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best things were written. There most unequivocally. He wrote was a system of competition went ! The Ship of the Desart' against on there, the most delightful that I it-a thing of far greater splendor, ever engaged in. Mr. Wilson and but exceedingly extravagant." I had a Queen's Wake every wet “I'll no wake wi' Annie.' I day-a fair set-to who should write composed this pastoral ballad, as the best poem between breakfast well as the air to which it is sung, and dinner ; and if I am any judge, whilst sailing one lovely day on St. these friendly competitions produc- Mary's Loch ; a pastime in which, ed several of our best poems, if not above all others, I delighted, and of the best ever written on the same which I am now most shamefully subjects before. Mr. Wilson, as deprived. Lord Napier never did well as Southey and Wordsworth, so cruel a thing, not even on the had all of them a way of singing out high seas, as the interdicting of me their poetry in a loud sonorous key, from sailing on that beloved lake, which was very impressive, but which if I have not rendered classivery ludicrous. Wilson at that pe- cal, has not been my blame. But riod composed all his poetry, by the credit will be his own,-that is going over it in that sounding strain; some comfort." and in our daily competitions, al ** The Moon was a-waning' is though our rooms were not immedi- one of the songs of my youth, writately adjoining, I always overheard ten long ere I threw aside the shepwhat progress he was making. herd's plaid, and took farewell of When he came upon any grand my trusty colley, for the bard's perilidea, he opened upon it full swell, ous and thankless occupation. I with all the energy of a fine fox- was a poor shepherd half a century hound on a hot trail. If I heard ago, and I have never got farther to many of these vehement aspirations, this day ; but my friends would be they weakened my hands and dis- far from regretting this, if they knew couraged my heart, and I often said the joy of spirit that has been mine. to myself, Gudefaith, it's a' ower This was the first song of mine I wi' me for this day!' When we ever heard sung at the piano, and went over the poems together in the my feelings of exultation are not to evening, I was always anxious to be conceived by men of sordid dislearn what parts of the poem had positions. I had often heard my excited the sublime breathings strains chanted from the ewe-bught which I had heard at a distance, and the milking-green, with delight; but he never could tell me. There but I now found that I had got a was another symptom. When we step higher, and thenceforward remet at dinner-time, if Mr. Wilson solved to cling to my harp, with a had not been successful in pleasing fondness which no obloquy should himself, he was desperate sulky for diminish, and I have kept the rea while, though he never once miss- solution.", ed brightening up, and making the If ever novels showed « most of the subject. I never saw he is,” these entertaining snatches better sport than we had in com- speak Hogg himself. paring these poems. How man We think the present volume will fully each stood out for the merits greatly raise the poet in the estimaof his own ! But Mrs. Wilson ge- tion of the public, who are too apt nerally leaned to my side, nominally to mistake him for a Noctesian roisat least. I wrote the Ode to Su- terer, and, though an imaginative, a perstition' there, which,' to give sometimes coarse prose writer, Mr. Wilson justice, he approved of
THE OLD AND NEW WORLD.
In this matter-of-fact age of the intellectual; and it is an obvious world, when the Schoolmaster is practical conclusion, from which the abroad and useful knowledge is dif- Doctor does not shrink, that a larger fused, and the public yearns only supply of mental food, and a greater for facts and science, it is pleasant, degree of attentive cultivation, are aod we own we think not unuseful due to the former than to the latter to the mind, to turn aside occasion- muthat, to use the popular language,
ally from the practical proceedings it is much more important to eduche of life, with its dull round of daily cate the heart than the head-to
business, to wander in the wild form the disposition than to iostruct wood, or dwell for a season in the the mind. fairy-land of fiction and the enchant Though the era of imaginative ed regions of tradition and romance. darkness has passed away, and “the It has been remarked, perhaps a elves of hills, brooks, standing lakes, thousand times, but it is not the less and groves, no longer people the true for being trite, that with all the paths of even country life, but march of intellect and the advanced melted into air, into thin air,” it progress of knowledge, we often does seem somewhat strange, and look back with a feeling of undefi- somewhat, too, to be regretted, that nable regret to the memory of those in this wondrous spread of enlightshadowy superstitions, which in the enment, by which we have learned days of our innocent and blissful to be so much wiser and sadder ignorance warmed our imagination men than our fathers, matter seems and touched our heart. The actual rather to be gaining the vantageresults and philosophical demonstra- ground over spirit
. The stones and tions of science case our mind, to clay, the dust and ashes of the phybe sure, with a clear, cold canopy, sical world, are explored and exlike the ice of winter crusting the plained with far more willing readisurface of a limpid lake ; but we ness, more curious scrutiny, than cannot help sometimes reflecting the diviner essence which animates with a sigh on the times when fancy the inner man, or which rules and was allowed to people the busy regulates external nature. Men brain with unsubstantial visions that live in cities, cooped up from year varied with brighter hues the mono- to year in brick and mortar, and tony of life, like a breeze stealing rarely looking on the gladsome face over the lake aforesaid in spring- of the green earth or the bright sky; time, rippling its tranquil surface, or, “sitting under the blossom that and causing it to
