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the vast machinery he sees in action any fact starts up explanatory (as around him, must effectually con- they suppose) of some scriptural vince him that humility of preten- allusion, and who feel pained and sion, no less than confidence of disappointed when the general hope, is what best becomes his cha- course of discovery in any departracter. But while we thus vindi- ment of science runs wide of the cate the study of natural philosophy notions with which particular pasfroin a charge at one time formi. sages in the Bible may have imdable from the pertinacity and acri- pressed themselves. To persons of mony with which it was urged, and such a frame of mind it ought to still occasionally brought forward suffice to remark, on the one hand, to the distress and disgust of every that truth can never be opposed to well-constituted mind, we must truth ; and, on the other, that error take care that the testimony afford- is only to be effectually confounded ed by science to religion, be its by searching deep and tracing it to extent or value what it may, shall its source. Nevertheless, it were be at least independent, unbiased, much to be wished that such perand spontaneous. We do not here sons, estimable and excellent as allude to such reasoners as would they for the most part are, before make all nature bend to their nar- they throw the weight of their aprow interpretations of obscure and plause or discredit into the scale of difficult passages in the sacred writ- scientific opinion on such grounds, ings : such a course might well be. would reflect, first, that the credit come the persecutors of Galileo and respectability of any evidence and the other bigots of the fifteenth may be destroyed by tampering with and sixteenth centuries, but can its honesty ; and, secondly, that this only be adopted by dreamers in the very disposition of mind implies a present age. But, without going lurking mistrust in its own princithese lengths, it is no uncommon ples, since the grand and indeed thing to find persons earnestly only character of truth is its capaattached to science, and anxious for bility of enduring the test of univerits promotion, who yet manifest a sal experience, and coming unmorbid sensibility on points of this changed out of every possible form kind, --who exult and applaud when of fair discussion."
OJEDA'S ADVENTURES IN SOUTH AMERICA.
When Ojeda sailed on his second ious, therefore, to establish voyage to America, in 1502, the lute and fighting commander like Spanish Government granted him Ojeda upon the outpost ; and they power to “colonise Coquibacoa,and, instructed him to set up the arms of as a recompense, he was to enjoy Castile and Leon in every place he one half of the proceeds of its terri- visited, as a signal of discovery and tory, provided the half did not ex- possession, and to put a stop to the ceed 300,000 maravedies : all be- intrusions of the English.” yond that amount was to go to the Ojeda's whole career is beyond a crown. A principal reason, howe- romance. Proceeding as above ver, for granting this government directed, he landed on the coast of and those privileges to Ojeda, was Carthagena ; and “when the friars that, in his previous voyage, he had had read a pious manifesto, Ojeda met with English adventurers on a made signs of amity to the natives, voyage of discovery in the neigh- and held up glittering presents. borhood of Coquibacoa, at which They had already suffered, howethe jealousy of the sovereigns had ver, from the cruelties of white men, taken the alarm. They were anx- and were not to be won by kindness.
