« НазадПродовжити »
presente many centuries." Here he saw the for their labour by Mr. Belzoni.</ lussus of Memnon, or Sesostris, or
stated, and says he received no re. his operations of removing the bust muneration but the expences which nnder very discouraging auspices, he had incurred on the occasion., The only implements he brought
Having made the necessary pre- from Cairo were fourteen poles, parations, Mr. Belzoni departed from eight of which were employed in # Cairo on the 30th of June, and met making a sort of cart to lay the bust Ibrahim, Bashaw of Upper Egypt, on, four ropes of palm leaves, and on his way to Siout, to whom he four rollers without tackle of any presented his letters. The Bashaw
sort, The want of implements, politely requested of him to deliver however, was little in comparison to them to the Defterdar, who was left the difficulties thrown in his way by in command at Siout. He reached the Turkish Cachefts and CaimaSiout on the 6th of July, and found kans, on whose word no. reliance the Defterdar Bey from home. He can be placed. Even when a super waited on Dr. Scotto, according to
rior sends a firman, tiscarry, or or. the Consul, but found him un he will not positively disobey the willing to promote the success of his order, he will endeavour to prevent undertaking, observing, that “the its execution one way or other, un bust was a mass of stone not worth less he receives a present from the the carriage." The Bey, however, person whose interest it promoters on his arrival, received him very Mr. Belzoni, however, succeeded in politely, and furnished him with removing the bust to the banks of orders to the Casheft of the province the Nile, though he had consideraof Erments, who holds jurisdiction ble difficulty in getting the Arabs over the Fellahs of Thebes. Mr! to work; for they not only acted in Belzoni proceeded on his voyage, concert with each other, but seemed and
reached Dendera on the 18th, at to have frequently private instrucnight; and visited the celebrated tions from the Cachefts to disappoint temple of Tentyra the next morning. him when he stood most in need of It is the first Egyptian temple that them. Accordingly, if he had and
itself along the Nile, and hundred men at work one day, hell by far the most magnificent. Mr. could not get one of them to appear Belzoni gives a very minute descrip- the day following, though they had tion of this “ Cabinet of Egyptian strict orders to attend him from the Arts, the product of studies for Cachefts, and were regularly paid famous Zodiac, which, we under After conveying the bust to the stand, has been purchased since Mr. banks of the Nile, he went with Belzoni left Egypt, by the King of some Arabs to a cave, where he was France, out of his own private purse, informed by M. Drouetti, the ex-u to embellish the ceiling of the Louvre. consul-general of the late govern.
For the description of this noted ment of France, that a sarcophagus temple, we must refer the reader to discovered. The ex-consulis the work before us, that we may pur himself endeavoured to remove it; sue Mr. Belzoni on his route. On but could not succeed, the Arabs 3 the 22d, he landed at Luxor, and having cunningly stopped up their saw the ruins of Thebes, for the first great entrance which led to it. Mrví time.
Belzoni entered through a long napuks Mr. Belzoni describes several co row cavity, where he was frequently lossal figures, which he met with be- obliged to creep on the ground fore he reached the bust which he They reached the sarcophagus at's had to remove, particularly the co- length, which nearly closed up the i
passage. One of the Arabs, howOsymandias,or Rhamenoph, or some ever, and Mr. Belzoni's interpreter, other Egyptian monarch, for, as Mr. succeeded in passing, and it was Belzoni observes, so many names agreed that Mr. Belzoni himself, have been given to it, that at last it and the other Arab should wait has no name at all.” He says it there till the interpreter and his ** would require more labour to convey companion returned. They went so this, mass of granite by water, than far that the lights entirely disap the obelisk known by the name of peared, and a few minutes after theis Pompey's Pillar. He commenced interpreter was heard to cry out, O
mon Dieu ! imon Dieu ! Je suis per. ble and perplexity,
7, Mr. Bélzoni du: Mr. Belzoni immediately re- however succeeded in procuring a turned to procure help from the boat, and conveying the bust of other Arabs, but lost his way. At Memnon to Cairo, where he received length, however, he miraculously letters from the consul, who was got out, and found his interpreter then at Alexandria, to proceed to at the entrance. It seems that, after him directly with the colossus, leakleaving Mr. Belzoni, they came to a ing all the other articles" he had pit, which they did not perceive till brought with him in the consulate. the Arab fell in. It was then the He left Cairo accordingly on the 3d interpreter cried out, I am lost; for of January, 1817, and reached Alexthe Arab, in falling, put out both andria in eleven days, where he lights. The interpreter, however, lodged the colossus in the Bashaw's, happening to see a small light at a magazine to await its embarkation distance, approached it, and after for England. scraping away some loose sand and
Mr. Belzoni had left too many stones, got out of the cave through objects of curiosity behind him to an aperture in the large entrance remain satisfied with his first trip which the Arabs had stopped up. into Upper Egypt and Nubia. He Mr. Belzoni immediately set the proposed accordingly a second voy, Arabs to work, and cleared out the age to Mr. Salt, particularly with a large entrance, in order to remove
