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the delivery of Mrs Caudle's well- fulfil the objects of the meeting by known curtain lecture on the “latch- giving still wider publicity to this key."
most consoling statement. A com" What !” exclaims Mrs Caudle, mittee, we were given to understand, you'll have a key, will you ? had been already formed for shipNot while I'm alive, Mr Caudle. ping off some at least of our surplus Carry the street - key about with population, and it seemed the unaniyou ! I've heard of such things mous opinion that speedy emigrawith young good-for-nothing bache- tion was the one thing needful. lors, with nobody to care what be- Towards the conclusion of the decame of them ; but for a married bate a few boys rose from their man to leave his wife and children seats, and gave to the meeting the in a house with the door upon the results of their valuable and extendlatch—don't talk to meabout Chubb, ed experience. A veteran on the it's all the same—a great deal you subject, a man apparently matured must care for us. No, I think in debating club and platform sparwhen a man comes to have a street- ring, then addressed the audience door key, the sooner he turns bache- upon woman's political rights. This lor again the better.”
morning's campaign in favour of the Mr Caudle, we are told, at length ladies, thus brought to a close, was, sank to sleep amid the falling sen we inferred, deemed a marked suctences,
“ take children into a lodg- cess. Time-honoured prejudices, ing” separate maintenance," and once thus shaken, may soon, it is
hoped, grow obsolete, and at length We need scarcely say, that in be wholly surrendered. Professors Dublin the really important ques- in social science, for example, both tion of the employment of women male and female, of the more adin recognised branches of industry, vanced opinions, are already prewith other cognate subjects, was pared, we hear, to consign the story soon resolved into the still more of the serpent and the apple into momentous calculation, the chances the category of myths, and to reof marriage. The returns of the nounce the accepted origin of Eve Registrar - General are alarming; in the stolen rib of Adam as a the preponderance of the female sex fable wholly derogatory to the sex! was, in the realms of social science, All this looks promising. naturally regarded as a fact the nius of woman is now, we feel permost disastrous ; and statistics have suaded, in a fair way towards final now, we believe, proved, by tabular emancipation. statements not to be controverted, The heights to which ladies may that husbands cannot be found in now attain, were it not inspiring to the required numbers. This is surely contemplate, would be truly alarma case in which science, if of any ing. Think of women learned in worth at all, may be expected to the doctrines of Malthus on Popusupply the remedy. And, accord- lation ; their mornings spent on ingly, statistics for once come to the the Wealth of Nations; their evenaid of sentiment, and hard facts are ings devoted to the last parliamenfound, as they of course always tary returns touching the balance of should be, at least under the benign trade and the laws of navigation ! reign of social science, upon the side To a lady immersed in the depths of of tenderest emotion. In the sec- these profound calculations, or raised tion set apart to the consideration to the summit of this high social of these all-important subjects, the philosophy, in vain, we fear, would announcement was made just at the the appeal be mademoment when most wanted, that in Australia alone there are no less
“Come down, O maid, from yonder moun
tain height; than 155,000 men in
What pleasure lives in beight (the shepwomen. We presume we shall best
ces moeurs :
In height and cold, the splendour of the In days gone by, at all events, both hills ?
in literature and in society, we But cease to move so near the heavens, and cease
might have gained a hearing. Les To glide a sunbeam by the blasted pine, femmes savantes have not certainly, To sit a star upon the sparkling spire ; at all times and in all quarters, And come, for Love is of the valley --come, obtained the sympathy which no For love is of the valley-come thou down."
