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day. Those vaunted ramparts of Italy proved insufficient; you traversed them as rapidly as you did the Apennines. Successes so numerous and brilliant have carried joy to the heart of your country. Your representatives have decreed a festival, to be celebrated in all the communes of the Republic, in honor of your victories. There, will your fathers, mothers, wives, sisters, all who hold you dear, rejoice over your triumphs, and boast that you belong to them.

Yes, Soldiers, you have done much ; but much still remains for you to do. Shall it be said of us that we knew how to conquer, but not to profit by victory? Shall posterity reproach us with having found a Capúa in Lombardy? Nay, fellow-soldiers ! I see you already eager to cry “to arms! Inaction fatigues you; and days lost to glory are to you days lost to happiness. Let us, then, begone! We have yet many forced marches to make ; enemies to vanquish ; laurels to gather; and injuries to avenge! Let those who have sharpened the poniards of civil war in France, who have pusillanimously assassinated our Ministers, who have burned our vessels at Toulon, – let them now tremble! The hour of vengeance has knolled !

But let not the People be disquieted. We are the friends of People: and more especially of the descendants of the Brutuses, the Seipios, and other great men to whom we look as bright exemplars. To rcestablish the Capitol ; to place there with honor the statues of the heroes who made it memorable; to rouse the Roman People, unnerved by many centuries of oppression, - such will be some of the fruits of our victories. They will constitute an epoch for posterity. To you, Soldiers, will belong the immortal honor of redeeming the fairest portion of Europe. The French People, free and respected by the whole world, shall give to Europe a glorious peace, which shall indemnify it for all the sacrifices which it has borne, the last six years. Then, by your own firesides you

shall
repose;

and
your

fellowcitizens, when they point out any one of you,

shall

He belonged to the army of Italy !”

every

say :

48. LORD BYRON TO THE GREEKS. — Alphonse De Lamartine.

Original Translation.

A STRANGER to your clime, 0 men of Greece !- born under a sun less pure, of an ancestry less renowned, than yours, — I feel how unworthy is the offering of the life I bring you — you, who number kings, heroes and demi-gods, among your progenitors. But, throughout the world, wherever the lustre of your history has shed its rays, —wherever the heart of man has thrilled at the thought of glory, or softened at the mention of misfortune, Greece may count a friend, and her children an avenger. I come not here in the vain hope to stimulate the courage of men already roused and resolved. One sole cry remained for

you,
and
you

have uttered it. Your language has now one only word — Liberty! Ah! what other invocation need

the men of Sparta — of Athens to bid them rise? These blue Heavens, these mountains, these waters, here are your orators — here is your present Demosthenes! Wherever the eye can range, wherever the feet can tread, your consecrated soil recounts a triumph or a glorious death. From Leuctra to Marathon, every inch of ground responds to you - cries to you — for vengeance! liberty! glory! virtue! country! These voices, which tyrants cannot stifle, demand, — not words, but steel. T is here! Receive it! Arm! Let the thirsting earth at length be refreshed with the blood of her oppressors! What sound more awakening to the brave than the clank of his country's fetters ? Should the sword ever tremble in your grasp, remember yesterday! think of to-morrow!

For myself, in return for the alliance which I bring you, I ask but the recompense of an honorable grave. I ask but the privilege of shedding my blood with you, in your sacred cause. I ask but to know, in dying, that I too belong to Greece — to liberty! Yes, might the Pilgrim hope that, on the pillars of a new Parthěnon, his name might, one day, be inscribed, — or, that in the nobler mausolēum of your hearts his memory might be cherished, — he were well content. The tomb where Freedom weeps can never have been prematurely reached by its inmate. Such martyrdom is blessed, indeed. What higher fortune can ambition covet?

49. BURIAL OF SIR JOHN MOORE, 1809. - Rev. Charles Wolfe.
Not a drum was heard, not a funeral note,

As his corse to the rampart we hurried;
Not a soldier discharged his farewell shot

O'er the grave where our hero we buried.
We buried him darkly, at dead of night,

The sods with our bayonets turning;
By the struggling moonbeams' misty light,

And the lantern dimly burning.
No useless coffin enclosed his breast,

Nor in sheet, nor in shroud, we wound him;
But he lay, like a warrior taking his rest,

With his martial cloak around him.
Few and short were the prayers we said,

And we spoke not a word of sorrow;
But we steadfastly gazed on the face of the dead,

And we bitterly thought of the morrow.
We thought, as we hollowed his narrow bed,

And smoothed down his lonely pillow,
That the foe and the stranger would tread o'er his head,

And we far away on the billow!

Lightly they 'll talk of the spirit that is gone,

And o'er his cold ashes upbraid him ;
But little he 'll reck, if they let him sleep on,

In the grave where a Briton has laid him!
But half of our heavy task was done,

When the clock struck the hour for retiring; And we heard the distant and random gun,

That the foe was suddenly firing. Slowly and sadly we laid him down,

From the field of his fame, fresh and gory ! We carved not a line, we raised not a stone,

But we left him alone with his glory!

