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APPENDIx D.—Statistics for Leinster, Ulster, Munster, and Con-

naught, and for the Counties of Wexford, Down, Kerry, and

Mayo, in connection with Land, Population, Poor Rates, &c.

(Total of Rural and Civic Districts) - - - -

APPENDIX E.—Statistics for Leinster, Ulster, Munster, and Con-

naught, and for the Counties of Wexford, Down, Kerry, and

Mayo, in connection with House Accommodation, Business

Pursuits, Education, &c. (For Civic Districts)

APPENDIX F.—Statistics for Leinster, Ulster, Munster, and Con-

naught, and for the Counties of Wexford, Down, Kerry, and

Mayo, in connection with House Accommodation, Business

Pursuits, Education, &c. (For Rural Districts)

APPENDIx G.—Statistics for Leinster, Ulster, Munster, and Con-

naught, and for the Counties of Wexford, Down, Kerry, and

Mayo, in connection with House Accommodation, Business

Pursuits, Education, &c. (For Civic and Rural Districts)

APPENDIX H.—Table showing the comparative order of the

amount of property invested in Live Stock in each County in

Ireland in proportion to its extent - - - -

APPENDIX I.—Average Value of Stock upon each class of Farms

in Ireland - - - - - -

APPENDIx K.—Table showing the extent of each class of House

Accommodation occupied by the people in the several counties

in Ireland - - - - - -

APPENDIX L.--Table showing the proportions to the population,

from five years old and upwards, of the number of Ignorant,

together with some other interesting comparisons . -

APPENDIx M.–Table showing the probable quantity of Unim-

proved Pasture and Bog Lands in the several counties of Ire-

land, &c. - - - - - - -

APPENDIx N.—Comparative statement of the Occupation of

Males, aged twenty years and upwards, enumerated in Great

Britain, in the years 1831 and 1841 - - - -

APPENDIx O.—Comparison of some of the Agricultural and some

of the Manufacturing Counties of England, with the total of

England and Wales, as respects Occupation, Education, Early

Marriages, and Mortality of Infants - - - -

APPENDIx P.—Statistics of the several Counties in Ireland, as

respects the Area, Population, Value of Stock, and Valuation

for Poor Rate

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APPENDIX Q.—Statistics of the several Counties in England and

Wales, as respects the Area, Population, Annual Value of Pro-

perty, Poor Rate, &c. - - - - -

APPENDIX R.—Statement of the Poor Law Unions in each

County in Ireland, with the number of Electoral Divisions, the

Population, the Area, and the Annual Value for the assessment

of the Rate - - - - - -

APPENDIx S.–Statement of the Poor Law Unions and Parishes

in each County in England and Wales, with the Area in statute

acres, and the Population . - - - - -

APPENDIx T.—Historical Account of the Tenure of Land in

Ireland - - - - - - -

APPENDIX U.—Description of the Tenure by Lives renewable for

ever - - - - - - - -

APPENDIX W.—Remarks on the Management of Land, in respect

to the building of Farm Houses, &c. by the Landlord in Eng-

land, and by the Tenant in Ireland . - - -

APPENDIx X.—Remarks respecting Consolidation of Farms and

Ejectment of Tenantry - - - - -

APPENDIX Y.—Remarks respecting the Management of Estates

by the Court of Chancery - - - -

APPENDIX Z.—Remarks respecting the sale of Landed Property,

and the advantages which would result from its being more

frequently sold in small lots . - - - - -

APPENDIx AA.—Remarks respecting the Con-acre System, and

the general condition of the Labouring Classes in Ireland .

APPENDIx BB.—Extracted from M’Culloch's Geographical Dic-

tionary, in reference to the Distribution of Property in Fee in

the several counties of Ireland - - - - -

APPENDIx CC.—Extracted from M’Culloch's Geographical Dic-

tionary, in reference to the Distribution of Property in Fee in

the several Counties of England and Wales . -

APPENDIx DD.—Comparative Statement of the Exports by steam

vessels, of Horned Cattle, Pigs, and Eggs, from the ports of

Dublin, Cork, and Waterford, in the first ten months of the

years 1846 and 1847

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CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF IRELANI).

CHAPTER I.

Natural features of Ireland–Its advantages imperfectly developed— Character and circumstances of the people—Ignorance of the English respecting Ireland—The Conquest of England by the Normans contrasted with the imperfect subjugation of Ireland—Confiscation of Munster–Settlement of Ulster–Difference of creed added to other causes of discord—Subsequent contests assume a sectarian character —No serious effort made to convert the Irish to the reformed faith— Degrading effects of the penal laws—These laws not strictly enforced —Their relaxation at various periods—Forty-shilling freeholders— Peculiarities in the industrial and social character of Ulster and Leinster as compared with Connaught and Munster.

THE natural features of Ireland are peculiar. An extensive limestone plain occupies the central districts, while the mountains lie in various groups near the sea. The generally tame character of the eastern shores, affording few good ports, contrasts strongly with the bold rocky headlands, stretching far into the Atlantic, and the numerous islands B

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