doubt they so well deserved. May
we venture to quote Molière :As an old bachelor, we find the “Il n'est pas bien honnête, et pour beaunotions of our youth already grown coup de causes, antiquated. We are, in fact, in the Qu'une femme étudie et sache tant de
chose. melancholy situation of being left
Former aux bonnes mæurs l'esprit de ses far behind the times. We date back enfants, to a period when women were con
Faire aller son ménage, avoir l'oeil sur ses tent to do a great deal of quiet Et régler la dépense avec économie,
, good in their own simple, unpre- Doit être son étude et sa philosophie. tending, and heart-felt manner, Nos pères, sur ce point, etaient gens bien without presuming to any very positive “vocation.” We had ima
Les femmes d'à present sont bien loin de gined, that while man's business was in the bustle of the world, in Elles veulent écrire et devenir auteurs. the hot contest of life, with its dis
Raisonner est l'emploi de toute ma maison,
Et le resonnement en bannit la raison. appointments no less than its re
L'un me brûle mon rot, en lisant quelque wards and distinctions, woman's histoire : sphere was within the shelter and L'autre rêve à des vers, quand je demande
à boire : retreat of the tranquil home. We
Enfin je vois par eux votre example suivi, had known indeed of women, hum Et j'ai des serviteurs, et ne suis point ble in mind, wholly free from the servi." ambition which agitates the ruder Since these benighted lines were sex, deeming it an honour, had they written, the march of intellect has a brother, or it might be one nearer been great indeed; women, as we than a brother, who had achieved see, no less than men, have taken for the family name renown. To long strides in pursuit of knowthe true glory of the female charac- ledge, and we now may contemplate ter we have, in short, every one of the inspiring spectacle of men giants us, known women content to live in intellect, and women the very without applause, willing to per amazons of genius, drawn up side by form day by day the simple offices side in united battalions, ready to of home, to train up children, to do battle in the cause of science watch domestic economy, and, if and philosophy. This, no doubt, is needs be, to work; in fine, to do a sublime phenomenon in the march all which devoted self - sacrifice of universal civilisation. Yet there can dictate to render our English are still men, we believe, in the race, households the abodes of happiness. left behind, who cannot boast of And we rejoice to think that thou these exalted tastes; and for their sands and tens of thousands of such sakes we would venture to express women may still be found, who the hope that some few ladies may have not given an ear to social yet be found reconciled to the pleasscience or political philosophy. Yet ing vanities of life. Poets, too, there we cannot, as we have said, but may be among us—for we are not feel that our notions on these sub- all made of the stout stuff which jects are every day growing more goes to constitute science-and these out of date. But we are not with men at least, given to poetry and out the hope that, at least among art, would still, we think,
gladly find the most unenlightened portions of some " phantom of delight," simple the community, our old prejudices and guileless, all guiltless of statismay meet with some faint response. tics
“ A creature not too bright or good wise and beneficent labours, were
For human nature's daily food;
valuable as records of work done, Praise, blame, love, kisses, tears,
and in no way sinned against that and smiles."
retiring diffidence which, according In this wide world, so manifold, to an old prejudice, best adorns the there is of course scope for tastes female character. Miss Bessie Parkes and pursuits the most varied, and and Miss Emily Faithful have set call for labours the most extended on foot institutions, and opened up Yet at the meeting in Dublin the employments, by which educated otherday there were beauteous girls, women may be rescued from want, apparently devoted to science, who, and saved from the obligation inwe would hope, had not yet met volved in charity. Papers by Miss with their precise“ vocation;" ladies Hill, on "The Present Condition industriously attending" sections," of Mettray;" by Miss Cobbe, on yet “ so fair, so sweet, withal so “ The Preventive Mission at Brissensitive," that they may yet pos- tol ;" by Miss Twining, on “ Worksibly be induced to quit the ardu- house Education ;” and by Miss ous paths of strict philosophy for Mary Carpenter, on “ The Applicasongs of “the May Queen," and tion of the Principles of Education “Enone," and take to sentiments to Schools for the Lower Classes of that may probably elude the strict Society," were all written with formula of scientific calculation. praiseworthy care, and brought zeal,
