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POETRY.

Zophiel, a Poem. By Mrs Brooks. 18mo. pp. 72. Boston. Richardson & Lord.

A New Song Book. By Samuel Brown. 18mo. pp. 86. Cincinnati, Ohio, S. I. Brown.

THEOLOGY

A Discourse delivered in the Middle Dutch Church in Cedar Street, on Sunday evening, June 12, 1825, on Occasion of the Death of Mrs Mary Laidlie. By Richard Varick Dey, A. M. Pastor of the Congregational Church, Greenfield Hill, Ct. New York, Wilder & Campbell.

A Sermon, delivered at the Ordination of the Rev. Hosea Hildreth, A. M. to the Pastoral Care of the First Church in Gloucester, August 3, 1825. By Abiel Holmes, D. D. Pastor of the First Church in Cambridge. 8vo. pp. 30. Cambridge, Hilliard & Metcalf.

The Christian Spectator. Vol. VII. No. 9. A Sermon delivered at Winthrop, April 7, 1825, the annual Fast in Maine. By David Thurston, Pastor of a Church in Winthrop, Me. Augusta.

Remarks on the Distinguishing Doctrine of Universalism, which teaches that there is no Hell and no Punishment for the Wicked after Death. By Adam Empie, A. M. Rector of St James's Church, Wilmington, N. C. Price 75 cents. The Christian Examiner and Theological Review. No. 10.

AMERICAN EDITIONS OF FOREIGN WORKS. The Edinburgh Review, No. 83.

The Novice; or the Man of Integrity, from the French of L. B. Picard, author of “ The Gil Blas of the Revolution,” &c. 2 vols. 12mo. New York, G. & C. Carvill.

Husband Hunting, or the Mother and Daughters ; a Tale of Fashionable Life. 2. vols. 12mo. Boston. Wells & Lilly.

An Elementary System of Physiology. By John Bostock, M. D. F. R. S. &c. &c. Vol I. 8vo. pp. 416. Boston. Wells & Lilly.

The Lectures of Sir Astley Cooper, Bart. F. R. S. Surgeon to the King, &c. on the Principles and Practice of Surgery; with additional Notes and Cases. By Frederick Tyrrell, Esq. Vol. I. 8vo. Boston. Wells & Lilly

The Christian Father's Present to his Children. By J. A. James. 2 vols. 18mo. Boston. Crocker & Brewster.

* Tremaine, or The Man of Refinement. 3 vols. 12mo. Philadelphia. E. Littell.

Letters on the Importance, Duty, and Advantages of Early Rising, Addressed to Heads of Families, the Man of Business, the Lover of Nature, the Student, and the Christian. By A. C. Buckland. Reprint. ed from the fifth London Edition, with an additional Letter and a Preface. Boston, 1825. 18mo. pp. 237. Wells & Lilly.

This work contains a few good thoughts, but it is on the whole a canting, silly book-not worth the trouble of reading. It is written in the form of letters, and a great deal of space is of course taken up in beginning and concluding them with matter totally irrelevant to the subject. The author undertakes to show from reason and scripture, that it is our interest and our

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duty to practise early rising. He thinks the morning by far the most favourable part of the day for intellectual efforts, as well as for all other efforts, and endeavours to show that an hour A. M. is about twice as long as an hour P. M. Upon this point we think honest men may differ from him. But he has proved to demonstration, that he, who sleeps only six hours in twentyfour, will be awake two hours longer than be who sleeps eight. And this is the amount of his achievement.

LIST OF WORKS IN PRESS. Nature Displayed; By N. G. Dufief. Adapted to the Spanish Language, by Don Mariano Velasquez de la Cadena, L. Hargons, Professor of Universal Grammar, and Don Manuel Torres, late Minister Plenipotentiary from the Republic of Colombia to the United States. New York.

Pike's System of Arithmetic abridged; designed to facilitate the study of the Science of Numbers, &c To which are added Appropriate Questions, for the Examination of Scholars and a short System of Book-keeping. Concord, N. H. J. B. Moore,

New Ciphering Book; adapted to Pike's Arithmetic abridged; including a variety of useful Tables; Promiscuous Exercises in all the Rules; and illustrative Notes. With entire Blank Pages of fine Paper sufficient for writing down all the most interesting operations of the Scholar. Concord, N. H. J. B. Moore.

English Grammar, with an Improved Syntax. Part I. Comprehending at one view what is necessary to be committed to memory. Part II. Containing a recapitulation, with various illustrations and critical remarks. By J. M. Putpam. Designed for the use of Schools. Cambridge. Hilliard & Metcalf.

The Works of the Rev. Richard Cecil, M. A. Late Rector of Bisley, and Vicar ot' Chobham Surrey, and Minister of St John's Chapel, Bedford Row, London; with a Memoir of his Life, arranged and revised with a view of the Author's Character. By Josiah Pratt, B. D. F. A. S. &c. in 3 vols. 12mo. Boston. Crocker and Brewster.

New England Drama, a New Play in five Acts. Boston.

A Treatise on Christian Doctrine, compiled from the Holy Scriptures alone. By John Milton. Translated from the Original, by C. R. Sumner, A. M. Librarian and Historiographer to His Majesty, and Prebendary of Canterbury. 2 vols. 8vo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. and others.

The Atlantic Souvenir-A Christmas and New Year's Offering. Philadelphia. Carey & Lea.