view to open the temple of Ybsamthe sarcophagus, but the Cacheft of bul, which he attempted in his first Erments, whose permission he had journey, but which he was obliged heretofore in all his operations, sent to give over for want of sufficient him word to desist, as the sarcopha. money to pay the workmen. The gus was sold to the French consul. consul readily embraced the propoFinding he could not, at present, sal, and Mr. Belzoni set off from succeed in his design, and having Boolak on the 20th of February, in no boat fit to convey the colossal company with a Mr. Beechey, whom bust to Cairo, he sent a courier to he took along with him at the conMr. Salt, to send him a boat for that sul's request. On their arrival, at purpose, and determined, in the Eshmouneir, they were informed mean time, to go up the Nile, and that two agents of Mr. Drouetti, the return before the courier arrived French ex-consul, were making a from Cairo. His voyage up the Nile forced march to Thebes. Mr. Belis extremely interesting, and places zoni justly concluding that their obthe character of the Turks and their ject was to reach that place before chiefs in a truer point of view than himself to purchase up all the anthat of any other traveller. The tiques, that had been accumulated by principal places and remains of an the Arabs during the preceding sea. tiquity, which he describes, are Esné, son, and also apprehensive they Edfu, Assouan, the Isle of Elephan- would take possession of a spot tine and its temple, supposed to be where he had made excayations and dedicated to the serpent Knuphis, discovered sphinxes and statues, if the beåutiful Island of Philoe, l'affa, they reached Thebes before him, imthe ruins of Kalabshe, Garba Dan- mediately determined to travel by dour, Garbah Merieh, Garba Gyrshe, land, and ordered a horse and ass the temple of Dakke and its Greek to be got ready. He took along inscriptions, Meharraka, or Offelina, with him a Greek servant, who atSeboua, Korosko, Deir the great tended on board, and leaving t
the capital of Lower Nubia, Ibrim and boat in Mr. Beechey's charge, he its sepulchral chambers, Faras, Yb. arrived in Thebes by forced marches sambul and its temple, half-buried in five days and a half. It happened in the sand, Wady Halfa, the Isle of that the Defterdar Bey of Siout had Mainarty, and the rock of Aspir, given Mr. Belzoni a letter to the which commands a view of the se
:1 British cons to which he expected cond Cataract. Here Mr. Belzoni an answer by Mr. Belzoni on his was obliged to return; but on his return; but the consul having nearrival at Thebes, he found that no glected to write to him he was so boat had arrived from Cairo, though enraged, that he went direct to LuxMr. Salt had 1 sent him a rensittance or, and ordered the ground where of
money. After considerable trouwt!: Mr. Belzoni had discovered the
sphinxés, to be dug up, and all its eds. On entering, he was surprized contents were afterwards given to
to find it one of the most beautiful the agents of M. Drouetti, who took temples in Egypt, enriched with every opportunity of conciliating beautiful intaglios, paintings, colosa the good will of the Bey, and irri- sal figures, &c. We regret our li tating him against the English party. mits will not afford us to give even Mr. Belzoni, however, continued to an abstract of his description; but make many important discoveries, it is well worthy the attention of though every possible difficulty was every lover of antiquity. thrown in his way. Among the re
Mr. Belzoni, after visiting every lics of antiquity which he discovered, place worthy the attention of the were two brazen vessels, which he antiquary and inquisitive traveller, purchased from one of the Fellahs, returned to Thebes, and commenced and which he describes as the finest his operations anew. Finding M. and most perfect pieces of Egyptian Drouetti's agents unaking excava antiquity he had ever seen. They tions about Gornau, and knowing were covered with engraved hiero- from experience he could not be at glyphics, admirably executed ; and peace in their neighbourhood, he der were about eighteen inches high, termined to make the sacred valley and ten in diameter, their sound re
of Beban el Malook the scene of his sembling that of Corinthian brass. researches; having previously obs The French party, finding the suc
ained a firman from the Cacheft cess that attended Mr. Belzoni's la of Ghous, who was now ruler over bours, succeeded at length in per
Thebes, directed to the Scheiks of suading the Bey, who was already Gournou, commanding them to sup: incensed against the English, to ply him with twenty men. In this issue an order to all the Cachefts, fortunate valley Mr. Belzoni made and Caimakans who commanded on his grand discovery of the tomb of both sides of Thebes, not to permit Psammuthis, King of Egypt. He Mr. Belzoni's party to collect any
caused the earth to be dug up at the more antiquities, nor to allow the foot of a steep hill, immediately uw Arabs to work, or sell any thing der a torrent, where no vestige of a more to them on any account. Mr.
tomb appeared. He kept the men at Belzoni expostulated, and threaten- work, however, for three days, and ed to write to the Bashaw, on which at length discovered an entrance into he counteracted the order, but short. the solid rock, eighteen feeta below ly renewed it again, so that Mr.
the surface. The entrance led to a Belzoni finding it useless to remain corridor, thirty-six feet (two inches at Thebes, determined to proceed long, eight feet four inches, wide, farther the Nile. He left a Sheik and eight feet nine inches highi: the to guard his collection, which he paintings on the ceiling and the hierdcovered with earth, and encompass- glyphics, in basso relievo indicated ed with a mud wall before his de- that it was the entrance to some magparture.