hangs on the tree,” they catch no “ Break into dimples, and laugh in the sun." inspiration from the free air, and We confess we think that the pre- the fresh stream, and the mountain vailing tendency of the present time steep, which taught the untutored is to regard too much the storing up Indian to “ see God in clouds, and of physical facts, and cultivating hear him in the wind,” and which the reasoning faculties, to the ex- ought to bring home to Christian clusion of the powers of feeling and bosoms a livelier sense of the per
imagination. If there be truth in petual (presence of the Being who • Spurzheim - and the man is, at pervades all space, in whom we live,
least, an able physiologist--the por- and move, and have our being. We
tion of the human brain allotted to own, we turn from the inaterialized y as the functions of the feelings is far speculations of civilized philoso
greater than that assigned to the phers, to habits of mental spiritualioperations of those faculties which zation, even in a savage, with eleare usually considered more strictly vation and gladness of heart, and
feel disposed to regard almost with recently been exerted by several favor and affection the glimmering talented American writers. faith of the Indian, which quickens It is pleasant, too, we had almost all the grand, and glorious, and said ennobling, to trace the progress beautiful appearances of the visible of those hardy English settlers who universe with the vitality of the first went forth to seek in the wilGreat Spirit which pervades it, while derness that rest for their souls the sublime imagery of nature in which they despaired of finding at which he clothes these lofty thoughts, home. The magnitude of their enrenders his language, like himself, terprise, the terrific obstacles they noble, and bold, and free.
encountered and overcame, and It is strange, too, and very piti- their familiarity with mighty Nature ful, to think of a mighty race of in her awful forms, in those lovely warriors, who, as it were but yester- solitudes in which they dwelt, doubtday, owned half a world, which they less contributed in no slight degree had possessed undisturbed for ages, to heighten the solemnity and moral hunted by their fellow-men down to grandeur which seems to have nathe grave, and their memorial pe- turally belonged to their grave and rished with them. We may call thoughtful characters. Forsaking them red-skins and savages, and home, and all that men cling to dwell upon their atrocious acts of fastest and most fondly, in order to infernal ferocity as we will, but still enjoy the privilege of worshiping it must be remembered that the God according to the conviction of pale-faces found them a free and their own consciences, they never happy people,
for a moment forgot, even in the Roaming at large among unpeopled glens minutest occurrences of daily life, And mountainous retirements, only trod that they were By devious footsteps! Regions consecrate To olden time."
“ Dwelling in their great taskmaster's eye," And they made them, by that op- and they lived as men whose heart pression which drives wise men, as and treasure were in a better and a well as simple savages, mad, those more abiding dwelling-place. It is fierce and unrelenting demons whom well observed by the annalist of the blood of infants and women the first settlements in Massachucould not satiate, and to whom death setts, that in the quiet possession of was as dust in the balance compared the blessings these first religious with the pleasure and the glory of pilgrims have transmitted, their derevenge.
scendants are perhaps in danger of With the desolating incursions of forgetting or undervaluing the sufthe native North Americans upon ferings by which they were obtainthe peaceful settlements of the ed—of forgetting how these men Whites in later times, history has lived and what they endured. When long since made us familiar, in all they came to the wilderness, they their horrible and revolting details ; said truly, though quaintly, that but for much that is deeply inter- they turned their backs on Egypt; esting, and well calculated by skil- they did virtually renounce all deful and graphic delineation to make pendence on earthly supports; they us more intimately acquainted with left the land of their birth, of their the character and habits of the Red homes, of their fathers' graves; Indians, as well as to convey a vi- they sacrificed ease, and honors, vid image of the dangers and priva- and preferment, and all the delights tions encountered by our ancestors of sense and for what? To open in reducing the country to its pre- for themselves an earthly paradise ? sent state of security and plenty, --to dress their bowers of pleasure, we are indebted to the good taste, and rejoice with their wives, their judgment, and industry, which have little ones, and their cattle No:
they came not for themselves, they the enjoyment of artificial tastes, lived not to themselves. An exiled when health and hardihood, and a and suffering people, they came clear conscience, sweeten the min forth in the dignity of servants of gled cup of life. The high-minded the Lord, to open the forests to the and enlightened Englishmen who sunbeam and to the light of the Sun first conceived the idea of establishof Righteousness ; to restore man ing settlements in North America, to civil and religious liberty and steadily persevered until they had equal rights ; to bring down the overcome the disheartening difficulhills and make smooth the rough ties they had to conquer , they carplaces, and prepare in the desart a ried with them the vigor and intellihighway for the Lord. What was gence of their parent state, ang their reward ? Fortune, distinc- gradually gained dominion over a tions, the sweet charities of home ? territory as boundless in extent as -No: but their feet were planted stupendous in the grandeur of its on the mount of vision, and they natural features. saw with sublime joy a multitude of It has been alleged with great people where the solitary savage bitterness, and perhaps not altogeroamed the desart. The forest va- ther without reason, by our critical: nished, and pleasant villages and brethren on the other side of the busy cities appeared ; the tangled Atlantic, that the tone of criticism footpath expanded to the thronged adopted towards all productions of highway ; the consecrated church American literature by British rethey beheld planted on the rock of viewers is captiously and abusively: idol sacrifice !
