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ENGLISH. An Historical Review of the jects of the social compact—the security Spanish Revolution, including some

of prosperity, and the liberties of man

kind. The work commences by giving Account of Religion, Manners, and an interesting detail of Ferdinand's Literature in Spain. By Edward writing from France in favour of the

Constitution; his alternately swearing Blaquiere, Esq. London. 8vo. pp. fidelity to it, and his abandonment of it; 656.* 18s.

with his persecution of those whose

heroism had secured to bim his throne, * The work before us affords ample and whose efforts were to correct those proof that its author is possessed of abuses, by which this weak and corpowers of research and of acute ob

rupt Monarch had ruined his country, servation, with vigilance and an in

and nearly brought it under the yoke defatigable activity. Mr. Blaquiere's of a foreign despot. The spirit of the 2 volume is written in the form of Let- times has prevented Ferdinand's comi ters. He entered Spain soon after the mitting any of the barbarities of the Constitution

was proclaimed at Madrid, Gothic ages, but a greater mass of perni and his last Letter is dated Oct. 1820. fidy, meanness, ignorance, and vice,

In this intermediate period, he con than is here evinced, has seldom disstrived to acquaint himself with the graced the annals of Europe. The areava of public affairs, with the de. Spaniards deserve a better Prince; they * signs and motives of the numerous

are, as Sir John Moore describes them, partisans, the principles of the dif.

a fine people; they afford the only ferent political sects, the condition example of a people suddenly emergand feelings of the poor, and with the ing from the lowest state of ignorance, Wanners, sentiments, and degrees of superstition, and tyranny, without the information possessed by the middling intoxication and excitement which leads and upper classes of Spanish society. to extravagant cruelty and bloodshed, This varied and extensive information and of which the English, of 1645, and Mr. Blaquiere has given us in a man the French, of recent times, bave given per, often rambling and generally dif so terrific an example. We trust, that

fuse; but the number and importance neither a perseverance in error and 1 of his facts, with the justice of his sen oppression on the part of Ferdinand, timents and the utility of his observa nor aggressions from foreigners, will tions, render his work at once instruc 'stimulate these people to the outrages tive and highly entertaining. Where and barbarity, which are the features - Mr. Blaquiere leaves facts and indul of revolutions, copducted in a spirit of gences in speculation, or in the ex

anger and resentmeut.

Without juspression of sentiments and opinions, tifying the usurpation of the Spanish we are disposed to place an almost throne by Buonaparte, our author pays

an equitable tribute to the more efficient rational and free; his

views on these and enlightened government introduced

by King Joseph. Mr. Blaquiere, with without the thimbe wpirit of the age, and spirit and intelligence, sketches the

abuses and errors of the old regime of human intellect; and whilst be justly the Bourbons of Spain; the persecudiscards ancient prejndices, and the tions heaped upon the Patriots, the narrow policy of the old courts and Guerilla Chiefs, the Freemasons, and dynasties, he avoids all those extrava. others; the betraying, trial, and final gant theories of freedom and improve- sacrifice of Porlier, and what may be ment, which might rather endanger called the legalized murder of the brave than advance the great and only ob and patriotic Lacy; he details the fine

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and happily successful enterprize of that no just conception of the merits Riego, he gives the reader an accurate and heart-thrilling account of the prin. tached passages and unconnected dia

be formed from de

cache bare noen ciples and dreadful cruelties of that logues. Thus the English student has greatest of all enormities, the Inquisi- hitherto been confined merely to a of celibacy, auricular confession, abso- and brilliant figures, and has finished

. lution, and the various follies, imposi- his education in total ignorance of the tions, and errors of the religion of the mightier powers of his great national country. Mr. Blaquiere says, that he poet. To obviate this evil, there was is happy to bear testimony, that the published, about nine years ago, a segreat body of the Spanish clergy “con lection of Shakspeare's plays, with the tains as much of learning, virtue, and omission of the objectionable passages knowledge, as any in Europe.” As the But this work not succeeding, Mr. Spanish clergy are proverbially defi Bowdler published bis Family Shakcient, we must conclude from this, that speare, but on a scale so voluminous, our author has a greater contempt for as if it were designed solely for the the clergy of Europe, as a body, than shelves of the wealthy matron. Mr. most men would venture to declare, Pitman has now supplied, and we think even in this unequivocal and semi ably supplied, the great desideratum satirical manner of expression. An of our literature. He has, iu the comaccount of the Prado, the Bull-fights, pass of an octavo volume, given us the Amusements, the School of Paint- thirty-five of the plays attributed to ing, the Literature and Arts of the Shakspeare, omitting the Titus Androcountry, is given with spirit and accu. nicus and the Pericles, the authorship racy. The limits and nature of our of which is disputed, without the mework prevent our doing more, than rits of the pieces being sufficient to passing a favourable judgment, and render the dispute of interest. Mr. giving this general outline or sketch Pitman has preserved the beauties of of the design and execution of Mr. each play, and has judiciously given Blaquiere's volume; but there is no sufficient to enable the reader to comclass of readers who can peruse the prehend the plot and conduct of each work without an acquisition of valua drama, and the several characters of ble knowledge, or without awakening the piece. There are useful elucidain him a train of the most useful and tory notes to the plays, and the volume pleasurable reflections,

