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FRANCE.

ITALY

given to those who have incurred of a Civil Code. Five umpires, named blame. On leaving the Asylum each by the Cortes, will decide the question, girf 'receives a present of nine louis.' and their decision will be finally subThe Establishment is governed by a

mitted to the Cortes. The successful committee of ladies, each by turns su candidate will receive 30,000 crusadoes perinteiding for the space of a fort. of gold, payable in twenty years, and night. Those orphans, who have left' 600,000 reas will be annually set apart, the Establishment, are yet allowed to for the purpose. A medal valued at resort to it for advice, or for succour 50,000 reas will be given in addition,

case of illness or misfortune. The and the unsuccessful candidates will be average of

f expenses, after deducting rewarded in proportion to their merit, the earnings of the children, has been twenty sous per diem for each child.' The Establishment has recently receiv The Institution for the Deaf and ed the sanction of Government, and

Dumb at Bourdeaux, contains forty will, no doubt, be greatly increased. boys and thirty girls; at, the meeting

of the 28th of August was read the first There has fately been discovered in part of the report of the proceedings the library of the family of Ricci, heirs at the school during 1822, and which of the property and MSS. of Machia relates to the rudiments and to the velli, a speech which he pronounced developement of the method of instrucbefore his Goveroment, and which hi tion and management. The pupils of therto has not been published. In this both sexes were questioned relative to speech he examines the particular state this first part. In the meeting of the of the republic and its general rela 29th the pupils answered questious put tions with the other states of Italy. to them relative to the completion and This speech has been juserted in the application of the method, and which Anthology of Florence, No. 19, and it was the subject of the second part of merits attention as an historical docu. the report. The clearness of ideas and ment, and as a farther proof of the the precision of the answers were strikgenius of Machiavelli, which does not ing. The boys obtained prizes for inyet appear to be fully appreciated. telligence, good behaviour, the eleGREECE

ments of arithmetic, emulation, gramFrom the invasion of the Morea by mar, philosophy, ethics, religion, geothe Turks, the Greeks have displayed graphy, the use of the globes, cranioa heroism worthy of their ancestors. logy, history, mythology, mathematics, Thousands of young warriors and of and for their labour as shoemakers, old men chauat a patriotic song com tailors, turners, and joiners. The deaf posed by a Greek professor, and set to and dunib girls received prizes for inmusic by a Gerdian. This song is said telligence, labour, memory, needle-, to bave contributed to rouse the cou work, ironing, embroidery, &c. rage of the Greeks, who destroyed the Monsieur Le Roi, of Paris, has inarmy of Chourschid Pacha. The fol vepted a simple method of teaching lowing strophe is remarkable:"Our's writing. A sheet of thin transparent is not a war of ambitious conquerors,

horn of the size of letter paper, is to or of the enemies of humanity-it is be laid over the copy, and the child, sacred. Nature and religion, impose with a pen and ink is to trace on the upon us a duty to drive away our ty horn the outlines of the copy under, rants, and to bave a country.”

neath. The horn can be washed

with water, and thus a great saving The new Penal Code of Spain, pre of paper is effected. This method pared by the Committee of the Cortes, supersedes the former plan of the and approved by Ferdinand VII. was master's making the letters upon the solemnly published at Madrid, on the paper, or of making the pupil write" 26th of September last—but it is not upon oiled tracing paper, or of followto be acted upon until the 1st of Jan. ing the outlines of letters under a pane 1823, in order to give the magistrates of glass, or of confining the hand by and the public time to study its enact- particular contrivances. The Minister ments.

of the interior has rewarded M. Le Roi ; : PORTUGAL.

and the Society for encouraging éleThe Cortes, desirous of giving the mentary instruction, as well as the AcaPortuguese civil and political institu- demy of Writing, have bestowed their tions worthy of a 'free people, have approbation upon this invention, which offered a large reward to the person,

evables mothers to teach their children who, by the 1st of December, 1824; in the absence of a master, or even to shall present them with the best digest supersede the necessity of Wiring one.** Eur. Mag. Vol. 82.

