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Letters on the Elementary Principles of Education. By Elizabeth Hamilton. In two volumes. Third American Edition. Boston. Samuel H. Parker. 1825. 12mo. pp. 238 $ 252.

We are glad to perceive that a third edition of this excellent treatise has been demanded by the American public. We have no room at present for an analysis of the work; and we regret this the less, because its merits seem to be already so well known. But we confidently commend it where it not particularly known, to all who are engaged in the education of the young; and especially to those heads of families, whose first and most anxious cares are the proper development of the faculties of their children's minds, and the proper cultivation of the affections of their hearts. Mr Parker deserves well of the American public for bis efforts in bringing out so beautiful an edition. He is also publishing elegant 8vo. editions of the Waverley Novels and Edgeworth's Works; and has already, we learn, put to press, an edition of the former in 12mo, which is to be executed in a style equal to that of Mrs Hamilton's Letters.

A Practical Treatise on Rail-Roads and Carriages ; showing the principles of estimating their strength, proportions, expense, and annual produce, and the conditions which render them effective, economical, and durable ; with the theory, effect, and expense of steam carriages, stationary engines, and gas machines. Illustrated by four engravings and numerous useful tables. By Thomas Tredgold, Civil Engineer. New York. 1825. 8vo. pp. 183. E. Bliss, & E. White.

This volume contains descriptions of the different kinds of Rail-Roads used in England, estimates of the expense of constructing them, and statements of their advantages compared with canals. Mr Tredgold shows that the advantages are decidedly in favour of Rail. Roads, especially in an uneven country, on account of their offering a less expensive means for ascending and descending from one level to another. And the original expense of constructing them is but half that of constructing a canal. The former being estimated at £5,000 and the latter at £10,000 per mile. If this author may be relied upon, he sets at rest the project of connecting Albany with Boston, by means of a Canal.

Blair's Outlines of Chronology, Ancient and Modern, being an Introduction to the Study of History, for the use of schools. Hartford. S. G. Goodrich.

A Sermon on the Lord's Supper. By Andrew Kippis, D. D. F. R. S. S. D. 12mo. pp. 31. Salem. J. R. Buffum.

The Story of a Life. By the Author of “Scenes and Impressions in Egypt and Italy,” “ Recollections of the Peninsula," &c. i Vol. 12mo.

Boston. Richardson & Lord. The Tales of the Genii, translated from the Persian. By Sir Charles Moreil, with Memoirs of the Autbor, 2 Vols. 18mo. New York. D. Mallory.

Memoirs of the Countess de Genlis, illustrative of the History of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Written by herself. Vol. II. 8vo. New York. Wilder & Campbell.

Babylon the Great, a Dissection and Demonstration of Men and Things in the British Capital. By the Author of “ The Modern Athens." 2 vols. 12mo. Philadelphia. Carey & Lea.

The Troubadour, Catalogue of Pictures and Historical Sketches. By L. E. L. Author of “ The Improvisatrice.” Philadelphia. Carey & Lea.

The Life and Exploits of the ingenious Gentleman Don Quixotte de la Mancha, translated from the original Spanish of Miguel de Cer

pp. 452.

vantes Saavedra. By Charles Jarvis, Esq. To which is prefixed a Life of the Author. 4 Vols. 18mo. New York. Evert Duyckinck.

The Adventures of Telemachus, from the French of M. Fenelon. Translated by Dr Hawksworth. 2 vols. 18mo. New York. D. Mallory.

Practical Morality ; or a Guide to Men and Manners, consisting of Lord Chesterfield's Advice to his Son. To which is added a Supplement; containing Extracts from various books recommended by Lord Chesterfield to Mr Stanhope, &c. 18mo. pp. 233. New York. George Long.

The lliad of Homer. Translated by Alexander Pope. 2 Vols. 18mo. New York. W. Borrodajle.

The Works of Virgil, translated by Dryden. 2 Vols. 18mo. New York. W. Borrodaile.

The Vicar of Wakefield; a Tale by Oliver Goldsmith, M. B. with the Life of the Author, by Dr Johnson. 18mo. pp. 252. New York. George Long.

Essays and Poems. By Oliver Goldsmith, M. B. With a Memoir of the Author. 18mo. pp. 215. New York. D. Mallory.

Archæologia Græca; or the Antiquities of Greece. By John Potter, D. D. late Archbishop of Canterbury. To which is added an Appen. dix, containiog a concise History of the Grecian States, and a short account of the Lives and Writings of the most celebrated Greek Authors; by G. Dunbar F. R. S. E. and Professor of Greek in the University of Edinburgh. First American from the last Edinburgh edi. tion. With a Continuation of the History of Greece, from the Mahometan Conquest to the present year, and other Additions, by Charles Anthon, Adjunct Professor of Languages in Columbia College, New York. 1 vol. 8vo. Collins & Co.

A General View of the Manners, Customs, and Curiosities of Nations, including a Geographical Description of the Earth ; the whole illustrated by fifty-four Maps and other Engravings. By the Rev. J. Goldsmith Vicar of Dunnington, &c. Revised by the senior publisher. 2 Vols. 12mo. New Haven. I. Babcock & Sons.

English Grammar, adapted to the different Classes of Learners, with an Appendix containing Rules and Observations, for assisting the more advanced Students to write with Perspicuity and Accuracy. By Lindlay Murray. From the last London edition. 12mo. pp. 312. Bridgeport, Ct. J. B. Baldwin.

History of the Church of England, from thə earliest periods to the present time; being chiefly an Abridgment of Grant's. By the Rev. Edward Rutledge, A. M. 8vo. pp. 820. Middletown. Ct.