concludes with a selection of the best

of Shakspeare's sonnets. We have no The School Shakspeare; or, Plays be one of primary utility, and if it be

hesitation in pronouncing the work to and Scenes from Shakspeare, illus an object with society and with indivi. trated for the Use of Schools, with duals, that the bighest models of poe

tic excellence should be amenable to Glossarial Notes. By the Rev. J.R.

youth without the alloy of wantonness Pitman, M.A. 8vo. pp. 596.

and impurity, the work before us will

be of incalculable advantage in the It is astonishing, that in the vigi earlier age of one sex, and of equal lance and activity of the literary world, advantage to the other sex throughout . a work of such indispensable utility as every age. We trust that Mr. Pitman's the present should not have been pub success will induce either himself, or lished before. The excellence of Shak. persons equally skilful, to edit the speare as an English classic, has long works of Shakspeare's contemporaries, convinced all descriptions of instruc

and of some of the writers of Charles tors, that it was absolutely necessary to the Second's reign, upon a similar plan. acquaint the English student with the porer passages of the great dramatist;

Theatrical Portraits, with other but these standing so frequently in contact with parts of the grossest ob- Poems. By Harry Stoe Van Dyk. scenity, the mode of avoiding the con 12mo. pp. 151. London, 1822. tagion has been to doom the student to a scanty perusal of isolated speeches The pretensions of Mr. Van Dyk, in the Elegant Extracts, or in Enfield's as he expresses them in his preface, Speaker. But Shakspeare, of all poets, are so modest, that we think it imought to be read with judgment and possible he should be disappointed. discrimination, and as his principal ex These “ Theatrical Portraits, consicellence is bis consistent and natural dered merely as portraits, are never delineation of character, it is obvious absolutely untrue to nature, but we

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think they are not always" striking writes feelingly, and his readers feel likenesses.” Perhaps this arises, in with him; but let bim speak for himsome measure, from a fear of offending, self :by limiting praise to the precise point of desert, and from several of the ori. “Oh! I ne'er shall forget the moment, gipals of his portraits being eminent in when the same way; but we must do our Thou cam'st as lovely Imogen; author tbe justice to assert, that this With maiden fear, and with down-cast species of gallantry in authorship is eye, generally confined to the fair sex, and

And a world of dear simplicity; we know not any one who would have

As if, of all assembled there, been less faalty in this particular,

Thou only kuew'st not, thou wert fair;

And never leaf from a rose's breast, Perhaps, then, it will scarcely be con.

When the day was past and the wind at sidered as censure, to say, that his por rest, trait of Miss Carew would have done as On the bosom of earth more mutely fell, well, possibly better, for MissStepbens, Than thy echoless footsteps-Ariel. and that, by a change of names, the portraits of Miss M. Tree, Miss Carew,

This is very prettily told, but searcely and Miss Stephens, might each have been equally well adapted to either of

surpasses the following the other. We think that our author should have been less unqualified in

“ Let others prize, the Bacchanal's rude his praise, and have marked his dis

lay, tinctionis more nicely.-His sketch of

And turn from sadder, sweeter themes Matthews is, however, in the happiest But, oh! give me the tones that seem to

away; mander, and we warmly unite in the

borrow author's wish, that he may ever be The soul of music from a harp of sorrow, “At Home."-Young's portrait is cri Which, like the words of lovers when they tically just :


In broken whispers die upon the heart," “his passion's even-tide Ne'er swells to grandeur, nor doth qnite His portrait of Miss Brunton pos

subside; Correct, not striking skilful, but not

sesses the double merit of being very

true and very poetic. The songs are Wanting in fire, and yet to feeling true; pretty, and very like Moore's, of whom In action graceful, and in judgment clear,

he does not scruple occasionally to bor. With voice that falls like music on the row.- Lord Byron, too, he lays under ear;

contributions; the words he certainly And form and features, clothe them how varies, but some of his best similies, &c. you can,

are almost verbatim what we have before Which still shine forth, and shew the gen inet with. His idea of music breathing tleman!"

