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rivalry and hatred. The Laird of his friend, the Rev. James Tate, Bargainy resolved to humiliate his master of Richmond School, interneighbour and enemy the Laird of ests oneKerse, by a forcible occupation of “One evening I was sitting alone part of his territory. For the pur- —it was about nine o'clock in the pose of making this aggression middle of summer—there came a Hlagrantly insulting, it was done by gentle tap at the door. I opened tethering or staking a sow or female the door myself, and a gentleman pig on the lands of Kerse. The said with great modesty, Mr Tate, animal was, of course, attended by I am Mr Surtees of Mainsforth. a sufficient body of armed men for James Raine begged I would call her protection. It was necessary upon you.' "The master of Richfor his honour that Kerse should mond School is delighted to see drive the animal and her attendants you,' said I ; 'pray walk in.' 'No, away, and hence came a bloody bat thank you, sir ; I have ordered a bit tle about the fitting of the sow. In of supper; perhaps you will walk the contest, Kerse's eldest son and up with me?'« To be sure I will,' and bope, Jock, is killed, and the point away we went. As we went along, or moral of the narrative is the I quoted a line from the Odyssey. contempt with which the old laird What was my astonishment to hear looks on that event, as compared from Mr Surtees, not the next only, with the grave affair of flitting the
but line after line of the passage I sow. A retainer who comes to tell had touched upon. Said I to myhim the result of the battle stam self,'Good master Tate, take heed; it mers in his narrative on account of is not often you catch such a fellow his grief for Jock, and is thus pulled as this at Richmond.' I never spent up by the laird
such an evening in my life.” What ""Is the sow flitted ?' cries the carle,
a pity, then, that he did not give us "Gie me my answer, short and plain more of the evening, which seems
Is the sow flitted, yammerin wean?' to have left joyful memories to To which the answer is,
both ; for Surtees himself thus
commemorated it in Macaronics, in "The sow, deil tak her, 's ower the water, which he was an adept And at their back the Crawfords clatter;
" Doctus Tatius hic residet The Carrick couts are cowed and bit
Ad coronam prandet ridet ted.'
Spargit sales cum cachinno. Hereupon the laird's exultation Lepido ere et concinno. breaks forth,
Ubique carus inter bonos
Rubei montis præsens honos." My thumb for Jock-the sow's flitted.''
In the same majestic folio in Another man of genius and learn- which we found this anecdote—the ing, whose name is a household one Memoir prefixed to the History of among the book clubs, is that of Durham-we are likewise told how, Robert Surtees, the historian of when at college, he was waiting on Durham. You may hunt for it in a Don on business ; and, feeling vain among the biographical dic- coldish, stirred the fire. Pray, tionaries. Let us hope that this Mr Surtees," said the great man, deficiency will be well supplied in “ do you think that any other unthe Biographia Britannica, project- dergraduate in the college would ed by Mr Murray. He was not have taken that liberty ?” “Yes, certainly among those who flare Mr Dean," was the reply—“any one their qualities before the world—he as cool as I am !” This would have was in a peculiar sense addicted, as been not unworthy of Brummell. we shall shortly notice, to hiding The next is not in Brummell's line. his light under a bushel ; and so Arguing with a neighbour about his any little notice of him in actual not going to church, the man said, flesh and blood, such as this left by “Why, sir, the parson and I have
quarrelled about the tithes.” “You Ha' set upon Albany Featherstonhaugh,
And taken his life at the Dead Man's fool," was the reply, “is that any
Haugh? reason why you should go to hell ?"
There was Williemoteswick Yet another. A poor man, with a And Hard-riding Dick, numerous family, lost his only cow. And Hughie of Hawdon, and Will of the Surtees was collecting a subscription
I canna tell a', I canna tell a', to replace the loss, and called on the And many a mair that the deil may knaw. Bishop of Lichfield, who was Dean
The auld man went down, but Nicol kis of Durham, and owner of the great tithes in the parish, to ascertain Ran away afore the fight was begun; what he would give. Give!” said And he run, and he run, the bishop, “ why, a cow to be sure.