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SPAIN.

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LONDON REVIEW:

OR, NOTICES OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS.

QUID SIT PULCHRUM, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILE, QUID NON.

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19. Memoirs of Benvenuto Cellini, a displeasure, however, till be first got

the plate into his possession, as if aware Florentine Artist; written by him

of Cellini's character, and then giving self. Containing a variety of in vent to his passion, swore that he would formation respecting the Arts, and be as slow, in paying as Cellini was tethe History of the Sixteenth Cen

dicus in executing the work. Cellini

was mortified, but he had no resource: tury. A new Edition ;..corrected he cursed the Spaniard in bis beart, and enlarged from the last Milan

and all who were friends to the coup

try from which he came. The bishop Edition. With the Notes and Ob

was in the constant habit of exhibiting servations of G. P. Carpani. Now the vase to all his friends and visitors, first translated by Thomas Roscoe,

but, happily for Cellini, it met with an

accident one day which brought it onge Esq. 2 vols. 8vo. 1822.

more into his possessiop. The accident

happened through the awkwardgess of Benvenuto Cellini was one of the a gentleman who was handling it in most singular, and we may add, comi the bishop's absencc. > Alarmed at his cal characters, of the sixteenth, or mischance, he sent it immediately to perhaps, of any other century. He Cellini to have it repaired with the was bold, impetuous, conceited, credu greatest dispatch, offering him his own lous, superstitiously virtuous, and wick- price. The task was hardly executed, 'edly moral, endowed with a genius fer when the person who left it came in tile in expedients, and capable of 'ac the most violent, hurry, saying, “ My complishing the greatest designs, and Lord Bishop had called for it to shew a spirit supported by physical energies, it to other gentlenieniQuick, quick, that enabled him to surmount difficul. bring the plate in all haste." ties while it prompted him to encounter determined," says Cellini, ” to take dangers from which a less turbulent my own time, and not to let bim haye but a more refined and comprehensive it, I said I did not choose to make such genius would shrink with terror. Born dispatch. The man then flew into a at Florence, in the year 1500, where passion, and clapping his hand to bis he acquired a knowledge of the gold sword, seemed ready to break into my

smith and jewellery business, he repair shop by main force; but this I prevent#ed to Roioe to make himself master of ed by dint of arms, and menacing ex

his art. Here he met with extraordinary pressions ; I will not let you have it, success, and rivalled the first artists in said I Go i tell your master, it shall the city. Whilst in the service of Pope not be taken out of my shop till I am Clement VII. in the double capacity of paid for my trouble. Seeing he could goldsmith and musician, for her played not obtain it by bullying, he began to in a most masterly manner on the flute, beg and to pray in the most suppliant 'the profession which his father inteud. manner, sayipg, that if I would put it ed him to follow, he was employed by into his hands, he would take care to Don Francesco de Bobadilla, Bisbop of see me satisfied. These words did not Salamanca, then at Rome, in making a in the least shake my resolution ; and large silver vase for, holding water, -, as I persisted in the same answer, he which he executed in a very inimitable at last despaired of success, and swearstyle. The Bishop, though spleased ing that he would return with a body

with the performance, was by no means of Spaniards and cut me to pieces, * pleased with the length of tiine which v. thought-proper to depart. In the mean * Cellini delayed it. He concealed his time I, who had given some credit to

“ Being

Spanish assassinations, resolved that I him full in the face, and told him that would defend myself courageously; I would readily do so after I had got and having put in order an excellent my money. The haughty bishop was fowling-piece, I said in my own mind, then more exasperated than ever; but, be that takes both my property and my in fine, after a great deal of scolding labout, may as well deprive me of and hectoring, I got my money; and, life.

