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made to swim, we do not say it was impurity, vice, and crime ; let him by the law of gravity, or by the deduce his conclusions logically and ordinary or common laws of nature; consistently from the principles of but by the suspension of the law of revealed truth, instead of dealing in gravity. It would, indeed, be con- declamation, general assertions, vultrary to sense to say that iron was gar invective, and scurrilous abuse. made to swim by the law of gravity; The principle of love to God and but not contrary to sense to say it man runs through the whole of diwas made to swim by a suspension vine revelation ; and all the virtues, of that law.
all the dispositions and actions Another class of facts, on which which it inculcates, are but so many revealed religion is based, are those forms of this great principle. Can which have been, and still are, the Mr. Owen point to any injunction subjects of prophecy. Many of in scripture incompatible with this these facts are already matters of principle ? He had even the audahistory ; and some of them are mat- city to assert that religion inculcated ters of observation and every-day vice. What, then, is the vice taught experience—such as the dispersion in the Bible ? Men, he said, were of the Jews, and their continuing a taught to hate one another. Where separate people, dwelling alone, and is that taught ? Does not the word not reckoned with the nations ; be- of God teach us to love our enecoming a curse, a bye-word, and a mies, to do good to them that hate reproach, in all countries to which us, to pray for them that despitefully they have been driven. Even the use us and persecute us ? Are we religion of nature, of which Mr. not taught to ask forgiveness of Owen is the minister and intorprot- God as we forgive others ? and to er, is not opposed to the truths of return to no man evil for evil, but, divine revelation. Bishop Butler on the contrary, blessing? If any has shown, in his “Analogy_be- teach persecution and hatred, neitween Natural and Revealed Reli- ther persecution nor_hatred are gion," a beautiful and striking co- taught in the Bible. The religion incidence and harmony between the which it teaches is one of universal laws of nature and the doctrines of charity. We are not, indeed, taught revealed religion ; the one illustrat- to regard virtue and vice with the ing and corroborating the other, same feelings; to hold them as of without the slightest jarring, incon- equal value, and worthy of the same sistency, or incongruity-indicating esteem. Neither are we taught to a common origin and author. entertain the same respect for the
To religion Mr. Owen referred vicious and the virtuous. We owe all the ills of human existence. the worthless not esteem, but comNow, a religion must produce evil - passion ; not approbation, but pity; that is, vice, ignorance, misery, and we owe to vice, in every form, poverty, destitution, and crime - abhorrence and aversion. through the operation of its princi Mr. Owen ridiculed the idea of ples, precepts, and the examples man being either virtuous or viwhich it holds up to imitation. What, cious for his belief or disbelief, as if then, is the principle, precept, or the one and the other had no conexample, recorded for imitation in nexion with the state of the heart or the Holy Scriptures, to which evil, the character of a man's actions, either moral or physical, can be. If a man reject the truth, because traced ? Let Mr. Owen, if he can, the truth condemns his conduct; mention one principle, or one pre- because it demands the abandoncept, or one model of virtuous con ment of immoral practices; then duct, in the Scriptures, to which disbelief cannot be regarded but as evil can be traced. He holds re- odious and detestable ;; while the realed religion to be a discipline of unbeliever must appear in the eyes
of the virtuous anything but an ob- the universe, might, one should ject of esteem. And, on the con- have thought, have been discovered trary, if belief be inseparable from by the researches of the sages of virtuous thought, feeling, and ac- ancient and modern times. But all tion, and if it be actually the source, sages, philosophers, statesmen, dithe spring, and principle, of univer- vines, and legislators, are perfect sal charity, of love to God and fools compared with Mr. Owen. man, then it must be an object of His head, of all the heads that have the highest esteem, in which esteem ever been formed, is perfect in its the faithful have a right to partici- organization : hence he is such a
prodigy of intelligence. As he is A community of goods, in which acquainted with his new religion, there will be no private property, and must be supposed to be under Mr. Owen informed the company, its complete influence, he is no was to be a feature of his new sys- doubt as perfect in virtue as he is tem.-A natural consequence of a in intellect-a nonpareil, to which community of goods, as men are there is not on earth anything par now constituted, would be a relaxa- aut simile, equal or similar. I had tion of the springs of human exer- almost said there is not any who has tion; the fear of want, a desire of a spark of intelligence, or a single improving our condition, and secu- grain of understanding or common rity for the exclusive disposal of sense, but himself; but in this I am our labor, being the chief incentives checked by Mr. Owen's own stateto industry. Who would labor if ment, that all intelligent men had he might have his wants supplied adopted his views ; that all who had without any care or exertion on his read, heard, and inwardly digested
