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from Whitehall as far as London Bridge, burning in stench aud dark clouds of thro' the late Fleete-streete, Ludgate-hill, smoke, so that in five or six miles traby St. Paules, Cheapeside, Exchange, versing about I did not see one load of Bishopsgate, Aldersgate, and out to timber unconsum'd, nor many stones but Moorefields, thence thro' Cornehille, &c. what were calcin'd white as snow. The with extraordinary difficulty, clambering people who now walk'd about the ruines over heaps of yet smoking rubbish, and appear'd like men in a dismal desart, or frequently mistaking where I was. The rather in some great citty laid waste by a ground under my feete was so hot, that it cruel enemy; to which was added the even burnt the soles of my shoes. In the stench that came from some poore creamean time his majesty got to the Tower tures bodies, beds, &c. Sir Tho. Gresby water to demolish the houses about ham's statue, tho' fallen from its nich in the graff, which being built intirely about the Royal Exchange, remain’d intire
, it, had they taken fire and attack'd the when all those of the kings since the conWhite Tower where the magazine of pow- quest were broken to pieces, also the der lay, would undoubtedly not only have standard in Cornehill, and Q. Elizabeth's beaten downe and destroy'd all the bridge, effigies, with some armes on Ludgate, but sunke and torne the vessells in the continued with but little detriment, whilst river, and render'd the demolition be- the vast yron chaines of the cittie streetes, yond all expression for several miles hinges, bars and gates of prisons, were about the countrey.
many of them mealted and reduced to At my return I was infinitely concern'd cinders by the vehement heate. I was to find that goodly church St. Paules not able to passe through any of the now a sad ruine, and that beautifull por- narrow streetes, but kept the widest, the tico (for structure comparable to any in ground and aire, smoake and fiery vaEurope, as not long before repair'd by pour, continu'd so intense that my haire the king,) now rent in pieces, flakes of was almost sing'd, and my feete unsuffervast stone split asunder, and nothing re- ably surheated. The bie lanes and narmaining intire but the inscription in the rower streetes were quite fill'd up with architrave, shewing by whom it was built, rubbish, nor could one have knowne which had not one letter of it defac'd. where he was, but by the ruines of some It was astonishing to see what immense church or hall, that had some remarkable stones the heat had in a manner calcin'd, tower or pinnacle remaining. I then went so that all the ornaments, columns, freezes, towards Islington and Highgate, where and projectures of massie Portland stone one might have seene 200,000 people of flew off
, even to the very roofe, where a all ranks and degrees dispers’d and lying sheet of lead covering a great space was along by their heapes of what they could totally mealted ; the ruines of the vaulted save from the fire, deploring their losse, roofe falling broke into St. Faith's, which and tho' ready to perish for hunger and being fillid with the magazines of bookes destitution, yet not asking one penny
for belonging to the stationers, and carried relief, which to me appear'd a stranger thither for safety, they were all consum'd, sight' than any I had yet beheld. His burning for a weeke following. It is alsó majesty and council indeede tooke all observable that the lead over the altar at imaginable care for their reliefe by prothe east end was untouch'd, and among clamation for the country to come in and the divers monuments, the body of one refresh them with provisions. In the bishop remainid intire. Thus lay in midst of all this calamity and confusion, ashes that most venerable church, one of there was, I know not how, an alarme the most antient pieces of early piety in begun, that the French and Dutch, with the christian world, besides neere one whom we were now in hostility, were not hundred more. The lead, yron worke, onely landed, but even entering the citty, bells, plate, &c. mealted; the exquisitely There was in truth some days before wrought Mercers'-chapell, the sumptuous greate suspicion of those two nations Exchange, the august fabriq of Christ joyning ; and now, that they had been the church, all the rest of the companies occasion of firing the towne. This report halls, sumptuous buildings, arches, all in did so terrifie, that on a suddaine there dust; the fountaines dried up and ruin'd was such an uproare and tumult that they whilst the very waters remain'd boiling ; ran from their goods, and, laking what the vorrago's of subterranean cellars, wells, weapons they could come at, they could and dungeons, formerly warehouses, still not be stopp'd from falling
