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THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA.

VOL. XVIII.

POTASH to ROME.

THE

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA,

OR

UNIVERSAL DICTIONARY

OF

SCIENCE, ART, LITERATURE, AND PRACTICAL MECHANICS,

,

COMPRISING A

POPULAR VIEW OF THE PRESENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE.

ILLUSTRATED BY

NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS, A GENERAL ATLAS,

AND APPROPRIATE DIAGRAMS.

Sic oportet ad librum, presertim miscellanei generis, legendum accedere lectorem, ut solet ad.convivium couviva civilis.
Couvivator annititur omnibus satisfacere ; et tamen si quid apponitur, quod hujus aut illius palato non respondeat, et hic et
ille arbane dissimulant, et alia fercula probant, ne quid contristent convivatorem.

Erasmus
A seader should sit down to a book, especially of the miscellaneous kind, as a well-behaved visitor does to a banquet. The
easter of the feast exerts himself to satisfy his guests; but if, after all his care and pains, something should appear on the
table that does not suit this or that person's taste, they politely pass it over without notice, and commend other dishes, that
they may not distress a kind host.

Translation.

BY THE ORIGINAL EDITOR OF THE ENCYCLOPÆDIA METROPOLITANA,

ASSISTED BY EMINENT PROFESSIONAL AND OTHER GENTLEMEN.

IN TWENTY-TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. XVIII.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THOMAS TEGG, 73, CHEAPSIDE;
R. GRIFFIN & Co., GLASGOW; TEGG AND CO., DUBLIN; ALSO J. & S. A. TEGG,

SYDNEY AND HOBART TOWN.

1839.

P
- 5 DEC 1964

LONDON:

PRINTED BY J. HADDON, CASTLE STREET, FINSBURY. THE

LONDON

ENCYCLOPÆDIA.

POT, n. s.
Fr. and Belg. pot, in all Let me see her Arabian pothooks.

Id. POʻTABLE, adj. the senses; Islandic and

The sheep went first to pot, the goats next, and Pota'tion, R. s. Dan. potte ; Goth. pott. A after them the oxen, and all little enough to keep POTERE, vessel in which meat is life together.

L'Estrange. POT-100K, boiled; any vessel to hold

Whenever potters meet with any chalk or marl POT’LID, liquids; a cup : ' to go to hold burning, yet, whenever any water comes near

mixed with their clay, though it will with the clay POT'SHEBD, pot,' to be destroyed or any such pots after they are burnt, both the chalk POT'TAGE,

devoured : to pot is to pre- and marl will slack and spoil their ware. POT'TER. serve in pots : potable is

Mortimer. drinkable : potation, a draught : potherb is a Acorns, mast, and other seeds may be kept well, nerb fit for boiling : pot-hook and pot-lid ex- by being barrelled or potted up with moist sand. plain themselves : potsherd (pot and sherd, from

Id. Belg. schaerde ; properly potshard), a fragment of A potter will not have any chalk or marl mixed a broken pot : pottage, any thing boiled for food. with the clay.

Id. Husbandry.

Pot them in natural, not forced earth ; a layer of Jacob sod pottage, and Esau came from the fie.a faint.

Genesis,

rica mould beneath and about this natural earth to

nourish the fbres, but not so as to touch the bulbs. The woman left her water-pot, and went her way. John.

Evelyn.

Where solar beams He on the ashes sits, his fate deplores;

Parch thirsty human veins, the damasked meads And with a potsherd scrapes the swelling sores.

Sandys.

Unforced display ten thousand painted flowers
Useful in potables.

Philips.
Toad that under the cold stone

Sir Tristram telling us tobacco was a potherb, bid Sweltered, venom sleeping got ;

the drawer bring in t other half pint.

Tatler. Boil thou first i' th charmed pot. Shakspeare. But that I think his father loves him not,

Suppose your eyes sent equal rays I'd have him poisoned with a pot of ale. Id.

Upon two distant pots of ale,

Prior. My thoughts are whirled like a potter's wheel.

Not knowing which was mild or stale.
Id.

He like the potter in a mould has cast
The world's great fame.

Id. I learnt it in England, where they are most potent in potting

Id. Othello.

John's ready money went into the lawyers' pockets ;

then John began to borrow money upon the bank Thou best of gold art worst of gold,

stock, now and then a farm went to poi. Other less fine in carat is more precious, Preserving life in medicine potable. Shakspeare.

Arbuthnot's History of John Bull. If I had a thousand sons, the first human princi

Of alimentary leaves, the olera or potherbs afford ple I would teach them, should be to forswear thin an excellent nourishment; amonget those are the

cole or cabbage kind.

Arbuthnot. Dotations, and to addict themselves to sack.

Id. Henry IV.

The columella is a fine, thin, light, bony tube, the At this day at Gaza, they couch potsherds of ves

bottom of which spreads about, and gives it the resels of earth in their walls to gather the wind from semblance of a wooden pollid in country houses.

Derham. the top, and pass it in spouts into rooms.

A soldier drinks his pot, and then offers payment. Bacon's Natural History.

Swift. Dig a pit upon the sea shore, somewhat above the

Leaves eaten raw are termed sallad ; if boiled, high-water mark; and sink it as deep as the lowwater mark ; and, as the tide cometh in, it will fill which are pot-herbs in one family, are sallads in an

they become potherbs: and some of those plants with water fresh and potable.

Bacon.
other.

Watts. The said potable gold should be endued with a capacity of being agglutinated and assimilated to the who seasons pottage, or expels the gout;

For great the man, and useful, without doubt, ingate heat. Rivers run potable gold. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Whose science keeps life in, and keeps death out.

Harte. Gigantic minds, as soon as work was done, To their huge pots of boiling pulse would run,

POTAGER, n. s. From Pottage. A porFell to with eager joy:

Dryden. ringer.
Potted fowl and fish come in so fast,

An Indian dish or potager, made of the bark of That ere the first is out the second stinks, a tree, with the sides and rim sewed together after And mouldy mother gathers on the brinks. Id. the manner of twiggen-work. Grew's Museum. Whence come broken potsherds tumbling down,

POTAMOGETON, pond weed, a genus of And leaky ware from garret windows thrown : Well may they break our heads.

Id.

the tetragynia order, and tetrandria class of plants; Some press the plants with sherds of potter's clay. natural order fifteenth, inundatæ : cal. none;

Id. petals four; no style, and four seeds. There Egypt baser than the beasts they worship; are twelve species, all of them vegetables floating Below their potherb gods that grow ip gardens.

on the surface of stagnant waters, affording

Id. agreeable shade to fish, and food to cattle.
VoL XVIIT.-PART 1.

B

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