in a face is so well known, and has been

so criticised in Lord Byron, that perhaps He could scarcely fail in the portraits

our author thought it unnecessary to of Kean, Harley, Farren, &c., their place it between inverted commas.. merits being so decided and so dif Such plagiarisms are not of unfreqüent ferent. Indeed, the whole of his thea recurrence, but we are tired of what trical portraits are generally just; and may appear as censure, and ashamed, if he sometimes err on the favourable after the entertaióment we received side, if he be sometimes too lavish of from the perusal of the work, to dwell his praise, we think it is scarcely to be so long upon its faults, that it was regretted, and we almost envy him the almost impossible to avoid, when we happiness he must experience, in always

consider how well every department of looking on the bright side of human poetry is filled, from the energetic and nature. But now as to his merits as lofty style of Lord Byron, to the simply a poet. We do not see any very nu sweet of Coleridge and anybody. merous marks of originality throughout Notwithstanding the difficulties our his poems, but it would require a higher author had to combat, and they are and a brighter genius than we have any striking and numerous, his little volume hopes of seeing, to tread in the steps of of poems is a very pleasing addition to Byron and Moore, and yet possess claims a library, and we doubt not, that the of originality. He is, however, a very generality of his readers, who may agreeable writer, and frequently pours

chance to see our remarks, will only forth strains of delicious poetry. The wonder we were not more warm in lines on Miss M.Tree are excellent; he his praise.


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Chinzica; or, the Battle of the suspicion "fell naturally upon Albino, Bridge; a Poem in Ten Cantos. By,

as a person was seen quitting the tent

a little before in his armour. Thus Henry Stobert. I vol. 8vo. pp. 271. Catalca removed the two only oppo

nents who stood in the way of his ama? This poem is founded on that part of bitious purposes, and at the same time the history of the Pisan Republic, from secretly leagued with the Sard king, which is said to have originated the who had then invaded the Pisan terri celebrated triennial festival, called la

tory. The evening before · Albino's Battaglia del Ponte, a festival which

trial was to take place, he led his continued to the close of the last cen

Arabs, with such Pisaps as he could tury, in commemoration of an occur.

gain over to him, against the walls of rence said to have bappened in the his native city. year 1005, when Pisa was brought to

Chiuzica, who had been at this time the verge of ruin by foreign invasion in her tower lamenting the death of and domestie treachery. Chinzica, the her brother and the anticipated fate of heroine of the poem, is a female of the her lover, received a casket from the house of Sismondi, of German origin. hands of á monk, in which she found and high rank in the Pisan republic, the following lines, traced by the hand during a part of the middle ages. She

of her brother Rhodora :is described at the opening of the poem as a female of great accomplishments, " Ask you who struck the assassin blow di virtue, and piety, but pensive and me. '?'was not my friend, it was my foe." lancholy. She has to mourn, not only the supposed death of her brother Rho It also warned her of the instant dandora, who had, two months before, ger which threatened Pisa, directed commanded the Pisan army, but also her to watch and alarm the town the the perilous situation in which her

moment the foe appeared, and to strike lover, Albino, was placed, being im-, the chains off Albino, and off all the prisoned for the supposed murder of prisoners, or otherwise that Pisa's freeber brother.

dom was at an end. The republic of Pisa possessed at The attack, which took place at mida this time, as by the bye all nations night, no sooner commenced than Chindo, whether republican, monarchical, zica flew to all parts of the town, alarmor otherwise, a false patriot, named ing the citizens, who rushed to arms, Catalca,, who with all his pretended Albino was set' at liberty, but' was patriotism, his protestations, prostra. obliged to disguise himself during the tions, and oaths to the unthinking mul.

engagement, lest he should fall by the titude, failed in obtaining the command hands of the Pisans, so strongly did of the Pisan army, which was deserve they suspect him of the death of Rho. edly bestowed on Rhodora, and was dora. He performed prodiges of vaa again disappointed in another high ap lour, and so animated the Pisaps by pointment to which he aspired, and his example, that they obtained a comwhich was as deservedly bestowed on plete triumph. They became now dou. Albino. These repulses converted his bly clamorous to have him tried imme. patriotism, which was never genuine, djately, for Catalca, to screen his own into treason and treachery against the treachery, caused the war song of the freedoin of his native state ; and he assailants to be, " Strike for Albino." resolved on wresting by force what hę Albino was therefore not only suspected could not procure by dissimulation and of Rhodora's death, but of this attempt bypocrisy. To carry his purpose into on the liberties of Pisa. He returned execution, he found it would be neces to prison the moment the engagement sary to remove Rhodora and Albino, was over, and was tried the next day, the first for being the idol of the peo but acquitted of both charges by Rho. ple and the defender of their liberties, dora's sudden appearance, who not only and the last for being the lover of Chin- acquitted him, but charged Catalca zica, to whom he aspired himself. He with attempting his life, which was therefore contrived means of inducing miraculously preserved by his aged pa. Albino to promise to meet him in dis rent. Catalca finding his villany exguise at a certain place, and without posed, threw off the mask of hypocrisy, his armour. Albino proceeded to the

