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London Mechanics’ Institution was form- Magazine," which contained an account of ed, and on the anniversary of the day, in the first meeting of the members-a vellum 1824, the first stone of its theatre for the roll,on which was inscribed the names of the delivery of the lectures, in Southampton officers of the institution,-and a portrait Buildings, Chancery-lane, was laid by of Dr. Birkbeck, the president. The Dr. Birkbeck. In a cavity of the stone bottle having been deposited, the president was placed a bottle, wherein were sealed proceeded to lay the stone, which bears up a book of the laws of the institution- the following inscription, with the names the tenth number of the “ Mechanics' of all the officers of the institution :
This Stone, the first of the Lecture Room,
was laid on the 2d of December, 1824,
Vice-Presidents, Trustees, Auditors,
John Martineau, Esq.,
Robert M.William, Esq. After the stone was laid, Dr. Birkbeck man ;' and if thus we shall be the happy addressed the meeting in nearly the fol- means of rendering it palpable, that the Juwing words :-“ Now have we founded immortal essence within us, when freed our edifice for the diffusion and advance. from the deformity of ignorance and vice, ment of human knowledge. Now have has been created in the express image of we begun to erect a temple, wherein man God—then may we confidently hope that shall extend his acquaintance with the Omniscience will favourably behold our universe of mind, and shall acquire the rising structure; and that in its future means of enlarging his dominion over the progress, Omnipotence, without whose universe of matter. In this spot, here- assistance all human endeavours are vain, after, the charms of literature shall be will confer upon us a portion of his displayed, and the powers of science shall powers. Whilst I remind you that the be unfolded to the most humble inquirers; illustrious Bacon, long ago, maintained for to the feast of reason' which will be that' knowledge is power,' I may apprize here prepared, the invitation shall be as you that it has, since his time, been esunbounded as the region of intellect. tablished that knowledge is wealth-is For an undertaking so vast in its design, comfort-is security-is enjoyment–is and so magnificent in its objects (no- happiness. It has been found so comthing short, indeed, of the moral and intel- pletely to mingle with human affairs, that lectual amelioration and aggrandizement it renders social life more endearing; has of the human race), the blessing of heaven, given to morality more sprightliness ; and, I humbly trust, will not be implored in politically, has produced more consistent vain. If, in this institution, we seek to obedience-it takes from adversity some obey the mandate which has gone forth, of its bitterness, and enlarges the sphere, that knowledge shall be increased ; if we as well as augments the sweetness of every act in obedience to the injunction, that in laudable gratification ; and lastly, unall our gettings we should get understand- questionably one of its brightest influ. ing; if we succeed in proving, that for ences, it becomes at once an avenue and the existence of the mental wilderness, a guide to that “temple which is not mado the continuance of which we all deeply with hands, eternal in the heavens.'” deplore, we ought to blame the culture, not the soil ;' if by rendering man more percipient of the order, harmony, and benevolence, which pervade the universe, Lemon Geodorum. Geodorum citrinum, we more effectually assert eternal Pro
Dedicated to St. Bibiania. vidence, and justify the ways of God to
growth of onions in the comney-corder,
and that they ascertained the temper of St. Francis Xavier, A.D. 1552. St. the good man, from the straitness or
Birinus, first Bp. of Dorchester, A.D. crookedness of a faggot-stick drawn from 650. St. Sola, A. D. 790. St. Lucius, a woodstack. Advent seems likewise to King, A. D. 182.
have been a time wherein the young
ones went about and levied contributions. Royal Dance of Torches. Berlin, December 3, 1821.–Of all the entertainments which took place in Three weekes before the day whereon
was borne the Lorde of Grace, this capital, on the occasion of the marriage of the prince royal with the prin- And on the Thursday boyes and girles
do runne in every place, cess of Bavaria, none appeared so extra- And bounce and beate at every doore, ordinary to foreigners, as the dance
with blowes and lustie snaps, torches, (Fakeltunz.) It was executed And crie, the advent of the Lord after the grand marriage feast, in the fol- not borne as yet perhaps. lowing manner :-" The royal family, And wishing to the neighbours all, followed by all the personages who had that in the houses dwell, partook of the feast at separate tables, A happie yeare, and every thing proceeded to the white saloon. The to spring and prosper well : dance was immediately opened by the
Here have they peares, and plumbs, and
pence, privy councillor, marshal of the court, the
ech man gives willinglee, baron de Maltzahn, bearing his baton of
For these three nightes are always thought order. After him followed two and two,
unfortunate to bee : according to seniority of rank, the privy Wherein they are afrayde of sprites, councillors and the ministers of state, and cankred witches spight, bearing wax torches. The august bride And dreadfull devils blacke and grima, and bridegroom preceded the above that then have chiesest might. dancers, and walked round the saloon. In these same dayes yong wanion gyrles The princess royal stopped before the that meetę for marriage bee, king, and making him a profound rever
Doe search to know the names of them ence, invited him to dance. After having
that shall their husbands bee. danced one turn with his majesty, she Foure onyons, five, or eight, they take danced with all the princes. The prince Such names as they do fansie most, royal, in like manner, danced with all the
and best do thinke upon. princesses.