after having written an acquittance, 66 Whilst I thus argued with myself, a I left the place in high spirits.” crowd of Spaniards made their appear This incident will enable the reader ance, with the above-mentioned domes to form some opinion of Cellini's contic at their head, who, with great ar. stitutional temperament and indepenrogance, bid them break open the shop. dency of character; for who but a Cel. At these words l' shewed them the lini'in those times would dare to cope muzzle of my loaded fusil, and cried with a bishop, and that in Rome too? out with a loud voice, miscreants ! The work, throughout, is replete with traitors!" eut-ihroats! are the houses incident, character, humour, and iteand shops of citizens of Rome to be rest; and the simplicity of the manner, *agsaulted in this manner? If any thief in which he sometimes lets you into his * among you should offer to approach character, possesses a degree of naiteté this door, I will shoot him dead. Then which, we must confess, seldom cha. taking aim at the domestic, and mak racterizes the works of our own wri

ing a shew as if I was going to fire at ters. What Cellini gains, however, in him, I cried out, as for you, you rascal, naïveté, he loses in dignity of style. that set them on, you are the very first Jodeed his work will not suffer to be Ishall make an example of. Upon tried by the laws of criticism. You hearing this, he clapped spurs to a perceive in a moment he is an artist,

jedret upon which he was mounted, but no writer.. To writing, however, i and fedt at full speed. The disturb he makes no pretensions, uor is it posånce had now brought all the neigh- sible to discover in these two thick ocbours out of their houses, when some tavo volumes a single expression, from Roman gentlemen passing by said, kill wbich it can appear, either directly the dogs, and we will stand by you. or indirectly, that Cellini thought'any

These words had such effect on the thing of himself as a writer. His style Spaniards, that they left me in a terri is that of conversation, and he seems Ble panic, and told his lordship all that to forget that the reader has any right had happened. The bishop, a proud, to examine wbether it be good or bad. haughty man, reprimanded and scolded He had, however, a most extravagant his servants very severely, both be opivion of his genius apd powers as an cause they had committed such an act artist. Indeed he seems to think that

of violence, and because they had not he cannot praise himself too bighly. gone through with it."

Cellini's merit was unquestionably Cellini, however, on the assurance great, but, perhaps, it may be said, s of some Roman gentlemen that he that his pride was still greater, a cirshould be paid for his trouble, was in cumstance which prevented him from

duced to take the vase to the bishop's. doing justice to the merits of other F" I repaired," says he, “ armed with artists. His moral principles were good,

my dagger and coat of mail, to the but his actions were not always in ac"house of the bishop, who had caused cord with them. Before we condemn him

all his servants to be drawn up in a too hastily, however, we must look to Jine. There I made my appearance, the age in which he lived. At every Paulino; (his apprentice) following me turn, he gives us a transient but dis

close with the piece of plate. To make tinct view of the characters convected ?imy way through the line of domestics with the history of his life. He relates

was like passing through the zodiac. his intimacy with Michael Angelo, o One of them looked like a lion, another Titian, and all the celebrated Italiani 3 like a scorpion, and a third like a crab, sculptors of the age; his connexions ji till at last we came into the presence with Francis I. 'the Emperor, Charles V,

of this reverend prelate, who uttered Popes Clement VII, and Paul III. the othe most priest-like, Spaniard-like words Dukes Alessandro and Cosmo, of Flo. h that ever I beard. All this time I ne.. rence, and with many of the princes, ver once looked at him, or so much as statesmen, distinguished commanders,

answered a single word, at which his and dignified ecclesiastics of that turTordship seemed to discover more re bulent age-au age which called forth Bentment than ever, and having order all the energies of Europe, and com*ed pen, ink, and paper, desired me to pelled even Cellini himself to quit his of write-him a receipts into then tooked speaceable profession, and to exchange

