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FRENCH GRAMMAR,

IN TWO PARTS :

I. ACCIDENCE. II. SYNTAX, WRITTEN IN FRENCH.

WITH

AN ETYMOLOGICAL INDEX, ENGRAVINGS SHOWING THE POSITION
OF THE MOUTH FOR THE PRONUNCIATION OF FRENCH SOUNDS,

VOCABULARIES, EXERCISES, AND READING LESSONS,

FORMING

A COMPLETE COURSE OF FRENCH INSTRUCTION

IN ONE VOLUME;

NEWLY COMPOSED PROM THE WORKS OF THE FRENCH ACADEMY AND THE

STANDARD AUTHORS OF THE PRESENT DAY.

BY

C.-J. DELILLE,

FRENCH MASTER AT CUBIST'S HOSPITAL, THE CITY OF LONDON SCHOOL,
MERCHANT TAYLORS' SCHOOL, AND YRENCH EXAMINER IN THE

LONDON UNIVERSITY AND THE COLLEGE OF ETON

EIGHTH EDITI

LONDON:
WHITTAKER AND CO., AVE-MARIA-LAN E.

1851.
[Price 58. 6d.]

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PRE FACE.

The object of this work is to offer to beginners in the study of the French language a complete course of instruction, in one volume, so as to obviate the inconvenience arising from the use of a multiplicity of books for the attainment of the desired proficiency. Thus, in addition to a theoretical and practical Grammar, it contains copious vocabularies, numerous exercises, and a series of rudimental lessons in reading, translations of which are given at the end of the book. The Grammar is divided into two parts, the first of which is in English, the second in French. These again have four subdivisions, Pronunciation, Accidence, Syntax, and an Appendix. The two latter, or Partie française, are written in French, for the purpose of facilitating the acquisition of that fluent utterance in familiar conversation, the comprehension of which proves so difficult to English persons on their first arrival in France.

The construction of sentences is arranged according to a plan strictly commencing with the elements of the language. The pupils are first practised in French reading, parsing, translation into English (pages 38 and 416), and vivá voce retranslation into French, previously to any attempt at writing in French the translation of the English phrases in the exercise which immediately follows. This system, by judiciously

delaying the writing of exercises in French*, offers to teachers
a great economy of labour, and is as encouraging as it is pro-
fitable to beginners, who, comparatively, have but little diffi-
culty in reproducing orally impressions of language which they
have correctly received by the ear.

The rules on the structure of the French language, through-
out the work, are founded on the recent decisions of the French
Academy and the best writers of the present day. The Author's
Method of Tuition and Plan for the periodical examination of
pupils in schools are given in the Appendix. An Etymological
Index showing the grammatical connexion between the French
and Latin languages, and Diagrams on pronunciationt, princi-
pally intended for students who are without the assistance of a
master, are among the improvements which experience has
suggested for this new edition.

32 Ely Place, London.

* The attempt to compose or write exercises in a language before being

at all versed in its general construction, is like endeavouring to copy with-

out a model, and is an undertaking which fatigues the mind without pro.

ducing any equivalent success. Imitation is natural to us, and is a task

easy and agreeable; but we cannot imitate that which has not been in

some shape presented to us, and to a certain extent become familiar to

the mind.

+ Extracted from the excellent works of DUQUESNOIS, published by

DELALAIN, Paris.

UCA................

.........

37

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INTRODUCTION.

ACCIDENCE.

Rule

Etymological Index.

33. Parts of Speech ........

Words of frequent occurrence, with a

34, 35. ARTICLE ; concord with the

comparative table of Latin and

Noun......

French terminations, and of

6. Definite Article: its elision before
Latin, Greek and French pre-

vowels ......................
fixes ........................ .

7-40. The Possessive case; Inde-

finite Article ; Partitive Article .

PRELIMINARY REMARKS.

41-46. SUBSTANTIVE; Gender ;

Number .......

47-54. Formation of the Plural of

Definition of Language, of Words,

Nouns ......................

of Syllables, of Letters ........ 1

55, 56. ADJECTIVE; its nature; con-

cord with the Substantive......

PRONUNCIATION.

7–64. Formation of the Feminine of

Rule

Adjectives. - Plural of Adjec-

1-4. French Alphabet : Vowels ;

tives...................... 45-48

Consonants

66. Of the Position of Adjectives.. 50

5–10. Accents: the Acute, the Grave,

7-69. Formation of the Degrees of

the Circumflex................

Comparison ...................

11-15. The Apostrophe; the Cedilla : 70-72. Of Comparison : superiority,

the Diæresis; the Hyphen ; the

inferiority, equality ........... 54

signs of Punctuation ......

73–86. Numerals .............. 55-63

16. Vowel sounds...................

87. PRONOUN; its nature and differ-

17. 18. Nasal sounds; Diphthongs 10-12

ent classes .................. 64

19, 20. Vowels silent in certain words ib, 88, 89. Personal Pronouns Conjunctive 64

21. Consonants........

90-93. Place of the Conjunctive Pro-

22. On Accent or stress ......

16

nouns........................ 05

23, 24. Exercises in pronunciation .. 17 94, 95. Personal Pronouns Disjunc-

25--30. Union of Words............ 17 tive, their use ....

31. Elision of e unaccented .........

6. Table showing the order in which

32. Division of words into syllables ..

Personal Pronouns are placed

Exercises in pronunciation.......... 21 | when there are two or three go-

Vocabulary and Phrases of language

verned by the same Verb ......

in common use: The Days of 97-104. Possessive Pronouns Con
the Week; the Months ; Names

junctive, - Disjunctive; their
of Festivals; Colours; Flowers;

concord.....

...... 6
Fruits; the House and Furni 105-120. Relative and Interrogative
ture; Dressing and Apparel ;

Pronouns: qui, que, lequel,

Breakfast; Studies; the Facul-

dont, quoi, ...... ...... 71-74

ties of the Soul; Virtues ; Vices, 121-128. Demonstrative Pronouns :

etc. Relatives ; Proper Names;

ce, ceci, cela, celui, etc..... 7577

the Town ; Professions and 129. Indefinite Pronouns ..........

Trades; the Dining-room; the 130. VERB, its definition .......

Parts of the Body; the Seasons; 131-133. Cases of nouns or pronouns

the Weather .............. 25-36

with regard to the verb ........

19

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