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ACHILLES, Reply of,

. 108 Burke, To Bristol Electors,

221

ADAMS, Joux, Supposed Speech of,

Marie Antoinette,

222

Conclusion,

. 289 | Byron, LORD, Supposed Address to Greeks, 151

ADAMS, J. Q., The Declaration,

The Death-penalty,

259

Washington and Franklin, 310

Ball at Brussels,

ADAMS, SARAN F., Hope,

The Dying Gladiator,

ADDISON, Cato's Soliloquy,

495

Sennacherib,

442

ESCHNES, Denunciation of Demosthenes, 163

Great Examples,

AKENSIDE, The Mind of Man,

40

Faliero to Conspirators, 477

Compensations of Imagination, 64

Faliero's Dying Speech, .

ALFRED, to his Troops, .

137 Carcs GRACCHUS, Speech of,.

. 116

ALLINGHAM, The Weathercock,

523 Caics Marics, Speech of, .

115

ALLSTON, America to Britain,

438 Calloux, Prospect of War, .

321

ANES, Sanctity of Treaties,

The Force Bill, .

320

The British Treaty, .

Purse and Sword,

321

AXONYMOUS, Fortitude,

Liberty the Meed,

The Work-shop and Camp, . 101 CAMPBELL, Hallowed Ground,

91

Forgiveness, :

470

Soldier's Dreain,

. 147

Saladin and Malek Adhel, . 525

Hohenlinden,

Fine Feathers and Birds,

. 546

Song of Greeks,

. 151

ANTONY, MARK, on Casar's Death,

Fall of Warsaw, .

Arstix, Chironomia,

32

To the Rainbow,

AYTOUN, Execution of Montrose, .

435

Glenara,

BAILLIE, Worth of Fame,

96

Lochiel's Warning,

. 483

BALAAM, Prophecy of,

459 CANNING, War with France, .

216

BAXIy, Damon's Speech,

Bank-notes and Coin,

BARRE, ISAAC, America's Obligations,

Lord J. Russell's Motion,

Reply to Lord North,

Tierney's Motion, .

BAYARD, Freedom of Judges,

293

Defence of Pitt, .

BAYLY, T. II., The Pilot,

91

Measures, not Men,

251

BEATTIE, Life beyond the Tomb,

469

Balance of Power, .

BEATFOY, Parliamentary Innovations,

Collision of Vices, .

253

BECKWITH, Spirit of the Age against War, · 49 CAXULEITS, On the Patricians, .

121

BELIAL, Address of,

. 131 CARLYLE, Justice, .

51

BESNETT, California's Prospects,

Nature a hard Creditor,

73

BERKELEY, America,

452 Cass, Precedents,

BeThrNE, Future Empire of our Language, 63 CatiLiNE, to his Army,

. 127

BISNEY, War,

312

Last llarangue,

. 132

The Supreme Court,

. 312

To the Gallic Conspirators,

BLACK Hawk, Speech of,

. 551

To his Friends,
BOARDMAN, Problem for the . S.,

78

Defiance to the Senate,

BOWRING, Translation from Khemnitzer, . 536 Caro, Soliloquy, .

BROCGHAM, LORD, Translation,

165 CHALMERS, False Coloring lent to War, . 57

Translation,

. 167 | CHANNING, Distinction of a Nation, . 65

Fate of Reformers,

Great Ideas,

89

Parliament Reform, . 256 CHAPIs, Science friendly to Freedom,
BROWNING, How News came to Ghent, . . 421

True Source of Reform,

BATEYS, The Fractious Man,.

459 CHATEACBRIAND, Nature Proclaims a Deity, 92

Berts, On Lucretia's Death,

. 107 CHATHAY, EARL OF, Reply to Walpole, . . 193

BRUTUS, MARCUS, On Cæsar's Death,

Reply to Grenville, . 193

BRYANT, The Battle Field,

85

“ Reconciliation,

. 209

BCLwer, Sir II., The 224 Dec.,

“ Repeal Claimed, 201

BCIWER, (See Lytton.)

