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said to have been the day whereon diel)
sir Hugh Myddleton; a man renowned in Forty Martyrs of St. Sebasti, A. D. 320. English annals for having abundantly
st. Droctovæus, Abbot, a. d. 580. St. supplied London with water, by conductMackessoge.
ing the New River from Ware, in Hert
fordshire, to the Clerkenwell suburb of The 10th of March, 1702, is erroneously the metropolis.
The first View of the New River—from London. This is seen immediately on coming boy angling on the wall, is a public-house within view of Sadler's Wells, a place of with tea-gardens and a skittle-ground, dramatic entertainment. After manifold “commonly called, or known by the name windings and tunnellings from its source, or sign of, the sir Hugh Myddleton, or of the New River passes beneath the arch in the sir Hugh Myddleton's head," a porthe engraving, and forms a basin within trait of sir Hugh hangs in front of the a large walled enclosure, from whence house. To this stream, as the water diverging main pipes convey the water to nearest London favourable to sport, an. all parts of London. At the back of the glers of inferior note repair :
Here “ gentle anglers," and their rods withal,
Here too, experienced youths of better taste
GLOVE OF DEFIANCE
Concerning Sir Hugh Myddleton there relate that such mutton given to a will be occasion to speak again.
kennel of dogs rendered them fæt, till on a sudden their good looks declined, they became lean, and gradually died, without
any other cause being assignable for the In the Church.
mortality, than the impure flesh of the
sheep. In such a season, therefore, famiIn the notice of Bernard Gilpin, March lies should shrink from the use of mutton 4, p. 332,) it is said, “ another incident
as from a pestilence. There is no secufurther illustrating the manners of the rity, but in entire abstinence. Almost Northern Borderers will be mentioned every hare shot during the same period Lelow." The observation refers to a sin- had a tainted liver. Under such circum gular challenge, which the arrangements stances lamb should be sparingly used, of that day could not include, and is now and, if possible, refrained from altogether, inserted.
in order to secure mutton at a reasonable On a certain Sunday Mr. Gilpin going price hereafter. to preach in those parts wherein deadly feuds prevailed, observed a glove hanging
CHRONOLOGY. up on high in the church. He demanded of the sexton what it meant, and why it
1792. John, earl of Bute, died. He hung there. The sexton answered, that it was a glove which one of the parish hung sion of George III.; and of all who guided
was prime minister soon after the accesup there as a challenge to his enemy, sig- the helm of state, the most unpopular. nifying thereby, that he was ready to enter combat hand to hand, with him or any one else who should dare to take the glove
On the 10th of March, 1820, died down. Mr. Gilpin requested the sexton to take it down. Not I, sir,” replied the Benjamin West
, esq., president of the sexton, “I dare do no such thing" Then Royal Academy, in the eighty-second year Mr. Gilpin, calling for a long staff, took lead genius in a young artist; and Mr.
It was his delight to gently down the glove himself, and put it in his William Bennes, the sculptor, was bosom. By and by, when the people honoured by the venerable president with came to church, and Mr. Gilpin in due the means of transmitting his parting time went up into the pulpit, he in his looks to an admiring world, upon whom sermon reproved the barbarous custom he was soon to look no more. Mr. West's of challenges, and especially the custom sittings to Mr. Behnes were about two which they had, of making challenges by, months before his death. Expressing the hanging up of a glove. “I hear,” himself to his young friend in terms of said be, “ that there is one amongst you; high satisfaction at the model, he enwho, even in this sacred place, hath hanged
couraged him to up a glove to this purpose, and threateneth to enter into combat with whosoever
shall branch of art which Mr. Behnes has since
distinguished, by admirable power of de take it down. Behold, I have taken it down myself.” Then plucking out the Mr. Behnes's model as a mere likeness, is
sign and use of the chisel. To speak of glove, he showed it openly, and inveighing against such practices in any man that meagre praise of an effort which clearly
marks observation, and comprehension, of professed himself a Christian, endeavoured Mr. West's great mental powers. The o persuade them to the practice of mutual bust, as it stands in marble, in sir John love and charity.