50. THE BATTLE OF HOHENLINDEN, 1800. — Thomas Campbell.

On Linden when the sun was low,
All bloodless lay the untrodden snow,
And dark as winter was the flow

Of Iser, rolling rapidly.
But Linden saw another sight,
When the drum beat at dead of night,
Commanding fires of death to light

The darkness of her scenery.
By torch and trumpet fast arrayed,
Each warrior drew his battle-blade,
And furious every charger neighed,

To join the dreadful revelry.
Then shook the hills with thunder riven,
Then rushed the steeds to battle driven,
And louder than the bolts of Heaven

Far flashed the red artillery.
And redder yet those fires shall glow
On Linden's hills of blood-stained snow;
And darker yet shall be the flow

Of Iser rolling rapidly.
T is morn ; but scarce yon lurid
Can pierce the war-clouds, rolling dun,
While furious Frank and fiery Hun

Shout in their sulphurous canopy.
The combat deepens. On, ye brave,
Who rush to glory, or the grave!
Wave, Munich, all thy banners wave'

And charge with all thy chivalry!

sun

Ah! few shall part where many meet !
The snow shall be their winding-sheet,
And every turf beneath their feet

Shall be a soldier's sepulchre.

51. SONG OF THE GREEKS, 1822. — Thomas Campbell.
Again to the battle, Achaians !

Our hearts bid the tyrants defiance;
Our land, — the first garden of Liberty's tree,
It has been, and shall yet be, the land of the free;

For the cross of our faith is replanted,

The pale dying crescent is daunted,
And we march that the foot-prints of Mahomet's slaves
May be washed out in blood from our forefathers' graves.

Their spirits are hovering o'er us,
And the sword shall to glory restore us.
Ah! what though no succor advances,

Nor Christendom's chivalrous lances
Are stretched in our aid ? - Be the combat our own!
And we'll perish or conquer more proudly alone ;

For we've sworn by our country's assaulters,

By the virgins they've dragged from our altars,
By our massacred patriots, our children in chains,
By our heroes of old, and their blood in our veins,

That, living, we will be victorious,
Or that, dying, our deaths shall be glorious.
A breath of submission we breathe not:

The sword that we've drawn we will sheathe not;
Its scabbard is left where our martyrs are laid,
And the
vengeance

of
ages

has whetted its blade.
Earth may hide, waves engulf, fire consume us;

But they shall not to slavery doom us:
If they rule, it shall be o'er our ashes and graves : —
But we've smote them already with fire on the waves,

And new triumphs on land are before us ;
To the charge! — Heaven's banner is o'er us.
This day

shall

ye

blush for its story? Or brighten your lives with its glory? Our women — O, say, shall they shriek in despair, Or embrace us from conquest, with wreaths in their hair ?

Accursed may his memory blacken,

If a coward there be that would slacken Till we've trampled the turban, and shown ourselves worth Being sprung from, and named for, the god-like of earth.

Strike home! - and the world shall revere us
As heroes descended from heroes.
Old Greece lightens up with emotion !

Her inlands, her isles of the ocean,
Fanes rebuilt, and fair towns, shall with jubilee ring,
And the Nine shall new hallow their Helicon's spring.

Our hearths shall be kindled in gladness,

That were cold, and extinguished in sadness;
Whilst our maidens shall dance with their white waving arms,
Singing joy to the brave that delivered their charms,

When the blood of yon Mussulman cravens
Shall have crimsoned the beaks of our ravens !

52. FALL OF WARSAW, 1794. - Thomas Campbell.

0! SACRED Truth! thy triumph ceased a while,
And Hope, thy sister, ceased with thee to smile,
When leagued Oppression poured to Northern wars
Her whiskered pandours and her fierce hussars,
Waved her dread standard to the breeze of morn,
Pealed her loud drum, and twanged her trumpet horn :
Tumultuous horror brooded o’er her van,
Presaging wrath to Poland

and to man!
Warsaw's last champion from her heights surveyed
Wide o'er the fields a waste of ruin laid
O Heaven ! he cried, my bleeding country save!
Is there no hand on high to shield the brave?
Yet, though destruction sweep these lovely plains,
Rise, fellow-men! our country yet remains !
By that dread name, we wave the sword on high,
And swear for her to live! with her to die!

He said; and on the rampart heights arrayed
His trusty warriors, few, but undismayed;
Firm paced and slow, a horrid front they form,
Still as the breeze, but dreadful as the storm ;
Low, murmuring sounds along their banners fly,-
“ Revenge, or death!”. the watchword and reply ;
Then pealed the notes, omnipotent to charm,
And the loud tocsin tolled their last alarm !

In vain, alas ! in vain, ye gallant few !
From rank to rank your volleyed thunder flew ;-
0! bloodiest picture in the book of Time,
Sarmatia fell, unwept, without a crime;
Found not a generous friend, a pitying foe,
Strength in her arms, nor mercy in her woe!
Dropped from her nerveless grasp the shattered spear,

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