“ Lord North's Ministry, 202

BERKE, Magnanimity in Politics,

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Employing Indians,

American Enterprise,

u Consequences,
American Taxation, .

u America,

Despotism Cnrighteous, . 218 CHILD, Mrs. L. M., Speech of Otis, . 284

Impeachment of Ilastinga, . . 219 Choate, National Hatreds,

Peroration against Hastings, .

Birthday of Washington,

. 397

.215
. 216
. 217

. 203
• 204
• 205

.. 316

• 220

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CICERO, Catiline Denounced,

168 Fox, The American War, .

235

Catiline Expelled,

Washington's Foreign Policy,

236

Verres Denounced,

“ Liberty is Strength, .

237

CLAY, For the War of 1813,

Democratic Governments,

2:33

Jefferson Defended,

Partition of Poland, .

239

Military Insubordination, • 316 FRANKLIN, On the Federal Constitution, 286

Noblest Public Virtue,

God Governs,

Expunging Resolution,

. 318 FRAYSIKNOUS, Truth, .

. 37

Independence of Greece,

.319 | GALGACCS, Speech of,

. 117

CLEMENS, Intervention, .

. 348 Gastox, Party Intemperance,

302

CLINTON, Foreign Conquest,

301 GOETHE, Sincerity the Soul of Eloquence, . 53

COBDEN, American Vessels, .
280 Grattan, Irish Rights,

223

COLERIDGE, The Good Great Man,

87

Reply to Flood, .

221

Chamouny,

467
National Gratitude,

2:25
Translations,
512, 513, 514

Catholic Disqualifications, . 228
Collins, How Sleep the Brave,

Ileaven on the side of Principle, 2:26
Ode on the Passions,

4-18
Against Corry, .

227
Combe, On the Exercise of Speaking, 36

Union with Great Britain, 23
COMPILATION, Religious Persecution, 209

The Catholic Question,

2:29
Against Duelling,

308

Religion Independent,
CONRAD, The Death of Taylor, .

Sectarian Tyranny,

231
Corrox, To-morrow,

52 GREENE, Baron's Last Banquet,

COWPER, Affectation in the Pulpit, . 55 Grey, LORD, Reform in Parliament, 2+2

Translations, 108, 109, 110, 111 GRIMKE, The Sword,

92

Coxxe, Moses at the Fair,
· 519 HALLECK, Marco Bozzaris,

150
CRITTENDEN, Government Extravagance, . 351 Hamilton, On Government,

200
CROKER, Reply to Macaulay,

The Federal Constitution, . 201
Perils of Reforın,

. 275 HAYNE, Reply to Webster,
CROLY, Death of Leonidas,

The South in 1776,

3-10
Catiline to the Conspirators,

The South in 1812,

. 311

Catiline's Last Harangue, . 133 Heber, Forgive, .

97

The Crucifixion,

. 401 HECTOR, His Rebuke,

109

Seventh Plague of Egypt,

403

His Exploit,

110

The Greek and Turkman,

450

Slain,

Catiline to his Friends,

. 480 HEMANS, The Spartans' March,

Catiline's Defiance,

481

The Greeks' Return,

Pride of Ancestry,

482

Bernardo del Carpio,
CURRAN, The Pension System,

244
Casabianca,

412
Threats of Violence,

245 6
Rocks of my Country,

413
Religious Distinctions,

216

The Two Homes,

Liberty of the Press, .

353

Invocation,

Mr. Rowan, ·
353 HENRY, PATRICK, Resistance,

. 291
Habeas Corpus Act,

354
War Inevitable,

252
To Lord Avonmore,

855

Return of Fugitives, 283
OISHING, Sectional Services, .
. 345 HITCHCOCK, Science Religious,

99
Agricultural Interest,
. 396 HOFFMAN, Fulton's Invention, .

311
DELAVIGNE, Three Days of Columbus, . .405 HOLMES, Old Ironsides, .

439

DEMOSTHENES, Against Philip, .