But let us not be misunderstood. tempered by knowledge, to the eluThere is, it must be admitted, in all cidation of subjects of pressing practhis “science," perhaps falsely so tical import. We are anxious, we called, much pretence. Yet, on the repeat, not to be misunderstood. other hand, it were surely unjust to There are honoured names and great cast ridicule upon woman's true works, which can never be forgotten. work; and it would evince the height Elizabeth Fry in Newgate, Florence of ingratitude for benefits conferred, Nightingale in Scutari, will hold to deny to her a noble mission in rank with Howard the philanthrothe world. To assuage suffering, pist ; and we rejoice to know that to smooth the pillow of death, to these good women have found folminister to poverty and distress, has lowers worthy of their noble deeds been, happily for our common hu- and high renown. manity, the peculiar province and Still we will not disguise our delight of woman, gentle in hand opinion that the appearance of wo. and tender in heart. Fortunate men as orators addressing a public it is that ladies are sometimes found and mixed audience, is not an exfreed from individual ties of family periment which merits encourageand home, who can generously de- ment, but an innovation, which vote themselves to the more pub- calls for suppression. In the whole lic labours of active benevolence. history of the world, we believe the And surely it is one of the most Quakers are the only people among hopeful signs of the times in whom liberty of speech has been which we live, that women, Protes- exercised by women with moderatant no less than Catholic, are ready tion. The Quakers, indeed, claim to leave the comforts, and even the a divine inspiration, which is supluxuries, of refined life, and, as posed to overrule all distinctions sisters of charity, tender in mercy, of sex. And generally, we believe, to enter upon strenuous labours, when women have commanded forfrom which can accrue no reward tresses, led armies, or addressed save the approval of a good con- assembled multitudes, the inspirascience and the meed of a generous tion of religion, the passion of war, heart. We are bound to admit that or the fanaticism of superstition, papers written, and in many cases has served as a doubtful justifialso read, by ladies engaged in such cation. The experience won at
the recent congress in Dublin is, fess ourselves to have been so unwe think, little in favour of the gallant as to have wished that the further extension of such practices. ladies, chiefly for their own sakes, In the outset, women proved them- had been out of hearing. The pracselves somewhat unfit for oratory, tice of our Houses of Parliament, in the simple incapacity of making notwithstanding the recent innovathemselves heard. Furthermore, tion of a ladies' gallery, fortunately public discussion in an arena com- placed out of sight, plainly indicates mon to men is surely not woman's what, upon this matter, was the fitting sphere. Open public contro- wisdom of the ancients, and the versy with ladies would be, of course, theory of the English constitution. among all rightminded men, simply But it would seem, as we have impossible. And we cannot but fear already said, that it is now our prithat that noble feeling of chivalry to- vilege to live in more enlightened wards a fair and sensitive sex—“that times. generous loyalty,” “the nurse of The scientific mind in "social" manly sentiment and heroic enter- hours, when taking its recreation, prise,” which, in the words of Burke, has for some time past indeed pre
inspired courage, whilst it miti- sented many startling phenomena. gated ferocity, which ennobled what- Professors seem to fear lest the old ever it touched”—could with diffi- adage of “all work and no play" culty be maintained towards those should, even upon their exalted women who should venture to enter genius, take its proverbial effect, into noisy controversy, and contend and so, as very boys of larger for absolute equality in the battle growth, they are found to give of life. This is, at all events, an themselves to healthful sport and experiment in which modest success convivial jollity, not precisely aconly could for one moment be tole- cording to prescribed notions as rated. Would it be a thing to be to the essential dignity of official endured by any loyal mind, that robes. Scientific excursions in women should get up in public search of fossils, when students assemblies, and blunder on in a are armed with hammer and knapmanner innocuous and habitual to sack ; botanical picnics, when rarest men? Could a lady come out from flowers, culled with infinite care such an ordeal unscathed, and with solely for the portfolio, have been no diminution of respect ? The found towards evening's close in question does not admit of a mo- garlands decking the hair of the ment's argument. In Dublin, the lady most ardent in the pursuit of
was simple enough, and, science-these are but the milder being in the nature of a tentative forms of genuine philosophic enthutrial, not, we trust, to be pushed siasm let loose to disport itself. The farther, was pursued with praise- recently published memoirs of that worthy caution. A lady reads a genial and truly scientific man, paper, applause follows, a few words Edward Forbes, are rich in the of congratulation are then bestowed, records of dinners enlivened by and so the matter ends pleasantly song and merriment; of science enough, to the mutual delight of moulding itself into verse, “poet, all parties. All this, we readily ad- oyster, and sensitive plant,” Dodo, mit, is so far sufficiently social and starfish, and the great Dinornis, all charming, and yet, we venture to sitting with “the Red Lion” at the assert, in no way accordant with
same hospitable board. There is deliberate scientific inquiry, or com- something hearty, thorough, and patible with the freedom of open withal healthful and sound, in this and impartial discussion. When philosophy, as thrown into rhyme ever, in fact, woman's vital interests by the philosopher himself :came into debate—in marriage, di
“ Though some poor canting mortals say vorce, and kindred topics—we con That wise men must be sad,
Let them come here and see the way designation of "The Metropolitan
How wise men can be glad. Their wisdom is but foolery,
Lions,” expressly for the conveAnd ours is what it ought to be.