Leicester's gallery, is a perfect resemblance. of Mr. West's features, and an eloquent memorial of his vigorous and unimpaired
intellect in the last days of earthly exisThe memory of man supplies no re- tence. If ever the noblest traits of humanity collection of so wet a season as from Sep- were depicted by the hand of art, there tember 1824 to March 1825; it produced are on this bust. Superiority of mind the rot in sheep to an alarming extent. so decidedly marked, and blended, with In consequence of the animals being primitive simplicity, and a beaming look killed in this disease, the mutton is un- of humanity and benevolence, that it wholesome for human food, and produces seems the head of an apostle. mortality even in dogs. The newspapers
Mr. West was an American; he was No. 12.
boin at Springfield, in Pennsylvania, several successive days thus devoted himon the 10th of October, 1738; his self to painting. The schoolmaster, howancestors and parents were “ Friends :" ever, sent to know the reason of his ab the family had emigrated from England sence. Mrs. West recollecting that she with the illustrious founder and legislator had seen Benjamin going up stairs every of Pennsylvania, William Penn: of morning, and suspecting that it was the whose treaty with the Indians for a tract box which occasioned this neglect of the of their territory, it is observed, that it school, affected not to notice the message, was the only christian contract unsanc- but went immediately to the garret, and tioned by an oath, and the only one never found him employed on the picture. If violated.* The first of the family who she had anger, it was changed to a different embraced Quaker principles was colonel feeling by the sight of his performance; James West, the friend and companion in she kissed him with transports of affection, arms of the great John Hampden. and assured him that she would intercede
Mr. West's genius developed itself very to prevent his being punished. It seemed early. When a child he saw an infant ever the highest pleasure of Mr. West smile in its sleep, and forcibly struck with emphatically to declare, that it was this its beauty, seized pens, ink, and paper, kiss that made him a painter. which happened to lie by him, and en- After numerous indications of uncondeavoured to delineate a portrait; at this trollable passion for his favourite and period he had never seen an engraving or only pursuit, a consultation of “ Friends" a picture.
He was afterwards sent to was held, on the propriety of allowing school in the neighbourhood, and during young West to indulge a taste, which the hours of leisure was permitted to draw strict discipline of the society inhibits :with a pen and ink. It did not occur to
Genius bas such resistless power any of the family to provide him with bet
That e'en the Quaker, stern and plain, ter materials, till a party of Indians being
Felt for the blooming painter boy. amused with little Benjamin's sketches of birds and flowers,taught him to prepare the The destiny he desired was fixed. In red and yellow colours with which they 1760 he left Philadelphia for Rome, purpainted their ornaments, and his mother sued his studies in the capital of art, adding blue, by giving him a piece of visited the galleries and collections of indigo, he became possessed of the three Italy with an àrdour that impaired his primary colours. As he could not procure health, came through France to London, camels' hair pencils, and did not even
and was about to return to America, when know of their existence, he supplied the sir Joshua Reynolds, and Wilson, the deficiency by cutting fur from the end of landscape painter, used their utmost perthe cat's tail. From the frequent necessity suasions to detain him in this country, for repeating this depredation, his father There was only one obstacle ; he had observed the altered appearance of his formed an attachment on his native soil: favourite, and lamented it as the effect of disease; the young artist, with due con
Wheree'er he turn'd, whatever realms to trition, informed his father of the true His heart, untravell’d, fondly turn'd cause, and the old gentleman was highly pleased by his son's ingenuousness. Mr.