. 159

City Men in the Country,

Degeneracy of Athens, . 160 Hood, Art of Book-keeping,
Democracy Hateful to Philip, 101 HOOKER, Necessity of Law,

. 50
Venality the Ruin of Greece, 162 HOMER, Achilles' Reply,

103

Exordium on the Crown, . . 165

llector's Rebuke, .

. 109

Public Spirit, .

. 166

Hector's Exploit,

. 110

Not Vanquished by Philip, . 167

Hector Slain,

111

DEWRY, Nobility of Labor,
60 HOYT, The World for Sale,

. 452
DICKENS, Speech of Buzfuz,
531 HUGHES, Belshazzar's Feast,

409
DIMOND, Sailor-boy's Dream,
• 425 Hcco, V., The United States of Europe,

56

DODDRIDGE, The Christian Life,

. 470

Practical Religious Instruction, . 186

DRAKE, The American Flag,

149

" Necessity of Religion, . . 187

Elliot, The Press,

88

“ Universal Suffrage, .

England,

90

5 Liberty of the Press,

. 189

EMMET, On being found Guilty,

. 357

" Republic or Monarchy,

. 190

ENGLAND, The Duellist,

43

46 The Two Napoleons,

191

ERSKINE, Great Minds and Christianity, 362

4 The Death-penalty, .

. 371
EVERETT, The Peace Congress of the Union, 42

Rome and Carthage,

471
American Experiment,
78 HONT, LEIGH, Abou Ben Adhen, .

93

Dizzy Activities of the Times, 88

The True King,

61

Relations to England,

386 HOSKISSON, The Conservative Innovator, . 243

Great Examples,

. 387 ICILICS, On Virginia's Seizure, ·

118

Civilization of Africa,

387 JACKSON, Union with Liberty,

. 311

Good of the Monument, 388 JAMES, J. A., Inducements to Religion, 83

Supposed Indian Speech, 552 JEFFERSON, The Strongest Government, 297

FAYET, Man's Material Triumphs, 45 JEFFREY, The Example of America,

FENELOX, On Gesture,

32 JOB, True Wisdom,

462

Telemachus to the Allied Chiefs, 113 A Nation's Strength,

462

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Page Johnson, Dr, Fate of Charles XII., 70 MICKIEWICZ, The Moor's Revenge,

The Wise Man's Prayer, . . 102 MILTox, The Saviour's Reply, .
Johxson, E., The Water Drinker,

99
Moloch's Address,

129 Johnson, R., Europe's Struggles,

. 396
Belial's Address, .

. 131 Jonsos, Bex, Catiline to his Army, . 12:2

Destruction of the Philistines, 407 KELLOGG, Spartacus to the Gladiators, .

Satan's Encounter with Death, . 408 KENNEDY, The Mechanical Epoch, .

41

Hymn of our First Parents, · 46+ KHEMNITZER, Rich and Poor,

536 MIRABEAU, Against the Nobles, &c., King, Future of the U.S.,.

395
On Necker's Plan,

172 KSOWLES, J. S., Speech of Caius Gracchus, 116

Disobedience to the Assembly, 173 “ Alfred to his Men,

Reply,

17+ 4 Cæsar at the Rubicon, 473

On being Suspected,

. 175 4 St. Pierre to Ferrardo, .

. 457

Eulogium on Franklin, “ Wm. Tell on Switzerland, 488

Church and State,

. 177 “ Tell among the Mountains, 489 MITFORD, Rienzi to the Romans, .

133 Krox, The Curse of Cain, .

451 MONTGOMERY, JAMES, Love of Country, . 72 KORNER, Battle-hymn,

158

The Common Lot, KOSSUTI, Appeal to the Hungarians, . 377

Patriot's Pass-word, 139 Contentment of Europe, . 378 MOORE, The Torch of Liberty, .