on some of
those nations whom they casually met, the city of London, and, as introductory without sense or reason. The clamour to an account of this annual scene, it is and peril grew so excessive, that it made necessary to notice that it has been the the whole court amaz’d, and they did with custom from time immemorial for one of infinite paines and greate difficulty reduce the four attorneys of the lord mayor's and appease the people, sending troopes court, who may happen to be what is of soldiers and guards to cause them to termed the attorney in waiting, (and yetire into the fields againe, where they which duty in respect of proclaiming the were watchi'd all this night. I left them Fair for the last seven years has devolved pretty quiet, and came home sufficiently upon Mr. Carter,) to accompany the lord weary and broken. Their spirits thus a mayor in his state carriage from the little calmed, and the affright abated, they Mansion-house to Smithfield, on the day now began to repaire into the suburbs whereon the Fair is proclaimed, which is about the citty, where such as had friends on the 3d of September, unless Sunday or opportunity got shelter.
should fall on that day. The proclama
tion is read at the gate leading into The essential particulars of Evelyn's Cloth-fair by the lord mayor's attorney, narrative being ended, it may be observed and repeated after him by a sheriff's oftthat a discontinued periodical miscellany cer, in the presence of the lord mayor notices at the end of" Littleton's Diction- and sheriffs, and also of the aldermen, ary,” an inscription for the monument (on (if they attend, but who, though sumFish-street-hill), wherein this very learned
moned for that purpose, seldom appear.) scholar proposes a name for it, in a word
The procession afterwards proceeds round which extends through seven 'degrees of Smithfield, and returns to the Mansionlongitude. It is designed to commemo
house, where, in the afternoon, the genrate the names of the seven lord mayors
tlemen of his lordship's household dine of London, under whose respective together at the sword-bearer's table, and mayoralties the monument was begun, also the custom of the procession to stop
It was continued, and completed :
at Newgate to drink to the governor's Quam non unâ aliqua ac simplici voce, uti health, but this practice was discontinued istam quondam Duilianam ;
in the second mayoralty of Mr. Alderman Sed, ut vero eam Nomine indigites, Vocabu
Wood. lo constructiliter Heptastego.
The following is a copy of the proclaFORDO—WATERMANNO—HANSONO—Hook- mation from the parchment-roll now
“Form of the Proclamation of BarthoAppellites oportebit.
lomew Fair made at the Great Gate Well might Adam Littleton call this an
going into the Cloth Fair, Smithfield. heptastic vocable, rather than a word.*
“ Oyez, 3 times.
The Right Honourable (John
Garratt] Lord Mayor of the City of Golden Rod Solidago virgaurea
LONDON, and his right Worshipful BreDedicated to St. Margaret.
thren the Aldermen of the said City, streightly charge and command, on the
behalf of our Sovereign Lord the King, September 3.
That all manner of Persons of whatsoever St. Simeon Stylites, the younger, A. D.
Estate, Degree, or Condition they be, 592. St. Remaclus, Bp. of Maestricht, having recourse to this Fair, keep the A. D. 664. St. Mansuet, first Bp. of Peace of our said Sovereign Lord the Toul, in Lorrain, A. D. 375. St. Macris King. sius, first Bp. of Connor, in Ireland,
“ That no manner of Persons shall A. D. 513.
make any Congregation, Conventicles, or Proclamation oj'
Affrays, by the which the same peace
may be broken or disturbed, upon pain BARJHOLOMEW Fair.
of Imprisonment, and Fine, to be n.ade This is the only Fair now held within after the discretion of the Lord Mayor
and Aldermen, * Athæneum.
