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New Work on Political Economy.-In our number for March 1, we published the last of a series of essays on the Principles of Political Economy, considered more particularly in their application to the Industry and General Interests of the United States.” We understand that the author of them has prepared for the press a work, which will soon be published, under the title of “Summary of the Practical Principles of Political Economy; with Observations on Smith's Wealth of Nations and Say's Political Economy. By a Friend of Domestic Industry.” The essays which have appeared in the successive numbers of the United States Literary Gazette, will constitute a part of the volume.
New Edition of Tacitus.-Professor Williston of the Military Academy at Middletown, Connecticut, has put to press an edition of Tacitus's History, with English notes, original and selected.
The Last of the Mohicans.—It is said, that a gentleman is engaged in dramatizing this new novel by Mr Cooper.
A Vew Periodical at Edinburgh.- A yearly periodical, called Janus, has lately been established at Edinburgh. It consists of original articles and translations from the most celebrated foreign authors. The contributors are of the highest rank in the world of letters; and among them are Professor Wilson, J. G. Lockhart, Esq., The Opium Eater, Miss Edgeworth, Hartley Coleridge, Esq.
American Literature. The “ Belfast Northern Whig," in a very flattering encomium upon the means of education and the general diffusion of knowledge in our country, observes; “Two hundred periodicals are issued in the States, in addition to the newspapers, which, from being unfettered by a heavy stamp duty, are in the hands of the poorest of the population.” We are aware, that the number of periodicals “ published in the States," has been astonishingly increased within a year or two; but we doubt whether it yet amounts to two hundred, though we have not the means at hand for deciding precisely how much this estimate exceeds the truth.
Deaf and Dumb.-From the actual enumeration in Scotland and in this (Pennsylvania) and several other States of the American Union, it anpears that there is one, in every two thousand of the whole population, deaf and dumb; and to this ratio all the censuses that have been taken very nearly conform.
Mr Wild's Address. National Armories. By a communication made to the House of Representatives of the United States by the Secretary of War, it appears, that during the year 1825, there has been an expenditure at the the national armory at Springfield, Massachusetts, of $179,983.03; and there have been manufactured there 15,000 muskets, 15,000 screwdrivers, 15,000 wipers, 1,500 ball-screws, 1,500 spring vices, and 437 arm-chests. At Harper's Ferry, Virginia, the expenditure has been $190,790.04; and there have been manufactured 14,000 muskets, 26,926 screw-drivers, 11,000 wipers, 5,000 ball-screws, and 848 arm-chests.
Protestants in France.-A census has lately been taken of the Protestants in France, and it appears that the whole number is 722,329; of whom 509,348 are Calvinists, and 212,981 are Lutherans. The former are ministered to by 269 pastors, and the latter by 219.
History of Painting in Italy.—Two volumes
of the History of Painting in Italy from the period of the revival of the Fine Arts to the end of the eighteenth century, translated from the original Italian of the Abbate Luigi Lanzi, by Thomas Roscoe, Esq., will speedily be published in London; and five volumes demi octavo will complete the set. Truly, it strikes us, that Mr Roscoe must be a very industrious and persevering man in his literary pursuits.
Situation of Callao.—Callao is situated on a neck of low land that projects into the sea, and contained before the war about four thousand inhabitants. The fortifications consist of three castles, mounting together one hundred and ninety pieces of heavy ordnance, and command the town, the harbour, and the whole neck of land across which they are situated. They are built of heavy stonework, slanting inwards from the base, and surrounded by deep, wide moats, with heavy drawbridges, in the ancient style. The walls are so strong, that no artillery can penetrate them; their inclination inwards from the base causes the balls which strike them horizontally to glance over; besides they are protected by trenches thrown up on the outside, nearly to the muzzles of the guns; and which also answer as a breast-work for troops outside.
Merico.-M. Alaman, finding his duties as President of the United Mexican Company interfere too much with his public duties, has been obliged to resign as Minister of Foreign Affairs. He is succeeded by M. Gamacho, of Xalapa, said to be a very able and respectable man. However, the mining concerns have nothing to regret in this change, as it will enable M. Alaman to give his attention more exclusively to them.