4:24 Hungarian Heroism, . 379 MORE, Duty to Country,

16 In a Just Cause, . 379 Morris, Judiciary Act, .

.299 Peace inconsistent,

380
Free Navigation,

300 LAMARTINE, Revolutionary Men,

59 Mortox, Not ashamed of his Occupation, . 501 Byron to the Greeks, . 151 MOUNTFORD, Plea for the Sailor,

395 The Republic, . 185 NAPOLEON, To the Army of Italy,

150 LEE, For Independence, . 285 NAYLOR, American Laborers,

343 LEE, NATHANIEL, Brutus and Titus, 492 NEELE, Where is he, .

94 LEGARE, The U.S. Constitution, . . 313 NICHOL, Day conceals,

On Returning to the U.S., 314 NORTOx, The Soldier from Bingen, LIVINGSTON, Aristocracy, 292 NOYES, Translation from Job,

501 LVY, Scipio to his Army,

Translation --- True Wisdom,
Hannibal to his Army,

. 101

Translation from Psalms,
Titus Quintius to the People, 111 O'CONNELL, Religious Liberty,
Virginius against Claudius, . 120

Irish Disturbance Bill, 259
Canuleius against Patricians, . 121 Osgood, Labor is Worship,

01 LOGAN, Speech of, 553 OTIS, JAMES, Supposed Speech of,

294 LONGFELLOW, Lines,

80 OTWAY, Priuli and Jaffier, Excelsior,

444 PALVERSTON, LORD, Civil War, LOVER, Never Despair, 81 PARDOE, The Beacon Light, .

77 Lowtv, Translation from Isaiah, 461 Parten, The Seminole's Defiance,

153 Lont, The Ship of State,

79 PACL, Defence, Lyons, Triumphs of English Language, 99 PEABODY, Moses,

50 The Tempest Stilled, . 413 PEEL, Legislative Union,

279 Lyttos, Sir E. B., The Barl's Summons, · 135 Pichat, Speech of Leonidas, " " Caradoc to Cymrians, . 136 PIERPONT, Whittling, .

. 5:37 4 Damon and Pythias, PIXKNEY, Disunion,

. 304 4 The Battle, 4:29 Pitt, American War Denounced,

222 " Richelieu to the King, · 474 On the Censure of Ministry,

6 « " Cromwell at Costin, 475 Attempt to make him Resign, MACAULAY, Icilius on Virginia's Seizure, . 118 Barbarism of Ancient Britons, Battle of Ivry,

. 143 Pope, The Order of Nature, .
Irish Church,

267
The Dying Christian, .

46)
Hours of Labor, .
268 PRAED, Charade,

433 Reform to Preserve, 209 PRENTISS, S. S., Defalcations,

312 Men fit to be Free,

270
« "' Relief to Ireland,

351 Second Bill of Rights, . 270 PRESTON, Eloquence and Logic,

383 Public Opinion and the Sword, 271 PROCTER, Courage, A Government should Grow, . 272 PILTENEY, Reducing the Army, Reform irresistible, 273 PUSFIYATALA, Speech of,

. 552 Fate of Virginia, 432 Pym, End of Government,

. 192 Horatius at the Bridge, 433 QUINCY, The Embargo, ..

303 MACKAY, Cleon and I,

77 QUINCY, J., JR., British Aggressions, The Days that are Gone, . . 100 RANDOLPH, E., Extent of Country; MACKINTOSH, England and American

, . 251 RANDOLPH, Joux, British Influence, Defence of Peltier, .

Greek Question,

306 MADISOx, Innovations,

Virginia Constitution, MASSFIELD, LORD, Present Popularity, . 214 REGULUS, Speech of,

Attempts to Bias, . 364 RICHARD, To the Princes of the Crusade, MARULLUS, To the People, . 1:26 RICHMOND, To his Men, .