And afore they were done
There was many a Featherston gat sic a Go, Mr Surtees, to my steward, and
stun, tell him to give you as much money As never was seen since the world begun. as will buy the best cow you can find.”
I canna tell a', I canna tell a',
Some got a skelp, and some got a Surtees, astonished at this unex
claw, pected generosity, said—“My Lord,
Eut they gar't the Featherstons haud I hope you will ride to heaven upon their jaw. the back of that cow.” A while after
Some got a hurt, and some got nane, wards he was saluted in the college Some had harness, and some got slaen.” by the late Lord Barrington, with This imposture, professing to come
-“ Surtees, what is the absurd from the relation of a woman eighty speech that I hear you have been years old, was accompanied with making to the dean?”
some explanatory notes, characternothing absurd in it," was the re istic of the dry antiquary, thus :ply ; " when the dean rides to hea- "Hard-riding Dick is not an epithet ven on the back of that cow, many referring to horsemanship, but means of your prebendaries will be glad to Richard Ridley of Hardriding, the lay hold of her tail.”
seat of another family of that name, We have noted these innocent which, in the time of Charles I., was trifles concerning one who is chiefly sold on account of expenses incurred known as a deep and dry investi- by the loyalty of the proprietor, the gator, for the purpose of propitiat- immediate ancestor of Sir Mathew ing the reader in his favour, since Ridley. Will o' the Wa' seems to the sacred cause of truth requires be William Ridley of Walltown, so us to refer to another affair in which called from its situation on the great his conduct, however trifling it might Roman wall. Thirlwall Castle, be, was not innocent. He was ad- whence the clan of Thirlwalls dedicted to literary practical jokes of rived their name, is situated on an audacious kind, and once at least the small river of Tippell, near the carried his presumption so far as to western boundary of Northumberimpose on Sir Walter Scott a spuri- land. It is near the wall, and takes ous ballad which has a place in the its name from the rampart having Border Minstrelsy. Nor is it by any been thirled—that is, pierced or means a servile imitation, which breached in its vicinity.” might pass unnoticed in a crowd In the life of Surtees, the eviof genuine and better ballads ; but dence of the crime is thus dryly set it is one of the most spirited and forth, as following up a statement one of the most thoroughly endowed of the transmission of the manuwith individual character in the script, and of its publication :whole collection. This guilty com- “ Yet all this was a mere figment position is known as “The Death of Surtees' imagination, originating of Featherstonhaugh,” and begins probably in some whim of ascertainthus :
ing how far he could identify him
self with the stirring times, scenes, “ Hoot awa', lads, hoot awa'; Ha' ye heard how the Ridleys, and Thirl- and poetical compositions which his walls, and a
fancy delighted to dwell on.
“This is proved by more than one is often extremely strong, and the copy among his papers of this bal- injury seems slight while it is in lad corrected and interlined, in the power of the offender immediorder to mould it to the language, ately to counteract it by confession. the manners, and the feelings of Vanity, indeed, often joins conscithe period, and of the district to entiousness in hastening on a revelawhich it refers. Mr Surtees no tion. Surtees, however, remained doubt had wished to have the suc in obdurate silence, and we are not cess of his attempt tested by the aware that any edition of the Minunbiassed opinion of the very first strelsy draws attention to his handiauthority on the subject; and the work. Perhaps he was afraid of result must have been gratifying to what he had done, like that teller him."