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the chissel for the sword. Cellini, in wbich the reader would derive frora deed, was capable of acquiring fame a perusal of the work itself, ik ga by either, and whenever bis enemies After his release, he proceeded to attempted to throw obstacles in his France, and entered into the service of way, or to depreciate bis merits, he Francis 1., wbohad long anxionsly made them feel the edge of his sword, wished to bave bin in his service. He his, dagger, or bis spear. To plunge presented the King with a fine basin a dagger into the bosom of the man, and cup of silver, together with a saltwho injured bim, was as praiseworthy seller of the same metal, of admirable an action in the mind of Cellini, as to workmanship. i The King was so highly may a pater and are, or to go on a pil. pleased with them, that he presented grimage;, and it would be difficult to Cellini with a grant of naturalization, ascertain which be performed with and made him lord of the house he most zeal and enthusiasm. No, mav, resided at, called, Petit Nisle. Here bowever, possessed more humanity and he was employed in making large sil. generosity, nor has he, in any instance, ver statues of Jupiter, Vulcan, and dupped his rage, except against some Mars, for the King; but not having wreteh, who attempted to injure his noticed Madame d'Estampes in any of professional reputation.

his designs, she endeavoured to alienThe adventures, wbich Cellini met ate the King's affections from him, with in Rome, are too numerous to be and encouraged Primatticeio, otherwise related within the narrow limits to called Bologoa, the painter, to torinent which our space confines us. Having and rival bim. At her instigation, he distinguished himself as the first jew. undertook to execute some of Cellini, eller and goldsmith in that capital, he designs, but he was soon intimidated, applied himself to seal engraving, and and diverted from his purpose, by Cel damaskeenings of steel and silver on lini's menacesto take away his life, Turkish daggers, ip which art he made Having dislodged, by force of arms considerable improvements.

several people who oceupied a part of Abont this period of his life, the the houee granted him by the King, he Duke of Bourbon laid siege to Rome, was implicated in a troublesome slawl and Cellini, by a well-directed shot, suit by one of them, but either from killed him as he was scaling the walls. the natural impatience of his temper, Rome, however, being taken and plun or a belief that little reliance could be dered, Cellini was obliged to retire to placed on the hopesty, of -la court of the Castle of Angelo, where the Pope justice, be took thcław into his own had taken shelter. Here Cellini acted as hands, and settled the matter by his hombardier, gunner, engineer, &c., and usual weaponthe sword. 11:19 signalised himself in a most extraor Finding his situation in France rendinary manner. He wounded the Prince dered, at length, disagreeable, by the of Orange by a cannon-ball, and though artifices of Madame d'Estampes, he the Castle was obliged to surrender, resolved on returning to Italy, and, Cellini, received the Pope's acknow- having received the King's permission, ledgments of his high and important he proceeded to Florence ; where he services.

entered into the service of Cosino de To recount the adventures of Cellini, Medici, Here he undertook a large from the capitulation of Rome to the statue of Perseus and Andromeda, deatb of Pope Clement, and from that whicb, after meeting with many diffiu period to his imprisonment by Paul III.,' culties through the perfidy of rival through the instigation of his illegiti artists, he executed to the admiration mate son, Pier Liugi, who had married of his greatest enemies. During his the daughter of Pompeo, of Milan, whom residence at Florence he executed Cellipi bad killed in a fray, bis suffers many other pieces of art, bighly ad. ings during his imprisonment, through mired for their exquisite workmanship.' the severity of a crazy constable, his We have no account of his having extraordinary escape, and second im- entered into any other service after prisonment, his resignation during con this. He tells us, in the opening of finement which be expected would be the first volume, a that he was then in! for life, as he had been accused of his 58th year, peaceably settled in stealing some of the Pope's jewels, Florence. when acting as bombardier in the Casa We shall now conclude our observa. tle of St. Angelo, and his final release tions on this work,, with the following through the intercession of Cardinal character of Cellini, from the pen of Ferrara, would far surpass our limits; Dr. Johnson so and to give a brief account of tbem, "He is at once a man of pleasure, eguld serre only to lessen the interest and a slare to superstition; a despisers