An Exposition of the Natural System of the Nerves of the Human Body, with a Republication of the Papers delivered to the Royal Society on the Subject of the Nerves. By Charles Bell, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery to the Royal College of Surgeons. Philadelphia. Carey & Lea.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by CUMMINGS, HILLIARD,

& Co., and HARRISON GRAY, at the office of the U. S. Literary Gazette, No. 74 Washington-Street, Boston, for the Proprietors. Terms, $5 per annuin. Cambridge : Printed at the University Press, by Hilliard & Metcali.

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An Address delivered before the American Academy of Fine Arts.

By William Beach LAWRENCE. New York. 1825. pp. 44.

Some time has elapsed, since we first read this address, and formed the design of giving it proper notice. Other avocations have delayed the execution of our purpose hitherto; but we now resume it; and shall devote several pages to the consideration of so grateful a subject, as that which is discussed by Mr Lawrence. It consists of what he modestly calls “a cursory notice of some of the most interesting epochs of the arts.” After a passing allusion to the state of sculpture and architecture among the ancient Jews and Egyptians, he dwells at some length upon the cultivation of the arts of design among the Greeks, the Romans, and the modern Italian states; and closes with patriotic reflections on the fitness of our country, and of the genius of our countrymen, for the advancement of the ornamental pursuits of a liberal taste.

In regard to this last topic, although we deprecate the practice of grossly exaggerating our national advantages, yet we hold it to be the mark of a fastidious, nay of a small and superficial mind, to complain of men for being rationally and greatly proud of their country. National pride, so long as it does not degenerate into a supercilious contempt of other countries, is a just, a laudible, a useful pride. It is intimately associated with all that is most noble in the aspirations of a people after excellence. Who, among the nations of the old

world, were more proud of their native land than the Greeks, who stigmatized all foreigners indiscriminately as barbarians; or among the Greeks, than the Athenians, who claimed to be exclusively the primeval children of the soil! Who, again, rated themselves by a more exalted standard, or in their writings, language, and acts more haughtily arrogated the intellectual, as well as the territorial, empire of the earth, than the stern old Romans? And if we seek for instances nearer home, where do we find the workings of a more extravagant spirit of self-gratulation, where more unqualified national boastfulness, than in the writings of the French, and especially of the English? And yet no people have carried the arts of civilized life, whether useful or liberal, to a higher pitch of refinement than these ; and their example proves, what all history confirms, that a confidence in our powers, a conviction of our superiority, and a high trust in our destinies, are indispensably requisite to the attainment of extraordinary greatness. How pregnant with instruction upon this point is the history of letters in Germany. Whilst her courts and scholars, awed by the name or persuaded by the influence of the great Frederick, conspired to undervalue their native language, how poor, barren, and imitative was that literature, which, now that indigenous beauties have come to be esteemed, has not its mistress for richness and originality in all Europe. Let us then resolve, not to magnify every crudity which springs up amongst us into a prodigy of excellence, but to feel the most hearty and well-founded assurance in our own national capabilities, if we ever desire to witness the developement of those mighty resources, wherewith fortune has blest our country.

The piece before us, from which we have insensibly digressed a little, is written with much elegance, and takes a very just and perspicuous, though rather desultory, view of the objects within the scope of its plan. Adopting a somewhat wider range, we shall deduce from it, and from other sources within our reach, a brief account of the establishment and progress of the fine arts among those nations, to whom we look for the genuine principles of taste.

How limited is the source from which these are derived ! The enterprising and inventive genius of modern Europe has assembled the productions of every clime, to minister to man. There is no sea which his keels have not severed, no sky where his sails have not been unfurled, no land which his restless and excursive spirit has not explored ; and from every

where he draws the richest treasures for the gratification of his luxury or his wants. But his principles of taste, though modified by circumstances, and improved, as his knowledge expands, with constant study and enlarged experience, are yet substantially the same as they were, ere his studies or his wanderings began. He has gazed on the airy and fanciful pagodas of the East, without losing his admiration of the Parthenon; nor has the discovery of the colossal creations of Egyptian art diminished the pleasure which the sight of the Apollo Belvidere and Medicean Venus imparts. The “magicians in marble," who carved the wonderful works of Greek design, if they could revisit the earth, would behold even the fragments of their matchless productions not less rapturously received by polished nations now, than when originally springing forth in pristine beauty from their chisels. And to the Greeks, indeed, we must acknowledge ourselves indebted for the basis of all that decorative taste and elegance, which we boast of as distinguishing our own refined age.

What perfection the art of painting had attained in Greece we can judge only by the testimony of classic authors, and by the admiration, which celebrated painters enjoyed among their countrymen. Zeuxis attended the Olympian games, wearing a garment with his name embroidered in golden letters upon the border; and his rival, Parrhasius, appeared there clad in purple robes, and bearing a golden garland. In Zeuxis, Polygnotus, and Timantes, says Tully, we praise the forms and lineaments; but all things are perfect in Aëtion, Nicoma chus, Protogenes, and Apelles. It is related of Protogenes, that when Demetrius Poliorcetes might have put a speedy end to the siege of Rhodes by assaulting it in the quarter which Protogenes inhabited, he refused to incur the hazard of injuring the pictures of this artist ; and that after the city surrendered, he said he would sooner destroy the images of his father than these admirable productions. But of Apelles, the master of Grecian painting, the fame and the reputed excellence were alike unequalled. He began the picture of the Coan Venus, and after entirely finishing the head and the upper part of the bust, left the rest of the body imperfect; but no other painter durst undertake the task of completing it; “ oris enim pulchritudo reliqui corporis imitandi spem auferebat.” Alexander suffered himself to be modelled by Lysippus and painted by Apelles alone; not merely because they only were worthy to do it, but because their divine art would

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