in the House of Commons who is In Scott's acknowledgment of said by tradition to have attempted the contribution, printed also in to make a bad joke in the division the life of Surtees, there are some on the Habeas Corpus Act by countwords that must have brought mis- ing a fat man as ten, and, seeing givings and fear of detection to that the trick passed unnoticed, and the heart of the culprit, since Scott, also passed the measure, became without apparently allowing doubts afraid to confess it. to enter his mind, yet noted some The literary history of “The Death peculiarities in the piece, in which of Featherstonhaugh”is apt to excite it differed from others. “Your uneasiness about the touching balnotes upon the parties concerned lad of “ Barthram's Dirge,” also congive it all the interest of authority, tributed to the Minstrelsy as the and it must rank, I suppose, among fruit of the industrious investigathose half - serious, half - ludicrous tions of Surtees. Most readers will songs, in which the poets of the remember thisBorder delighted to describe what “ They shot him dead at the Nine-Stone they considered as the sport of Rig, swords. It is perhaps remarkable,
Beside the headless cross,
And they left him lying in his blood, though it may be difficult to guess
Upon the moor and moss." a reason, that these Cumbrian dit
After this stanza, often admired ties are of a different stanza and
for its clearness as a picture, there character, and obviously sung to a
is a judicious break, and then come different kind of music, from those
The on the northern Border,
stanzas deficient in certain words,
which, as hypothetically supplied gentleman who collected the words may perhaps be able to describe lowed to remain within brackets :
by Surtees, were good-naturedly althe tune." We are aware of no system of
“They made a bier of the broken bough,
The sauch and the aspine grey, ethics which lays down with per And they bore him to the Lady Chapel, fect precision the moral code on And waked him there all day. literary forgeries, or enables us to A lady came to that lonely bower, judge of the exact enormity of such
And threw her robes aside ; offences. The world looks leniently
She tore her ling (long) yellow hair,
And knelt at Barthram's side. on them, and sometimes sympathises
She bathed him in the Lady Well, with them as good jokes. Allan His wounds so deep and sair, Cunningham did not lose his de And she plaited a garland for his breast, signation of “honest Allan” by the And a garland for bis bair." tremendous “rises" which he took Altogether, such affairs create an out of Cromek about those remains unpleasant uncertainty about the of Nithsdale and Galloway song-a paternity of that delightful decase in point so far as principle partment of literature, our ballad goes, but differing somewhat in the poetry. Where next are we to be intellectual rank of the party. The disenchanted ? Of the way in which temptation to commit such offences ancient ballads have come into ex
istence, there is one sad example thing to preserve these stories, and within our knowledge. Some mad the memory of times and manners young wags, wishing to test the which, though existing as it were critical powers of an experienced yesterday, have so strangely vancollector, sent him a new-made bal- ished from our eyes.” lad in a fragmentary form. To the The reader will not expect us to surprise of its fabricator, it was enter on a statistical account of duly printed ; but what naturally the several associations for printing raised his surprise to astonishment, books, their origin and progress, the and revealed to him a secret, was, purposes to which they were dethat it was no longer a fragment, voted, and the method in which but a complete ballad, the collector, they have pursued them; nor would in the course of his industrious in- any such exposition be received quiries among the peasantry, hav- with much gratitude. We may do ing been so fortunate as to recover a service, however, by showing the the missing fragments. It was a easiest and briefest path to such case where neither could say any knowledge. In this utilitarian age thing to the other, though Cato there are alphabetical or other might wonder, “ quod non rideret synoptical guides to every descripharusper, haruspicem cum vidisset." tion of practical information, from This ballad has been printed in the Encyclopædia of Religious Demore than one collection, and ad- nominations, which gives a short mired as an instance of the inimit- exposition of every creed, and the able simplicity of the genuine old Clerical Guide, which tells you who versions. If the reader should ever teaches it, and what he gets for doalight on a ballad called “ Chil ing so, down to the Black List, which Ether,” and succeed in accurately favours you with an index to all tracing its literary history, he will people who have become bankrupt, find it to correspond pretty accu or get their bills protested, or are rately with this statement.