111 BIASSILLON, Immortality, • 38 RIENZI, To the Romans,

1:38 MATHEWS, Nothing in it, 517 ROBESPIERRE, Against War,

. 180 MAZZINI, Address to Young Men,

. 375
Morality the Basis,

151 MODIFFIE, Popular Elections,

Last Speech,

182 MCLEAN, Moral Power, . . 370 Rorssear, Death,

69 MEREDITH, Frequent Executions, 207 | Rusu, On the Voice,

21

. 514 . 265

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Page

Page Ruskin, Utility of the Beautiful, . 39 Tacitus, Speech of Galgacus,

117 ROSSELL, LORD J., Parliament Reform, 266 TALFOURD, The World,

41 Sallust, Caius Marius,

115
Charity,

8+ SCHILLER, Damon and Pythias,

427

Copyright,
The Battle,

Literary Property, .
The Glove,

International Copyright,
To the Swiss,
. 508 TAYLOR, What Makes a Hero, .

66
Tell in Wait for Gesler,

. 509

Van Artevelde to Men of Ghent, . 145
Tell's Escape,

. 511
Van Artevelde's Defence, .

485
Wallenstein's Soliloquy, . 512

Van den Bosch and Artevelde,
Belief in Astrology,

.513 TELEMACHTS, To the Allies, .
Grief of Bereavement, . 514 Thomson, Death Typified by Winter, . 82
SCIPIO, to his Army,

Universal Hymn, .
SCOIT, SIR WALTER, Princes of Crusade, . 140 THURLOW, LORD, Reply,

..214
Lochinvar,
415 | Titus QUINTIUS, Speech of,

. 114
Marmion taking Leave, 416 Tobin, Balthazar and the Quack,

491
Death of Marmion, . . 417 TOCQUEVILLE, DE, Democracy,
Death of Bertram, 418 TRELAT, To the Peers,

Love of Country, . 419 | UULAND, The Passage,
SEGUR, De, Utility of History, .

56 Vane, Against Richard Cromwell, SERGEANT, Military Qualifications, 325 VERGNIAUD, To the French, .

.. 178 SHAKSPEARE, Polonius to Laertes,

Terrorism of Jacobins,

.. 179
Marullus to the People, . 126 VERPLANCK, America's Contributions, 63
Brutus on Casar's Death, 126 VIRGINIA, Ballad of,
Mark Antony,

127 VIRGINICS, Against Claudius,
Richmond to his Men, . 141 VILLEMANN, The Christian Orator,

542 Henry V. to his Men, . 142 WALKER, Rules of Inflection,

• 19 Brutus and Cassius,

On Gesture,

33
Regrets of Drunkenness,

.498
Failure of his Method, .

22
Cassius instigates Brutus, 500 | WALPOLE, How to make Patriots,

196
Cardinal Wolsey,

. 501
Against Pitt,

197
JIamlet to the Players, . 502 WASHINGTON, To the Army,
Hamlet's Soliloquy,

. 503

France and the U. S., SITEA, The O'Kavanagh,

Foreign Influence,
SHELLEY, Peace and War,

. 437 WAT TYLER, Speech of, . :
Drones of the Community, . 472 WAYLAND, International Sympathies,

95 SHEIL, Charges against Catholics, . 260 WEBSTER, Eloquence of Action,

53 Irish Aliens,

. 261

Supposed Speech of J. Adams, .288
Irish Establishment,

Opposition,

. 326 Repeal of Union,

Moral Force,

327 England's Misrule,

28+

Sympathy with South America, 328
Colonna to the King, .

507
The Poor and Rich,

329 SHERIDAN, Atheistic Government,

.210
Sudden Conversions,

330
Political Jobbing,

Constitution Platform,

331 People and King,

.241

Resistance to Oppression, 332
Rolla to Peruvians,

473
Peaceable Secession,

333
Putt’s Account of Himself,

. 550

Clay's Resolutions, :
SHIRLEY, Death's Final Conquest,

58
Justice to the Whole,

334 Srums, The Union and Government, 507

Matches and over Matches, SMITH, HORACE, Merchant and Stranger, 543

S. Carolina and Mass.,

336 Culprit and Judge,

Liberty and Union, .