On the contrary, they brandished flames. Sevent Indians were made their weapons, sounded their conchs, captive and sent to the ships, and and prepared to make battle. Juan Ojeda, regardless of the remonde la Cosa saw the rising choler of strances of Juan de la Cosa, contiOjeda, and knew his pery impa- nued his rash pursuit of the fugitives tience. He again entreated him to through the forest. In the dusk of abandon these hostile shores, and the evening they arrived at a vilreminded him of the venomous wea- lage called Yurbaco, the inhabipons of the enemy. It was all in tants of which had fled to the mounvain: Ojeda confided blindly in the tains with their wives and children protection of the Virgin. Putting and principal effects. The Spanup, as usual, a short prayer to his cards, imagining that the Indians patroness, he drew his weapon, were completely terrified and disbraced his buckler, and charged persed, now roved in quest of booty furiously upon the savages. Juan among the deserted houses, which de la Cosa followed as heartily as if stood distant from each other, burithe battle had been of his own ed among the trees. While they seeking. The Indians were soon were thus scattered, troops of sarouted, a number killed, and seve- vages rushed forth, with furious ral taken prisoners ; on their per- yells, from all parts of the forest. sons were found plates of gold, but The Spaniards endeavored to gather of an inferior quality. Flushed by together and support each other, this triumph, Ojeda took several of but every little party was surroundthe prisoners as guides, and pursu- ed by a host of foes. They fought ed the flying enemy four leagues with desperate bravery ; but for into the interior. He was followed, once their valor and their iron aras usual, by his faithful lieutenant, mor were of no avail ; they were the veteran La Cosa, continually overwhelmed by numbers, and sank remonstrating against his useless beneath war-clubs and poisoned artemerity, but hardily seconding him rows. Ojeda on the first alarm in the most hare-brained perils. collected a few soldiers, and enHaving' penetrated far into the sconced himself within a small enforest, they came to a strong hold closure, surrounded by palisades. of the enemy, where a numerous Here he was closely besieged, and force was ready to receive them, galled by flights of arrows. He armed with clubs, lances, arrows, threw himself on his knees, covered and bucklers. Ojeda led his men himself with his buckler, and being to the charge with the old Castilian small and active, managed to pro war-cry, Santiago!' The savages tect himself from the deadly shower; soon took to flight. Eight of their but all his companions were slain bravest warriors threw themselves by his side, some of them perishing into a cabin, and plied their bows in frightful agonies. At this fearful and arrows so vigorously, that the moment the veteran La Cosa, havSpaniards were kept at bay. Oje- ing heard of the peril of his comda cried shame upon his followers mander, arrived, with a few followto be daunted by eight naked men. ers, to his assistance. Stationing Stung by this reproach, an old Cas- himself at the gate of the palisades, tilian soldier rushed through a the brave Biscayan kept the savages shower of arrows and forced the at bay until most of his men were door of the cabin, but received a slain, and he himself was severely shaft through the heart, and fell wounded. Just then Ojeda sprang dead on the threshold. Ojeda, fu- forth like a tiger into the midst of rious at the sight, ordered fire to be the enemy, dealing his blows on set to the combustible edifice ; in a every side. La Cosa would have moment it was in a blaze, and the seconded him, but was crippled by eight warriors perished in the his wounds. He took refuge with
the remnant of his men in an Indian parties, gave orders that not_an cabin ; the straw roof of which he Indian should be taken alive. The aided them to throw off, lest the village was buried in deep sleep, enemy should set it on fire. Here but the woods were filled with large he defended himself until all his parrots, which, being awakened, comrades, but one, were destroyed. made a prodigious clamor. The The subtle poison of his wounds at Indians, however, thinking the Spalength overpowered him, and he niards all destroyed, paid no attensank to the ground. Feeling death tion to these noises. It was not at hand, he called to his only sur- until their houses were assailed, viving companion. 'Brother,' said and wrapped in flames, that they he, since God hath protected thee took the alarm. They rushed forth, from harm, sally forth and fly, and some with arms, some weaponless, if ever thou shouldst see Alonzo de but were received at their doors by Ojeda, tell him of my fate!' Thus the exasperated Spaniards, and eifell the hardy Juan de la Cosa, ther slain on the spot, or driven faithful and devoted to the very back into the fire. Women Aed last; nor can we refrain from paus- wildly forth with children in their ing to pay a passing tribute to his arms; but at sight of the Spaniards memory. He was acknowledged glittering in steel, and of the horses, by his contemporaries to be one of which they supposed ravenous monthe ablest of those gallant Spanish sters, they ran back, shrieking with navigators who first explored the horror, into their burning habiway to the New World. But it is tations. Great was the carnage, by the honest and kindly qualities for no quarter was shown to age or of his heart that his memory is most sex. Many perished by the fire, endeared to us; it is, above all, by and many by the sword. When that loyalty and friendship displayed they had fully glutted their venin this his last and fatal expedition. geance, the Spaniards ranged about Warmed by his attachment for a for booty. While thus employed, more youthful and a hot-headed ad- they found the body of the unfortuventurer, we see this wary veteran nate Juan de la Cosa. It was tied of the seas forgetting his usual pru- to a tree, but swoln and discolored dence and the lessons of his experi- in a hideous manner by the poison eace, and embarking heart and of the arrows with which he had hand, purse and person, in the wild been slain. This dismal spectacle enterprises of his favorite. We had such an effect upon the combehold him watching over him as a mon men, that not one would reparent, remonstrating with him as a main in that place during the night. counsellor, but fighting by him as á Having sacked the village, therepartisan ; following him, without fore, they left it a smoking ruin, and hesitation, into known and needless returned in triumph to their ships.” danger, to certain death itself, and But at last the bold adventurer showing no other solicitude in his fell into distress, and died at St. dying moments, but to be remem- Domingo, his death serving as a bered by his friend.”
