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TO CORRESPONDENTS.

A.part of D. F.'s favours shall appear in our vext; also, « The Readiog Room."

We have received the strictures on popular preachers, viz. the Rev. J. R. PITMAN, the Rev. Dr. MOORE, the Rev. Dr. Rudge, and the Deans of CARLISLE and RochĘSTER : Rev. GEORGE MATHEW, Rec. E. REETON, and Rev. Dr. BUSFIELQ.

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EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIEW.

OCTOBER 1822.

MEMOIR

OP

W. CROTCH, Mus. D.

Person PROFESSOR OF MUSIC IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.

Dr. Crotch, the subject of the himself: for, the same evening, after present memoir, was born at Nor. her departure, the child cried and wich, July 5, 1775. His father, by was so peevish that his mother was trade a carpenter, an ingenious me wholly unable to appease him. At chanic, and of good reputation, hav- length, passing through the dining; ing a passion for music, of which, room, he screamed and struggled however, he had no knowledge, un violently to go to the organ, in dertook to build an organ, on which, which, when he was indulged, he as soon as it would speak, he learned' eagerly bent down the keys with his to play two or three common tunes, little tists, as other children usually such as, God Save the King; Leć do, after finding themselves able to Ambition Fire thy Mind; and the produce a noise, which pleases them Easter Hymn; with which, and such more than the artificial performance chords as were pleasing to his ear, of real melody or harmony by others. he used to try the perfection of his The next day, however, being left, instrument.

while his mother went out, in the Abont Christmas, 1776, when Mas- dining - room with his brother, a terCrotrh was only a year and a half youth about fourteen years old, he old, he discovered a great inclination would pot let him rest till he blew for music, by leaving even his food the bellows of the organ, while he to attend to it, when the organ was sat on his knee and bent down the playing; and about Midsummer, keys, at first promiscuously, but pre. 1777, he would touch the key-note sently, with one hand, he played of his particular favourite tunes, in enongh of God Save the King to order to persuade his father to play awaken the curiosity of his father, them. Soon after this, as he was who, being in a garret, which was unable to name these tunes, he would his workshop, hastened down stairs play the first two or three notes of to inform himself who was playing them, when he thought the key-note this tune upon the organ: When he did not sufficiently explain which he found it was the child, he could wished to have played. But accord: hardly believe what he Heard and ing to his mother's account, it seems

At this time, he was exactly to have been in consequence of his two years and three weeks old, as having heard the superior performi- appears by the register, in the parish ance of Mrs. Lulman, a musical lady, of St. George, Colgate, Norwich, who came to try his father's organ; Although he shewed such a decided and who not orily played on it, but" inclination for musit, he could no sung to her own aceompanyinent, more be prevailed on to play by perthat he first attempted to play a tune suasion than a bird to sing:

saw.

When his mother returned, the, which, being so much more powers father, with a look, that at once im- ful than that to which he syas aedusta plied joy, wonder, and mystery, de- tomed at home, he was some time & with

bear, as he had something curious to shew covering pain, occasioned, perhaps, her, She obeyed, and was as much by the extreme delicacy of his earsta surprised as the father, on hearing and irritability of his nerveses vabat the child play the first part of God Before he was four years old, heo Sare the King: The next day he discovered a genius and inclination de made himself master of the treble for drawing, nearly as strong as for wi of the second part; and the day music; for, whenever he was not at after, he attempted the base, which an instrument, he usually employed he performed nearly correct in every himself in sketoling, with iris left particular, except the note immedi- hand, honses, churches, ships, ar ately, before the close, which being animals, in his rude and wild znanan octave below the preceding sound, ner, with chalk:on the floor, or ons was out of the reach of his little hand. whatever plain surface he was al In the beginning of November, 1777, lowed to scrawl. vos jo bolom he played both the treble and base The first voluntary be heard with of Let Ambition Fire thy Mind ; an attention was performed athis father'sív old, tune, now called, Hope, thou .. house by Mr. Mully, a musicmastergate Nurse of Young Desire.

and as soon as he was gone, the Upon the parents relating this child seeming to play on the organs extraordinary circumstance to their, in a wiid and different manner from neighbours, they were laughed at, what his mother was accustomed totai and advised not to mention it, as hear, she asked him, what he wasla such a, marvellous account would doing? And he replied, I am playłod only expose them to ridicule. How- ing the gentleman's fine things ever, a few days afterwards, Mr. but she was unable to judge of their Crotch being ill, and unable to go resemblance. However, when Me. sd gat to work, Mr. Paul, a master Mully came a few days after, and. weaver, by whom he was employed, was asked, whether the child had'sia passing accidentally by the door, remembered any of the passages in is and hearing the organ, fancied that his voluntary, she replied in their he had been deceived, and that Crotch affirmitive. This happened when he is had stayed at home, in order to di, was only two years and four months. vert himself on his favourite instru- old. About this time, such was tlier) ment. Enlly prepossessed with this rapid progress he had made in judges idea, he entered the house, and, sud. ing of the agreement of sounds that so denly opening the dining-room door, he played the Easter Hymn with fullise saw the child playing on the organ, harmony; and in the last two orzan while his brother was blowing the three bars of Hallelnjah, where thosh beltows. Mr. Paul thought the per same sound is sustained, he played formance so extraordinary, that he chords with both hands, hy which immediately brought two or three the parts were 'multiplied to six, la of the neighbours to hear it, who which he had great difficulty insih propagating the news, a crowd of reaching, on account of the short7797 ncarly a hundred persons came the ness of his fingers. From this peyni next t day 1

to hear the young per- riod his memory was very accuraterlos former; and, on the following days, in retaining any tune that pleased se a still greater number flocked to the him; and being present át a concert ong house from all quarters of the city; where a band of gentlemen pereels till, at length, the child's purents formers, played the overture in Rorvi were obliged to limit his exhibition delinda, he was so delighted with or to certain days and hours, in order the minuet, that the next morninghal to lessen his fatigue, and exempt', ihe hummed part of it in bed; and ice themselves from the inconyenience by noon, without any further assislar of constant attendance on the curis ance, played the whole on the organidan ous multitude. sitges

-At four years old, his ear for muer When the father first carried him sic was so astonishing, that he could oa to the Cathedral, he used to cry the ao distinguish at a great distance fromats instant ke heard the Joud organ, any instrument, and out of sight ofert

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