“ Also, that all manner of Sellers of
Wine, Ale, or Beer, sell by measures Widow, 9th Cent. St. Rosalia, A.D. 1160. ensealed, as by Gallon, Pottle, Quart St. Rosa of Viterbo, A. D. 1252. St. UL and Pint, upon pain that will fall thereof. tan, Irish Bp. A.D. 655. “ And, that no person sell any Bread,
Bartholomew Fair. but it be good and wholesome for Man's Body, upon pain that will fall thereof. This day in the year, 1825, being Sun
“And, that no manner of Cook, Pye day, Bartholomew Fair was wholly susbaker, nor Huckster, sell, nor put to sale, pended. Yet many thousands of persons any manner of Victual, except it be good walking for recreation, repaired to Smithand wholesome for Man's Body, upon field and viewed its appearance. The city pain that will fall thereof.
officers most strictly enforced observance AND, that no manner of Person buy of the day : one keeper of a gingerbreadnor sell, but with true weights and mea- stall who plied for custom, and refractosures, sealed according to the Statute, in rily persisted, was taken into custody, and that behalf made, upon pain that will fall held in prison, till he could be carried thereof.
before a magistrate on the following day, “ And, that no manner of person or
when he was fined for his offence. persons take upon him, or them, within this Fair, to make any manner of arrest, attachment, summons, or execution ; except it be done by the Officers of this Sapwort. Saponaria officinalis.
Dedicated to St. Rosalia, City, thereunto assigned, upon pain that will fall thereof. “And, that no person or persons what
September 5. soever, within the limits and bounds of this Fair, presume to break the Lord's
St. Laurence Justinian, first Patriarch of day in, selling, shewing, or offering to
Venice, A.D. 1455. St. Bertin, Abbot, Sale, or in buying, or in offering to buy, A.D. 709. St. Alto, Abbot, 8th Cent. any Commodities whatsoever; or in sit
Bartholomew Fair. ting tippling, or drinking in any Tavern, Inn, Alehouse, Tipling House or Cook 1825. On this day, Monday the 5th, house; or in doing any other thing that the Fair was resumed, when the editor of may tend to the breach thereof, upon the the Every-Day Book accurately surveyed pain and penalties contained in several it throughout. From his notes made on Acts of Parliament, which will be severe- the spot he reports the following particuly inflicted upon the Breakers thereof.
lars of what he there observed. And, finally, that what person so
VISIT TO . ever find themselves aggrieved, injured, or wronged, by any manner of Person in
Bartholomew Fair. this Fair, that they come with their Plaints
At ten o'clock this morning I entered before the Stewards in this Fair assigned Smithfield from Giltspur-street. (Mem. to hear and determine Pleas, and they This way towards Smithfield was ancientwill minister to all parties, Justice, ac- ly called Gilt Spurre, or Knight-Riders cording to the Laws of this Land, and the Street, because of the knighis, who in Customs of this City.
quality of their honour wore gilt spurs, and God save the King. who, with others, rode that way to the “ IT IS ORDERED that this Fair do fi- tournaments, justings, and other feats of nally close on [Wednesday) next, arms used in Smithfield.* ]
“N.B. This Fair continues 3 days, ex- On this day there were small uncovered clusive of the day of Proclamation.” stalls, from the Skinner-street corner of
Giltspur-street, beginning with the begin
ning of the churchyard, along the whole Fleabane. Inula dysenterica.
length of the churchyard. On the opDedicated to St. Simeon Stylites Jun.
posite side of Giltspur-street there were like stalls, uncovered, from Newgate-street
corner, in front of the Compter-prison, in September 4.