wholesome comment on his life. Ojeda alone escaped; and after “He died so poor, that he did not wards being joined by Nicuesa, leave money enough to provide for took a terrible revenge on the un- his interment ; and so broken in fortunate natives.
spirit, that, with his last breath, he “ The two governors, no longer entreated his body might be buried rivals, landed four hundred of their in the monastery of San Francisco, men and several horses, to set off just at the portal, in humble expiawith all speed for the fatal village. tion of his past pride, 'that every They approached it in the night, one who entered might tread upon his and, dividing their forces into two grave.'”
CRUTHERS AND JONSON; OR, THE OUTSKIRTS OF LIFE.
A TRUE STORY.
What feeling of our nature is so of monotony and safety, and matter universally approved, as that of of fact, where affections are meaFriendship ? Unlike all others, it sured by the tale of guineas, where appears to be capable of no excess, people's fortunes are exalted, and and to unite every suffrage in its their purposes achieved by the favor : the more vehement, the more force, not of the arm or the heart, enthusiastic it is, we applaud it the but of the spinning-jennie and the more ; and men of all climes and steam-engine. I proceed with my habitudes, the saint, the savage, and narrative. the sage, unite in our applauses. In the early part of the last cenIt is, in fact, the great balsam of tury, the parish school-house of existence, “the brook that runneth Hóddam, a low squat building by by the way,” out of which the the Edinburgh highway side, could wearied sons of Adam may all number among its daily visitants drink comfort and refreshment to two boys of the names of Cruthers nerve them in the toils of life's and Jonson, who at first agreed in parched and dusty journey. It nothing, except in the firm determicommunicates a dignity and calm nation shown by each to admit of beauty to the humblest lot ; and no superior. Such a principle, without it the loftiest is but a shin- maintained by one individual, might ing desart.