After the ball, the royal Thus neere the chimney them they set, family passed into the apartment of and that same onyon than, Frederick I., where the grand mistress, That first doth sproute, doth surely beare countess of Norde, distributed the garter the name of their good man. of the bride.
Their husbandes nature eke they seeke
to know, and all bis guise,
When as the sunne hath bid himselfe, Indian Tree. Euphorbia Tirucalli.
and left the starrie skies, Dedicated to St. Francis Xavier.
Unto some woodstacke do they go,
and while they there do stande
Eche one drawes out a faggot sticke,
the next that commes to hande,
Which if it streight and even be, St. Peter Chrysologus, A. D. 450. St.
and have no knots at all, Barbura, A. D. 306. St. Anno, Abp. A gentle husband then they thinke of Cologn, A. D. 1075. St. Osmund, shall surely to them fali. Bp. A. D. 1099. St. Maruthus, Bp. 5th But if it fowle and crooked be, Cent. $t. Siran, or Sigirannus, A. D. and kpolitie here and theare, 655, St. Clement, of Alexandria, A. D. A crabbed churlish husband then, 189.
they earnestly do seare.
These thinges the wicked papistes beare, Ancient Divinations in Advent.
e and suffer willingly, From the following lines of Barnaby
Because they neyther do the ende, Googe, it appears that rustic young girls And rather had the people should
nor fruites of faith espie : in ancient times, indulged at this season
obey their foolish lust, in attempting to divine the name of the Than truely God to know; and in man they were to marry, from forcing the him here alone to trust.
Foot Ball in Scolland
On Tuesday the 5th of December, 1815, a great foot-ball match took place
at Carterbaugh, Ettrick Forest (a spot December 5,
classical in minstrelsy), betwixt the Et
trick men and the men of Yarrow; the St. Sabas, Abbot, A, D. 532.
one party backed by the earl of Home,
St. Cris- and 'the other by sir Walter Scott, pina, A. D. 304. St. Nicetius, Bp. of sheriff of the forest, who wrote two songs Triers, A. D. 566.
for the occasion, one whereof follows :
Lifting the Banner of the House of Buccleugh,
at the great Foot-ball match, on Carterhaugh.
Our signal is waving in smoke and in flame;
With heart and with hand, like our fathers' before.
At the glance of her crescents he paus'd and withdrew
Then up with the banner, &c.
No mail glove has grasp'd her, no spearmen around ;
with the banner, &c.
And hail, like our brethren, Home, Douglas, and Car;
Then up with the banner, &c.
And if, by mischance, you should bappen to fall,
Then up with the banner, &c.
To each laird and each lady that witness'd our fun,
Then up with the banner, &c.
From the hall of the peer to the berd's ingle nook;
QUOTH THE SHERITE OF THE FOREST
Something has been said concerning for pickled pork. Happily St. Nicholas bull-y.lay, at p. 863, and more remains to was favoured with a sight of these probe observed, with which foot-ball will be ceedings in a vision, and in the morning inentioned hereafter. At present the year went to the inn, and reproached the cruel hastens the volume to a close, and we landlord with his crime, who immediately must put by many things to make ready confessed it, and entreated the saint to for the “great festival :"
pray to heaven for his pardon. Then the Christmas is a coming,
bishop, being moved by his confession We'll have flowing bowls, and contrition, besought forgiveness for Laughing, piping, drumming, him, and supplicated restoration of life to We'll be jovial souls.
the children; whereupon the pickled
pieces reunited, and the reanimated youths FLORAL DIRECTORY.
stepping from the brine-tub threw themLongstalked Hibiscus. Hibiscus pedun- selves at the feet of St. Nicholas, who culatus.
raised them up, exhorted them to return Dedicated to St. Crispina. thanks to God alone, gave them good
advice for the future, bestowed his blesDecember 6.
sing on them, and sent them to Athens St. Nicholas, Abp. of Myra, A. D. 342. with great joy to prosecute their studies.
Sts. Dionysia, Dativa, Æmilianus, Boniface, Leontia, Tertius, and Majoricus, Martyrs. St. Peter Paschal, A. D. 1300. St. Theophilus, Bp. of Antioch, A. D. 190.
St. Nicholas. He is in the almanacs, and church of England calendar. He is patron or titular saint of virgins, boys, sailors, and the worshipful company of parish clerks of the city of London. Mr. Audley briefly observes of him, that he was remarkable in his infancy for piety, and the knowledge of the scriptures; that he was made bishop of Myra, in Lycia, by Constantine the Great, and that “ he was present in the council of Nice, where, it is said, he gave Arius a box on the ear."