to her whom he loved. This difficulty Pennington, a merchant of Philadelphia, was overcome, for the lady, Miss Shewell, struck with the genius of the child, sent came over; they were married in London, him a box of paints and pencils, with
in 1764. Thus “settled," in the following some canvass, and six engravings by year Mr. West was chosen a member and Grevling. Little West rose with the one of the directors of the Society of dawn of the next day, carried the box Artists, afterwards incorporated with the into the garret, prepared a pallet, began Royal Academy, which he assisted in to imitate the figures in the engravings, forming, and over which he afterwards omitted to go to school, and joined the presided till his death. family at dinner, without mentioning how
As an artist his works in the various he had been occupied. In the afternoon collections and edifices throughout Eng. he again retired to his garret; and for
land exhibit his talents, but above all
“ West's Gallery,” now open in New• Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary, London
man-street for public inspection, is an edit. vol. , p. 867.
assemblage of testimonials to the justice
of his fame among his adopted countrymen. His talent geiminated on the Upright Chickweed. Veronica triphyllos, shores of the Atlantic, but with us it Dedicated to St. Droctaveus. flourished. America at that period was not sufficiently advanced to cultivate his genius : now that she has risen in com
March 11. merce and the arts, and taken her stand St. Eulogius of Cordova, A. D. 859. Si. among the nations, she will retain her Future Wests to adorn her greatness. May
Sophronius, Patriarch of Jerusalem,
St. Ængus, Bishop, A. D. the people of England and America con- 824. St. Constantine, 6th Cent. Eend with each other no more but in works of
and good will; and may the interchange of talented individuals from
CHRONOLOGY. each, contribute to the prosperity and 1752. Papers were affixed in the moral grandeur of both countries ! avenues to both houses of parliament,
As a man, Mr. West's characteristics were kindness and warmth of heart. servants intended to destroy the pheasant
giving notice that the farmers and their From accordant feelings, he painted with and partridge eggs, and leverets, if the delight and energy some of the most country gentlemen, who had entered into affecting incidents in the New Testament an association for the preservation of history. His “ Christ healing the sick” game, did not desist.
There were sad will be remembered by all who saw it, heats at this time between the owners and with reverend solemnity. In his“ Christ occupiers of land, from the obnoxiousness Rejected," the various bad passions in the of the game laws, and the severity of their malignant spectators and abettors of the execution. outrage; the patient suffering of the great and all-enduring character ; the sympa
FLORAL DIRECTORY. thizing feelings of his adherents; and the Cornish Heath. Erica vaguus general accessories, are great lineaments of Dedicated to St. Eulogius. the designer's power. His “Death on the Pale Horse," "and more especially the sketch for that painting, express masterly
March 12. thought and conception. These are Mr.
St. Gregory the Great. St. Maximilian, West's “large" pictures,
Some of his
4. D. 296.
St. Paul, Bishop of Leon,
about 573. smaller ones and his sketches, the beholder studies and lingers over till his limbs and
St. Gregory the Great, body tire; and he leaves the large assem- He was prætor of Rome in 574, under blage of paintings in “ West's Gallery” the emperor Justin; next year he became a with a conviction, that no artist bas yet monk, and by fasting and study so weakfully occupied his place. Perhaps there ened his stomach, that he swooned if he is only one who would have designed the did not frequently eat. "What gave him the Death on the Pale Horse” more effec. greatest affliction,” says Butler, “was, his tively, and he would have had no compeer not being able to fast on an Easter-eve; a -Mr. Fuseli ; whose compositions are of day on which, says St. John the deacon, a higher order than those of any other in every one, not even excepting litt'e chilthis country, and will be duly estimated dren are used to fast;' whereupon, by praywhen the price set upon his works cannoting that he might be enabled to fast, he be useful to their author. No one is not only fasted, but quite forgot his illvalued till he is dead; after the last sigh ness." He determined to come to Britain has sobbed from the body, comes the time to propagate the faith; but the whole city for some to suspect that they had inflicted rose in an uproar to prevent his deparpangs upon its infirmity when living, and ture, and the pope constrained him to rea desire to know more of a man, the main. Pope Pelagius II. sent him as rufflings of whose dying pillow the breath nuncio to Constantinople, where Eutychius of their friendship might have smoothed, fell into an error, importing that after the and whom, to the extent of their compre- resurrection glorified bodies would not be hension they might have known, if their palpable, but of a more subtile texture than little feelings, in a state too easy, had not air. Whereupon, says Butler, St. Greexcluded him from their society. gory was alarmed, and clearly demon.