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of vulgar notions, and a believer in force and originality of character in magical incantations ; a fighter of duels, the latter. One pre-eminent" merit of - and a composer of divine sonnets; an the work is, that it is wholly free ardent lover of truth, and a retailer of from affectation. The style is pervisionary fancies; an admirer of papal fectly simple and unambitious, although power, and a hater of popes; an offender occasionally a little incorrect; a defeet against the laws, with a strong reliance to which the want of sufficient vigion divine providence. If I may be

lance in the detection of typographical allowed the expression, Cellini is one errors has evidently contributed. striking feature added to the human As a specimen of the talent of the form-a prodigy to be wondered at author we will conclude by an extract pot an example to be imitated.”

from the affecting relation of Mrs. Irwine's death. It is necessary to

premise that lady Poteena, Lady The School for Mothers; with Ridgway, and the Hovourable Mrs.

Dashwell are some of Mrs. Irwipe's Politics of a Village. 3 vols. fashionable friends, that Davy is a 18vo. pp. 947. 218.',

couptry servant, as remarkable for his 11* .

fidelity as for his simplicity and prosvi It is certainly among the unequivocal vincial dialect, that Mr. Carter is a indications of the improving tone of jeweller from whom Jessy bad borrowed spublic taste in the present day, that diamonds of the value of between three those mawkish tales of love and sen and four thousand pounds, for the stiment, of which the Novel of former purpose of adorning herself to go to times almost exclusively consisted, are the masquerade, and that “the benežo longer tolerated, and that, even in volent baronet” js Sir James Melville, works of mere fietion, the reader now à gentleman who,' at the close of a looks, not for the silly reveries of a Jong night passed by Mrs. Irwine and boardiog-school gir), but for natural Catherine in the greatest anxiety, calls and vivid representations of real life, and communicates to them the afflicting We are happy to observe, that in the news of the flight of Jessy with the volumesri upder: our consideration he villain Stirup. will inthat respect not be disappointed. 4 Tbe School for Mothers” presente a 6 From that moment Mrs. Irwine picture, which, although in parts not took a final feave of hope. She sat very skilfully composed, is every where down quietly. Her eyes were wide riebly and powerfully coloured. Many open, but they bad a look of vacancy. of the passages in it have a surprising A total alienation of mind, wearing awo of truth and reality, highly credi- the semblance of tranquillity, seemed table to the powers of observation and to have taken place, infinitely more description from which they have pro- distressing than if she had given way ceeded, especially as the writer states to the most frantic grief. that this is the first production of a Wipe was offered her; but the female pen."

lips were firmly compressed. My aby Besides the main story, which dearest mother," said Catherine, taking abourds in incident, there are several her death-cold hand in her's, will episodes, the principal of which relate you go up stairs, or have a fire lighted to the adventures of Edward Osborne; here?' She beard not-she felt not. of Jessy, and of Stirup. The first, My God have pity on her! exclaimed although very interesting in itself, her wretched child, what can be done comprehending as it does much in for her ?' formation respecting the manners aod “ I will send a medical friend of superstitions of the Hindoos, and a mine, my dear Miss Irwine,' said the touching history of a young Indian benevolent barvnet, who was greatly widow, who, by the interference of affected, and in the mean time depend the English Government, is prevented upon my endeavours to find out where from immolating herself on the fuperat your sister is.' pile of her husband, is much too long, « The doctor, on his arrival, revived, and is rather awkwardly introduced. in some degree, the hopes of Catherine, There are several other indications of by pronouncing the case of her mother the inexperience of the writer. Her to be only a temporary suspension of scenes in high life, also, are by no" the faculties. He ordered her to be means so successful as those in which put into a warm bed, and cordials to she has made the middle class of be administered to her. No resistance society the subject of her description"; was made. Mrs. Irwine was carried but this perhaps arises from the greater * up as an infaot, but all attempts to?

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