According to catholic story, St. Nicholas was a saint of great virtue, and disposed so early in life to conform to ecclesiastical rule, that when an infant at the breast he fasted on Wednesday and Friday, The Salisbury missal of 1534, fol. xxvii. and sucked but once on each of those contains a prayer to St. Nicholas, before days, and that towards night. A story which is an engraving on wood of the is related to his credit which is of consi- bishop with the children rising from the derable curiosity. It is told,
tub; but better than all, by a licence that Asiatic gentleman” sent his two sons to artists formerly assumed of representing “ Athens” for education, and ordered them successive scenes in the same print, the to wait on the bishop for his benediction. landlord himself is shown in the act of On arriving at Myra with their baggage reducing a limb into sizes suitable for his they took up their lodging at an inn, mercenary purpose. There are only two purposing, as it was late in the day, to children in the story, and there are three defer their visit till the morrow; but in in the tub of the engraving ; but it is fairly the mean time the innkeeper, to secure to be conjectured, that the story was their effects to himself, wickedly killed the thought so good as to be worth making a young gentlemen, cut them into pieces, little better. It is deemed seeinly to salted them, and intended to sell them introduce this rarration by a fac-simile * Audley's Companion to the Almanac, + Ribadeneira.
* Rev. Mr. Cole; see Gentleman's Bfagazine.
of the missal cut. Ribadeneira says of chanted a service with prayers and reSt. Nicholas, that “ being present at the sponses, and the boy bishop taking his council of Nice, among three hundred and seat, repeated salutations, prayers, and eighteen bishops, who were there assem- versicles, and in conclusion gave his bebled together to condemn the heresy of nediction to the people, the chorus anArius, he shone among them all with so swering, Deo gratias. Having received great clarity, and opinion of sanctity, that his crosier from the cross-bearer other he appeared like a sun amongst so many ceremonies were performed; he chanted stars." It will be remembered that he is the complyn; turning towards the quire affirmed to have given Arius a clarifying delivered an exhortation; and last of ali “ box on the ear.'
said, “ Benedicat Vos omnipotens Deus,
Pater, et Filius, et Spiritus Sanctus."
By the statutes of the church of Sarum, If there were no other, the miracle of for the regulation of this extraordinary the pickled children would be sufficient scene, no one was to interrupt or press to establish Nicholas's fame as the patron upon the boy bishop and the other chilof youth, and we find his festival day was dren, during their procession or service in selected by scholars, and the children of the cathedral, upon pain of anathema. the church, for a remarkable exhibition It farther appears that at this cathedral about to be described.
the boy bishop held a kind of visitation, Anciently on the 6th of December, it and maintained a corresponding state and being St. Nicholas's day, the choir boys in prerogative; and he is supposed to have cathedral churches, chose one of their had power to dispose of prebends that number to maintain the state and authority fell vacant during his episcopacy. If he of a bishop, for which purpose the boy was died within the month he was buried like habited in rich episcopal robes, wore a other bishops in his episcopal ornaments, mitre on his head, and bore a crosier in his obsequies were solemnized with great his hand ; and his fellows, for the time pomp, and a monument was erected to being, assumed the character and dress his memory, with his episcopal effigy. of priests, yielded him canonical obe- About a hundred and fifty years ago a dience, took possession of the church, and stone monument to one of these boy except mass, performed all the ecclesias- bishops was discovered in Salisbury catical ceremonies and offices. Though the thedral, under the seats near the pulpit, boy bishop's election was on the 6th of from whence it was removed to the north December, yet his office and authority part of the nave between the pillars, and lasted till the 28th, being Innocents' day. covered over with a box of wood, to the
It appears from a printed church book great admiration of those, who, unaccontaining the service of the boy bishop quainted with the anomalous character it set to music, that at Sarum,* on the eve of designed to commemorate, thought it Innocents' day, the boy bishop and his “almost impossible that a bishop should youthful clergy, in their copes, and with be so small in person, or a child so great burning tapers in their hands, went in in clothes." solemn procession, chanting and singing Mr. Gregorie found the processional versicles as they walked into the choir by of the boy bishop. He notices the same the west door, in such order that the custom at' York; and cites Molanus as dean and canons went foremost, the saying,“that this bishop in some places did chaplains next, and the boy bishop with reditat census, et capones annuo accipere, his priests in the last and highest place. receive rents, capons, &c. during his He then took his seat, and the rest of the year,” &c. He relates that a boy bishop children disposed themselves on each side in the church of Cambray disposed of a of the choir upon the uppermost ascent, prebend, which fell void during his episthe canons resident bore the incense and copal assumption to his master; and he the book, and the petit-canons the tapers refers to the denunciation of the boy according to the Romish rubric. Af- bishop by the council of Basil which, at terwards the boy bishop proceeded to the time of the holding of that council, the altar of the Holy Trinity, and All was a well-known custom. Mr. Gregorie, Saints, which he first censed, and next who was a prebendary of Salisbury, dethe image of the Holy Trinity, while his scribes the finding of the boy bishop's priests were singing. Then they all monument at that place, and inserts a reProcessionale ad usum insignit et preclare which the annexed engraving is taken.
presentation of it in his treatise, from Ecclesie Sarum, Rothomagi, 1556, 410.