338
Jester Condemned, 547

Guilt cannot keep its own Secret, 369
Poet and Alchemist, 547

To Revolutionary Veterans, 399
Blindman's Buff,

.519
State Obligations,

. 361
CC Moral Cosmetics,

55+
Fourth of July,

. 391
Farmer and Counsellor,

519

Apostrophe to Washington, . .393
Death, .

Power of Public Opinion,

. 394
Lachrymose Writers, . 556

Standard of the Constitution, .399
The Sanctuary,

. 547 WHATELY, Against Artificial Elocation, 22
SMITH, SYDNEY, Taxes,
· 87 White, J. Blasco, Sonnet,

45
Government Vigor, . 374 Wilkes, Bold Predictions,
Rejection of Reform,

. 374
Conquest of Americans,

213 SMITH, W. R., Prosperity,

. 349 Wirt, Instigators of Treason, SOUTIIEY, Wat Tyler to the King,

146
Burr and Blennerhassett,

367 SOUTHEY, CAROLINE B., Pauper's Death-bed, 554 Reply to Wickham,

.368 SPARTACUS, To the Gladiators, .

123 WITHINGTON, To-day, To Roman Envoys,

124 WOLFE, GEN., To the Army before Quebec, 147 SPRAGUE, Art,

80 WOLFE, CHARLES, Defence of Poetry, 89 STEELE, Measure of Speech, .

18

Burial of Sir J. Moore, . 152 STOckton, Flogging in the Navy, 350 YANKEE, To a Child, .

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67 STORY, Our Duties, .

71 YOUNG, Time's Midnight Voice, STRAFFORD, EARL OF, Defence,

Frivolous Pleasures,

97 Swarx, One Story 's Good, &c.,

510 | YRIARTE, The Monkey and Magpie, . 534

. 193

THE

STANDARD SPEAKER.

INTRODUCTORY TREATISE.

I. ORATORY.

ORATORY, which has its derivation from the Latin verb oro, signifying to plead, to beseech, may be defined the art of producing persuasion or conviction by means of spoken discourse. The word eloquence, in its primary signification, as its etymology implies, had a single reference to public speaking ; but it is applied by Aristotle, as well as by modern writers, to compositions not intended for public delivery.. A similar extension of meaning has been given to the word rhetoric, which, in its etymological sense, means the art of the orator, but now comprehends the art of prose composition generally.

ORATORY AMONG THE ANCIENTS.

It is apparent, from the speeches attributed by Homer to the chiefs of the Iliad, as well as by the commendations which he bestows on Nestor and Ulysses for their eloquence, that the art of Oratory was early understood and honored in Greece. But it was not till . Demosthenes appeared that Grecian eloquence reached its perfection. Demosthenes, who, by the consent of all antiquity, was the prince of orators, still maintains his preeminence. Of his style, Hume has happily said: “It is rapid harmony, exactly adjusted to the sense ; it is vehement rensoning, without any appearance of art ; it is disdain, anger, boldness, freedom, involved in a continued stream of argument; and of all human productions, the orations of Demosthenes present to us the models which approach the nearest to perfection.” It is related of this great orator, that, in his first address to the people, he was laughed at and interrupted by their clamors. He had a weakness of voice and a stammering propensity which rendered it difficult for him to be understood. By immense labor, and an undaunted perseverance, he overcame these defects ; and subsequently, by the spell of his eloquence, exercised an unparalleled sway over that same people who had jeered at him when they first heard him speak in public. The speeches of Demosthenes were not extemporaneous. There were no writers of short-hand in his days ; and what was written could only come from the author himself.

After the time of Demosthenes, Grecian eloquence, which was coëval with Grecian liberty, declined with the decay of the latter. In Rome, the military spirit, so incompatible with a high degree of civil freedom, long checked tho

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