nificent tombu. At the end was a Mr. Bełzoni gives; not only a very stair-case twenty-three feet in depth, circumstantial, but a very pleasing, which led to another corridor, stili account of the various places, curio- larger and more sumptuous than the sities, and antiquities which he vi- former: at the end was a pit, thirty sited and explored in his second feet ideep, and fourteen by twelve voyage up the Nile, among which feet wide, beyond which he descried may be particularly noticed his ac a small aperture, two feet wide, and count of the Island of Philoe, and two feet and a half high. Het conits curiosities. His opening the tem- trived, by placing beams across the ple of Ybsambul, however, excites pit, to reach the entrance, and open the attention of the reader more than it: on entering, Mr. Belzoni found all the rest, not only because it was bimself in a beautiful hall, twentyhalf buried in the sand, but because seven feet and a half long, and about its internal part was never seen by twenty-six feet wide, supported by the oldest inhabitant then living. square pillars. This entrance hall He was twenty-eight days in remov- led to a chamber twenty-eight feet ing the sand which closed up the long, and twenty-five feet and a half entrance, and had frequently up- wide, also supported by pillars. On wards of one hundred men employ, one side of the entrance hall he dis
covered another corridor, thirteen tention to Count de Forbin, who was feet long, which led to another beau- then at Cairo, he sarcastically retiful corridor, thirty-six feet six quested of him to send him a plan of inches, by six feet eleven inches. The it to France, when opened. The paintings still became more and more Count thought the thing impossible, perfect as he advanced. A descent but he was mistaken-Mr. Belzoni of ten steps led to another corridor, opened the pyramid, and sent him seventeen feet by ten feet five inches, the plan. A paragraph appeared which led to a chamber, twenty feet shortly after in a French paper, statfour inches by thirteen feet 'eight ing that Count de Forbin, Director inches: in this chamber was a grand General of the Royal Museum of display of Egyptian gods and god- France, penetrated into the second desses. This chamber led to a large pyramid of Ghizeh, and brought the hall, about twenty-eight by twenty- plan of the discovery along with him seven feet, supported by two rows of to France. The expenses of opening square pillars: on each side of the the pyramid Mr. Belzoni paid ont hall is a small chamber, and the end of his own pocket; all his other exled to a grand saloon with an arched penses were paid by Mr. Salt, to roof, about thirty-two feet long, and whom he delivered both the collectwenty-seven wide. On the left of tions which he brought from Thebes, the saloon was a chamber about He therefore determined, after opentwenty-six feet long, and twenty- ing the pyramid, to make a collection three wide : at the end of this room, on his own account, and to make the facing the hall of pillars, was an drawings of the tomb of Psammuother grand chamber, forty-three feet this, and the wax impressions of four inches by seventeen feet and a which we have already spoken: havhalf wide. In the centre of this ing, accordingly, arranged his affairs toom, Mr. Belzoni discovered the with the Consul, he set off once more most perfect and valuable remains of for Thebes. On his third journey to Egyptian antiquity, -a Sarcophagus Thebes, he visited the Defterdar Bey of the finest oriental alabaster, nine of Siout, whom he found exercising feet five inches long, and three feet his soldiers and young Mamelukes seven inches wide: its thickness is in gunnery, and horsemanship: two inches, and it is transparent having obtained a firman from him, when a light is placed in the inside. he continued his voyage to Thebes, It is sculptured within and without where he commenced his drawings with several hundred figures and and models of the tomb as before emblems. It was placed over a stair- stated, the moment he arrived. case in the centre of the saloon, lead It is disagreeable to revert to the ing to a subterraneous passage three difficulties he had here again to enhundred feet deep.
counter, and the obstacles illiberally Mr. Belzoni, with the assistance thrown in his way, not only by M. of M, Ricci, made drawings after Drouetti and his agents, but by Mr, wards of all the figures, hierogly- Salt himself
. So determined were phics, emblems, ornaments, &c. in they to put a stop to his researches, the tomb; and took impressions that on his arrival at Thebes he of everything in wax, a task found the ground on both sides of which occupied him more than twelve the Nile marked' by the agents of months. The paintings, &c. are all one party or the other.
I verily minutely described in the work be believe,” he says, “ if I pointed out fore us: the description, though one of the sand banks or solid rocks, brief, takes up fourteen pages. they would have said they just in"Shortly after the discovery of this tended to have broken into it the celebrated tomb, Mr. Belzoni left next day." Perceiving the difficulThebes for Cairo, to which he con ties of making researches on his veyed his second collection of anti own account, without quarrelling quities. Even here the spirit of curi with some of the parties, he retired osity would not suffer him to be at to his tomb, and devoted his time to rest-he formed a project of opening his drawings and models. His thirst the second pyramid of Ghizeh--that for discovery, however, prompted enormous mass, which has baffled the him to diversify his pursuits by occonjectures of ancient and modern casional excavations, whoever might writers. Having mentioned his in- reap the benefit of his discoveries. Eur, Mag, Vol. 82.