strated that their bodies would be the
same which they had on earth, and Euty- the woman was converted, and the rest chius retracted his error : on his return to were confirmed. At another time, some Rome he took with him an arm of St. 'ambassadors coming to Rome for relics, Andrew, and the head of St. Luke. Pela- Gregory took a linen cloth which had gius made him his secretary, and after his been applied to the body of a saint, and death was elected pope himself. To enclosing it in a box gave it to them. escape from the danger of this elevation, While on their journey home they were he got himself carried out of Rome in a curious to see the contents of the box: wicker basket, and lay concealed in woods and finding nothing within it but the and caverns for three days. He was cloth, returned to St. Gregory complainafterwards consecrated with great pomp, ing that he had deceived them. On this and on that occasion sent a synodal epistle he took the cloth, laid it on the altar, to the other patriarchs, wherein he de- prayed, pricked it with a knife, the cloth clared that“ he received the four councils shed blood, and the astonished ambassaas the four gospels.” Butler says, he ex- dors reverently took back the box. Another tended his charity to the heretics, and time one who had been excommunicated "to the very Jews, yet he afterwards adds, by St. Gregory for having put away his that in Africa“ he extirpated the Dona's lawful wife, bargained with certain sorists." He subscribed himself in bis let- cerers and witches for revenge; who, when ters, “Servant of the Servants of God.” the holy pope rode through the city, sent He sent to the empress Constantina a the devil into his horse, and made him veil which had touched the relics of the caper, so that he could not be held; then apostles, and assured her that miracles with the sign of the cross the pope cast nad been wrought by such relics, and out the devil, and the witches by miracle promised her some dust-filings of the becoming blind were converted, and St. chains of St. Paul. He sent St. Austin Gregory baptized them; yet he would not and other monks to convert the English. restore their sight, lest they should read (See February 24, St. Ethelbert.) He their magical books again, but maindied on the 25th of January, 604.* His tained them out of the church rents. devotion to the church was constant; he After his death there was a famine in was learned, enterprising, sincere, and Rome, and the people being falsely percredulous, and, for the times wherein he suaded that St. Gregory had wasted the ived, charitable, and merciful. It should church property, gathered bis writings be observed, that he was the author of to burn them; wherefore Peter, the deathe church-singing called the Gregorian con, who had been intimate with Grechaunt.
gory, affirmed, that “he had often seen Many miracles are related of St. Gre- the Holy Ghost in form of a dove upon gory, as that going to bless a church St. Gregory's head whilst he was writirg, in honour of St. Agnes, which had and that it would be an insufferable been used by the Arians, he caused the affront to burn those books, which had relics to be placed on the altar, whereon been written by his inspiration ;" and to a hog went grunting out of the church with assure them of this he offered to confirm a fearful noise; whence it was averred it by oath, but stipulated that if he died that the devil, who had been served in immediately after he had taken the oath, it by the heretic Arians, was driven out they should believe that he had told by the relics. Sometimes the lamps were
them the truth: this being assented to, he miraculously lighted. One day a bright took the oath, and thereupon died, and cloud descended on the altar, with a the people believed; and “hence the heavenly odour, so that from reverence painters came to represent St. Gregory, Do one dared to enter the church. At with a dove at his ear, to signify that the another time, when Gregory was transub- Holy Ghost inspired and dictated what stantiating the wafers a woman laughed;
he writ." he asked her why she laughed ? to which It is also a legend concerning St. Gre. at length she answered, “because you gory, that when he fled from Rome to call the bread which I made with my own avoid the dignity of popedom and lay hid, hands the body of our Lord;" whereupon a bright pillar of fire descending from heahe prayed, and the consecrated bread ven, glittered above his head, and angels appeared flesh to every one present; and appeared descending and ascending by
• Butler's Saints.
* Ribadeneira's Saints.