Who would think of sure his doctrines, were wise and enpassing others in skill, invention, and lightened; but that all were fools application, if the fruit of all his toil besides ! Such a statement is cerwas to be divided equally among all tainly highly creditable to the wisthe indolent, vicious, and abandon- est, the best, and the most enlighted ? or were no increase of happi- ened man that ever appeared on the ness, comfort, or respectability, to stage of human life. accrue from the zealous discharge In conclusion, I may just notice of his duty, from enterprise, perse- that Mr. Owen informed the comverance, and successful exertion ? pany that in his new world, or new These objections to a community of order of things, they should neither goods, Mr. Owen meets with a de- marry nor be given in marriage. claration, that, under the new order The company naturally concluded of things which he is to introduce, there was to be a promiscuous in. all men will be perfect in virtue, tercourse-a community of women each straining, apart from all selfish as well as a community of goods. views, his powers and faculties for But Mr. Owen immediately set the weal of the whole community of them right in this matter, by telling
This perfection of virtue is them that the union of the sexes to result from stripping man of all would be in all cases the union of religion as it has hitherto been the purest affection. Affection, he taught, and teaching him, under said, constituted the only true and Mr. Owen's direction, the religion natural marriage ; and that when of nature.
affection ceased, marriage ceased. His religion, in all its parts, Mr. Of course men should leave their Owen is to reveal to the world in wives when they cease to be objects his next public exhibition. The re- of affection. Mr. Owen, with his ligion of nature, if consisting, as is characteristic candor and discerngenerally understood, in the expli- ment, assured the company that cation and application of the laws of marriages without affection were in
all cases the effect of priestcraft, as ladies in general are foolish although all the world have hitherto enough to believe the Bible, in thought that priests had little to do preference to Mr. Owen—and to with marriages, except performing embrace the religion of the Son of the mere ceremonial. This is, no God, in preference to the religion doubt, another great discovery ! of the philanthropist of New La
Need the reader be informed that nark! Men, says Mr. Burke, are these details were listened to with in general right in their feelings. wonder, admiration, and delight, by To which I may add, that as women an immense crowd of cockneys, and have more feeling than men, their even by ladies, who cheered the sense of what is wrong must be philanthropist through his lecture more acute. And to say the truth with violent clapping, and all the of the ladies present at the meeting usual demonstrations of applause. (if ladies they may be called), they It may just be stated, that of the seemed to be rather of the mascucompany the minority were ladies, line than feminine gender.
FEAR haunts me like a sheeted ghost, there comes no rest to me,
the glance of beauty bright,
Then happy-like the Indian chief between his pangs of pain-
A spell of power—a talisman each anguish to allay-
to kiss her brow, as ends that falling strain-
—The agony comes on !—The fiend is here again!
Close, close beside me glooms the form that haunts me night and day;
THE HISTORY OF A FRENCH ARTIZAN DURING THE LAST
[This article is from a Magazine, the studying, and make me a clergyman conductors of which have exhibited strong like himself. symptoms of dislike at the late events in My ambition was flattered with France ; and it is probably published by the prospect; and during my early them to excite, through the sympathies of years, the dream of my future hoits readers, the same unfriendly feeling! nors was always before me ; but, as We of course give it a place in our I grew up and learnt to dance upon pages for no such purpose as this. Whe- the green with the girls of the vilther the incidents mentioned in it are real lage, my sentiments insensibly or fictitious, it is doubtless a true picture changed. I began to think of leavof many a scene of individual suffering ing off dancing, and being grave, during the “ three glorious days ;” and and serious, and never marryingthough as Republicans we must rejoice each with an augmented degree of that the Sun of Liberty has shone upon
horror. The decisive blow, howeregenerated France, as Men we cannot ver, was struck, when I had seen but feel for the distresses of those heroic
three times Mariette Dupont. We individuals who prepared the way for the could be to fall in love ; but she
were both as young as
we well “ brightness of his coming” and the enjoy- was so beautiful, and her soft dark ment of his cheering influence.)