Giltspur-street. At these stalls were Sts. Marcellus and Valerian, A. D. 179. Translation of St. Cuthbert. St. Ida,
sold oysters, fruit, inferior kinds of cheap in gingerbread, oys, hardware, garters, toys, common gingerbread, small wicker- pocket-books, trinkets, and articles of all baskets, and other articles of trifling prices, from a halfpenny to a half sovevalue. They seemed to be mere casual reign. The gingerbread stalls varied in standings, taken up by petty dealers, and size, and were conspicuously fine, from chapmen in small ware, who lacked means the dutch gold on their different shaped o purchase room, and furnish out
The largest stalls were the toytempting display. Their stalls were set seller's; some of these had a frontage of out from the channel into the roadway. five and twenty feet, and many of eighOne man occupied upwards of twenty teen. The usual frontage of the stalls feet of the road lengthwise, with discon- was eight, ten, and twelve feet; they were tinued wood-cut pamphlets, formerly pub- six feet six inches, or seven feet, high in lished weekly at twopence, which he front, and from four feet six inches, to spread out on the ground, and sold at a five feet, in height at the back, and all halfpenny each in great quantities; he formed of canvass, tightly stretched across also had large folio bible prints, at a light poles and railing; the canvass roofhalfpenny each, and prints from maga- ings 'declined perit-house-ways to the zines at four a penny. The fronts of these backs, which were enclosed by canvass to standings were towards the passengers in the ground. The fronts, as before menthe carriage-way. They terminated, as tioned, were entirely open to the throngbefore observed, with the northern ends ing passengers, for whom a clear way of St. Sepulchre's churchyard on one was preserved on the pavements between side, and the Compter on the other. the fronts of the stalls and the fronts of Then, with occasional distances of three the houses, all of which necessarily had or four feet for footways, from the road their shutters up and their doors closed. to the pavement, began lines of covered The shows of all kinds had their fronts stalls, with their open fronts opposite the towards the area of Smithfield, and their fronts of the house, and close to the curb backs close against the backs of the stalls, stone, and their enclosed backs in the without any passage between them in any road. On the St. Sepulchre's side, they part. There not being any shows or extended to Cock-lane, from Cock-lane to booths, save as thus described, the area the house of Mr. Blacket, clothier and of Smithfield was entirely open. Thus, mercer, at the Smithfield corner of Gilt- any one standing in the carriage-way spur-street; then, turning the corner of might see all the shows at one view. his house into Smithfield, they continued They surrounded and bounded Smithfield to Hosier-lane, and from thence all along entirely, except on the north side, which the west side of Smithfield to the Cow- small part alone was without shows, for lane corner, where, on that side, they ter- they were limited to the other three sides ; minated at that corner, in a line with the namely, Cloth-fair side, Bartholomewopposite corner leading to St. John-street, hospital side, and Hosier-lane side. where the line was resumed, and ran Against the pens in the centre, there thitherward to Smithfield-bars, and there were not any shows, but the space beon the west side ended. Crossing over tween the pens and the shows quite free to the east side, and returning south, for spectators, and persons making their these covered stalls commenced opposite way to the exhibitions. Yet, although ne to their termination on the west, and ran coach, cart, or vehicle of any kind, was towards Smithfield, turning into which permitted to pass, this immense unobthey ran westerly towards the pig-market, structed carriage-way was so thronged, as and from thence to Long-lane; from to be wholly impassable. Officers were Long-lane, they ran along the east side stationed at the entrance of Giltspurof Smithfield to the great gate of Cloth- street, Hosier-lane, and Duke-street, to fair, and so from Duke-street, went on prevent carriages and horsemen from enthe south side, to the great front gate tering. The only ways by which they of Bartholomew-hospital, and from thence were allowed ingress to Smithfield at all, to the carriage entrance of the hospital, were through Cow - lane, Chick - lane, from whence they were continued along Smithfield-bars, and Long-lane; and then Giltspur-street to the Compter, where they were to go on, and pass without they joined_the uncovered stalls before stopping, through one or other of these described. These covered stalls, thus sur- entrances, and without turning into the sounding Smithfield, belonged to dealers body of the Fair, wherein were the shows. Thus the extent of carriage-way was My object in going to Bartholomew bounded from Cow-lane to Long-lane, Fair was to observe its present state, and in a right line, nor were carriages or record it as I witnessed it in the Every. horses suffered to stand or linger, but the Day Book. I therefore first took a per riders or drivers were compelled to go ambulatory view of the exterior
, from about their business, if business they had, Giltspur-street, and keeping to the left
, or to alight for their pleasure, and enter went completely round Smithfield, on the the Fair, if they came thither in search of pavement, till I returned to the same spot; pleasure. So was order so far preserved; from thence I ventured "to take the road" and the city officers, to whom was com- in the same direction, examined the promitted the power of enforcing it, exercised mising show-cloths and inscriptions on their duty rigorously, and properly; be- each show, and shall now describe or cause, to their credit, they swerved not mention every show in the Fair. It may from their instructions, and did not give be more interesting to read some years just cause of offence to any whom the re- hence than now. Feeling that our ancesgulations displeased.