and, supported by his Pisan partizans, place appointed, but no Catalca was was proceeding to sacrifice with his ihere. He was arrested, however, be own hand Albino, whose chains had fore his departure, for the murder of not yet been struck off, when he found Rhodora, who was found in his tent his arm arrested by Chinzica, who with a deadly wound in his breast. The clung to it to preserve her lover's life.

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Catalca immediately aimed bis daggerings will not be dragged into amuse. at her bosom, but the intrepid Storgo, meut, and require to be artfully enticed; the servant of Rhodora, rushed between nor will they suffer the understanding them, and planted in Catalca's bosom to be every now and then coming for. the very knife with which he had him. ward, with all the severe gravity of an self attempted the life of Rhodora. Areopagite, to disturb their holiday Catalca fell, and peace was once more amusements. They are not unlike chil. restored to the republie of Pisa. dren at play, who prefer their own

The main action of the poem is con manner of amusing themselves to that nected with another which took place pointed out to them by their parents ; about two months before, in the island and who, rather than be annoyed by of Sicily. It is related by Storgo in the presence of those whom they are an interview which he had with China conscious do not partake of their amusezica the morning after the “Battle of the ments, forsake it altogether. It is so Bridge.” The scene of the main action with our feelings, or, in other words, is laid in the city of Pisa and its neigh-' with that instinctive faculty which bourhood, and that of the episode along attends us on all occasions, which the east coast of Sicily and on Mount sees, comprehends, approves and re Etna. .,*** 13 hinted

tjects, without a consciousness of being Mr. Stobert-informs us that he has exercised for that purpose. If this attempted in this poem,

a medium

faculty cannot be pleased without con. between the formal stateliness of the stantly referring to the understanding, ancient epic, and the grotesque wild." it will, rather than do so, throw away ness of the modern romantic tale.” If the plot, characters, incidents and work he has succeeded in this attempt, we altogether, and leave the poet to plume must confess it is greatly to the amoy himself in the depth and intricacy of ance of his readers, who without the his own conceits, There can be no spirit of prophecy cannot possibly tell; possible interest, where there is not a in a thousand instances, to what the full and perfect comprehension of the passage they are reading is applicable. design, spirit, aņd winding of a poem We certainly Aatter ourselves that wes as we pass along. We should be kept possess common understanding, but we in the dark only with regard to fumust acknowledge at the same time, turity; but so far as we proceed, we that we have not understanding enough should have no difficulty in perceiving to comprehend one-fourth of what we what the author is telling us; for surely read in the 6 Battle of the Bridge," at there can be no moral purpose, no ob. the moment we are reading it. We see ject, either immediate or ultimate, in and hear, and hear tell of characters addressing us through the medium of of whom we know nothing, and with print and paper, unless we understand whom the author does not think proper what is told to us. To understand the to make us acquainted. We are there 66 Battle of the Bridge," however, we fore obliged to guess as well as we must read the work twice over; so that can, or exercise our judgment in vain if this mode of writing was to be paruntil we come to the denouement, or sued, we sbould take twenty years to last canto. This is a false method of acquire the knowledge which we might creating interest; for how can we be otherwise acquire in ten. We are far interested in the fate of characters of

from supposing, that, in works of imawhom 'we know nothing. We are not gination and fiction, every thing that even permitted to guess to what party regards futurity ought to be anticithese disguised and picturesque heroes pated. On the contrary, the more belong ;-whether to those who are expectation is excited, and the less struggling for independence, or those means are afforded us of guessing at who wish to destroy the freedom and the final result, the more curiosity.is independence of a brave people. The awakened, and, consequently, the more poet who thinks to make us sympathize our pleasure is increased; but it is one with characters, of whose designs and motives we are left totally ignorant, regard to the fate of a character

, and

thing to keep us in the dark, with cannot boast of much acquaintance another to keep us in the dark, with with the science of human nature.

regard to the character himself; for we Such characters we treat as strangers,

cannot possibly take any interest in his whom we know may be wonderfully fate, unless we know who

and what he honest men, but whom we think proper

is, and whether or not he be entitled to to treat with suspicion till we are first

our sympathies. Homer never leaves made acquainted with their character. us in the least perplexity, with regard

This is not the sort of pleasure which to the character of the persons whom poetry is intended to impart. The feel. he introduces to us. So far from study.

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