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the heritage of the absurd and unjust feudal system, under which serfs labored, and gentlemen spent their lives in fighting and feasting. It is time that this opprobrium of toil were done away. Ashamed to toil, art thou? Ashamed of thy dingy work-shop and dusty laborfield; of thy hard hand, scarred with service more honorable than that of war; of thy soiled and weather-stained garments, on which mother Nature has embroidered, midst sun and rain, midst fire and steam, her own heraldic honors ? Ashamed of these tokens and titles, and envious of the flaunting robes of imbecile idleness and vanity? It is treason to Nature, — it is impiety to Heaven, - it is breaking Heaven's great ordinance. Toil, I repeat — Toil, either of the brain, of the heart, or of the hand, is the only true manhood, the only true nobility!
29. LABOR IS WORSHIP.-Frances S. Osgood. Born, 1812; died, 1850.
Laborare est orare-To labor is to pray.
Unintermitting, goes up into Heaven!
Till from its nourishing stem it is riven.
Speaks to thy soul from out Nature's great heart.
Only man, in the plan, shrinks from his part.
Flowers droop and die in the stillness of noon.
Play the sweet keys, wouldst thou keep them in tune!
Rest from world-sirens that lure us to ill.
Lie not down wearied 'neath Woe's weeping-willow!
Work with a stout heart and resolute will !
True as a sunbeam, the swift sickle guides!
Temple and statue the marble block hides.
Rest not content in thy darkness - a clod!
Let thy great deeds be thy prayer to thy God!
30. MORAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCE FRIENDLY TO FREEDOM. – Rev. E. H. Chapin.
No cause is so bound up with religion as the cause of political liberty and the rights of man. Unless I have read history backward, — unless Magna Charta is a mistake, and the Bill of Rights a sham, and the Declaration of Independence a contumacious falsehood, — unless the sages, and heroes, and martyrs, who have fought and bled, were impostors, - unless the sublimest transactions in mod. ern history, on Tower Hill, in the Parliaments of London, on the sea-tossed Mayflower, — unless these are all deceitful, there is no cause so linked with religion as the cause of Democratic liberty.
And, Sir, not only are all the moral principles, which we can summon up, on the side of this great cause, but the physical movements of the age attend it and advance it. Nature is Republican. The discoveries of Science are Republican. Sir, what are these new forces, steam and electricity, but powers that are levelling all factitious distinctions, and forcing the world on to a noble destiny? Have they not already propelled the nineteenth century a thousand years ahead? What are they but the servitors of the People, and not of a class ? Does not the poor man of to-day ride in a car dragged by forces such as never waited on Kings, or drove the wheels of triumphal chariots ? Does he not yoke the lightning, and touch the magnetic nerves of the world? The steam-engine is a Democrat. It is the popular heart that throbs in its iron pulses. And the electric telegraph writes upon the walls of Despotism, Mené, mené, tekel upharsin! There is a process going on in the moral and political world, — like that in the physical world, - crumbling the old Saurian forms of past ages, and breaking up old landmarks; and this moral process is working under Neapolitan dungeons and Austrian Thrones; and, Sir, it will tumble over your Metternichs and Nicholases, and convert your Josephs into fossils. I repeat it, Sir, not only are all the moral principles of the age, but all the physical principles of nature, as developed by man, at work in behalf of freedom.
“ Live and take comfort.
31. THE ORDER OF NATURE.- Alexander Pope. Born, 1688; died, 1744.
All are but parts of one stupendous whole,
Cease, then, nor ORDER Imperfection name,
32. FUTURE EMPIRE OF OUR LANGUAGE.- Rev. George W. Bethune. The products of the whole world are, or may soon be, found within our confederate limits. Already there had been a salutary mixture of blood, but not enough to impair the Anglo Saxon ascendency. The Nation grew morally strong from its original elements. The great work was delayed only by a just preparation. Now, God is bringing hither the most vigorous scions from all the European stocks, to make of them all one new man; - not the Saxon, not the German, not the Gaul, not the Helvetian, but the American. Here they will unite as one brotherhood, will have one law, will share one interest. Spread over the vast region from the frigid to the torrid, from the Eastern to the Western Ocean, every variety of climate giving them choice of pursuit and modification of temperament, the ballot-box fusing together all rivalries, they shall have one national will. What is wanting in one race will be supplied by the characteristic energies of the others; and what is excessive in either, checked by the counter action of the rest. Nay, though for a time the newly-come may retain their foreign vernacular, our tongue, so rich in ennobling literature, will be the tongue of the Nation, the language of its laws, and the accent of its majesty. Eternal God, who seest the end with the beginning, Thou alone canst tell the ultimate grandeur of this People!
Such, Gentlemen, is the sphere, present and future, in which God calls us to work for Him, for our country, and for mankind. The language in which we utter truth will be spoken on this Continent, a century hence, by thirty times more millions than those dwelling on the island of its origin. The openings for trade on the Pacific coast, and the railroad across the Isthmus, will bring the commerce of the world under the control of our race. The empire of our language will follow that of our commerce; the empire of our institutions, that of our language. The man who writes successfully for America will yet speak for all the world.
33. COMPENSATIONS OF THE IMAGINATION.- Akenside.
Beyond the proud possessor's narrow claim,
34. THE GREAT DISTINCTION OF A NATION. - W. E. Channing. B. 1780 ; d. 1842.
The great distinction of a Nation -- the only one worth possessing, and which brings after it all other blessings — is the prevalence of pure principle among the Citizens. I wish to belong to a State in the character and institutions of which I may find a spring of improvement, which I can speak of with an honest pride; in whose records I may meet great and honored names, and which is fast making the world its debtor by its discoveries of truth, and by an example of virtuous freedom. O, save me from a country which worships wealth, and cares not for true glory; in which intrigue bears rule; in which patriotism borrows its zeal from the prospect of office; in which hungry sycophants throng with supplication all the departments of State; in which public men bear the brand of private vice, and the seat of Government is a noisome sink of private licentiousness and public corruption.
Tell me not of the honor of belonging to a free country. I ask, does our liberty bear generous fruits? Does it exalt us in manly spirit, in public virtue, above countries trodden under foot by Despotism? Tell me not of the extent of our country. I care not how large it is, if it multiply degenerate men. Speak not of our prosperity. Better be one of a poor People, plain in manners, reverencing God, and respecting themselves, than belong to a rich country, which knows no higher good than riches. Earnestly do I desire for this country, that, instead of copying Europe with an undiscerning