Reciprocal Duties of Parents and Children. By Mrs Taylor, Author of Maternal “ Solicitude,” « Practical Hints," &c. Boston. 1825. 18mo. pp. 144. James Loring.

This is an interesting little volume written for the best of purposes. It treats of the duties of parents and children in several of the stages and conditions of their relationship, and frequently illustrates and enforces them by short narratives.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by CUMMINGS, HILLIARD,

& Co. and HARRISON GRAY, at the office of the U. S. Literary Gazette, No. 74, Washington-Street, Boston, for the Proprietors. Terms, $5 per annum. Cambridge: Printed at the University Press, by Hilliard & Metcalf.

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Reform of Harvard College.

(Continued from page 139.] It would seem that all controversy might be put at rest, on the question of the intention of the charter as to the residence of the members of the Corporation, by inquiring, who were the Corporators, named in the charter. Were they persons residing at Cambridge, or were they, as now, the leading civil and clerical characters of Boston and its vicinity ? If the latter were intended, a person versed in the history of our forefathers may almost of himself write down a list of the persons, who must have been selected to fill the first board of Corporation. They must have been the Cottons and Nortons, the Dudleys and Bradstreets. There is every reason that can possibly exist for rendering the first board of the infant seminary, as important as possible in the public eye, for its continued existence is in the breath of the General Court of the Colony and of private benefactors. Its instructers, with the exception of the President, are young and inexperienced men, and they, of course, will be the last persons selected for this responsible station. This, we say, is what we have a right to expect, if the Court, who gave the Charter, intended the Corporation should be composed as it is now composed. Who then are the individuals named in it? Two young men candidates for the ministry, who but three years before, had taken their second degree; a third and a fourth, who not three years before had taken their first degree; and a fifth, who was graduated the preceding Commencement, a

bachelor of arts of scarce ten months' standing. Why were such men designated as the five Fellows? The memorialists say, because they were resident at College, -on the spot, able to attend to its business, whether of instruction, government, or of whatever other kind. It is denied, on the other side, that these five were all residents. Mr Ticknor only admits it as possible, “that one or two,” were residents and tutors, at the time the Charter was granted. He does not specify the one or the two; but we may ask, for what conceivable reason the others were designated, young men possitively without a known claim to this distinction ?

The answer to this question is, that the College was an insignificant establishment ; " so humble a school, that it seems to have been difficult, to get suitable persons to serve in the Corporation.” This is in direct opposition, however, to the historical progress of the institution. It was incorporated in 1642; the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Magistrates, and Ministers of the six neighbouring towns were the Corporation. The institution, though humble (but not more so than every thing around it in church and state,—of course, not comparatively unimportant), was growing ; in the words of Hutchinson, speaking in reference to the Charter of 1650, “it became more and more an object of attention," * and another Charter of incorporation was given by which a resident Corporation was created. This is the doctrine of the Memorial; and it is a rational solution of all the facts. On the ground assumed against the Memorial, the College, precisely at the moment when it had so increased, as to become “

more and more an object of attention,” was taken out of the hands of the Magistrates and Ministers, who retained only their concurrent jurisdiction and visitatorial power, while the immediate management, choice of President and other officers, and the making of laws was put into the hands of a board, composed of five young men, of whom the majority had not yet reached a second degree. This is inconceivable, incredible. If you suppose, with the Memorial, that these young persons were residents, the affair assumes an intelligible aspect. They were collected on the spot; and this was precisely what the growth of the institution demanded,—an ever present authority. If you suppose them non-resident, you are obliged, contrary to history, to sink the College to a degree of comparative insignifiance, for which there is no foundation in fact; and to admit, that while it was

* Hutchinson, i. 171.

actually growing more and more in the public attention, its immediate control was taken from the most honoured and venerated hands of the colony, and put into those of young men, who had as yet gained no station in society. Mr Ticknor argues, that the College was so humble a school, that it was difficult to get suitable persons to serve on the Corporation, because, in the order of Court, granting leave to bring in a bill for a charter, it is provided, that the Corporation must "not be magistrates, who are to be judges in case of difference [being Overseers), nor ministers, who are unwilling to accept thereof,” &c. Now, if residents were not required, what possible objection could any minister have, to take a place in the Corporation. So humble a school! and was it indeed beneath the dignity of the ministers of that day, to condescend to be the governors of a college, which seven years before, had been pronounced "an honorable and most hopeful work, the beginnings whereof and progress hitherto generally doe fill our hearts with comfort; and train them up to much more expectation of the Lord's goodness for us hereafter, for the good of posterity and the churches of Christ Jesus ?"* Is it the pious, self-denying, puritan ministers, who are represented as being unwilling to assume the government of such a college, because it was " so humble a school?” On the principles of the Memorial this paradox vanishes; for it was quite natural, that very few ministers would be found willing to leave their parishes, and come and reside at Cambridge on a few pounds a year; and this, we venture to affirm is the only interpretation, that gives any pertinency to the limitation of the Court, respecting ministers unwilling to accept; and agrees with the fact that the ministers designated in the charter were not settled. The case of Samuel Danforth is the only one, which Mr Ticknor has treated, and it is to this, for the sake of brevity, we shall confine ourselves. He states what he considers the facts in this case, viz. that May 12, 1650, Mr Danforth was dismissed the church of Cambridge, to join that of Roxbury, being nineteen days before the date of the charter ; that in September 1650, Mr Dan

*“ New England's First Fruits,” published in London, in 1643, in which the College is spoken of as a curiosity of “ an edifice very fair and comely within and without, having in it a spacious ball, where they daily meet at commons, lectures, and exercises; and a large library, with some books in it, the gifts of diverse of our friends, their chambers and studies also filled for and possessed by the students, and all other rooms of office necessary and convenient, with all needful offices thereto belonging."

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