nience of members in town resiHurrab! hurrah for the Rosy Band ! dence. At these convivial meetings Hurrah for the Holly Tree!
Edward Forbes was wont to delight Then whilst we live we'll spend our
the company with songs composed hours
expressly for the occasion; scientific 'Mid all that's bright and fair; facts thrown into rhyme, and treatIn learning's fields we'll gather flowers To wreath in Beauty's hair;
ed with grotesque humour. On one For wisdom's hoary locks we'll twine
of these festive occasions he sang, A crown of myrtle and of vine.
to the infinite merriment of the Hurrah! hurrah for the Rosy Band ! Hurrah for the Holly Tree !''
nascent philosophers," the Dredg
ing Song, by a member of the DredgThe meeting of the British Asso- ing Committee of sect. D.” ciation in the year 1839, held in the “Hurrah for the dredge, with its iron edge, town of Birmingham, became, we And its mystical triangle, are told, memorable for the institu
And its hided net, with meshes set,
Odd fishes to entangle! tion of another, and, we believe,
The ship may move through the waves kindred society, “ The Association above, of Red Lions." We are given to
'Mid scenes exciting wonder, understand that the younger tribe
But braver sights the dredge delights,
As it roveth the waters under. of naturalists, disliking the irksome
Chorus—Then a-dredging we will ness of the established ordinary,
go, wise boys! adjourned to a small tavern, where Then a-dredging we will go.” " they dined daily at small expense, It is specially recorded in the on beef cooked in various fashions, chronicles of the Metropolitan Red moistened with sundry potations of Lions that a meeting was held on beer, and enlivened by joke and the 17th April 1845, at the “ Chesong.” Thus was established the shire Cheese,” in Fleet Street, an renowned club of the “Red Lions,” evening ever memorable for the and in “proof," it is said, “ of their brilliancy and pungency of the leonine relationship," the profes- songs, anecdotes, and jokes, at sors and associates, when assembled which we find the following grave at the dinner - table," made it a philosophers assisting in the myspoint of always signifying their ap- teries of the brotherhood :-“ Owen, proval or dissent by growls and Goodsir, Falconer, Forbes, A. C.
or less audible, and, Ramsay, Captain James, Morris, where greater energy was needed, Francis, Jerdan, Cook Taylor, Richby a vigorous flourishing of their ard Taylor, Sulk, Henry, Henfrey, coat-tails.” It is added that the Busk, Waterhouse, Playfair, and “rampant coat-tail” of the president Chambers.” The Transactions of "served as a model to the younger this learned society seem to have lions." The adopted crest of the been kept with the praiseworthy Association was a brilliant red precision which befitted the imlion with a long pipe in one paw, portance of their deliberations. Acand a glass of beer in the other ;' cordingly, we find it placed upon “the feeding-hour of the carnivora, record that on the 3d of July 1847 six o'clock precisely.” This reminds “the Metropolitan Red Lions gave us of Miss Hardcastle's rehearsal for a dinner to the Prince of Canino," barmaid in She Stoops to Conquer: the nephew of the great Napoleon, -“Attend the Lion there : Pipes to whom, if we recollect rightly, and tobacco for the Angel : The science had already become indebted Lamb has been outrageous this for a valuable memoir or monograph, half - hour.” So great was the dedicated to the little bird comsuccess of the parent association monly known as the small tom-tit. that a branch society became es We usually find the glowing detablished in London, under the scription of these renowned dinners