eyes looked so imploringly into I was born in the beautiful valley one's heart, that from the very first of the Seine, near the small town of moment I saw her, I felt an inclinaBonnières. It is a lovely place, tion to put my arm round her, and and I will say no more of it ; for in
“ Thou shalt be my own; and sitting down to write all the mise- I will guard thee from sorrow, and ries and horrors that have visited care, and adversity ; and shelter me since I left it, the fair calm spot thee from every blast that blows in of my birth, and the sweet peaceful the bleak cold world around." But scenes of my boyhood, rise up
like on this I must not pause either, for the reproachful spirit of a noble pa- the memory of such dreams is bitrent before a criminal son, and up- terness. The matter went on-I braid me for having ever quitted loved Mariette, and she -Ay! my tranquil home. My father, that joy is at least my own-lasting though but the gardener at the cha- -imperishable, and the annihilation teau, was also a small propriétaire ; of a world could not take it from and, in his spare time, used to cul- me She loved me-deeply, trutivate his own fields by the banks ly, devotedly—through life—to the of the river. The chateau had tomb ! been purchased by Mons. V Years flew by; and we were the rich bookseller in Paris; and in married; for my father had never hanging about the house while a liked the thought of my becoming a child, I became a great favorite priest, which he looked upon as with the good Parisian. Still my being buried alive. He said I principal patron was Monsieur le should do much better to labor as Curé of Bonnières, who discovered my ancestors had done ; or, since I in me an amazing genius for my ca- had a superior education, could techism, taught me to read and read and write, and understood Lawrite, gave me a smattering of La- tin,
I might easily make my fortune tin, and declared, that if I took in Paris. So he willingly gave his pains and behaved well, he and consent to my marriage with MariMonsieur V-between them, ette. Monsieur V- the bookwould procure me the means of seller, said it was always right to
said, " if
let fools have their own way ; and all departments were full. This the Curé frowned and united us, had occupied me the whole mornmerely observing, that he had be- ing; and I now returned to Maristowed his time and attention very ette, who instantly read my mortifimuch in vain.
cation in my countenance. She By my father's counsel, we de- asked no questions, but only cast termined to go to Paris immediate- her arms round my neck, and with ly, for he and my brother were both a smile, which was not gay, though sure that I should there becone 'a it was not desponding, she whispergreat man, and Mariette had no ed, “Do not be vexed, Frank. doubt of it. Besides," my father They cannot know yet how clever
you do not get on there, you are. When they see more of you can come back here, and help you, they will be glad enough to to take care of our own ground, have you. Besides, we while I work at the chateau." back again to Bonnières."
To Paris we went, and took a The thought of returning unsucsmall lodging in the Faubourg Pois- cessful to my own home, was not sonniere, where, for two or three what I could endure. I imagined weeks, Mariette and myself spent the cold eye of the curate ; and the our time and our money in love and disappointment and surprise of my amusement. We were not extra- father and brother; and the jeers vagant, but we were thoughtless ; and the wonder of the whole villoge; and surely a three-week's thought- and I determined to do anything ralessness was but a fair portion for ther than go back to Bonnières. such happiness as we enjoyed. At The landlord of our lodgings was a length I began to think of seeking tinman, a great politician, and a lisomething to do ; and I had suffi- terary man. All his information, cient self-confidence to fancy I however, was gathered from a pacould even write in a newspaper. per called the Globe, which he cited Forth I went to propose myself; on every occasion. To the office and Mariette's eyes told me how of the Globe, then, I went, after high were her anticipations of my dinner; and, having taken a couple success. To the proprietors of the of turns before the door, to gather Constitutionnel, my first application resolution, I went in, and modestly was made ; but the gentleman I asked when I could see the editor. saw bent his ear to catch my pro- One of the young men in the office vincial jargon-looked at me from answered that Monsieur head to foot-told me I was dream- then in the house, and ushered me ing; and turned upon his heel. into another room. Here I found How I got out of the house, I know a gentleman writing, who looked up not ; but when I found myself in with a pleasant and intelligent exthe street, my head swam round, pression, and pointing to a seat, and my heart swelled with mingled asked my business. indignation, shame, and disappoint As I explained it to him, his ment.
countenance took a look of great It required no small effort to force seriousness ; and he replied, “ I am myself to enter the office of the Na- extremely sorry that no such occutional
, which was the next I tried. pation as you desire can be afforded There I mentioned my pretensions, you by the editors of the Globe, for in a bumbler tone, and only propos- we have applications every day, ed that something from my pen which we are obliged to reject, from might be received as an experi- writers of known excellence. I am ment. The clerk to whom I spoke afraid, also, that you will find much bore my message into an inner difficulty in obtaining what you room, and returned with a calm, seek, for one of the worst consebusiness-like face, to inform me that quences of bad government is now
40 ATHENEUM, vol. 5, 3d series.