possibly have led to very pleasing I myself like friendship as well results, in so far as that one was as any man likes it, and I feel a concerned : maintained by two, it pleasure in reflecting that the story led to nothing but constant broils I am now to write will afford one and bickerings, hard words and well authenticated instance of that harder blows. Without end or noble sentiment. Not that by this number were their squabbles. In remark I mean to excite unfounded every feat of scholarship or misexpectation, nor that I have aught chief, whether it were to expound very marvellous to say either about the venerable Dilworth's system of passions of the mind or exploits arithmetic within doors, or to work displaying them. I have, in truth, some devilry without ; to lead the no moving tragedy to set forth ; nó rival gangs of " Englishmen and deed of heroism or high adventure ; Scots, to clank the old kirk-bell, nothing of your Pythias and Damon, or venture on the highest and brityour Theseus and Pirithous. My tlest boughs of the ash-trees and heroes were not Kings of Athens yews that grew around, still these or Children of the Cloud; but two were violent competitors, and honest Lairds of Annandale. They by their striving far outstripped the never braved the rage of Dionysius rest. Frequently, of course, they dooming them to die, never went came to sparring, in which they down to Hades that they might flirt would exhibit all the energy and with Proserpine, or slaughter the animation of Entellus and Dares, mastiff Cerberus : yet they were or even of Molyneux and Crib. true men“ in their own humble The boy Cruthers was decidedly way ;
men tried in good and evil the better boxer; he was stronger hap, and not found wanting ; their than Jonson, could beat him whenhistory seems curious enough, if I ever he chose ; and in time came can tell it rightly, to deserve some to choose it very often. Jonson three minutes of attention from an had more of the Socratic than of the idle man ; especially in times so Stoic philosopher in his turn of stupid and prosaic as these ; times mind : he could not say “thou
mayest beat the case of Jonson— self, as he whirled by in a cloud of himself thou canst not reach ; " on dust, with his steeds, his beef-eaters, the contrary, he felt too clearly that and his paraphernalia, looked out himself was reached, and as all his from his yellow chariot upon them, attempts to remedy the evil but then within upon his own sick and made it worse, the exasperation of sated soul, and would have cursed his little heart was extreme. On the merry brats, had he not consoled one occasion, when the fortune of himself by recollecting that, in a battle had again declared against few years, want, and hardship, and him, and Cruthers was thrashing folly, would make them all as wretchhis outward man with more than ed as plenty, and pleasure, and folusual vigor, poor Jonson started ly, had made him. In fact, it was a from his grasp all covered with scene which Mr. Wordsworth would bruises, and clenching his fist in the have gone some miles to see ; would face of his enemy, be swore, with have whined over for a considerable the tears streaming from his eyes, time; and inost likely would have and in a voice half-choked by written a sonnet or two upon. sobs, that before the sun went down But nothing eartbly is destined Cruthers should rue this. So threat- to continue : the flight of a given ening he went away.
number of minutes would have put It was morning when this occur an end to all this revelry at any red, and the comments on it did not rate ; an unexpected incident put an cease till the arrival of the redoubt- end to it more effectually and sooned Mr. Scroggs, the gaunt and er. The game was at the hottest; sallow-visaged Dominie, in whose chuck-farthing waxed more interestpresence all jarring passions died ing every moment, rope-skipping into a timid calm. I know not what was become a rage, shinties were feelings Cruthers had while the flying in fragments, shins were being hours rolled on, or whether he had broken, all was tumult, happiness, any ; but apparently they were and hurly-burly, when all at once forgotten, when, at mid-day, Jon- the vanquished Jonson appeared son's absence had not been inquired upon the Green, with a fierce though into, and the hot cabin vomited sedate look upon his countenance, forth its exulting population to frolic and what was worse-a large horse their gamesome hour beneath the pistol in his hand ! All paused at clear summer sky. Of the boys, sight of him ; the younger boys and some arranged themselves for pitch- all the girls uttered a short shrill and-toss, some preferred marbles, shriek, and Cruthers grew as pale others shinty; the girls produced as milk. What might have been the their skipping-ropes, or set to pile issue is uncertain, for the sudden their bits of crockery into a dres- silence and the short shriek had in ser; ” in short the whole “
green them something strange enough to was swarming with a noisy throng alarm the vigilance of Mr. Scroggs of little men and little women, all _busy at the time within doors, bustling because each corner of the expounding to the Ecclefechan exearth was yet full of motives to “ciseman some more abstruse departallure them; all happy because ments of the mystery of guaging. they had not yet been smitten with Throwing down his text-book, that the curse of passions or the malady invaluable compend, The Young of thought. The grim carrier, as Man's Best Companion, he forthwith he drove his groaning wain past sallied from his noontide privacy, them, and trailed his own weary and solemnly inquired what was the limbs over the burnt highway along matter. The matter was investiwith it, wondered why the deuce gated, the pistol given up, and after, they did not go to sleep when they infinite higgling the truth flashed were allowed time. The laird him out as clear as day. The Dominie's