severe, more indicative of the spiteThat their descendants might re- ful spirit of a step-mother than of alise this vision, might enter into the kindly feelings of a natural pathis promised land of faith, they en- rent, anxious to foster the infant ef-. dured hardships and braved death ; forts of her offspring. In such a deeining, as said one of their com- spirit as that complained of, we cerpany, that “he is not worthy to live tainly do not participate. We haik at all who, for fear of danger or of with delight every advance in knowdeath, shunneth his country's ser- ledge and intellectual improvement vice or his own honor-since death inade by a people who are destined. is inevitable, but the fame of virtue to spread our name, our institutions, immortal.”
our thoughts, our principles and Their plain-living and high- feelings, with “our land's lanthinking,” their toil and carefulness, guage," a youthful world, so curiously mingled with humble where they will live, and prove the reliance on the wisdom and com- quickening source of thought, and plete submission to the will of Pro- sympathy, and joy, to millions upon vidence, contrast most forcibly and millions of human beings, with like favorably with the luxurious habits, hearts and passions and weaknesses the insatiate thirst for wealth, and to ourselves, when it may be that the disregard of everything that chance and change shall have.condoes not contribute to “ creature- signed our little island home” to comforts," which characterise our other masters, speaking a different degenerate age. It does one good tongue. It is curious that the most to be reminded, too, so powerfully important English dictionary, with and effectually as is ever done by a the most profound and accurate indetailed practical example, of the vestigation of the origin and princisimplicity of man's real wants when ples of our native language, publish-. he has learned to be satisfied with ed in the present day, should be the
what Nature craves and will not production of an American ; and be denied ;” and how independent not less curious, or to us, who are buman happiness is of riches, and genuine lovers of science and the
general diffusion of useful know- century — we mean La Place's ledge, less gratifying, that of the “ Mécanique Celeste "--one should two English translations and com- be from the pen of a Transatlantic mentaries upon the profoundest professor, the other from that of a mathematical work of the nineteenth tutor of the Irish University.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE LATE M. BENJAMIN CONSTANT. It is only in compliance with the to crush it. Constant had all that established forms of biographical weakness of human nature which Hotices that we commence the few thirsts for occasions of excitement; particulars we have to give of this he sought the gratification of that distinguished Frenchman, by stating desire sometimes in the boudoirs, that he inherited, on the female side, sometimes at the chances of the illustrious blood, and was descended gaming-table, but never with more on the male from a 'noble line of ardor than in the tumult of public military characters, amongst whom affairs and the stirring events of are the names of a Coligni, and a political life. The storms of the Constant de Rebecque, who saved tribune had peculiar charms for him, the life of Henri Quatre at the battle and he loved the animating exciteof Coutras. The biographer of ment of parliamentary contests. Benjamin Constant may well be Never was orator more ingenious ; excused for passing hastily over the never was a keener or more resistsubject of his family, since he avoid- less logic displayed in the senate. ed himself anything like reference He seemed to sport with the difficulto his origin, and relied entirely on ties of style and thought ; he underhis talents and public conduct for stood what Bacon calls “the edge obtaining the estimation of his and the weight of words ; ” his country. On one occasion, howe- speeches, therefore, always comver, when a political opponent in manded attention, and elicited from the Chamber of Deputies threw his enemies a reluctant admiration. out a doubt as to his qualifications No man ever labored more indefatias a Frenchman, Constant was gably. The extent of his works, if obliged to produce evidence of his they were collected, would be proparentage, and from that time for- digious. It is said, that during ward he was treated with increased the debates of the Chambers, he deference by the aristocrats of the was often engaged in writing on the “côté droit." The memory of this most abstruse subjects ; and that in eminent statesman, orator, and this way he composed much of his patriot, will be immortal. His at- valuable work upon religion.* But tachment to freedom was ardent he possessed the rare faculty of and sincere. That noble object rapidly transferring the energies of was always his ; and neither the his mind from one object to another; seductions of power or of fortune, and would frequently emerge from nor the perils he had to encounter the abstraction of the writer, and in its defence, ever induced him to take an able and effective part in relinquish it. His whole life was a the discussion. In society, the struggle against all the principles conversation of Constant was origiand interests that are adverse to the nal and striking ; in general ironipeople. Writer, deputy, citizen, cal; seldom serious. It was rehe attacked, during thirty years, marked, that, though sedate even despotism in every shape, and did to sternness in public business, and more than any other man in France grave and studious in the closet, it
* It appears that he was barely enabled to complete this work before his death. It is slated to be a most interesting and important production.