tors have slenderly acquainted us with The sheep-pens occupying the area of what was done here in their time, and Smithfield, heretofore the great public presuming that our posterity may culticookery at Fair times, was this day re- vate the “ wisdom of looking backward” sorted to by boys and others in expect- in some degree, as we do with the higher ation of steaming abundance; nor were wisdom of a looking forward," I write as they disappointed. The pens immediately regards Bartholomew Fair, rather to contiguous to the passage through them amuse the future, than to inform the prefrom Bartholomew-hospital-gate towards sent, generation. Smithfield-bars, were not, as of old, decked out and denominated, as they
Show I. were within recollection, with boughs This was the first show, and stood at the and inscriptions tempting hungry errand corner of Hosier-lane. The inscription boys, sweeps, scavengers, dustmen, drov- outside, painted in black letters, a little ers, and bullock-hankers to the “princely more than an inch in height, on a piece pleasures" within the “ Brighton Pavi- of white linen, was as follows :lion,” the “ Royal Eating Room,” “ Fair “Murder of Mr. Weare, and Probert's Rosamond's Bower,” the “ New London cottage.—The Execution of William ProTavern," and the “Imperial Hotel :" these bert. names were not :-nor were there any de- "A View to be seen here of the Visit of nominations ; but there was sound, and Queen Sheba to King Soloman on the smell, and sight, from sausages almost as Throne.—Daniel in the Den of Lions.large as thumbs, fried in miniature drip- St. Paul's Conversion.—The Tower of ping-pans by old women, over fires in Babel.— The Greenland Whale-Fishery:saucepans; and there were oysters, which The Battle of Waterloo.-A View of the were called “fine and fat,” because their City of Dublin.—Coronation of George shells were as large as tea saucers. Cloths IV.” were spread on tables or planks, with This was what is commonly, but errone, plates, knives and forks, pepper and salt, ously called a puppet-show ; it consisted and, above all, those alluring condiments of scenes rudely painted, successively let
persons of the rank described, mustard down by strings pulled by the showman; and vinegar. Here they came in crowds; and was viewed through eye-glasses of each selecting his table-d'-hote, dined magnifying power, the spectators standhandsomely for threepence, and sumptu- ing
on the ground. A green curtain from ously for fourpence.
a projecting rod was drawn round them seemed aware of the growing demand for while viewing. “Only a penny-only a cleanliness of appearance, and whatever penny,” cried the showman ; I paid my might be the quality of the viands, they penny, and saw the first and the meanest were served up in a more decent way show in the Fair. than many of the consumers were evidently accustomed to. Some of them
Show II. seemed appalled by being in “good com- “Only a penny-only a penny, walk pany," and handled their knives and forks up-pray walk up." So called out a man in a manner which bespoke the embar- with a loud voice, on an elevated stage, rassment of " dining in public” with such while a long drum and hurdy-gurdy playimplements.
ed away; I complied with the invitation,