"wanted" by the persons from whom It may perhaps do something to they have obtained effects without mitigate Surtees' offence in the eye rendering a good quid pro quo. So it of the world, that it was he who first might be expected that there should suggested to Scott the idea of im- be some guide or index to the serproving the Jacobite insurrections, vices of the book clubs ; and the and, in fact, writing Warerley. In expectation is fulfilled in the exthe very same letter, quoted above, istence of a tidy little volume called where Scott acknowledges the trea “ The Learned Societies and Printcherous gift, he also acknowledges ing Clubs of the United Kingdom; the hints he has received ; and, being an Account of their respective mentioning the Highland stories Origin, History, Objects, and Conhe had imbibed from old Stewart stitution, with full Details respectof Invernahyle, says, “I believe ing Membership, Fees, their Pubthere never was a man who united lished Works and Transactions, Nothe ardour of a soldier and tale- tices of their Periods and Places of teller—or man of talk, as they call Meeting, &c., by the Rev. A. Hume, it in Gaelic-—in such an excellent LL.D., F.S.A., &c.” It will go hard degree ; and as he was as fond of if the man who has the disposition telling as I was of hearing, I be- of the thing in his nature do not find came a violent Jacobite at the age his proper book club in the variety of ten years old ; and even since of titles and objects thus laid be. reason and reading came to my fore him. The distribution of the assistance, I have never got rid of clubs is, it must be confessed, not the impression which the gallantry at all of a logical character, having of Prince Charles made on my ima- indeed rather a close resemblance gination. Certainly I will not re to those examples of false analysis nounce the idea of doing some- sometimes laid before their pupils
by logicians, which consist in divid- the other departments in science, ing literature into books on divin- which the names given to them ity, books on science, quarto books, readily indicate. and books bound in calf. One In divinity and ecclesiastical hissystem of arrangement is topogra- tory we have the Parker Society, phical, as the Chetham, "for the named after the archbishop. purpose of publishing biographical tendencies are " low," or, at all and historical books connected with events, “ broad;” and as it counted the counties Palatine, or Lancaster some seven thousand members, it and Chester.” N.B.-Among other could not be allowed the run of the volumes of interest, it has issued a public mind without an antidote very valuable and amusing collec- being accessible. Hence “ The Lition of documents about the siege brary of Anglo-Catholic Theology," of Preston, and other incidents of the tendency of which was not only the insurrection of 1715 in Lanca- shown in its name, but in its posshire. The Surtees, again, named sessing among its earliest adherents after our friend the ballad-monger, the Rev. E. B. Pusey and the affects “ those parts of England and Rev. John Keble. The same party Scotland included in the east be strengthened themselves by a series tween the Humber and the Firth of volumes called the “ Library of of Forth, and in the west between the Fathers of the Holy Catholic the Mersey and the Clyde—a region Church anterior to the Division of which constituted the ancient king- the East and West, translated by dom of Northumberland.” The Members of the English Church.” Maitland, with its headquarters in In Scotland, the two branches which Glasgow, gives a preference to the deny the supremacy of Rome (it west of Scotland, but has not been would give offence to call them exclusive. The Spalding Club, esta- both Protestant), are well repreblished in Aberdeen, the granite sented by the Spottiswoode, alcapital of the far north, is the ready referred to as the organ of luminary of its own district, and Episcopacy; and the more prolific has produced fully as much valu- Wodrow, which, named after the able historical matter as any other zealous historian of the Troubles, club in Britain. Then there is the was devoted to the history of PresIrish Archæological - perhaps the byterianism, and the works of the most learned of all, having to deal Presbyterian fathers. Thus are the with Celtic lore, requiring a pecu- book clubs eminently the republic liar and exceptional scholarship. of letters, in which no party or The Aelfric may be counted its eth- class has an absolute predominance, nical rival, as dealing with the pro- but each enjoys a fair hearing. And ductions of the Anglo-Saxon ene- whereas if we found people for mies of the Celt. The Camden other purposes than literature comprofesses to be general to the Brit-bining together according to eccleish empire. The name of the club siastical divisions, as High Church called “The Oriental Translation or Low, Episcopalian or PresbyteFund," tells its own story. There rian, we should probably find that are others, too, with no topogra- each excluded from its circle all that phical connection, which express do not spiritually belong to it, we pretty well their purpose in their are assured it is quite otherwise names — as the Shakespeare, for in the book clubs — that High the old drama—the Percy, for old Churchmen or Romanists have not ballads and lyrical pieces. The been excluded from the Parker, or Hakluyt has a delightful fieldold evangelical divines prohibited from voyages and travels. The “ Rae investing in the Library of AngloSociety" sticks to zoology and bo- Catholic Theology. Nay, the most tany; and the Wernerian, the Ca- zealous would incline to encourage vendish, and the Sydenham, take the communication of their own