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accumulation of land acres agricultural alienation Arthur Young average burthened capital changes Church condition cottages cultivated districts of England Domesday Domesday Book economic effect eldest sons England entails estates Europe exist family settlements farmers favour feudal system fixity of tenure France freedom freeholders holders houses improvements increase interest Ireland Irish Land Act Land Laws landed property landlord and tenant large farms large number large proprietors lawyers lease legislation lords luxury manor ment number of landowners number of owners number of small object occupiers outlay owners of land ownership of land parishes Parliament pauper peasant proprietors perty population portion possession present primogeniture principle property in land Prussia public opinion purchase recognised rent Results Revolution rights of property rural districts sanction says serfs Sir Orlando Bridgeman small farms small holdings small owners small properties small proprietors soil tion transfer of land United Kingdom villeins wholly yeomen
Сторінка 42 - Should it be supported in its present vigour for another half century, la grande nation will certainly he the greatest pauper warren in Europe; and will, along with Ireland, have the honour of furnishing hewers of wood and drawers of water for all the other countries of the world.
Сторінка 114 - I doubt, not, to my colleagues, the feeling that in speaking of that state of tha cottages, I am exhibiting a dark picture, as if it was the fault of a class, many of whom are powerless to change it, and few of whom are answerable for it." " What has led to the state of the labourers...
Сторінка 111 - ... of nature — dressings, undressings, births, deaths — is performed by each within the sight or hearing of all ; where children of both sexes, to as high an age as twelve or fourteen, or even more, occupy the same bed ; where the whole atmosphere is sensual, and human nature is degraded into something below the level of the swine. It is a hideous picture ; and the picture is drawn from life.
Сторінка 86 - It is only on account of these that you have difficulties as to title ; because, if it were not for the complexity of limitations, a system of registration would long since have been established, which so far as fraud and rapidity of transfer was concerned would have freed us from any difficulty of title whatever.
Сторінка 111 - Physically a ruinous illdrained cottage, ' cribbed, cabined, and confined,' and overcrowded, generates any amount of disease — fevers of every type, catarrh, rheumatism — as well as intensifies to the utmost that tendency to scrofula and phthisis which, from their frequent intermarriages and low diet, abounds so largely among the poor. Socially, nothing can be more wretched than the condition of
Сторінка 41 - ... would be too great for it. It was sufficient to prove that property in land is, of all others, the most active instigator to severe and incessant labour.
Сторінка 56 - Thus the distribution of a number of small properties among the peasantry forms a kind of rampart and safeguard for the holders of large estates; and peasant property may, without exaggeration, be called the lightning conductor that averts from society dangers which might otherwise lead to violent catastrophes. The concentration of land in large estates among a small number of families is a sort of provocation of levelling legislative measures.
Сторінка 78 - ... scutcheons and crests, or aspiring to sit on the bench of justice, then formed a much more important part of the nation than at present. If we may trust the best statistical writers of that age, not less than...
Сторінка 78 - The petty proprietors who cultivated their own fields with their own hands, and enjoyed a modest competence, without affecting to have scutcheons and crests, or aspiring to sit on the bench of justice, then formed a much more important part of the nation than at present.
Сторінка 110 - I.-A.] inadequate in quantity ; and that some rich landowner, ' lord of all he surveys,' and having exercised his lordship by evicting so much of his population as were an eyesore or were likely to become a burden to him — still employing their labour but holding himself irresponsible for their domicile — has by a most imperfect system of compensation, built a limited number of ornamental, roomy cottages, which he nils with his own immediate dependents.