London Courier. French Voyage of Discovery.— The Paris Academy of Sciences at a late sitting, received a letter from the minister of marine, announcing that the corvette L'Astrolabe, Captain Dumont de Durville, was about to sail on a voyage of discovery, and requesting the Academy to appoint a commission to prepare such instructions as might be judged expedient. The object of this expedition is to explore certain parts of the globe, which are not yet sufficiently well known; and particularly the coasts of New Guinea, and those of New Zealand. A commission, consisting of Messrs Cuvier, Arago, Delaplace, Desfontaines, Dulong, and Aubrone de Rossel, was appointed in consequence.
Mendicity in the Netherlands.-According to a report presented to government in 1814, there were then nearly 700,000 paupers, which, in a population of 5,500,000, is more than twelve hundredths, or one in eight.
Imports of Luçonia.—The balance of imports above the exports of this island in 1817, was one million seven hundred and twenty-one thousand three hundred and thirty-nine dollars.
Siamese Fashions.—They cut their hair close to the head, leaving a short tuft on the forehead, which they comb backward. There is no difference in this respect between the men and the women, both cutting the hair off short. Europeans are not more attentive to render their teeth white, than the Siamese are to make them black. Among them black teeth only are considered beautiful, and it must be allowed, that they succeed perfectly well in this species of ornament. This, together with the coarse red painting of the mouth and lips, which they derive from the constant eating of betal, catechu, and lime together, gives to them a disgusting appearance.
ARTS AND SCIENCES. The Franklin Journal and American Mechanics' Magazine. Monthly. Vol. I. No. 1. Philadelphia. J. Dobson.
The design of this new periodical work we think is a very good one; and if executed with ability, it cannot fail to be acceptable to a large class of readers in every part of the country.
EDUCATION First Biennial Report of the Trustees and Instructer of the Monitorial School, Boston. 8vo. pp. 38. Boston. 1826.
The Biblical Reader; or Interesting Extracts from the Sacred Scriptures, with Practical Observations, &c. for the Use of Schools generally, and Sabbath Schools in particular. By Rev. J. L. Blake, A. M. Ornamented with Cuts. 12mo. Boston. 1825. Lincoln & Edmands.
An Epitome of Chymical Philosophy; being an extended Syllabus of the Lectures on that subject delivered at Dartmouth College, and intended as a Text-book for Students. By James Freeman Dana. Concord, N. H. 1825. 8vo. pp. 231.
We have by chance found the title of this book, and when, some six or eight months hence, we may be able to lay our hands upon a copy of it, we may perhaps speak of its merits.
Laws of Cumberland College, in Nashville, Tennessee; enacted by the Board of Trustees, November 5, 1825. Nashville. 8vo. pp. 32.
We have received a copy of the Laws of Cumberland College, from which we learn, that " The Trustees are constituted by Charter the Supreme Legislative and Judicial body of this Institution ;” that “ they enact all the laws, appoint all the executive officers and instructers, and have the exclusive management and control of the property and funds of the ins:itution;" that "the Faculty of the College is composed of the President, Professors, Tutors, and all other persons concerned in its immediate government and instruction, except those who may be specially excluded by the Board of Trustees, and is responsible for the faithful instruction and government of the students; that the Faculty is divided into “ five schools or departments, viz. 1. Ancient Languages; 2. Modere Languages; 3. Mathematics and Mechanical Philosophy; 4. Chemistry, Experimental Philosophy, and Natural History ; 5. Moral, Intellectual, and Political Philosophy, to which also belong, at present, Rhetoric, Belles Lettres, Logic, History, Political Economy, Evidences of Christianity, fc.;” that “the several classes will be divided and subdivided, according to the ages, talents, and attainments of the individuals who conpose them; and each division or section will be diligently instructed in the way best adapted to their circumstances; that “those students who shall appear to the Faculty on examination, to be deficient in their studies, shall be dealt with according to the nature and extent of the deficiency; if the deficiency be great, the party in whom it appears shall be put into a lower class ; if it be such as can be remedied hy diligence, the Faculty may allow the ensuing vacation to make it up, and examine the party at the beginning of the succeeding session;" and that "adequate provision will be made as soon as practicable, for the development of the science of education, and for the philosophical training of such students as may be destined to the highly important and honourable profession of teaching.". To this last purpose of the Trustees of Cumberland College, we beg the particular attention of those who control the funds and appropriations of the Colleges and higher seminaries of learning in New England.
Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Court of Appeals of Virginia. Vol. III. By Peyton Randolph, Counsellor at Law. 8vo. Richmond. Peter Cottom.
The North American Medical and Physical Journal. No. 1. Vol. I. 1826. 8vo. Philadelphia.
Professional Reputation, an Oration delivered before the Philadelphia Medical Society, pursuant to appointment, February eth, 1826. By John D. Godman, M. D. Philadelphia. B. & T. Kite.
Remarks on the Banks and Currency of the New England States; and the Public Benefits resulting from the System pursued by the Allied Banks in Boston. First published in the Daily Advertiser. *1825. Evo. pp. 40. Boston.
This very sensible pamphlet contains an elaborate, and, as we think, a conclusive defence of the system "of the associated banks" in Boston. As the influence of that system upon our paper currency has been exceedingly important, and as the policy of the system has been nuch debated among the mercantile classes, we shall take occasion hereafter to give it more extended notice.
The Essays of Philanthropos on Peace and War, pointing out the Evils resulting from War, &c. 8vo. Boston.
The Art of Epistolary Composition, &c. To which are added, a Collection of Fables, intended as Exercises for Pupils learning the French Language. With some account of the A. L. S. and Military Academy at Middletown, Conn. By Francis Peyre-ferry, Professor of the French Language in the Academy. Middletown, Conn. E. & H. Clark.
The Ninth Annual Report of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States. With an Appendix. 8vo. pp. 67. Washington. Way & Gideon.
Notes on the Origin and Necessity of Slavery. 1826. 8vo. pp. 48. Charleston, S. C.
Remarks on the Character and Writings of John Milton. From the Christian Examiner. Vol. III. No. 1. 8vo. pp. 51. Boston.
THEOLOGY. A Letter to a Gentleman of Baltimore, in reference to the Case of the Rev. Mr Duncan. By Samuel Miller, D. D. 8vo. Price 50 cents.
Defence of the Unitarians against the Wesleyan Journal; 1st Remarks on a late Article upon Unitarianism, which appeared in the Wesleyan Journal, published in this city ; 2d. Answer to a new Attack upon the Unitarians, in the Wesleyan Journal ; 3d. Reply to a third Article in the Wesleyan Journal of January 21, 1826. 8vo. Charleston, S. C.
Dissertations upon several Fundamental Articles of Christian Theology. By Samuel Austin, D. D. 8vo. pp. 260. Worcester, Mass.
Mutual Love between a Minister and People ; a Sermon, delivered at the Ordination of the Rev. Harley Goodwin, as Colleague Pastor of the Church of Christ in New Marlborough, January 4th, 1826. By Cyrus Yale. 8vo. Hartford, Conn.
TOPOGRAPHY. Report of the Commissioners of the State of Massachusetts, on the Routes of Canals from Boston Harbour to the Connecticut and Hudson Rivers. 8vo. Boston. True & Greene.
Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by CUMMINGS, HILLIARD,
& Co. and HARRISON GRAY, at the office of the United States Literary Gazette, No. 74, Washington-Street, Boston, for the Proprietors. Terms, $5 per annum. Cambridge: Printed at the Upiversity Press, by Hilliard & Metcall.
Bachelor, The, 186.
object of, laudable, 193; President objects of unattainable, 31.
Bible, different editions of the, 398,
tions in favour of free government not Reports, reviewed, 201.
Blunt, Mr, his Historical Sketch, re-
Interests of Society, 265; Touches on, Bonaparte, his retreat from Russia, 10;
instances of fidelity among his soldiers,
11; continental system of, opposed by
to the name, 55.
Botta, M. Charles, his History of Italy, 36.
vagueness of, 373.
Braconnot, discovery of, 117.
low and Robert Fulton, 35; for the Deaf Brooks, Mrs, notice of her poetry, 114.
and Dumb at Columbia, S. C., 140. Brougham, Mr, Lord Rector of the Uni.
Brunelleschi, genius of in architecture, 84,
cability of Emancipating the Slaves of in all the Fine Arts, 84.
18; his attempt to prove that the mind
has faculties, 20.