their majesties tail, which was about 20 min. was went away about twelve. very feeble. Next day it was ob

The next day their majesties, ferved at Tewksbury, Gloucester- her royal highness the princess shire, near two small stars in the dowager of Wales, and their royal hand of Bootes.

and ferene highnesses the prince 12th.

His most serene highness and princess of Brunswick, receiv

the hereditary prince of ed the compliments of the nobiBrunswick Lunenburgh landed at lity and gentry, which were folHarwich from on board his ma- . lowed by most dutiful and affecjetty’s yacht the princess Augusta; tionate addresses from both houses and on the evening of the next of parliament and the city of Londay arrived at Somerset-house, in don. the king's equipages, attended by On the 26th, at three in the several noblemen who went to afternoon, their highnelles set out wait his arrival at Harwich. for Harwich, loaded with presents



from their majesties, and the rest stay in London, was sumptuously of the royal family, and attended entertained by his royal highness by the tears of many, and the good the duke of Cumberland, and mawishes of all, which the prince ny of the principal nobility and returned by his prayers for the gentry, visited every place worth success of this nation, for which the attention of a traveller, conhe said, he had already bled, and firming all ranks in those sentiwould again, with pleasure, on any ments of love and esteem which future occasion. The princess, in his behaviour in the British army a German travelling habit, and in Germany had already fo juftly attended by Lady Susan Stuart inspired. But no part of his highand two noblemen, went in one ness's behaviour seemed to give fo coach, and the prince with some much pleasure as his paying a visit, of the noblemen of his court, fol- in a free and friendly manner worlowed in another. The princes thy of himself, to Mr. Pitt, then William and Henry Frederick, confined by the gout at his counand two noblemen, went next in try seat. post-chaises and four attended by Their highnesses, at their setting many servants on horseback, but out, were pleased to order 5001.

By eight, they ar- each for the relief of poor prisoners rived at the seat of lord Aber- for debt. corn, at Witham in Essex, where The master of a circulat

14th. a grand entertainment was provided ing library was tried for for their highnesses, and they were selling a spurious pamphlet, called met by many of the nobility of an Essay on Woman, for that said both sexes, who had set out before to be printed for Mr. W. when a to spend the evening with their verdict was given against the dehighneffes.

fendant, who was ordered to pay On the 27th their highnesses set costs, and return the purchase moout for Mistley-hall, and from ney. thence, the next day, arrived at In the morning a violent storm Harwich, where the corporation blew from W.S. W. which did

them with their com- great damage throughout these pliments of congratulation, and kingdoms. During the storm, two had the honour of kissing the prin- dreadful fires broke out, one near cess's hand.

Hyde Park corner, and another On the 29th they embarked in in Ratcliff Highway, but they different yachts, and failed the were both happily extinguished, 30th, but did not reach Helvoet- after consuming leven or eight fluys till the 2d of February, hav- houses each ; a small number, coning been overtaken by very bad fidering how fiercely they burned, weather, in which there was the and how fast they spread, the roofs greatest reason to fear their high- of the houses being all in a flame nesses had perished, as it was se- before any of the foors were daveral days before any certain and maged. agreeable account of them reached Last week the driver of a stage London.

machine going to Newbury, fell His serene highness, during his dead from his box within three

waited upon

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miles of that place, but was not serene highness the prince of missed by the passengers till after Brunswick. their arrival, the horses having

The bill for punishing mutiny brought them to their inn with- and defertion. out any stop or accident ; a re- And tơ some private bills. markable instance of the great At a general court of the gover: fagacity and tractableness of that nors of the bank, it appeared, that noble animal.

they had obtained a renewal of 17th.

Ended the sessions at the their charter, which was almost

Old Bailey, when nine male- expired, for 21 years, from 1765, factors received fentence of death ; on consideration of their paying viz. five for burglary; one for for- toward the supplies 110,0001. and gery; one for a footpad robbery; lending the government a million and two women for privately steal- on exchequer bills, to the year ing; but, except two for burglary, 1766, at 3 per cent, and then to be and the criminal for forgery, they paid off. were afterwards pardoned, on con- There was observed at St.

31st. dition of transportation. Thirty- Neot's, 42 minutes after fix fix were sentenced to be transport- o'clock in the evening, 6 min. to ed for seven years, one for fourteen the east of Rigel, a star of the first years ; two were branded, and one magnitude in the left foot of Oriwas whipped.

on, and in eight deg. 29 min. 24 18th.

A surprizing meteor was fec. south declination, a globe of

observed at St. Neot's, 36 fire ; its apparent diameter was min. after five in the evening ; its about two thirds of the moon's, appearance was a pale red, in con- with a long tail of five times its tact with a condensed cloud, diameter. As the moon was not and in one min. 34 fec. formed a above the horizon, and the sky semicircle opposite the moon, and very clear, it appeared very luby the refraction of its rays was a minous, and enlightened the whole bright rainbow, a thing rarely, if atmosphere, which reflected the ever, observed after sun-fet,

rays of light, as if the sun had been At the adjourned feflions of the above the horizon. This phæno. peace for the city of London, at menon moved with great velocity, Guildhall, the court was pleased for it was near the top of the terto order, that journeymen taylors restrial atmosphere, which pershall be allowed 2s. 7d. half-penny haps was raised to a pyramid, 15 per day, the whole year, and their or 16 miles higher than when the hours of working to be from fix balance is in equilibrio, caused by in the indrning to eight at night: the pressure of the atmosphere on but in case of the earl marihal's the nadir ; in its motion, it crossed order for a general mourning, they the meridian inclining to the west, are to be allowed five shillings per- in an angle of 15 degrees ; it was day for a limited time.

about 39 sec. falling to the earth. His majesty went to the The following extract from a

house of peers, and gave letter of Mr. Bart. Rocque of the royal assent to

Waldam-Green, dated the 6th of The bill for naturalizing his lait month, cannot fail of giving


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